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Article
Effect of Cardiac Catheterization on Certain Hematological Parameters

Author: Ahmed Bader Abdulwahid
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2018 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 3912-3917
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

bAckground: Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to check the heart for blocked arteries and valve abnormalities by using a coronary angiogram, through which the patient will exposed to the hazardous effect of radiation and contrast media used.Aim of the study: Our study aimed to see the effect of cardiac catheterization on certain hematological parametersMethods and subjects: This study was carried out in the cardiac catheterization center in Al-sader teaching hospital in Basrah city on 30 patients (20 were males and 10 were females), their ages ranged between 35 and 66years with mean of (53.62±8.98 years). Solution of Ultravist 370 injection was used during the procedure as contrast media in amount ranged between (25-600 ml) with an average of (41.56 ±13.75 ml). Fluoroscopy was also used and the flouro-time was ranged between (0.54-8.9) minutes with an average of (2.085±1.18 min).In this study and for all patients we estimated the number of RBCs, WBCs (total and differential) and platelets one hour before and one hour after the procedure of cardiac catheterization by using automated hematology analyzer (Sysmex XT2000i Japan).The results were analyzed using SPSS software, in which independent t test were used to compare the differences in the values of the included parameters obtained before and after cardiac catheterization.Results: The comparative data revealed that there were decreases in most of the parameters one hour after cardiac catheterization which is statistically significant regarding the number of lymphocytes, monocytes and platelets, with significant increase in the number of neutrophils one hour after cardiac catheterization (p˂0.05).Conclusion: The exposure to radiation and iodinated contrast media increases neutrophils count and decreases lymphocyte and platelets counts one hours after cardiac catheterization while it has not effect on the RBCs and total WBCs counts.


Article
Studying The Effect of Smoking on Some Blood Parameters in Young Adult Male Smokers

Author: Saba Ibrahim Salih
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 2287-2291
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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background: The effect of smoking of cigarette on human health is serious and sometimes deadly.Aim of the study was to study the effect of smoking on some hematological parameters in young adult male smokers.Materials and methods: fifty males participated in this study, smokers (n=30) and nonsmokers (n=20). Complete Blood Cell Count was measured by Humacount 30 (fully automatic hematological analyzer).Results and discussion: the results showed that the smokers had significantly higher levels of WBCs, RBCs, Hb, PCV and platelets count ,whereas no significant difference was observed in MCV,MCH,MCHC between the two group. This result is due to the inflammatory and irritant effects of cigarette smoking on the body organs.In conclusion :the continuous cigarette smoking has sever adverse effects on hematological parameters and these effects may lead to increased risk of developing physiologic polycythemia, atherosclerosis and as a results cardiovascular disease.Key words: cigarette smoking, hematological parameters , Humacount


Article
Heamatological parameters and cellular morphological characters of frogs Rana sp. infected with parasites in Basrah marshlands environmental
المعايير الدموية والصفات الشكلية الخلوية لخلايا دم الضفادع جنس Rana sp. ألمصابه بالطفيليات في بيئة اهوار البصرة

Author: Hind Mahdi Jarallah ; Ghazi Malih Jabir* , Auday M.H. Kasm
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 208-213
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

The effect of infection with intestinal parasites of frogs Rana sp. on heamatological parameters were studied. The blood sample were collected and analyzed, the erythrocytes count (RBC), leukcocytes count (WBC), heamoglobine concentration (HB) and packed cell volume (PCV) were determined. Also the study showed increases in number of monocytes and granular leukocytes in blood of infected frogs when compared with control frogs, Heamatological parameters gaves informations about prognosis of the diseases.

تم دراسة تأثير الاصابه بالطفيليات المعوية للضفادع جنس .Rana sp على المعايير الدموية. أظهرت الدراسة تغيرات في تعداد خلايا الدم الحمر والبيض ومستوى الهيموغلوبين وحجم الدم المضغوط. كذلك أظهرت الدراسة زيادة في عدد الخلايا الاحاديه وخلايا الدم البيض الحبيبية للضفادع المصابة عند مقارنتها مع ضفادع السيطرة، وان المعايير الدموية أعطت معلومات حول تزايد المرض.


