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Article
The impact of the month pregnant and fetus sex on progesterone and cortisol hormones and lipid profile in the women during the third-trimester pregnancy
تأثير شهر الحمل وجنس الجنين في تراكيز هرموني الكورتيزون والبروجستيرون والمنحنى الدهني في النساء خلال الثلث الاخير من الحمل

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Abstract

This study was conducted at Salahaddin General Hospital to find out the impact of pregnancy month and the sex of the fetus on progesterone, cortisol hormones and some biochemical compounds (VLDL-C, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG Cholesterol, and Glucose), during the last trimester of the pregnant women. Ninety blood samples were collected from the pregnant women, 5ml blood from each woman, the number of pregnant women during the 7th, 8th and 9th months (34, 29, 27) woman respectively. During the ninth month of pregnancy, there was a significant increase (P≤0.01) in the concentration of cortisol hormone compared with the seventh and eighth month, but the concentration of progesterone hormone decreased significantly (P≤0.01) during the ninth month compared to the seventh and eighth months. The concentrations of (VLDL-C, LDL-C, TG, Cholesterol, and Glucose) increased in the ninth month of pregnancy compared to the seventh and eighth months, while the concentration of the HDL-C increased in the seventh and eighth months compared with the ninth month. There were no significant differences between the male and the female fetus in pregnant women cortisone and progesterone concentrations. The pregnant women with male pregnancy significantly increased compared with the female fetus pregnancy in the (VLDL-C, LDL-C, Glucose) while the female pregnancy significantly increased compared with the male fetus pregnancy (P≤0.05) in concentrations of HDL-C. There are no significant differences observed between the male fetus and female pregnancies in cholesterol concentrations. Conclusion: this study finds out that the ninth month of the pregnancy caused more detriment to the pregnant women and male fetus is more likely to cause stress on the pregnant women than the female fetus.http://dx.doi.org/10.25130/tjps.24.2019.004

جرت هذه الدراسة في مستشفى صلاح الدين العام لمعرفة تأثير شهر الحمل و جنس الجنين في تراكيز هرموني البروجستيرون و الكورتيزول وبعض المركبات الكيموحيوية (VLDL-C , LDL-C , HDL-C , TG Cholesterol , Glucose) , خلال الثلث الاخير من الحمل . جمعت 90 عينة دم من النساء الحوامل و بلغ عدد النساء الحوامل خلال الاشهر السابع و الثامن والتاسع (34,29,27) أمرأه على التوالي وكانت النتائج زيادة معنوية (P≤ 0.01) في تركيز هرمون الكورتيزول خلال الشهر التاسع من الحمل بالمقارنة مع الشر السابع والثامن. بينما إنخفض تركيز هرمون البروجستيرون معنويا (P≤ 0.01) خلال الشهر التاسع بالمقارنة مع الشهر السابع والثامن, وازدادت تراكيز المركبات ((VLDL-C , LDL-C, TG, Cholesterol, Glucose ) في الشهر التاسع من الحمل بالمقارنة مع الشهرين السابع والثامن بينما ازداد تركيز المركب الدهني HDL-C في الشهر السابع و الثامن بالمقارنة مع تركيزه في الشهر التاسع. ولم تلاحط أية فروقات معنوية بين الحمل الانثوي و الحمل الذكري (1(P≤ 0.0 في تراكيز هرموني الكورتيزول والبروجستيرون. تفوق الحمل الذكري على الحمل الانثوي في تراكيز المركبات (VLDL-C , LDL-C , Glucose ) بينما تفوق الحمل الانثوي بالمقارنة مع الحمل الذكري معنوياً ((P≤ 0.05 في تراكيز المركب الدهني HDL-C ولم تلاحظ اية فروقات معنوية بين الحمل الذكري والانثوي في تراكيز الكولستيرول. و يستنتج من هذه الدراسة أن الشهر التاسع من الحمل أكثر تأثيرا ضارا على الام الحامل و ان الحمل الذكري أكثر تسبباً في حدوث الاجهاد على الام الحامل من الحمل الانثوي.

