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Article
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF RUSAFA WATER PROJECT IN BAGHDAD, IRAQ

Author: Saja Hashim Salim
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 (Part-4) Pages: 50-62
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

This study dealt with the assessment of the environmental impact resulting from the construction of the Rusafa water project in Baghdad city, where the evaluation process is one of the necessary steps in the decision-making for the establishment of development projects.This study aims to evaluating the performance of project, the main points will be mentioned by conduct laboratory analyzes of samples of raw water and produced of the project and measurement of some air pollutants dispersion inside and outside the project included measurements of the quality of effluent water which included variables (water temperature, pH, EC, turbidity, TDS, suspended solids TSS, total hardness TH, dissolved oxygen DO, residual chlorine, chlorine, nitrate NO3, Sulphate SO4, calcium Ca, magnesium Mg, sodium Na and potassium K) and some variables of air such as (NO2, CO, CO2, SO2, O3, temperature, relative humidity and wind speed) inside and outside the site, The results of the study showed when compared with Iraqi Standards and the World Health Organization (WHO) that some of them were in the range of limits and the other are outside that range. The study recommended based on the provisions of the Law for the Protection and Improvement of the Environment No. 27 of 2009 in Article 10, the project owner must comply with the preparation of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study prior to its establishment.


Article
The Effect of Adding Dry Bread to the Fattening Ration of Local Kids in Increasing Weight and Body Measurements
تأثير إضافة الخبز الجاف إلى علائق تسمين الجداء المحلية في الزيادة الوزنية وقياسات الجسم

Authors: أ.م.حسام حسين عليوي --- أ.م.أحمد هادي محمد --- أ.م.خضير علوان الزبيدي
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2018 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 74-78
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Three different rations of dry bread were used in this study: 9%, 12% and 15% for three fattening periods: 1-45 days, 1-90 days, and 1- 135 days. Results showed that there was a significant difference in the average of body weight when the percentage of the three rations of dried bread was changed. Third group (15% dried bread) significantly (P≤0.05) through fattening period of 1- 90 days for the average weight gain in comparison to other groups. A significant difference (P≤0.05) in the median weight of the goats at the fattening period of 1-135 days, while 1-90 days fattening period recorded a median weight equal to 29.607kg and minimum fattening period of 1-45 days was recorded a median of 27.865 kg. Height of the body has a high significant effect (P≤0.01) at level 15% dry bread in comparison with the other rations.Additionally statistical analysis pointed out a differences (P≤0.05) of fattening period 1-135 days on the characteristics of the kids body (chest, size and height of buttock and length of body) sizes in comparing with other fattening periods. A high significant difference (P≤0.05)during the fattening period of 1- 135 days to body measurements represented by abdomen and height at front in comparison to the two previously mentioned characteristics for fattening periods

استخدم في هذه الدراسة ثلاث علائق مختلفة من الخبز الجاف 9، 12 و15% ولفترات تسمين 1- 45، 1-90 و1-135 يوماً. أظهرت النتائج وجود فروقات معنوية في متوسط الزيادات الوزنية بتغيير نسبة الخبز الجاف للعلائق الثلاث (9، 12و 15% خبز جاف) حيث تفوقت المجموعة الثالثة 15% خبز جاف معنوياً ((P≤0.05 خلال مدة التسمين 1-90 يوماً لصفة متوسط الزيادة الوزنية بالمقارنة مع مثيلاتها لذات المدة من التسمين. كما ظهر فرق معنوي (P≤0.05) في متوسط وزن الجداء ضمن مدة التسمين البالغة 1- 135 يوماً بالمقارنة مع مدة التسمين 1- 90 يوم واقل مستوى عند مدة التسمين 1- 45 يوماً. بينما كان تأثير المعاملة لصفة طول الجسم عالي المعنوية (P<0.01) عند 15% خبز جاف بالمقارنة مع العلائق الاخرى. كما اشارت نتائج التحليل الاحصائي وجود فروقات معنوية (P≤0.05) لمدة التسمين 1-135يوم على صفات جسم الجداء المتمثلة بمحيط الصدر، سعة المؤخرة، ارتفاع المؤخرة وطول الجسم بالمقارنة مع مدة التسمين 1-45 و1-90. كما ظهرت فروقات عالية المعنوية (P≤0.01) خلال مدة التسمين 1- 135 يوم لقياسات جسم الجداء والمتمثلة بمحيط البطن وارتفاع بالمقارنة مع قياس الصفتين المذكورتين لمدة التسمين 1-45 و 1-90 يوم.


