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Article
Surprise in simulated photography In the approach of rhetoric Stylistic study
الفجاءة في التصوير التشبيهي في نهج البلاغة دراسة أسلوبية

Author: سليمة فاظل عباس علي
Journal: LARK JOURNAL FOR PHILOSOPHY , LINGUISTICS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES مجلة لارك للفلسفة واللسانيات والعلوم الاجتماعية ISSN: 19995601 Year: 2019 Volume: 2 Issue: 33 Pages: 1-16
Publisher: Wassit University جامعة واسط

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Abstract

What leads us to study the surprise in artistic photography in the approach of Balagha, the attachment between the picture and the meaning and the shadows of that image, which can be applied to the recipient in the case of the manifestation of meaning and appearance, or the ability to produce several images contributes to the richness of meaning, .This is in line with the stylistic vision that the nderstanding of the graphic image stems from the fact that it is an upscale adoption of the procedure of turning away from the ordinary language and searching for the meaning of the image. Means of detecting meanings in other ways, accompanied by the fun that intersperses the stages of the disclosure of the meaning of the creation of spaces and distances tense that stop the recipient and challenge to fill, not to mention that the pleasure offered by the ablution, including the potential to overcome the barriers Boolean, which is the first stimulant of the recipient's attention.

إنّ ممّا يحدونا إلى دراسة الفُجاءة في التَّصوير الفنّيّ في نهج البلاغة ذلك التعلُّق الذي يحصل بين الصُّورة والمعنى وبين ظلال تلك الصُّورة، والذي يمكن أن يمارس فجائيّته على المتلقّي في حالَتَي تجلّي المعنى وظهوره، أو قدرته على إنتاج صورٍ عدّة يسهم ثراء المعنى، وجودته في تشكّلها .وتكمن الفُجاءة في ذلك بقدرة المُبدع - بما يملكه من قدرة إبداعيّة في التّصوير- على إنتاج ألفاظ وتراكيب تخرج معانيها ودلالاتها عن دائرة تصوّر المتلقّي وتوقّعاته، وهو ما يتوافق والرؤية الأسلوبيّة في أنّ فهم الصُّورة البيانيّة ينطلق من كونها ذلك التبنّي الراقي لإجرائيّة العدول عن اللغة العاديّة والبحث عن وسائل كشف المعنى بطرائق أُخَر، يرافقها تلك المتعة التي تتخلل مراحل الكشف عن المعنى بما تخلقه من فراغات ومسافات متوتّرة تستوقف المتلقّي وتحدوه إلى ملئها، ناهيك عن تلك اللذّة التي يتيحُها العدول بما فيه من إمكانات تتعلّق بتجاوز الحواجز المنطقيّة ، التي تعدّ المثير الأوّل لانتباه المتلقّي


Article
Internet Addiction Disorder and Its Determinants among a Sample of Medical Students in Baghdad; 2017

Author: Zahraa Ali Ja'ffar*, Abdul Munem Al Dabbagh**
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 68-75
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Internet has become an important part of our daily life, despite a lot of beneficial services availableon the internet, excessive use may lead to negative consequences. College students are the mostat risk groupOBJECTIVE:This research aimed at estimating the prevalence of internet addiction disorder and trying to find outits determinants among Medical College Students in Baghdad..PATIENTS AND METHODS:This cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted on a sample of Al-Kindy Medical CollegeStudents in Baghdad using a self-administered questionnaire, information collected from 263 studentsfrom April through May 2017.RESULTS:The study showed that the Prevalence rate of internet addiction disorder among Al-Kindy MedicalCollege Students was 49 %.A statistically significant relation had been found between internetaddiction score and hours spent online daily, using social network applications and online games, anddaily hours spent online (p<0.05).CONCLUSION:Internet addiction is common among Al-Kindy Medical College Students. Spending more hoursonline per day, using social network applications and games were among the determinants of internetaddiction disorder.


Article
Assessment of the Improvement of Global and Segmental Diastolic Dysfunction after Coronary Arteries Revascularization

Author: Haedar Nazar Kadim* , Hassan Farhan**, Mahdi Salih Alzaidi**
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 18-29
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACK GROUND:With respect to cardiovascular performance at rest and exercise, diastolic function is of equalimportance to systolic function, which is the ability of the ventricle to fill at low left atrial pressure anddiastolic HF have hospitalization rates similar to those with systolic dysfunctionOBJECTIVE:To assess the effect of successful coronary revascularization on segmental LV diastolic dysfunction andthe effect of this segmental improvement on global diastolic function.METHODS:patients with diastolic LV dysfunction and ischemic heart disease that are documented by coronaryangiography were selected randomly in a prospective interventional study at Ibn Al-Bitar Hospital ForCardiac Surgery from June 2012 till April 2013 and followed up to one month post coronaryrevascularization with Doppler echo-parameters and tissue myocardial velocities for any Improvementin global or regional diastolic dysfunction.RESULTS:Twenty nine ischemic left ventricular segments of total 43 segments with diastolic dysfunction showedimprovement in diastolic function one month after successful revascularization.CONCLUSION:Segmental diastolic dysfunction can be improved with revascularization of the stenotic coronary arterysupplying that segment.