Keywords

women --- Pregnant --- Progesterone --- Glucose --- Lipid profile


Article
Prevalence of Symptomatic Urinary Tract Infections and Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Iraqi Pregnant Women of Babylon Governorate

Author: Najlaa Abass Al-Mamoryi, Abdulrazzaq Salman Al‑Salman
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 5-12
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common infections among pregnant women. It can be lead to poor maternal andperinatal outcomes. Objective: The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence rate of symptomatic UTIs and asymptomatic bacteriuriaof pregnant women in the Babylon Governorate and to determine its association with sociodemographic, obstetrical, and other factors.Materials and Methods: Cross‑sectional study between March 2018 and June 2018 involves examining 300 pregnant women at primary healthcenters; Maternity and Pediatrics Hospital of Hilla city, with and without symptoms of UTI were employed for this study. Midstream urinesamples were taken, and general urine examination was performed. Results: The results of this study revealed that the overall prevalence ofUTI among pregnant was 64.6% which include (symptomatic bacteriuria 8.0%, asymptomatic bacteriuria 6.3%, and UTI 50.3%). The higherrate of UTI was found in lower age, multiparous women, and during the second trimester. Factors such as socioeconomic status, history ofUTI, dysuria, and positive laboratory results were found to be significantly associated with UTI. Conclusion: UTI is still the common healthproblem in pregnant women especially during their second trimester. Urinalyses are essential for all pregnant women during the antenatal period.The screening will be assisted to early detection and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria which prevent complication for mother and baby.


Article
Evaluation of the Quality of Maternal Health Services in Primary Health‑Care Centers by Using Service Provision Assessment

Author: Wedyan Ibrahim Ismael, Hadeel Fadhil Farhood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 25-30
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: The Service Provision Assessment (SPA) survey is a nationwide facility‑based survey that measures the ability of health facilitiesto provide quality preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services for key maternal and child health and HIV/AIDS programs. Objective: Thestudy was designed to assess some aspects of expressed maternal health services provided at ten primary health‑care (PHC) centers inBabylon province, Iraq, using interviews with health service providers and clients and observations of provider–client consultations to obtaininformation on the capacity of facilities to provide quality services, and the existence of functioning systems to support quality services.Materials and Methods: A cross‑sectional study was done in ten Babylon PHC centers from March to August 2018. The study included165 pregnant women. The questionnaire included sociodemographic factors (age, residence, employment, parity, and education) and datarelated to Service Provision Assessment questionnaire which include a facility inventory, client exit interviews, and antenatal care (ANC)observation and consultation. Results: The mean age of pregnant women attending ANC was 25.29 ± 5.48, 66.1% came from urban areas,the majority were not employed (83%), their educational level was secondary (38.8%), and 57% were multipara. The findings showed that themajority (89.1%) of patients think that health facility services were good. A sizeable majority (83.0%) of women were satisfied regarding healthservices including availability of medicines at the facility (91.5%), cleanliness of the facility (100%), privacy (93.9%), charging or paymentof fees for services received (0.6%), and discussion of problems related to the pregnancy (93.3%). Conclusion: This study showed a highlevel of satisfaction with the quality of maternal health services among antenatal attendees and highlighted the need to support interventionsthat increase the uptake of formal maternal health‑care services.


Article
Study the effect of partial replacement of fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum)Seeds in Rations milk production and components in Arabi Sheeps
دراسة تأثير الإحلال الجزئي لبذور الحلبة fenugreekالمجروشة في العليقة على انتاج الحليب ومكوناته في الأغنام العرابية

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Abstract

12 ewes Arabiah of weight rages (40-59 kg), within different stages of pregnancy (Advanced and Late) were chosen from the herd of sheep, research station, Faculty of Agriculture, ALMuthanna University during 20 /11/2015 to 20/4/2016. Animals were categorized into three treatment, three ewes , five ewes and four ewes, feunugreek seed replacement in diet were 0, 3 and 6%, respectively. The results showed that treatments 3% and 3% 6% significantly exceeded control in produced milk. However, milk fat were decreased significantly in the second and third treatments, as compared to control. The third treatment was higher in the milk protein level followed by the second treatment, as compared to the control. Insignificant effect was detected for the seeds of the fenugreek on the level of lactose, relative density and solids of milk