Article
The Histological structure and Biometric in Adrenal gland of Buffalo Bubalus bubalis at South of Iraq

Author: Layla Alhasan
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2018 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 15-27
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The study aimed to reveal the histological investigation of structural and components and determined the biometric measurements of adrenal glands in buffalo. The study has been performed on six pairs of buffalo’s glands of both sexes which were collected from slaughter house in Al-Nasiriya city. Results have shown structural features of components of gland which were typical connective tissue capsule and cortex which consist of zona glomerulosa, zona fasciculate contained two types of cells and zona reticularis which is interfering with medulla cells. As well as biometric measurement have been reported the thickness ratio of the components of the glands,capsule,cortex(zona glomerulosa,zona fasciculate and zona reticularis) and medulla thickness which were 8.27%,56.95% 15.56% ;27.48%;13.90%,34.76%) respectively. The study has been concluded that cortex form more half of the gland and medulla formed one third of gland as well as zona fasciculate was width zone and subdivided in to two parts, zona reticularis was narrowest zone .The present study is first reported of adrenal glands in buffalo at south of Iraq.

هدفت الدراسه الحاليه الى دراسه المكونات النسيجيه والتركيبيه والقياسات البايومتريه للغده الادريناليه في الجاموس والتي تضمنت الدراسه سته ازواج من الغده الادريناليه ولكلا الجنسين والتي جمعت من مركز ذبح الماشيه في الناصريه. نتائج الدراسه الحاليه ان الغده تتالف من انسجه ضامه مولفه من محفظه وقشره مولفه من Zona glomerulosa , Zona fasciculate , Zona Reticulate . القياسات البايومتريه بينت ان نسبه السمك لمكونات الغده الادريناليه حيث ان القشره شكلت اكثر من نصف الغده والقشره شكلت ثلث الغده


Article
Advanced Laser Diagnostics for Non-Equilibrium Plasma Assisted Combustion Kinetics

Authors: Ali El-Mahdi --- Imad bin Selima --- Roger Fortier
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 3-10
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

In this article, advanced laser diagnostics have been used in combination with modeling to study fundamental non-equilibrium low temperature Plasma Assisted Combustion kinetics. We also discuss recent advances in ultra-high frame rate imaging, which provides new capability for capturing the dynamic evolution of high speed, unsteady flow fields, and/or increasing the data collection rate in short run time “impulse” facilities.


Article
1, 2(2, 2-dihydroxy Benzelidenamine) Phenyl Complexes as Corrosion Inhibitor for Carbon Steel in Hydrochloric Acid

Authors: Dina A.Najeeb --- Taghried A. Salman
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2018 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 13-23
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

The corrosion inhibition on carbon steel in 1MHCl by 1, 2(2, 2-dihydroxy benzelidenamine) phenyl and its complexes was studied at different concentrations by "weight loss method". Data mark, for the compound shows good performance. These measurements show that the inhibition efficiency obtained by these complexes increased by increasing their concentration. The inhibition efficiency follow the order Co>Ni>Cu. The activation and adsorption thermodynamic parameters were determined and discussed. The surface coverage (Ɵ) of the inhibitors conform "Langmuir adsorption isotherm". (Morphology) of the carbon steel alloy has been examine using "scanning electron microscopy" in existence and inexistence of inhibitor.