Article
Experience in Pediatric Pre-Adolescent Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Erbil

Author: Hawkar Abdullah Kak-Ahmed
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 59-61
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Gallstones in children are rare but can become a potentially serious condition [1,2]. Symptomaticcholelithiasis that is requiring surgery in children has been increased in tendency over the last 10years. The incidence of cholelithiasis in children ranges from 0.13 to 1.9 % and when comparedwith the adult population , the risk of cholelithiasis incidence is assessed to be as 10–15 % . Theexperience of pediatric surgical centers is estimated to be very scarce (3,4) . ContemporaryLaparoscopic Cholecystectomy is considered as the gold standard procedure in the management ofgallbladder diseases in both adults and children . Children that are considered to be a candidates forsurgery should be operated in pediatric surgery clinics experienced in minimally invasivetechniques (3) .OBJECTIVE:Pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been evaluated in Iraq , here is an evaluation ofthe procedure for 29 cases is presented mainly to study its application in this group of patients.PATIENTS AND METHODS:This is a preliminary study of 29 cases of pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed inErbil city in the period from 2011 to 2017. Age range was 5 months -11 years, 21 males & 8females . Three of them were obese & one overweight . Both , three millimeter & 5 mm ports wereused , 4 ports were inserted .RESULTS:Out of 29 cases, 21 (72.42 %) were males & 8 (27.58 %) were females, ranging from 5 months –11 yrs . Twenty – five of the cases were electively operated on . Oral feeding started after 6 hrs ,patients were discharged after 8 hrs except two patients who stayed for 36 hrs , mean hospital staywas 13 hrs and 42 min . The mean operative time was 31 min (range from 20 min to 60 min) . Thewas laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed by single specialist pediatric surgeon. All cases weredone as day case surgery except for the emergency cases. The time of hospitalization ranged from8 hrs to 3 days. There were no intra operative complications that require reoperation such as injuryto the common bile duct or other viscera, bile leakage or vascular injury.CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic surgery is a safe procedure in children for excising the gall bladder . Age of thepatient is not a contraindication to operation , and LC may be performed even in young childrenwith symptomatic gall bladder disease with low morbidity . it should therefore be considered as theprocedure of choice in pediatric patients (10,11) .


Article
Study of Some Hormonal Disorders Associated With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in Women in Thi Qar Governorate

Authors: Doaa Hazem Al-Hashimy --- Hassan Ryssan Al-Rikaby --- Enaas Saleh Al-Khayaat
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2019 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 25-31
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Abstart:This study was conducted in infertility units at Al Hussein Educational Hospital for the period from1-9 - 2017 to 1-3-2018, Fifty satisfactory cases of women with PCOS were monitored and compared to agroup Control, which included 40 healthy women. The study examined the changes in some biochemicalproperties and their relationship with the blood components in women with polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS). They included measuring the concentrations of hormones in the serum of women with thesyndrome and comparing them with non-infected women such as LH and follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), As well as to identify the proportion of LH hormone to FSH. The results of the statistical analysisshowed a high significant increase in women with the syndrome in concentration of the Luteinize hormone(LH) and LH to FSH ratio, (p <0.05) the arithmetic average of each is (6.49 ± 3.32, 1.52 ± 0. 61 mIU/ml)Respectively, While the average value was in the control group (3.09 ±0. 94, 0.57 ± 0.189 mIU/ml)Consecutively. While no statistically significant difference was observed for the follicle stimulatinghormone (FSH) between the two study groups.


Article
Calculation of Plasma Parameters Resulting From The Wires-Exploding Technique of Copper Material

Authors: Rajaa Sh. Sewan --- Emad A. Salman --- Mohaned A. Abed
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2019 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 115-121
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Abstract:In this research the diagnostic of optical emission spectroscopy from exploding copper wires havedone by change of wire diameter. By using Boltzman plot can be calculated the plasma electrontemperature


Article
Internet of Things Authentication Based on Chaos-Lightweight Bcrypt
التخويل في انترنيت الاشياء بالاعتماد على طريقة التشفير ( chaos-Blowfish ) المحدثة والمخففة