Article
Evaluation of the hematological and histopathological effects of Teucrium polium on experimental hyperthyroidism rats

Author: Adaay*1 M.H., jaata 2 , T.A.l., Al-hindawi 2 ,S. H.
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2009 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 273-281
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Mature Albino rats of both sexes were given 5mg/kg/day carbimazole orally for 15 days for experimental induction of hyperplasia. The animals divided to four groups, G1 served as a positive control and G2, G3 and G4 treated orally with 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day respectively of the aqueous extract of Teucrium polium for 45 days to evaluate its effects on Hb, RBCs, differential leukocytic count and thyroid gland after 15, 30 and 45 days of treatment. The results showed a decrease in Hb and RBCs values during the first two periods and an increase during the last period of the experiment, no significant changes on the differential leukocytic count whereas T4 and T3 revealed a significant increase during the first two periods and a significant decrease during the last period. histopathological preparations of the thyroid gland revealed a remarkable amelioration on the follicular cells in which they were refilled with colloid materials and become look like normal especially in the group treated with 100mg/kg.

عوملت الجرذان البالغة من كلا الجنسين بعقار الكاربمازول 5ملغم/كغم/يوم عن طريق الفم لمدة 15 يوم للتحفيز التجريبي لفرط التنسج . قسمت الحيوانات الى مجموعة سيطرة ايجابية وثلاثة مجاميع عوملت عن طريق الفم بالمستخلص المائي لنبات الجعدة وبجرع 50و 100 و200 ملغم/كغم/يوم لتقييم التاثيرات المحتملة على الهيموغلوبين وكريات الدم الحمراء والحساب التفريقي لكريات الدم البيضاء والغدة الدرقية بعد 15و30 و45 يوم من المعاملة. اظهرت النتائج انخفاض في قيم الهيموغلوبين وتعداد كريات الدم الحمراء خلال الفترتين الاوليتين من التجربة وارتفاع في تلك القيم للفترة الاخيرة من التجربة، لم تظهر تاثيرات تذكر على الحساب التفريقي لكريات الدم البيضاء بينما ارتفعت قيم هورمونات الثايروكسين والثايرونين ثلاثي اليود بشكل ملحوض خلال الفترتين الاوليتين من التجربة وانخفضت تلك القيم خلال الفترة الاخيرة من التجربة. التحضيرات النسيجية للغدة الدرقية اظهرت تحسن ملحوظ للخلايا الحوصلية حيث اعيد امتلائها بالمواد الغروية واصبحت تبدو مشابهة للطبيعية وخاصة في المجموعة المعاملة بجرعة 100ملغم/كغم/يوم.


Article
Diagnostic Value of C - Reactive Protein and Other Hematological Parameters in Neonatal Sepsis

Authors: Hafadh Jaleel Hussein --- Yusra Fayyadh Alwan
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 370-375
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:There have been many attempts to develop screening tests or scoring systems that can identify infected infants at the time of initial assessment, sparing others from invasive diagnostic procedures, intravenous antibiotics therapy, mother-infant separation and parental anxiety.OBJECTIVE:Is to analyze hematological parameters and C - reactive protein so as to evaluate their diagnostic value in neonatal sepsis.PATIENTS AND METHODS:A cross-sectional study was performed in the neonatal care unit (N.C.U) at the Central Teaching Hospital for Pediatrics and Al-Habibiya Maternity and Children Teaching Hospital during a period from the first of June 2005 to the first of January2006One hundred neonates having clinical features of sepsis and 100 normal asymptomatic neonates were evaluated with a set of investigations including C-reactive protein(CRP), White Blood cellsCount(WBC), Absolute Neutrophil count (ANC), Platelets count (thrombocytopenia), Immature to Total neutrophil ratio (I/T ratio) and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) to diagnose neonatal sepsis.RESULTS:C-reactive protein (CRP) was positive in (82.4%) of group-A and (81.8%) of group-B and had a specificity of 93.0%. ANC was the second most sensitive test having sensitivity of 61.8% for group-A and 48.5% for group-B and specificity of 86.0%.The sensitivities of platelets count (thrombocytopenia), WBC, I/T ratio and ESR for group-A were: 55.9%, 29.4%, 17.6% and 26.5% respectively, with specificities of 91.0%,89.0%, 92.0% and 81.0% respectively. While group-B had sensitivities of 42.0%, 33.3%,15.2% and 22.7% respectively with specificities of 91.0%, 89.0%, 92.0% and 81.0%respective ly.CONCLUSION:The implementation of CRP and other hematological parameters (ANC, Platelets count and WBCs) are useful in early detection of neonatal sepsis and diagnosis of neonatal sepsis in those who have false negative blood cultures


Article
The Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Copper on The Behavioral Responses and Hematological Parameters of Freshwater Fish, Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)
السمية الحادة والمزمنة لمعدن النحاس على الاستجابة السلوكية والمحددات الدموية لأسماك المياه العذبة، الكارب الاعتيادي Cyprinus carpio L.