Article
Calibration Factor for Conventional Linear Cephalometric Measurements

Authors: Ruba J. Mohammed --- Nazar Gh. Jameel --- Mohammad N Al-Mallah
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2018 Volume: 18 Issue: 30 Pages: 31-41
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: the aim of this study is to determine a calibration factor to eliminate the distortion in the linear cephalometric measurements. Materials and Methods; the study was performed on the 5 dry skulls, the first skull contained 12 radiopaque markers fixed at different plains, and radiographed by digital cephalometric x-ray machine. The X and Y axes of the shadow of each radiopaque marker used to estimate the calibration factor. Eight linear distances measured directly and radiographically on the conventional cephalographs of the 5 skulls to evaluate the detected calibration factor. Results; the results showed no-significant difference (p > 0.05) between the direct and calibrated radiographic measurement on the digital and conventional cephalographs. whereas significant difference was found between the conventional cephalometric linear measurements as compared with direct anatomical linear and the conventional cephalometric linear measurements with those measurements manipulated with the estimated calibration factor (p < 0.05). Conclusions; this study found that the conventional cephalometric linear measurements could be reliable as that of digital cephalometric linear measurements, if it's calibrated by the calibration factor (1.08) which is estimated by the present study.


Article
Synthesis, Identification, Theoretical and Experimental Studies of Carbon Steel Corrosion Inhibition in Sea Water by Some New Diazine Derivatives linked to 5-Nitro Isatin Moiety

Authors: Athraa H. Ahmed --- Rehab M. Kubba --- Suaad M. H. Al-Majidi
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 3B Pages: 1347-1365
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This research includes synthesis of new 5-Nitro isatin derivatives starting from 5-nitro-3-(imino acetohydrazide)-2-oxo indole (1) namely 5-nitro-3-[iminoaceto(tetra hydropyridazin-3,6-dione)-2-yl]-2-oxo indole (2); 5-nitro-3-[iminoaceto(hexahydrodiazepine-3,7-dione)-2-yl]-2-oxo indole (3); 5-nitro-3-[iminoaceto (1,2-dihydro pyridiazin-3,6-dione)-2-yl]-2-oxo indole (4); 5-nitro-3-[iminoaceto (8-nitro- 1,2-dihydrophtalazin-3,10-dione)-2-yl]-2-oxo indole (5) and 5-nitro-3-[iminoaceto (1,2-dihydrophtalazin-3,10-dione)-2-yl]-2-oxo indole (6). The derivatives were characterized using FTIR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR and C.H.N.S analysis with the measurement of some physical properties. Quantum mechanical method of the Density Functional Theory (DFT) of B3LYP with a level of 6-311++G (2d, 2p) were used to calculate the geometrical structure, physical properties and inhibition efficiency parameters, were at the equilibrium geometry in four media (vacuum, DMSO, EtOH and H2O). The theoretical results showed that compound (3) was the best corrosion inhibitor among the others. Finally, the corrosion inhibition, kinetics, and thermodynamics studies of the prepared compound (3) for carbon-steel in sea water had been conducted using the potentiodynamic polarization procedure, while the surface changes of the carbon steel were studied using SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) techniques.


Article
Detection of Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia in children with diarrhea in Tikrit city
إيجاد طفيلي الزحار الاميبي وجيارديا لامبيليا في الأطفال المصابين بالاسهال في مدينة تكريت

