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Article
Effect of Some Synthesized Pyrrolidines in Growth of L. infantum Promastigotes
تأثير عدد من مركبات البايروليدين Pyrrolidines المشيدة في نمو بروماستكوت اللشمانيا الأحشائية L. infantum

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Abstract

In this research, three pyrrolidine compounds (P1-P3) were synthesized and then tested for efficacy against L. infantum promastigotes in vitro.The study included preparation of some chalcones and schiff bases then the condensation of both to get the pyrrolidines and studying the effect of pyrrolidine compounds in growth, generation number and time of parasites. They determined using concentrations between (5-30) μg/ml. The effect of the compounds was found to be important to the parasite growth as the more the concentration the less the growth, generation number and increased the generation time. At the logarithmic phase, the LD50 were (10), (20) and (30)μg/ml for (P1-P3) compounds, respectively.

في بحثنا هذا تم تصنيع ثلاث مركبات من البايروليدين (P1-P3) ومن ثم اختبارها وملاحظة فعاليتها ضد بروماستكوت اللشمانيا الأحشائيةL. infantum خارج الجسم الحي.تضمنت الدراسة تحضير بعض الجالكونات مع قواعد شيف وشيدت مركبات البايروليدين من تكثيف الجالكونات مع قواعد شيف ثم اختبرت فعالية المركبات الناتجة على نمو وعدد وزمن الجيل إذ استخدمت تراكيز تراوحت ما بين (5-30) مايكرو غرام / مل وأظهرت النتائج بأن هنالك تأثير واضح على نمو الطفيليات إذ كلما زاد التركيز قل النمو وكذلك عدد الجيل فضلاً عن زيادة زمن الجيل. وتبين النتائج بان التركيز الذي يقتل 50% من الطفيليات LD50 هو (10) و (20) و (30) مايكرو غرام / مل للمركبات (P1-P3) على التوالي عند الطور اللوغاريتمي من النمو.

Keywords

Pyrrolidines --- Leishmania --- Growth.


Article
Maternal–Placental Growth Factor and the Identification of Fetuses with Placental Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Authors: Henan Dh Skheel Al Jebory --- Asmaa Zubaid Alazzawy
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-41
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Objective: This study was designed to discriminate between fetal growth restriction that is placentally mediated and constitutionally smallfetuses depending on the measurement of placental growth factor (PlGF) in the maternal circulation. Study Design: This was a prospectivecase–control study. Settings: This study was conducted at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Al‑Yarmouk Teaching Hospital.Patients and Methods: The study included 100 cases (11 placental intrauterine growth restriction [IUGR] and 89 constitutionally small)with singleton pregnancies. Serum PlGF was measured by ELISA technique. Concentration less than the 5th percentile for normal pregnancywas considered a positive PlGF test. Results: A positive PlGF test was found in 10 out of the 11 placental growth restriction cases and in4 out of the 89 constitutionally small fetuses. PlGF can differentiate between IUGR due to placental dysfunction from constitutionally smallfetuses with 90.1% sensitivity and 95.5% specificity. Conclusion: PlGF may serve as a promising tool to identify placental IUGR antenatally

Keywords

Fetus --- growth --- placenta


Article
Study of growth retardation among patients with thalassemia major: correlation to iron overload

Author: Hulal Saleh Sahib
Journal: Muthanna Medical Journal مجلة المثنى الطبية ISSN: 2226146x Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 77-85
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

Thalassemia is an autosomal recessive blood disorder which has a life-long implication in both patients and their families. This study was performed at Al-Diwaniya maternity and children teaching hospital from the 1st of October 2016 to the 1st of January 2017. The total number of patients involved in our study were one-hundred three, all of them were diagnosed with ß – thalassemia major, were subjected to frequent blood transfusion and were on chelating agent. Both patients groups were evaluated with full history (age, gender, time of diagnosis, the rate of transfusion per year, the type and dose of the chelating agent), and were examined for their weight, height and BMI, serum ferritin was also performed for all of them. There was a significant difference in mean age and height of patients on desferal and those on exjade. The rate of transfusion was significantly greater in the group of patients treated with desferal. Serum ferritin was significantly higher in patients treated with desferal than patients treated with exjade. There was a significant correlation between gender of patients and serum ferritin in the group of patients treated with desferal, also there was a significant negative correlation between the dose of the drug and serum ferritin in those treated with exjade.


