research centers


Search results: Found 6

Listing 1 - 6 of 6
Sort by

Article
Teenage pregnancy risk factors and complications in Karbala province
الحمل في فترة المراهقة عوامل الخطورة والمضاعفات

Author: Afrah Hamad Maki
Journal: kerbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences مجلة كربلاء للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 70272221 Year: 2020 Issue: 17 Pages: 31-42
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The period of transition between childhood to adult hood is called adolescent. The WHO defined the age of this period between (15-19 ) y. Female when become pregnant during this period called teenage or adolescent pregnancy. Adolescent birth rate is one of health indicators for family and community health, in addition to other indicators such as maternal mortality and antenatal care coverage, these indicators monitor of health of population.Adolescent pregnancy is public phenomenon worldwide. More prevalent in sub-Saharan African countries and low in south Korea. Ninety percent of children that born to women less than 20 years are lived in developing countries. Patients and methodsA case control study was included 141 mothers visiting Al Askan primary health care center in Kerbala city for postnatal care and for baby’s vaccination followed the delivery, in period from 1st February 2018 to 30th September 2018. The women ages were enrolled in study range from (15- 35 ) y. Participants divided into groups cases represented mother experience pregnancy below age of 20 years and control group included mother experience pregnancy over age of 20 years.Result : Sixty-one women were represented the number of cases in study with mean age 18.4±1.3 and eighty women were represented control group with age 29.1±4.8. Anemia was more frequent complication presented in adolescent group in 86.8% while in adult pregnant women 51.2% this difference was highly significant p-value close to 0.001.Conclusion : The study concludes the pregnancy during adolescent period has significantly higher rate of adverse outcome mostly on mother life that lead to more medical complication.

المقدمة : ان الفترة بين الطفولة والبلوغ تعرف بالمرهقة وحسب تعريف منظمه الصحة العالمية فهي تشمل الاعمار بين( 15-19) سنه , وان حدوث الحمل في هذه الفترة عند النساء يسمى بالحمل في فترة المراهقة ونسبه هذا الحمل تعتبر مؤشر لكثير من الامور مثل صحه الأسرة والمجتمع , معدل الوفيات للأمهات, والرعاية الأولية للحامل .ان الحمل في سن المراهقة يمثل ظاهرة عالمية عامة , وهي اكثر انتشارا في بلدان شبه الصحراء الافريقية واقل انتشار في كوريا الجنوبية .90% من الاطفال الذين يولدون لأمهات اعمارهن اقل من 20 سنة يعيشون في البلدان النامية .طرية العمل : تم اخذ عينة من النساء شملت 141 مراجعة الى م ص الرعاية الاولية في الاسكان في محافظة كربلاء من اللواتي حضرن للرعاية لغرض زيارة ما بعد الولادة وللقاح الطفل حديث الولادة , وكانت مدة الدراسة من الاول من شباط ( 2018 ) ولغاية الثلاثين من شهر ايلول( 2018) . النساء المشمولات الدراسة كانت اعمارهم تتراوح بين ( 15 – 35 ) سنه . تم تقسيم المشاركات الى مجموعتين الاولى ممن كانت اعمارهم اقل من 20 سنه اثناء الحمل والثانية تشمل اللواتي اعمارهن اكثر من 20 سنه في فترة الحمل . النتائج : كانت النتائج 61 مشاركة اعمارهن اقل من 20 سنة و 80 مشاركه اعمارهن اكثر من 20 سنه .كانت نسبه مضاعفات الحمل اكثر عند النساء ذوات الاعمار الاقل من 20 سنه فمثلا مرض فقر الدم كان من المضاعفات المتكررة عند الاعمار اقل من 20 سنه حيث كان بمعدل 86,8% بينما كان بمعدل 51,2% عند الاعمار الاكثر من 20 سنه الفرق بين المجموعتين واضح ويعتبر ذا قيمه علميه .الاستنتاج : تم الاستنتاج من هدة الدراسة بان مضاعفات الحمل تزداد اكثر بنسبه ذات قيمه عند الحوامل في عمر المراهقة مقارنة بالحوامل في عمر البلوغ .