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Abstract

Background: Entamoeba histolytica are very common protozoan parasites in Iraq and are causative agents of gastrointestinal diseases especially among children. Objective: To show the distribution of Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia among children aging 6-12 years old in Tikrit City.Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried on (1100) school children attended Tikrit Primary Heath Care Centers for period from February 2010 to June 2012. For each child the clinical examination was carried on by physicians in addition to anthropometric measurements, laboratory investigations including haematological, biochemical and general stool examination. Results: Stool samples were collected from 1100 children from both sexes, the rate of infections were: E. histolytica 9.3%, G. lamblia 8.9%.The overall rate of E. histolytica and G. lamblia infections was highest among 6-7 years (20.7%) followed by >10-12 (18.7%) and >7-10 years (17.2%) years. The distribution of both infections did not vary significantly between sexes. The anthropometric measurements in infected children were lower than non-infected controls, although haemoglobin concentration in both infections did not vary from non-infected children, while the white blood cells were higher among infected children in both infections than non-infected ones. In all infected groups, the neutrophils were lower while monocytes were higher than non infected controls. The eosinophils and lymphocytes were lower in E. histolytica infected children. The mean values of alkaline phosphatase, total protein and albumin did not differ between infected and non-infected ones. The globulin value in Giardia lamblia was lower than non infected ones. The concentration of zinc in serum of all infected children was lower than non-infected ones. In both infections, T-rosette and B lymphocyte were lower while the Null cells were higher in infected children than non-infected ones. Conclusions: The rate of both infections in Tikrit city was high. The highest rate of infections was among 6-7 years. The infections did not lead to anemia, but increased total leucocytes count and Null cells but decreased anthropometric measurements, T-rosette cells, B lymphocytes and zinc concentration

طفيلي الزحار الاميبي من الطفيليات الشائعة في العراق وواحد من العوامل المسببة للامراض المعوية وخاصة بين الأطفال. الهدف : استبيان توزيع طفيلي الزحار الاميبي Entamoeba histolytica و جيارديا لامبليا Giardia lamblia بين الأطفال في عمر 6-12سنة في مدينة تكريت. المواد وطرائق العمل: أجريت الدراسة على 1100 طالب من المراجعين للمراكز الصحية في مدينة تكريت للفترة من شباط 2010 لغاية حزيران 2012 مع الفحوصات السريرية والتشخيص المختبري (الفحوصات الدموية والكيموحيوية وفحص البراز العام).النتائج: من مجموع 1100 طفل من كلا الجنسين كانت نسبة الإصابة ب امبيا الزحار 9.3% وجيارديا لامبيليا 8.9% وكان نسبة الإصابة الكلية للطفيليين كان اعلى لدى الاعمار من 6-7 سنة (20.7%) تلتها 10-12 سنة (18.7%) و 7-19 سنة (17.2%). وان انتشار الإصابتين لم تختلف معنويا بين الجنسين.بالرغم من ان تركيز الهيموكلوبين لم يختلف معنويا عن غير المصابين ولكن كريات الدم ابيضاء كانت اعلى لدى الأطفال المصابين. في جميع المجاميع المصابة كان الخلايا البيضاءالعدلة Neutrophils اوطأ نسبة بينما الخلايا الأحادية النواة Monocytes كان اعلى من مجموعة السيطرة. في كلتا الإصابتين ان خلايا T-rosette و B-Lymphocytes كان اوطأ بينما Null cells كان اعلى في الأطفال المصابين عن غير المصابين. الاستنتاجات: ان نسبة الإصابة لكلا الطفيليين في مدينة تكريت كانت عالية وان اعلى نسبة إصابة كان لدى الاعمال من 6-7 سنوات وان الإصابتين لم يؤدي الى فقر الدم ولكن أدى الى زيادة المجموع الكلي لعدد كريات الدم البيضاء وخلايا Null cells ونقصان عدد خلايا T-rosette cellsوتركيز الخارصين.


Article
The effect of Two systems diet in some anthropometric measurements of weight loss
أثر نظامي حمية في بعض القياسات الانثربومترية لأنقاص الوزن