Article
Processing of Jerky meat in Iraq using soya sauce, sweet chili sauce and special spices

Authors: Maysaloon Wail Ibrahim --- Mahfoodh Khaleel Abdullah --- Ahmed Ramadan Muhaimeed
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 56-66
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

This research was done in it in the laboratories of department of animal production/agriculture college/Tikrit university from 2/12/2016 to 2/2/2017 the beef meat loin samples collected from the butchers shop. Then the muscle (longissimussdorsi) separated for use in the manufacture of jerky. The meat dried in the oven after treated with some additives divided into four treatments: control treatment1(without additions) , treatment2 (Soya Sauce added) , treatment3 (special spices added) , treatment4(sweet chili sauce added). The moisture and protein percentage of jerky pieces were measured then panel test was conducted by specialized professors in the department .The results showed a significant differences in moisture contents between four treatments where the percentage was low in the third treatment than the others (23.45±0.45)% also the control treatment which was (25.16 ±0.22) %. protein percentage, the results indicated that there was a significant decreased in the protein percentage for treatment 2 and 4 which were (64.94±0.28)% and (65.02±0.74)% respectively .while this percentage was increased significantly in1 and 3 treatments ( 67.02±0.33)% and (68.52±0.11)% respectively.For the PH value, the results indicated that there was a significant decreased in the pH value for treatments 2,3 and 4 (5.66±0.04)(5.59±0.00)(5.71±0.01) compared to the control treatment which was (5.93±0.03).For the panel test, the results indicated that there was no significant differences in rancidity except accounting differences only where treatment 4 was superior than the other treatments . as for the color, treatment 2,3 and 4 showed significant differences for the desired color of the Jerky by the consumer as it reached (4.11±0.63) (4.74±0.17) and (4.90±0.62) respectively compared to the treatment 1 (3.12 ± 0.22). For the tenderness, there was no significant differences between the four treatments where the tenderness was decreased for all treatments.Finally, for the general acceptance, treatment 1 and 3 were superior as it reached (4.94±0.71)(5.00±0.65) respectively compared to treatment 2 and 4 as it reached (3.11±0/61)(4.28±0.58).

Keywords

Wheat --- Cultivars --- Fertilizers --- Growth --- Yield --- Zinc


Article
Response of four bread wheat genotypes to application methods of Zinc fertilizer

Author: Fathi Abdul kareem Omer
Journal: Kufa Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 20727798 23128186 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 67-86
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The study was carried out in the field of Agriculture College, Duhok University in 2015-2016 growing season to study the growth and yield of four different wheat cultivars (Adana99, Iraq; locals, Zinzbar and Nigal; newly introduced cultivars) using different methods of fertilizers application; fluid seed treatment in ecoZinc, foliar ecoZinc (Black Rocks company, Turkey 0.01Zn), in addition to traditional NPK and control treatments under rain fed conditions of Duhok Governorate. Randomized complete block design was used with four replications.The results showed that Adana99 and Iraq surpassed new introduced cultivars in field emergence and plant height, while the new cultivars were superior in some of spike traits in addition to harvest index but inferior in 1000 grains weight which was the crucial characteristic for reducing the seed quality for these two cultivars as compared to the locals in spite of their superiority in final grain yield and above ground biomass. Regarding fertilizers application, ecoZinc in both fluid and foliar ways were not significant on most of growth characteristics but the spike density enhanced significantly; seed yield was increased significantly (4.6 t.ha-1) in fluid seed treatment in ecoZinc. The newly introduced wheat cultivars are not recommended under Duhok environment conditions due to their late in maturity which consequently effect final seed quality and quantity due to high temperatures at the end of the season.

Keywords

Wheat --- Cultivars --- Fertilizers --- Growth --- Yield --- Zinc


Article
Effects of dietary protein levels on the growth of Luciobarbus xanthopterus juveniles (Heckel, 1843)
تأثير مستوى بروتين العليقة على نمو صغار أسماك الكطان Luciobarbus xanthopterus (HECKEL, 1843)