استخدمت في هذه الدراسة 12 نعجة عرابية متقاربة الوزن (40-59 ) كغم في مراحل حمل مختلفة ( متقدم ومتأخر ) تم اختيارها من قطيع الاغنام التابع لمحطة الأبحاث الأولى في كلية الزراعة –جامعة المثنى خلال الفترة من 20/11/2015الى 20/4/2016, قسمت الى ثلاث معاملات ضمت الاولى ثلاثة نعاج (السيطرة) وتركت بدون بذور حلبة و المجموعة الثانية ضمت خمسة نعاج والثالثة اربعة نعاج, غذيت جميعها على عليقة مركزة بعد احلال بذور الحلبة بنسبة 3% في المعاملة الثانية و6% في المعاملة الثالثة و تركت المعاملة الاولى (السيطرة ) بدون بذور حلبة .اظهرت نتائج الدراسة تفوق المعاملتين الثانية 3% والثالثة 6% على معاملة السيطرة في كمية إنتاج الحليب فيما انخفض معدل دهن الحليب معنويا في المعاملتين الثانية والثالثة مقارنة بمعاملة السيطرة وتفوقت المعاملة الثالثة في مستوى بروتين الحليب ثم تلتها المعاملة الثانية مقارنة بمعاملة السيطرة في حين لم يلاحظ وجود تأثير معنوي لبذور الحلبة في مستوى اللاكتوز والكثافة النسبية والمواد الصلبة للحليب


Article
Determination of selenium concentration and glutathione concentrations in preeclampsia women in Balad city- Salah al-deen governorate

Authors: Shaker M. M Al-Jobori --- Waser, S, Khlaf --- Yaseen Khashman. Hussein --- Mossa M. Marbut
Journal: JOURNAL OF MADENAT ALELEM COLLEGE مجلة كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة ISSN: 2073,2295 Year: 2019 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 147-156
Publisher: City College of Science University كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة

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Abstract

Background: Selenium concentration was measured in women under oxidative stress and was found lower than normal healthy women. Also, there was significant reduction in serum Se in type 2 diabetic patients. Whole blood and plasma selenium and red cell glutathione concentrations were significantly lower in the patients with chronic liver disease as compared with the normal healthy controls. The aim of the study is Determination of selenium concentration and glutathione concentrations in preeclampsia women in Balad city- Salah al-deen governorate. Subjects and methods: A cross sectional study was done in Balad hospital – Salah al-deen governorate. A 90 pregnant women were participated in the present study, (60 women with pregnancy induced hypertension and 30 normotensive pregnant women). In the present study, there is significant elevation in the concentration of MDA in the serum of hypertensive pregnant women as compare with normotensive pregnant women, (p≤0.01). However, there is significant reduction in the concentration of glutathione (GSH) in the serum of hypertensive pregnant women as compare with normotensive pregnant women, (p≤0.01). Also, there is significant reduction in the concentration of serum selenium in the serum of hypertensive pregnant women, as compare with normotensive pregnant women, (p≤0.01). The present study concludes that there was a highly significant trend for decreasing plasma selenium concentrations in hypertensive pregnant women as compare to normal pregnant and pre-eclamptic women.

الخلفية: تم قياس تركيز السيلينيوم في النساء تحت الضغط التأكسدي ووجد أنه أقل من النساء السليمات. أيضا ، كان هناك انخفاض كبير في مصل الدم في مرضى السكري من النوع الثاني. كان تركيز الدم والسيلينيوم في الدم الكامل وتركيزات الجلوتاثيون في الخلايا الحمراء أقل بشكل ملحوظ في المرضى الذين يعانون من مرض مزمن في الكبد مقارنة مع الضوابط الصحية الطبيعية. الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو تحديد تركيز السيلينيوم وتركيزات الجلوتاثيون لدى نساء التي لديهن مقدمات في ارتفاع ضغط الدم.المواد والطرق: تم إجراء دراسة مقطعية في مستشفى البلد - محافظة صلاح الدين. وشارك 90 امرأة حامل في هذه الدراسة ، (60 امرأة مع ارتفاع ضغط الدم الناجم عن الحمل و 30 من النساء الحوامل طبيعيات) في هذه الدراسة ، هناك ارتفاع كبير في تركيز المالونداي الدهايد في مصل الحوامل المصابات بارتفاع ضغط الدم MDA في مصل النساء الحوامل المصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم مقارنة مع النساء الحوامل ومع ذلك ، هناك انخفاض معنوي في تركيز الجلوتاثيون مع النساء الحوامل المصابات بارتفاع ضغط الدم مقارنه مع الحوامل الطبيعيات. ، (p≤0.01) أيضا ، هناك انخفاض معنوي في تركيز السيلينيوم في مصل النساء الحوامل المصابات بارتفاع ضغط الدم ، بالمقارنة مع النساء الحوامل الطبيعيات. ، (p≤0.01).تلخص الدراسة الحالية: إلى أنه كان هناك اتجاه مهم للغاية بان هنالك انخفاض تركيز السيلينيوم في البلازما في الحوامل المصابات في ارتفاع ضغط الدم مقارنه مع من الحوامل الطبيعيات.

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