Keywords

pregnancy --- teenage --- anemia


Article
Еvalutіon urіnе ІL-10 іn prеgnant womеn іnfеctеd wіth UTІ іn dіffеrеnt prеgnancy trіmеstеrs at Samarra cіty
تقييم نسبة الانترليوكين 10 في بول النساء الحوامل المصابة بألتهاب المسالك البولية خلال فتراة الحمل المختلفة في مدينة سامراء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Urіnary tract іnfеctіon іs a common dіsеasе, affеctіng a large numbеr of womеn еspеcіally prеgnant womеn, thе prеsеnt study aіmеd to comparе among lеvеls of ІL-10 іn urіnе durіng dіffеrеnt prеgnancy pеrіods. 70 samplеs of urine wеrе collеctеd from іnfеctеd womеn and 20 samplеs of urіnе wеrе usеd as a control. For culture of bacteria specific culture media are used. The result's show that gram-nеgatіvе bactеrіa еspеcіally Еschеrіchіa colі were thе hіghеst іncіdеncе of UTІ іnfеctіon among thе othеr dіffеrеnt mіcroorganіsms spеcіеs. Urіnе lеvеls of ІL-10 wеrе еstіmatеd by ЕLІSA and thе rеsult showеd sіgnіfіcant dіffеrеncеs іn ІL-10 mеan lеvеls among trіmеstеr prеgnancy groups and control group (p <0.01(. P-Valuе in the first trimester was 0.00002, in second trimester was 0.00003 and in the third trimester was 0.00001

عدوي المسالك البولية من الامراض الشائعة التي تؤثر على عدد كبير من النساء وخاصه النساء الحوامل، تهدف الدراسة إلى مقارنه بين مستويات ІL-10 في البول خلال فترات الحمل المختلفة. تم جمع 70 عينه من البول من النساء المصابات و 20 عينه بول من النساء الحوامل غير المصابات كمجموعة سيطره . تم زرعالبكتيريا الموجوده في البول وتشخيصها باستخدام اوساط زرعيه خاصه. وقد أظهرت البكتيريا السالبة للجرام وخاصه القولونية اعلي معدلات الاصابه بعدوى المسالك البولية بين أنواع الكائنات المجهرية المختلفة الأخرى. وقدرت مستويات ІL-10 في البول بواسطة تقنية (ЕLІSA) وأظهرت النتيجة اختلافات كبيره في المستويات المتوسطة من ІL-10 بين مجموعات الحمل الثلاث ومجموعه السيطرة (0.01>p) حيث كانت القيمه الاحتمالية لمستويات ІL-10في الثلث الاول من الحمل 0.00002 وفي الثلث الثاني كانت 0.00003وفي الثلث الاخير كانت 0.00001.


Article
Comparison of efficacy of letrozole and clomiphene citrate for induction of ovulation

Authors: Ariana K. Jawad --- Mahabad S. Ali --- Rojan K. Jawad
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2020 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-27
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objective: Ovulatory dysfunction is a common cause of infertility. This study aimed to determine if letrozole is more efficient than clomiphene for the induction of ovulation in a group of un ovulatory infertile women.Methods: A prospective, comparative study was conducted at the Fertility Center Out-patient Department of Maternity Teaching Hospital, Erbil city, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, from May 2011, to May 2012. Hundred infertile couples having anovulatory infertility were included in the study; 50 women (146 cycles) were given letrozole 5 mg for three cycles, and 50 (148 cycles) women were put on clomiphene citrate (CC) 100 mg for three cycles, from day 2 to day 6 of the menstrual cycle. The diagnosis of pregnancy was confirmed by ultrasound. Two-tailed independent t-test was used to compare means, while proportions were compared with the Chi-Square test.Results: Ovulation occurred in 131/150 women in the clomiphene citrate group and 124/150 women in the letrozole group. The total number of mature follicles for clomiphene citrate was 1.44 ±0.56mm, while it was 1.13 ±0.32mm for letrozole, which was highly significant (P = 0.001). Endometrial thickness at the time of hCG administration for clomiphene citrate versus letrozole was (7.95 ±1.53mm versus 9.37 ± 2.04mm, P = 0.001) respectively. The pregnancy rate was 16/148 cycles in the clomiphene citrate group and 20/146 cycles in the letrozole group.Conclusion: Letrozole and clomiphene citrate are equally effective for the induction of ovulation and achieving pregnancy in patients with anovulatory infertility.


