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Predictors of Knowledge and Practice of Prostate Cancer Screening among Commercial Motorcyclists in Ilesa Town in Southwestern Nigeria

Author: Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe, Deborah Fashina
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 385-390
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل


Background: In Nigeria, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men. Nigeria men are ignorant of the risk factors forthe disease despite rising prevalence, despite the country’s movement toward a demographically aging population. For a measurable change inbehaviors, it is important to assess existing knowledge to inform policy and programmatic decisions. Objective: This study was undertakento determine the predictors of knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening among commercial motorcyclists in Ilesa town of Nigeria.Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross‑sectional study was carried out among 400 eligible commercial motorcycle riders selected usingthe multistage sampling method. Research instrument used were semi‑structured pretested interviewer‑administered questionnaire. Data wereanalyzed using the SPSS software version 17.0. Results: Mean age of respondents was 39.5 ± 2.4 years. Fifty‑seven percent and 27.6% wereaware of prostate cancer and prostate cancer screening, respectively, with the mass media being the source of information. Fifty‑seven percenthad poor mean knowledge while 63.0% had good mean attitude toward prostate cancer screening. Although only 3%have gone for prostatecancer screening before, about 95% were willing to go for prostate cancer screening test. Age, marital status, and education status were allsignificantly associated with good knowledge and practice of prostate cancer screening (P < 0.05). Predictors of good knowledge and practiceof prostate cancer screening were being educated, age <45 years, being married and being in polygamous setting. Conclusion: Moderateawareness and knowledge, good attitude, and poor practice of prostate cancer screening were found among studied respondents. This callsfor stakeholders in cancer care to create more awareness, organize sensitization programs, and implement community‑based programs thatwould increase access to screening for prostate cancer.

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