Authors: Jolan Rokan Naif --- Ghassan H. Abdul-majeed --- Alaa K. Farhan
Journal: Journal of Baghdad College of Economic sciences University مجلة كلية بغداد للعلوم الاقتصادية الجامعة ISSN: 2072778X Year: 2019 Volume: 2019 Issue: 8 Pages: 370-385
Publisher: Baghdad College of Economic Sciences كلية بغداد للعلوم الاقتصادية

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Abstract

Abstract—Authentication on IOT is to identify things such as (users, nodes, devices, and data accessing) by authorized manner using private information based on cryptography methods and techniques to provide a robust secure operation over the IoT. Each devises and sensors need to be authorized to connect nodes and other devices for transferring data through the network.This paper proposed new authentication technique between nodes, computing devices, and sensors based on proposed lightweight Bcrypt encryption with 4-D chaos system.The proposed lightweight Bcrypt authentication contain three stages (SHA1-128bit, HMAC 256 -bit, and modified chaos-Blowfish with 128-bit). These three stages modified to be compatible to IOT devices with high speed. For getting a strong hashing security, the four dimension chaotic system (hybrid from Lorenz system with logistic chaotic maps) used to combine with above three stages. Testing results show proposed algorithm passing the NIST tests with CPU cycles in lightweight ranges

التخويل في انترنت الاشياء او في المدن الذكية او البيت الذكي هي تحديد أشياء مثل (المستخدمين ، العقد ، الأجهزة ، والوصول إلى البيانات) بطريقة مخولة باستخدام معلومات خاصة تعتمد على أساليب وتقنيات التشفير لتوفير عملية آمنة قوية عبر إنترنت الأشياء. يجب أن تكون كل الاجهزة والمتحسسات مخولة لربط العقد مع باقي الاجهزة لنقل البيانات عبر الشبكة.في هذا العمل تم اقتراح تقنية تخويل جديدة بين العقد وأجهزة الحوسبة والمتحسسات بالاعتماد على تقنية تشفير مقترحة وهي طريقة التشفير بال Bcrypt الخفيفة مع نظام الفوضى رباعي الأبعاد (4-D chaos system).تحتوي الطريقة المقترحة على ثلاث مراحل وهي ( SHA1-128bit ، HMAC 256-bit ،modified chaos-Blowfish with 128-bit) حيث تم تعديل هذه المراحل الثلاث لتكون متوافقة مع أجهزة IOT بسرعة عالية. للحصول على حماية قوية للتجزئة ، النظام الفوضوي ذو الأبعاد الأربعة المهجن من نظام لورينز مع المعادلة الفوضوية اللوجيستية) يستخدم مع المراحل الثلاث أعلاه. تُظهر نتائج اختبار الخوارزمية المقترحة انها اجتازت اختبارات NIST مع دورات CPU في نطاقات lightweight.

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Article
Strategies of Subtitling Swear words in The Wolf of Wall Street Movie
استراتيجيات ترجمة الحوار لألفاظ السباب في فيلم ذئب وول ستريت

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Abstract

Audiovisual translation ( AVT ), including subtitling, constitutes a fundamental part of Translation Theories and Translation Studies; however, it has been neglected till recent years. Gradually, a number of studies begun to appear especially those attributed to the European Association for Studies in Screen Translation. As these studies continually increase, new technologies and media forms became in a glare of publicity. These technologies and forms ,i.e. international and intercultural communications led to the emergence of new forms of translation. The most efficacious and widely-spread form is cinematography. The translation of cinematography works is called AVT. Scholars state ten kinds of AVT which can be united and classified into two main groups, i.e. subtitling and revoicing. The present study concerns subtitling which generally means producing a dialogue translation in a film or an animated film in the form of titles usually appear at the bottom of the image or the screen . It attempts to shed light on subtitling( and in particular of swear words ) from English into Arabic in Terence Winter's The Wolf of Wall Street movie. It aims at investigating how the subtitler of this movie has dealt with these words in the original dialogue with the existence of the constraints imposed upon him. A quantitative analysis of the strategies used in subtitling the words and the number of those, the words, which have been changed through rendering , have been set to answer such a question.