Article
Profile of High‑Risk Pregnancy Attending Primary Healthcare Centers in Babylon Governorate in 2019

Author: Esraa Rabee Jaafar, Hadeel Fadhil Farhood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2020 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-48
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Access to healthcare and prevention of maternal and neonatal mortality are of major components of social justice.Pregnancy could be a distinctive and natural physiological method among females, however will be deteriorated following background orsudden disorders of mother or fetus. Pregnancy is classified as high risk when mother, fetus, or neonate is more susceptible to disability,disorders, or death. High‑risk pregnant mothers are women with history of chronic diseases (hypertension, thyroid disease cardiovasculardisorders, and diabetes mellitus), history of abortion during previous pregnancies, multiparity, those aged <18 or more than 35 years,intervals <3 years pregnancies, delivery by cesarean section (CS), and gravidity more than four. Objectives: (1) Identify the prevalenceof high‑risk pregnancy (HRP) attending primary health care centers in Babylon province. (2) Assess the risk factors associated with HRP.Patients and Methods: An exploratory descriptive cross‑sectional study to be conducted at about 10 primary healthcare centers includea convenient sample of 290 pregnant women who visit the antenatal care unit in Babylon governorate from February to May 2019. Thereare two tools used for data collection: Tool I: Morrison and Olsen high risk scoring inventory tool, it is simple, valid form for antenatalrisk scoring which categorize patient as low, (0–2) high (3–6) or extreme high (7 or more) on the basis of past obstetric history, medicaland surgical history and current pregnancy. Tool II: An interview questionnaire sheet designed by researches for data collection bywhich the pregnant are to be interviewed for about 10 min after giving their verbal consent. Results: The mean age of pregnant womenis 25.53 ± 5.72; 54.1% from urban area and the majority not employee, i.e., 92.4% and their education level was primary, i.e., 37.6%,40.7% had + ve husband consanguinity, and 86.2% had regular menstrual cycle. The risk factor affecting current pregnancy was mainly:anemia (18.6%) and hypertension (6.9%), and 6.2% sensitized due to RH negative. The factors affecting past pregnancy included thefollowing: multipara (8.3%), previous miscarriage (12.1%), and previous CS (16.2%). Only 3.1% had previous surgery in the genital tract,3.2% had gestational diabetes, and 1.7% had chronic hypertension. Conclusion: The results demonstrated the need for health surveillanceand education, counseling and guiding women at risk. Early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and prevention should be taken as soon as possibleby regular antenatal care to prevent complication.


Article
Clinical and Ultrasonic Study for Detection of Pregnancy in Iraqi Buffaloes
دراسة سريرية وباستخدام الموجات فوت الصوتية لتشخيص الحمل في الجاموس العراق ي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The present study was conducted on 10 Iraqi pregnant buffaloes aged between 3-6 years at Al-Qasim district- Babylon province, Iraq from December 2018 to December 2019. Those animals diagnosed by rectal palpation and ultrasonography technique to estimate the reproduction status. The results of this study reported wandering of ovum in 10% of animals (1/10). While ultrasonography characterized by increasing placentomes measurement gradually with development of gestation, and the placentomes recorded 8.32±2.46 mm, 13.27±3.25 mm, 18.37±5.34 mm, 23.25±8.63 mm and 28.2±6.87 mm in the 2nd , 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th month, respectively. Also the total size was recorded by the crown rump length (CRL), which was 0.77±0.05 cm, 5.81±2.54 cm and 14.09±0.73 cm in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd month, respectively. The heart beat and embryonic vesicle during the 1st and 2nd month were detectable by ultrasonography. In conclusions in the present study, rectal palpation and ultrasonography technique represented one of the most important methods to estimate the gestation period in different stages