Author: A.A. Jabir عامر عبد الله جابر
Journal: Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science مجلة وادي الرافدين لعلوم البحار ISSN: 18152058 Year: 2018 Volume: 33 Issue: 2 Pages: 91-98
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of four fish dietary protein levels (30%, 35%, 40% and 45%) on the growth of Luciobarbus xanthopterus juveniles. About 240 fish of average weight of 18.4 g were kept in eight small letter tanks for 8 weeks at the Marine Science Center aquaculture room. Two replicates for each treatment with 30 fish for each replicate were used. A number of growth parameters were estimated during the experiment. The environmental factors measured were; water temperature, DO, salinity and pH. The highest average weight gained was 21.14 g ± 0.33 with the 40% dietary protein level, while the lowest average weight was 19.68 g ± 0.50. The highest weight gained was recorded at 40% dietary protein level. The highest weight gain and weight increase were significantly different (p<0.05) at 40% dietary protein level. The lowest weight gain and weight increase were at 45% protein level, with values of 19.68 g ± 0.50 and 1.09 ± 0.05, respectively. The weight increase was 2.11 ± 0.06. Significant differences (p<0.05) have been noticed in this protein level, however, the other dietary levels showed no significant increase. The highest rate of daily weight increase were recorded I at the 30%, 35% and 40% levels and the significant differences (p<0.05) among these levels were in apparent. However, the weight increase rate of 2.12 was dropped at 45% level to 1.41 ± 0.033. The highest rate of specific growth was recorded at the 35% protein level with value of 0.31 g/day with no significant differences (p<0.05) between the various levels. Finally, it could be concluded from this study that the lowest specific growth 5.64% was recorded at the 45% protein level and the highest relative growth 11.06% was recorded at the dietary protein level of 35%.

تناولت الدراسة تأثير أربع مستويات من البروتين في العليقة (30%، 35%، 40%، 45%) على نمو صغار اسماك الكطان Luciobarbus، إذ استخدم 240 من صغار الاسماك بمعدل وزن 18.45 ± 4.93 غم في احواض ذات سعة 250 لتر وبمكررين لكل مستوى بروتيني وبواقع 30 سمكة لكل مكرر. كثرت الأسماك في مفقس مركز علوم البحار. حسب عدد من مؤشرات النمو حيث أجريت القياسات البيئية وكانت ضمن المديات الملائمة لصغار الاسماك. أعطت الأسماك أعلى معدل وزن عند انتهاء التجربة، إذ بلغ 21.14 ± 0.33 غم عند العليقة ذات المستوى البروتيني 40% في حين كانت اقل قيم لمعدل الوزن 19.68 ± 0.50. إن أعلى زيادة وزنيه سجلت خلال فترة التجربة كانت للصغار التي تغذت على عليقة ذات نسبة بروتين 40% عن مثيلاتها إذ بلغت 2.11 ± 0.06. سجلت فروقا معنوية عند هذا المستوى من البروتين ولم تظهر بقية مستويات العليقة زيادة معنوية، وكانت أعلى زيادة وزنية يومية تحققت في المستويات 30% و35% و 40% ولم تظهر فروق معنوية فيما بينها وبين بقية النسب حيث بلغت 2.12 في المستوى 30 % و 35% و40% بينما انخفضت عند المستوى البروتيني45 % وبلغت 1.41 ± 0.033. سجلت أعلى قيمة لمعدلات النمو النوعي 0.31 غم/يوم في المستوى البروتيني 35% ولم تظهر أي فروق معنوية عن بقية المستويات الأخرى، بينما سجل اقل نمو نوعي عند انتهاء التجربة وكان 0.17 عند مستوى العليقة 45%. بلغ أعلى معدل نمو نسبي لصغار أسماك الكطان عند التغذية على مستويات بروتين مختلفة في نهاية التجربة 11.06% في العليقة ذات المستوى البروتيني 35% بينما سجل اقل نمو نسبي عند انتهاء التجربة5.64% في العليقة ذات المستوى البروتيني %45.


Article
Effect of Cyanobacteria Isolates on Rice Seeds Germination in Saline Soil
تأثير العزلات السيانوبكترية على نمو بذور الأرز فى التربة الملحية

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Abstract

Cyanobacteria are prokaryotic photosynthetic communities which are used in biofertilization of many plants especially rice plant. Cyanobacteria play a vital role to increase the plant's ability for salinity tolerance. Salinity is a worldwide problem which affects the growth and productivity of crops. In this work three cyanobacteria strains (Nostoc calcicola, Anabaena variabilis, and Nostoc linkia) were isolated from saline soil at Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate; North Egypt. The propagated cyanobacteria strains were used to withstand salinity of the soil and increase rice plant growth (Giza 178). The length of roots and shoot seedlings was measured for seven and forty days of cultivation, respectively. The results of this investigation showed that the inoculation with Nostoc calcicola, Anabaena variabilis, and Nostoc linkia increased root length by 27.0, 4.0, 3.0 % and 39, 20, 19 % in EC5 and 10 (ds/m), respectively. Similarly, they increased shoot length by 121, 70, 55 %, 116, 88, 82 % in EC5 and 10 (ds/m), respectively. In EC15and more concentrations, control rice plants could not grow while those to which cyanobacteria were inoculated could withstand only EC15 but not other elevated concentrations. These results encourage using Nostoc calcicola,Anabaena variabilis, and Nostoc linkia as biofertilizer for rice plant in the saline soil for increasing growth and decrease soil electrical conductivity.