Authors: Ahmed Hatem Al-Tamimi احمد حاتم التميمي --- Ahmed J. Al-Azzawi احمد جاسم العزاوي
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2015 Volume: 56 Issue: 4A Pages: 2835-2845
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The present study was conducted to examine toxicological effects of copper sulfate (Cu) in common carp fish (Cyprinus carpio L.). The LC50 (median lethal concentrations) of copper on Cyprinus carpio were 3.64, 3.36, 3.04, 2.65 mg/L respectively. In general, behavioral responses of the fishes exposed to copper included uncontrolled swimming, erratic movements, loss of balance, swam near the water surface with sudden jerky movements. Haematological parameters such, red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), haemoglobin (Hb), Packed cell volume (PCV), mean cell volume (MCV) mean cell haemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) were studied. The obtained results indicated that the (RBC) and (WBC) have increased with increasing metal concentrations and exposure period. While, haemoglobin (Hb) had slightly increased compared with control fish. Other parameters like Packed cell volume (PCV), mean cell volume (MCV) mean cell haemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) appeared likely being enhanced with increased exposure to studying heavy metals, and did not show any significant increase with different concentrations used in chronic exposure experiments.

الدراسة الحالية أجريت لتقييم الآثار السمية لمعدن النحاس (Cu) على سمك الكارب الشائع بعد التعرض الحاد والمزمن. وكان التركيز المميت الوسطي LC50 على سمك الكارب 3.64، 3.36، 3.04، 2.65 ملغم/لتر على التوالي. بشكل عام، تضمنت الاستجابات السلوكية للأسماك المعرضة للنحاس سباحة غير منضبطة، وحركات غير منتظمة، وفقدان للتوازن، وسباحة بالقرب من سطح الماء مع حركات متشنجة مفاجئة. كما اظهرت نتائج دراسة مكونات الدم مثل ، خلايا الدم الحمراء (RBC) ، خلايا الدم البيضاء (WBC) ، الهيموغلوبين (Hb) ، حجم الخلية المرصوصة (PCV) ، متوسط حجم الخلايا (MCV) ، متوسط خلية الهيموغلوبين (MCH) و تركيز جسيمة الهيموغلوبين (MCHC) ، اشارات النتائج إلى أن خلايا الدم الحمراء (RBC) وخلايا الدم البيضاء (WBC) ازدادت مع زيادة تراكيز العناصر الثقيلة وفترات التعرض. في حين، سجل الهيموغلوبين (Hb) ارتفاعاً طفيفاً مقارنة مع اسماك السيطرة. اما في حالات حجم الخلية المرصوصة (PCV) ، متوسط حجم الخلايا (MCV) ، متوسط خلية الهيموغلوبين (MCH) و تركيز جسيمة الهيموغلوبين (MCHC) ، فقد ظهرت النتائج زيادة واضحة مع زيادة التعرض للمعادن الثقيلة ، الا انها لم تظهر اي زيادة هامة مع التراكيز المختلفة المستخدمة خلال تجارب التعرض المزمن.


Article
Prevalence of anemia and determination of some hematological parameters among pregnant women in Baghdad city
انتشار فقر الدم وتحديد بعض المحددات الدموية بين النساء الحوامل في مدينة بغداد