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Abstract

Food is an important element in sustaining healthy and healthy life. The human need for food is based on providing the body with the energy necessary to carry out vital actions such as heart, breathing, digestion, etc, It should be noted here that reducing the number of calories entering the body reduces the incidence of obesity and many diseases associated with age, such as heart disease The methods of weight loss have varied significantly in recent times and have increased their names and varieties, And numerous books and topped the headlines and all offer us different types of diets and the importance of research was achieved by studying the effect of using the first two dietary regimens proposed by the researcher, and the second global diet (Dashti), As well as disclosure of their impact in some measurements Anthropometric to lose weight, The sample of the research consisted of female employees of Al-Muthanna University. The research sample was selected with (20) practice and (30-40) And the deliberate manner and those who are overweight has divided two groups experimental style random distribution of the number (10) for each group, Anthropometric measurements were measured in the tribal tests. The first group was subjected to the proposed diet and the second group to the Dashti diet system and then to the remote tests. The results were processed by the SPSS, The most important conclusions were significant differences in the total anthropometric measurements in the research sample, Where the weight variable decreased significantly and all the body's surroundings were also decreased due to the two diet systems to lose weight, We recommend the adoption of the proposed diet for weight loss and according to the instructions contained in the research.

ملخص البحث يعد الغذاء عنصرا مهما لاستمرار الحياة بصحة ولياقة أفضل إذ ان حاجة الإنسان الى الغذاء تقوم على أساس تزويد الجسم بالطاقة اللازمة للقيام بالأفعال الحيوية مثل عمل القلب والتنفس وعمليات الهضم وغيرها ، ولا بد من الإشارة هنا الى أن خفض عدد السعرات الحرارية الداخلة الى الجسم يقلل من نسبة حدوث السمنة والعديد من الأمراض المترافقة مع العمر مثل أمراض عضلة القلب، وتنوعت طرائق انقاص الوزن في الآونة الأخيرة بشكل ملحوظ وكثرت أسماؤها وأصنافها، وتعددت الكتب وتصدرت عناوينها وكلها تقدم إلينا أنواعاً مختلفة من الحميات وهنا تمكن اهمية البحث من خلال دراسة أثر استخدام نظامي حمية غذائية الأول مقترح من قبل الباحثة ، والثاني حمية عالمية (دشتي) ، فضلا عن الكشف عن أثرهما في بعض القياسات الانثربومترية للانقاص الوزن ، وتألفت عينة البحث بموظفات جامعة المثنى وتم اختيار عينة البحث بعدد(20) ممارسة وبعمر (30-40 ) وبالأسلوب العمدي وممن يعانون زيادة الوزن وقد قسمت على مجموعتين تجريبين بأسلوب التوزيع العشوائي بعدد (10) لكل مجموعة ، وتم قياس القياسات الانثروبومترية في الاختبارات القبلية تم اخضاع المجموعة الاولى الى نظام الحمية المقترح والمجموعة الثانية الى نظام حمية دشتي ثم اجراء الاختبارات البعدية ، وتمت معالجة النتائج عن طريق المعالجات الإحصائية بنظام (SPSS). ومن أهم الاستنتاجات وجود فروق معنوية في القياسات الانثربومترية كلها لدى عينة البحث ، حيث انخفض متغير الوزن بدلالة معنوية وانخفضت جميع محيطات الجسم قيد الدراسة أيضا وذلك بفعل نظامي الحمية للانقاص الوزن، ونوصى اعتماد نظام الحمية المقترح لأنقاص الوزن وعلى وفق التعليمات الواردة بمتن البحث.


Article
EFFECT OF MYOSTATIN GENE POLYMORPHISMS ON SOME QUALITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF CARCASS AND IFFERENT BODY MEASUREMENTS FOR BROILER CHICKEN (ROSS 308) RAISED UNDER OF IRAQ CONDITION
تأثير طرز جين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) على بعض الصفات النوعية للذبائح وقياسات الجسم المختلفة لفروج اللحم (روز308) المرباة تحت الظروف العراق

Author: Adnan Hussein Mohammed عدنان حسين محمد عذار الجوذري
Journal: Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science مجلة الفرات للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 38752072 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Al-kasim University جامعة القاسم الخضراء