تشكل الترجمة السمعبصرية, التي تتضمن ترجمة الحوار, جزءا مهما من دراسات الترجمة ونظريات الترجمة. مع ذلك, كانت هذه الترجمة مهملة حتى السنوات الأخيرة. وظهرت تدريجيا بعض الدراسات المتعلقة بهذا النوع من الترجمة , وخصوصا تلك المنسوبة إلى الجمعية الأوربية للدراسات في ترجمة الشاشة. ومع ازدياد هذه الدراسات بشكل مستمر, بدأت تقنيات جديدة وصيغ وسائل إعلام تظهر للعلن. وقد أدت هذه التقنيات والصيغ التي نعني بها الاتصالات الدولية والبيثقافية, إلى نشوء صيغ جديدة في الترجمة. ويعد فن التصوير السينمائي الصيغة الأكثر انتشارا أو تأثيرا. وتسمى ترجمة أعمال فن التصوير السينمائي بالترجمة السمعبصرية. ويطرح العلماء عشرة أنواع من هذه الترجمة التي يمكن توحيدها وتصنيفها إلى مجموعتين أساسيتين , ألا وهي ترجمة الحوار وإعادة الصوت (الكلام). تقترن هذه الدراسة بترجمة الحوار التي تعني عموما إنتاج ترجمة الحوار في الفيلم أو الفيلم المتحرك على شكل عناوين تظهر عادة أسفل الشاشة أو الصورة. وتحاول إسقاط الضوء على ترجمة الحوار في فيلم تيرينس وينتر ذئب وول ستريت من الانكليزية إلى العربية وعلى وجه الخصوص ‘ كلمات االسباب’ التي تعد جزءا من التابوهات . كما تطرح هذه الدراسة أيضا السؤال عن كيفية تعامل مترجم الحوار مع هذا النوع من الكلمات الموجودة في حوار النص الأصلي مع وجود القيود المفروضة عليه. وللإجابة على هذا السؤال , تقدم هذه الدراسة تحليلا كميا للإستراتيجيات المستعملة في الترجمة الحوارية لهذه الكلمات في النصف ساعة الأول في الفيلم , والكلمات التي تغيرت من خلال نقلها إلى العربية.


Article
The Features of the Grammatical Thought of Dr. Sahib Abu Jinah
مِن مَلامح التَّفكير النَّحوي عند الدَّكتور صَاحِب جَعْفَر أَبو جَناح

Author: رياض عبود
Journal: LARK JOURNAL FOR PHILOSOPHY , LINGUISTICS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES مجلة لارك للفلسفة واللسانيات والعلوم الاجتماعية ISSN: 19995601 Year: 2019 Volume: 2 Issue: 33 Pages: 16-36
Publisher: Wassit University جامعة واسط

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Abstract

This research attempts to provide a vision for the thoughts of the scholar, Dr. Sahib Abu Jinah in his reading of the heritage-based, grammatical code. The research, therefore, sought to uncover his rich grammatical effort and highlight his rich epistemic contribution, as one of the prominent authorities of our Arabic language in the modern age. I have employed his scholarly books and researches to trace his views and demonstrate his track in the grammatical activities. Hence, it was essential that the material of the research is to be divided into four obligations. The first obligation is assigned for the emergence of grammar; the second obligation is for the grammatical term; the third obligation is exclusively assigned for parsing and the fourth and last obligation is concerned with the grammatical interpretation.

يحاول هذا البحثُ أنْ يقدَّم رؤيةً لأفكار العلامة الدَّكتور صاحب أبو جناح في قراءته للمدونة التّراثية النَّحوية ، ومن هنا سعى البحثُ للكشف عن جهده النَّحوي وإبراز عطائه المعرفي الثّر في هذا الجانب ؛ بوصفه علماً من أعلام لغتنا العربية في العصر الحديث ،وقد استعنت لإيضاح مساره في النَّشاط النَّحوي وتتبع آرائه بنتاجاتهِ العلمية كتباً كانت أم بحوثاً ... لذا اقتضت مادةُ البحث أن يكون في أربعة مطالب خصص أَولها لنشأة النَّحو ، وجعل ثانيها للمصطلح النَّحوي ، وانفرد ثالثها بالإعراب ، وختم رابعها بالتّأويل النَّحوي.


Article
Outcomes of Gamma Knife Surgery in the Treatment of Patients with Metastatic Brain Tumors

Author: Abdulameer Jasim Al-Khafaji*, Hayder Ali Al-Saadi**
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2019 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:Cerebral metastases are by far the most common intracranial tumors in adults. gamma kniferadiosurgery has arguably been the most important advancement in the management of metastaticbrain tumors since the 1980s.OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of gamma knife radiosurgery as a treatment of metastatic braintumors.METHODS:This is a prospective study (the first trial in Iraq) of 27 patients (42 tumors) of brain metastasisbetween March 2016 and October 2017. Imaging follow up done in 6 months and 12 months,clinical follow up done in 3 weeks and 3 months.RESULTS:In the first six months 81.0% of the MBTs were regressed or remain stable in size. After 3months post GKS, 81.5% patients showed neurological improvement. 82.4% of the patients<65years old survive for 12 months and 85% of patients with KPS>70 survive for 12 months.CONCLUSION:The routine blood investigations, the gender and the location were of no significance on patients’general outcome or the tumor/edema response to gamma knife. Presence of extracranialmetastasis, single or multiple MBTs found to have important effect on patients’ survival.

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