Author: Zena Kassim Khalil زينة قاسم خليل
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2017 Volume: 58 Issue: 2C Pages: 1001-1008
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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From 124 women in different stage of pregnancy ,there were 83 (67%) conceded anemic and 41(33%) were non anemic ,there were 54(65%) suffering from iron deficiency anemia. According to the form of anemia , 27 (32.5%) were suffering from mild anemia, 41 (49.4%) moderately anemia while15 (18.1%) severe anemia The number of anemic pregnant women from Baghdad was 39 (47%) and the internally displaced anemic pregnant women 44 (53%). the anemic pregnant women who were primigravida 36 (43.4%), while the pregnant women who were multipart gravida 47 (56.6%) .The number of anemic pregnant women was 26(31.3%) for age of 17-27y ,33(39.8%) for age of 28-37y and 24(28.9% )for age of 38-45y .while the number of anemic pregnant women was 43(41%) at the 1st trimester ,31(37%) at the 2nd trimester and 18(22%) at the 3nd .There were 62(69 %) from the total pregnant women got iron pills during the pregnancy period .From the total anemic pregnant women 9 (11%) recorded with pregnancy diabetes, 11 (13.3%) had pregnancy hypertension and 21(25%) suffered from placental previa,. The total RBCs and WBCs count during the 1st ,2nd and 3rd trimesters were (3.70±0.30, 3.96±0.59 and 4.76±0.24) .( 4.62±1.23 , 8.31±2.45 and 13.22±3.60) respectively ,while the Hb levels were 8.78±1.39 , 10.93±1.21 and 12.33±0.18 at the pregnancy trimesters. Serum iron and serum firrtin levels in iron deficiency ,non- iron deficiency anemia were (31.24±9.7 and 37.2±12.7) ,( 4.90±3.4 and 311.10±135.2) respectively.

من بين 124 سيدة حامل في مختلف مراحل لحمل وجد ان 83 (67%) لديها فقر دم و41(33%) لا تعاني من فقر الدم وان 54(65%) تعاني من فقر الدم بسبب نقص الحديد. واعتمادا على نوع فقر الدم فأن 27(32%) لديها مرحلة بسيطة من فقر الدم41 (49,4%) تعاني من فقر دم متوسط و15 (18,1%)تعاني من فقر دم شديد .عدد النساء الحوامل المصابات بفقر الدم من سكنة بغداد 39(47%)والنازحات 44 (53%) عدد الحوامل المصابات بفقر الدم36 (43,4%) لأول حمل اما الحوامل ولديهم اكثر من ولادة فكانوا 47(56,6%) .اعمار النساء الحوامل 17-27 سنة كان عددهم 26(31,3%) و28- 37سنة عددهم 33 (39,8%) و 24(28,9%) للاعمار 38-45 سنة . في الثلث الاول من الحمل بلغ عدد النساء الحوامل والمصابين بفقر الدم 43(41%) و 31 (37%) خلال الثلث الثاني و 18 (22%) للثلث الاخير من الحمل , ومن بين جميع النساء الحوامل كان 62 (69%) يتناولون ااقراص الحديد خلال فترة الحمل .اما عدد الحوامل المصابات بمرض السكري فكان عددهم 9 (11%) و ارتفاع ضغط الدم 11 (13,3%) و21 (25%) لديهن تقدم في المشيمة بالإضافة الى فقر الدم , اعداد كريات الدم الحمراء والبيضاء خلال مراحل الحمل الثلاث كانت (3,70±0,30 ,3,96 ± 0,59 و4,76 ±0,24 ) و( 4,62 ±1,25 ,8,31 ±2,45 و13,22 ±3,60 ) بالتتابع. اما معدلات الهيموكلوبين فكانت 8,78 ±1,39 ,10,93 ±1,21 و 12,33 ±0,18 خلال مراحل الحمل , اما معدلات الحديد والفرتيين بين الحوامل المصابات بفقر الدم بسبب بنقص او عدم نقص الحديد فكانت (31,24 ±9,7 و37,2 ±12,7) و(4,90 ±3,4 و311,10 ±135,2 ) بالتتابع.


Article
Detection of endoparasites and hematological parameters changes in )Gallinula chloropus)

Authors: Lubna abdul-kader Al-Ibrahimi --- Khaled Alshaebani --- Hind Alshabani
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 123-127
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Gastro-intestinal parasites and blood parameters were examined in thirty five Moorhen birds Gallinula chloropus that hunted in different areas in AL-Diwaniya city during April –August 2016. Endoparasites were examined and diagnosed according to classical standard parasitological methods which revealed 57.14% of moorhen bird were infected endoparasite Protozoal infection with higher infection rate 20% then Cestodal infection 14% and the infection by Nematoda spp and Trematoda spp was 11.42 % respectively. The blood indices related to these parasite intestinal showed significant decrease of RBC count,PCV and Hb concentration, While WBC count increased significantly due to endoparasite infection