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Abstract

Three hundreds of Ross 308 chicks at one day-old were used. The experiment was continuous until sixth week of age. The objective of this study was to identify genotypes Myostatin gene and its relation with some qualitative characteristics of carcass and different body measurements for broiler chicken. Three types of restriction enzymes Aci I (Arthrobacter citreus), Bbv I (Bacillus brevis) and Bbs I (Bacillus brevis), were used in the Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis.The results of this study can be summarized as follows:The percentages of genotypic frequency for the Myostatin gene by using restriction enzyme Aci I (Arthrobacter citreus) was 32 %, 54% and 14 % for the (GG, GA and AA), respectively. The differences between genotypes was highly significant, furthermore, the effect of the genotypes of the Myostatin gene on carcass yield percentage was significant (P<0.05) too .Effect of the genotypes of the Myostatin gene on the body measurement was significant (P<0.05) on the breast width during third week and the body length during sixth week. The percentage of genotype distribution for the Myostatin gene by restriction enzyme Bbs I was 6.78%, 86% and 31.36 % for the genotypes. (CC, CT and TT), respectively and the differences between these percentages was highly significant and the effect of the genotypes of the Myostatin gene on the body measurement was significant (P<0.05) on the leg length during third week and leg length, the body length and comb height during sixth week. The percentage of genotype distribution for the Myostatin gene by restriction enzyme Bbv I in samples of studied was 98% and 2 % for the genotypes, (AA and GA) respectively and the differences between these percentages was highly significant and the effect of the genotypes of the Myostatin gene on the body measurement was significant (P<0.01) in the leg length and thigh thickness during sixth week.

استخدمت في هذه الدراسة 300 فــــــرخاً من فروج اللحم لهجين روز (Ross – 308) والتي ربيت من عمر يوم واحد لغاية الأسبوع السادس وكانت الدراسة تهدف الى فصل المادة الوراثية وتحديد علاقة التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) مع بعض الصفات النوعية للذبائح وقياسات الجسم المختلفة لفروج اللحم نوع Ross 308 ، و استخدمت ثلاثة أنواع من الانزيمات القاطعة . ( Aci I (Arthrobacter citreus وBacillus brevis)) BbvI و (Bacillus brevis)BbsI في الهضم القطعة المضخمة لتحديد التراكيب الوراثية، باستخدام تقنية تعدد المظاهر لأطوال القطع مقيدة الطول(RFLPs).وكانت نتائج الدراسة كمايلي:بلغت نسب توزيع التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) باستخدام الانزيم Aci I في العينة المدروسة 32 و54 و14% للتراكيب الوراثية GG وGA وAA على التوالي، وكان التباين بين هذه النسب عالي المعنوية (P≤0.01)، كما كان تأثير التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) معنويا (P≤0.05) في نسبة التصافي، أما تأثير التراكيب الوراثية لجين ميوستاتين على ابعاد الجسم فقد كان معنوياً (P≤0.05) في عرض الصدر عند عمر ثلاثة اسابيع، من جانب أخر، بلغت نسبة توزيع التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) باستخدام الانزيمBbs I في العينة المدروسة 6.78 و61.86 و31.36% للتراكيب الوراثية CC وCT وTTعلى التوالي، وكان التباين بين هذه النسب عالي المعنوية (P≤0.01) ، كما كان تأثير التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) معنويا في ابعاد الجسم فقد كانت لها تأثيرات معنوية (P≤0.05) في طول الارجل عند عمر الأسبوع الثالث، في حين نجد ان التراكيب الوراثية لها تأثيرات معنوية (P≤0.05) في طول الارجل وطول الطير وارتفاع العرف خلال أسبوع السادس. بلغت نسب توزيع التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) باستخدام الانزيم Bbv I في العينة المدروسة 98 و2% للتراكيب الوراثية AA وGAعلى التوالي، وكان التباين بين هذه النسب عالي المعنوية، كما كان تأثير التراكيب الوراثية لجين الميوستاتين (Myostatin) معنويا (P≤0.05) في طول الارجل وعالية المعنوية (P≤0.01) في سمك الفخذ خلال الأسبوع السادس.

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