اجریت الدراسة الحالية على عشرة جواميس عراقية تراوحت اعمارها بين ) 3 - 6 ( سنوات فی قضاءالقاسم / محافظة بابل للفترة منکانون الأول ) 2018 ( الى نيسان ) 2019 (. شخصت هذه الحيوانات بطریقتی الجس عبرالمستقيم واستخدام جهازالموجات فوق الصوتيةلغرض تحدید الحالة التناسلية لها، سجلت نتائج التجربة الحالية وجود حالة تجوال البيضة )وجود الجسم الاصفرفی جهة والحمل فیجهة معاکسة( لواحدة من حيوانات التجربة وبنسبة ٪ 10ویتضح من خلال الفحص بجهازالموجات فوق الصوتية بأن هناك زیادة تدریجية فی قياس الفلقات مع تطورفترات الحمل المختلفة والتیسجلت ) 8.32 ± 2.46 ملم، 13.27 ± 3.25 ملم، 18.37 ± 5.34 ملم، 23.25 ± 8.63 ملم و 28.2 ± 6.87 ملم(. للأشهرالثانی والثالثوالرابع والخامس والسادس على التوالی.اما مایخص الطول التاجی للجني ن فقد سجلت ) 0.77 ± 0.05 سم، 5.81 ± 2.54 سم و 14.09 ± 0.73 سم( فی الشهرالاول والثانی والثالثفقط، کما تم تسجيل وملاحظة دقات القلب والحویصلة الجنينية خلال الشهرین الاولى من الحمل، خلاصة الدراسة الحالية طریقة الجسعبر المستقيم وکذلك بأستخدام الموجات فوق الصوتية تعتبر واحدة من اهم الطرق لتشخيص الحمل فی المراحل المختلفة


Article
Al-Bayhaqi's weightings in shrouding, carrying the funeral and placing it in the grave is a comparative juristic study
ترجيحات البيهقي في التكفين وحمل الجنازة ووضعها في القبر دراسة فقهيه مقارنة

Authors: Rusol Y. Naief رسل يونس نايف --- Mohammad S. Mahmood محمد سلمان محمود
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028/27068722 Year: 2020 Volume: 11 Issue: 44 Pages: 391-424
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this research, we studied Imam Al-Bayhaqi's life and academic career (may Allah have mercy on him ) The controversial book is preferred to cover up, carry the funeral and place it in the grave. The work has demonstrated the potential of Al-Bayhaqi's expertise in comparative jurisprudence because it mentions the Shafi'i school and its evidence, then mentions the Hanafi school and its evidence, and then it is weighted according to scientific evidence showing the scope of its knowledge in the Sunnah of the Prophet ( peace be upon him ), as he inferred Shafi'i school of thought with hadiths which they did not infer. And the research showed the man's correct preferred in wrapping the man, as it is more likely that the man will cover himself in three garments with no shirt or turban.

درسنا في هذا البحث حياة الإمام البيهقي رحمه الله وسيرته العلمية ونسبة كتاب الخلافيات له وترجيحاته في التكفين وحمل الجنازة ووضعها في القبر. وأثبت البحث سعة علم البيهقي رحمه الله في الفقه المقارن؛ لأنه يذكر مذهب الشافعية وأدلتهم ثم بذكر مذهب الحنفية وأدلتهم ثم يقوم بالترجيح وفق أسس علمية تدل على سعة علمه في السنة النبوية ودراسة الأسانيد اهلته للحكم على الحديث الشريف. كما أثبت البحث سعة اطلاعه على حديث الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم إذ كان يستدل لمذهب الشافعية بأحاديث لم يستدلوا بها واثبت البحث صحة ترجيحه في مسألة تكفين الرجل إذ الراجح أن يكفن الرجل في ثلاثة أثواب ليس فيها قميص ولا عمامة وأن السنة المشي خلف الجنازة لقوة الأدلة في ذلك.

Listing 1 - 6 of 6
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (6)


Language

English (5)

Arabic (1)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (6)