السيانوبكتريا هى كائنات أولية النواة تقوم بالبناء الضوئى وتستخدم فى التسميد الحيوى لعدة نباتات منها محصول الأرز. كما ان السيانوبكتريا تلعب دورا هاما فى تحمل الملوحة. الملوحة هى مشكلة عالمية تؤثر على نمو وانتاجية النباتات. فى هذا البحث تم عزل 3 سلالات من السيانوبكتريا هى أنابينا كالسيكولا- أنابينا فاريابلس و نوستوك لنكيا من اراضى ملحية من محافظة كفر الشيخ شمال مصر. وقد استخدمت السلالات المعزولة فى جعل التربة تتحمل الملوحة وزيادة انتاجية الأرز صنف جيزة 178. تم قياس طول الجزر والمجموع الخضرى لبادرات الأرز فى الفترة من 7 الى 40 يوم. وقد أظهرت النتائج أن حقن التربة المزروعة بنبات الأرز بالنوستوك لنكيا, أنابينا فاريابلس و أنابينا كالسيكولا قد زاد من طول الجذر بنسبة 4,27 و 3% على التوالى. وبالمثل تم زيادة طول المجموع الخضرى بنسبة 121, 70و55% على التوالى. فى تركيز الملوحة EC15 واعلى من هذا لم تستطيع النباتات الغير معاملة بالسيانوبكتريا النمو بينما النباتات المعاملة بالسيانوبكتريا قد تحملت الملوحة EC15 وليس أعلى من ذلك. هذه النتائج تشجع على استخدام الثلاث سيانوبكتريا فى التسميد الحيوى لنبات الأرز فى التربة الملحية لزيادة النمو والانتاجية وتقليل الملوحة.


Article
Epitaxial and Structural Analysis of Nickel-Manganese-Gallium Films Prepared by Magnetron Sputtering

Authors: Ali H. Abbas --- Jérémy Tillier --- Daniel Bourgault --- Laurent Carbone
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 13-18
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

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Abstract

In order to obtain Ni-Mn-Ga epitaxial films crystallized in martensite structures showing magnetic-induced rearrangement of martensite variants, a fine control of the composition is required. Here we present how the co-sputtering process might be helpful in the development of Ni-Mn-Ga epitaxial films. A batch of epitaxial Ni-Mn-Ga films deposited by co-sputtering of a Ni-Mn-Ga ternary target and a pure manganese target has been studied. The co-sputtering process allows a precise control of the film compositions and enables keeping the epitaxial growth of Ni-Mn-Ga austenite during deposition at high temperature. It gives rise to tune the content of the MIR-active 14-modulated martensite in the film at room temperature, as well as micro and macro-twinned domains sizes.


Article
LATERAL GROWTH OF QARA DAGH ANTICLINE, SOUTH OF SULAIMANIYAH CITY, NE IRAQ: A STRUCTURAL – GEOMORPHOLOGICAL STUDY
النمو الجانبي لطية قرة داغ في جنوب مدينة السليمانية، شمال شرق العراق: دراسة تركيبيه – جيومورفولوجية

Authors: Varoujan K. Sissakian فاروجان خاجيك سيساكيان --- Rahim M. Amin رحيم محمد امين --- Jamal Gh. Mohammed جمال غانم محمد
Journal: Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining مجلة الجيولوجيا والتعدين العراقية ISSN: 18114539 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 31-47
Publisher: Ministry of Industry and Minerals وزارة الصناعة والمعادن

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Abstract

The Qara Dagh anticline is located south of Sulaimaniyah city in the High Folded Zone of the Zagros Fold – Thrust Belt, within the Outer Platform of the Arabian Plate. It is about 116 Km long with a NW – SE trend. The oldest exposed rocks in the anticline are of Paleocene age and belong to the Kolosh Formation; whereas, the limestone beds of the Pila Spi Formation form the flanks of the anticline. The Pila Spi Formation locally forms the carapace of the mountain giving whale-back nature to the anticline. We have conducted in this work a structural – geomorphological study of the Qara Dagh anticline using existing features and form of the anticline, observed and checked by field work; different types of satellite images and updated geological maps (scale of 1: 100 000). Structural, geomorphological and stratigraphic data confirm the lateral growth of the anticline in a NW direction, complemented by the presence of: fork-shaped valleys, axial valleys, radiated valleys, abandoned alluvial fans, and the presence of water and wind gaps. The present study indicates that the Qara Dagh anticline was originally comprised of six smaller anticlines that exhibited lateral and vertical growth leading to the development of one major anticline. The NW propagation of the six segments of Qara Dagh anticline is supported by the presence of two en-échelon plunges within the main anticline. The rate of the lateral growth was higher than the rate of the incision of the streams; therefore, the streams were shifted around the tips of the segments; meanwhile abandoning the water gaps to wind gaps and development of new water gaps around the tips.