Article
Hematological Parameters in Children with Type‑1 Diabetes

Author: Kamal Hussein Khudhur, Mouroge Hashem Al‑Ani
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 184-187
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background and Objective: This study was done to investigate and compare the hematological parameters related to hemoglobin (Hb),total white blood cell (WBC) count, and platelet parameters in a case–control study of patients with diabetes with those of nondiabetichealthy persons, potentially predisposing patients with diabetes to complications. Materials and Methods: A case–control study consistedof 50 children with type I diabetes have been diagnosed since 5 years attending Laila Qasim Diabetic Center compared with another 50nondiabetic healthy children attending Pediatric Clinic at Raparin Pediatric Hospital from October 2018 to March 2019. Investigations weredone as follows: (a) both patients and controls including Hb (g/dl), total WBC count (109/L), platelet count (109/L), mean platelet volume(MPV) (fl), platelet distribution width (PDW) (fl), platelet‑large cell ratio (P‑LCR) (%), and (b) patients only HbA1C (%) to know theircontrol state. Results: WBC, MPV, PDW, and P‑LCR were significantly higher among children with diabetes in comparison with the controlgroup (WBC 9.34 ± 1.56 109/L vs. 8.14 ± 1.88 109/L, P = 0.001; MPV 9.60 ± 1.13 fL vs. 8.07 ± 0.87 fL, P = 0.001; PDW 11.91 ± 1.18 fLvs. 10.03 ± 1.1 fL, P = 0.001; and P‑LCR 19.34% ± 4.85% vs. 12.09% ± 4.37%, P = 0.001); Hb was significantly lower among childrenwith diabetes in comparison with the control group (Hb 12.61 ± 0.75 g/dl vs. 12.89 ± 0.64 g/dl, P = 0.04); No significant difference wasdetected between the two groups regarding platelet count. Conclusion: The study revealed that hematological parameters changed as a resultof diabetes mellitus, especially Hb was decreased among patients with diabetes and WBC, MPV, PDW, and P‑LCR were highly elevated intype I as compared with nondiabetic participants.


Article
Hematological, Immunological and Biochemical Evaluation in Patients with Secondary Polycythemia.
تقدير المعايير الدموية والمناعية والكيموحيوية في المرضى المصابين بفرط نمو كريات الدم الحمر الثانوي

Author: Sahla K. Abbas سهله خورشيد عباس
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2011 Volume: 16 Issue: 4 Pages: 51-54
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the relationships between Hematological, Immunological, Biochemical parameters and heavy cigarette smoking in patients with secondary polycythemia, to reach such aim, the study included 60 individuals. They were distributed on two main groups. Group one included 20 healthy non inhaling and non smoking males. Many results were significantly different between smoker patients and healthy non smokers. The levels of hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, total count of red blood cells, leukocytes, platelets and total cholesterol, triglyceride were significantly higher, also the percentage of positive cases for C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly increased and reached (100%), the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) and immunoglobulin levels of IgG, IgA and complement component C3 ,C4 were significantly lower in smoker patients than in male non smokers.

صممت هذه الدراسة بهدف البحث عن العلاقة بين المعايير الدمية والمناعية والكيموحيوية وكثرة التدخين في المصابين بفرط كريات الدم الحمر الثانوي. ولأجل تحقيق ذلك فقد شملت الدراسة 60 فرد والذين توزعوا على مجموعتين أساسيتين ضمت المجموعة الأولى المدخنين بكثرة والمصابين بفرط كريات الدم الحمر الثانوي ( 40 مدخنا"). في حين شملت المجموعة الثانية الأصحاء غير المدخنين وغير المعرضين للتدخين (20 شخصا"), لقد أفرزت النتائج وجود زيادة معنوية في مستوى الهيموغلوبين, كمية الهيموغلوبين في كرية دم حمراء والتعداد الكلي لكريات الدم الحمر والبيض والصفيحات الدموية وتركيز الكولسترول الكلي والكليسريدات الثلاثية , ارتفع أيضا" معدل النسبة المئوية للحالات الموجبة للبروتينCRP ارتفاعا" معنويا" بلغت 100%. بينما كان هناك انخفاض معنوي في تركيزمستوى الكلوبيولينات المناعية IgG ,IgA والتراكيز المصلية لبروتينات المتممC3 ,C4 في المدخنين بكثرة والمصابين بفرط كريات الدم الحمر الثانوي عنها في مجموعة السيطرة

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