تقع طية قرة داغ في جنوب مدينة السليمانية ضمن نطاق الطيات العالية التابع لحزام زاكروس الطي – الزاحف والواقع في الرصيف الخارجي من الصفيحة العربية. يبلغ طول الطيه حوالي 116 كلم وتمتد باتجاه شمال غرب-جنوب شرق. تعود اقدم الصخور المتكشفة في الطية لتكوين كولوش من عمر الباليوسين، الا ان الطبقات الجيرية العائدة لتكوين بيلاسبي تشكل جناحي الطية واحياناً تكون مجمل جبل قرة داغ حيث تعطي الطيه شكل ظهر الحوث. نفذنا دراسة تركيبية – جيومورفولوجية معتمدين على الظواهر الموجودة في الطية التي تمت ملاحظتها وتدقيقها حقليا فضلا عن استخدام عدة أنواع من المرئيات الفضائية وبمقاييس مختلفة وخرائط جيولوجية محدثة من (مقياس 1: 100 000) لإيجاد معطيات تركيبية وجيومورفولوجية وطباقية استخدمناها في معرفة النمو الجانبي لطية قرة داغ. بينت هذه الدراسه وجود ضواهر تشيرالى نمو الطية باتجاه الشمال الغربي تتمثل بوجود وديان شوكية وشعاعية الشكل ومراوح نهرية متروكة فتحات مائية وهوائية. استنتجنا من الدراسة بان طية قرة داغ كانت تتكون بالأصل من ستة طيات صغيرة نمت جانبيا وعاموديا لتشكل طية قرة داغ الحالية ويؤيد ذلك وجود الغواطس المنبادله في جسم الطيه الرئيسي. تشير الدلائل الى أن معدل سرعة النمو كانت أعلى من سرعة قطع الجداول للصخور وبالتالي غيرت هذه الجداول مجراها الى نهاية حافات الطيات الصغيرة حيث كونت فتحات مائية جديدة تاركة الفتحات المائية القديمة لتتحول الى فتحات هوائية.


Article
Miner Alerts Module to Generate Itemsets Based on FP-Growth Algorithm Improvement

Authors: Karim H. Al-Saedi --- Raghda Abd Al-Rab
Journal: Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science مجلة علوم المستنصرية ISSN: 1814635X Year: 2018 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 114-117
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Data mining techniques becomes very useful for all areas, Which gives impressive results and accurate. It is can be works with huge data and variance type’s data. The intrusion detection system (IDS) has huge numbers of alerts without classify and almost alerts be false positive. In this paper, we proposed a new miner module to generating Itemsets of IDS alerts by using FP-Growth Algorithm Improvement, which it is produce from compact Fp growth algorithm with Apriori algorithm. This new module contains three phases: Compute support, Resort, and Generating K-Itemsets. It is applied on Darpa 1999 datasets to generating Alerts sets based on IDS Snort. The obtain result was very useful because it is make the alerts ready to classify.

أصبحت تقنيات تعدين البيانات مفيدة جدا ولاسيما في كافة المجالات بإمكانها إعطاء نتائج مؤثره ودقيقة, حيث تعمل مع بيانات كبيرة و متنوعة .نظام كشف التسلل يمتلك أعداد كبيرة من التنبيهات الغير مصنفة والتي اغلبها تكون كاذبة . في هذا البحث تم اقتراح موديل جديد لتوليد عناصر نظام كشف التسلل باستخدام خوارزمية FAI المطورة الناتجة من دمج خوارزمية Fp growth مع خوارزمية Apriori .يحتوي هذا الموديل على ثلاثة مراحل : احتساب تكرار العناصر, أعادة ترتيب العناصر وتوليد العناصر.تم التطبيق على بيانات قياسية وتم الحصول على نتائج مفيدة جدا لأنها تجعل التنبيهات جاهزة للتصنيف.

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