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Article
Death and Its Terror in Geek and Islamic Philosopher
الموت والخوف منه عند فلاسفة اليونان والإسلام

Authors: Wafaa Kadhim Ali وفاء كاظم علي --- Ebaheem Rajab Abdu Allah إبراهيم رجب عبدالله
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028/27068722 Year: 2009 Volume: 1 Issue: 4 Pages: 512-562
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Death and fear of it was and still is one of the main and main motives of man to work and think to confront and address it, the old man when he began to secure his life from the feed, protect himself from the harsh monsters, and adapt to the harsh environment, and volunteer to serve him, and search for what secures his basic necessities And a dwelling, all instinctively motivated by the love of survival or the love of life, and the challenge of the ghost of death from taking it to an unknown worldIt is no different when the development of civilizations and the advancement of peoples and the multiplication and expansion of theoretical and scientific knowledge and techniques, they are looking for what promotes man and achieve comfort and happiness in life. Death and fear of it is still an obsession that haunts every human being, Time and multiple places. Scientists, intellectuals and philosophers may forget or forget this question in the midst of conflict with their new discoveries and inventions in the age of tremendous speed, and perhaps even the cruelty! But if we had analyzed many of their products, they would in one way or another have answers to what was death? And how to try to postpone it? Or can we overcome it, or even defeat it? The use of huge discoveries in the science of atom to manufacture the death of the other, and the development of chemical weapons, biological, nuclear, nitrogen, etc. is only to secure the lives of their discoverers and their people from the danger of their enemies or threaten to preserve their lives at the expense of the less developed peoples The development of science in the field of laser radiation and the division of the second in time, and millimeter in space to one million parts was aimed at access to the knowledge of the molecules of matter and the cell biology and how they originated and search for the origin of life to finally reach how to preserve According to the scientific imagination. The development of medicine in the field of technology and the search for new types of drugs and antibiotics is a stark example of facing death, challenge and attempt to postpone it, and the latest findings of modern science in this area is the renewal of vital cells and human cloning. Attention and the development of astronomical and geographic studies to predict the future danger of earthquakes, floods, meteorites, volcanoes, storms, etc., and then try to stand up and overcome them or at least move away from such areas threatened by disaster.Death, fear, and the search for eternity was not a preoccupation of philosophers and thinkers, but rather a strong concern for every human being on earth. The first man search for immortality is Adam , the father of mankind, as depicted by us the Koran in saying Taaly whispered to them the devil to show them what Laurie them from Soathma said what Nhakma Rbakma about this tree, but become angels or immortal  () and saying و And the devil whispered unto him, O Adam, shall I show thee the tree of immortality, and the king shall not wear out?Asking questions about what death is, fear of it, or the search for immortality does not require a person to think in depth and meditate, but if his answers to some philosophers and thinkers characterized him. These questions are not an intellectual luxury that can be characterized by a stage in the development of the human mind, a form of intellectual amusement or curiosity, but rather a discussion of the most important challenges facing human life: its inevitable fate / death. The fear of death and the attempt to cling to life is instinctive not only in humans, but in all animals when they escape any threat to their existence, and in their search for their strength, which believes in their lives from the very first moments of existence.إرسال تعليقاتالسجلّتم الحفظالمنتدى

الموت والخوف منه كان وما زال من البواعث الأساسية والرئيسة للإنسان على العمل والتفكير لمواجهته والتصدي له ، فالإنسان القديم حينما بدأ يؤمّن حياته مما يقتات عليه ، ويحمي نفسه من الوحوش الضارية ، ويتأقلم مع البيئة القاسية ، ويطوعها لخدمته ، والبحث عما يؤمن احتياجاته الضرورية الأولية من ملبس ومسكن ، كلها كانت بدافع غريزي هو حبّ البقاء أو حب الحياة، وتحديّ شبح الموت من أَنْ يأخذه إلى عالم مجهول ولا يختلف الأمر عند تطور الحضارات ورقي الشعوب وتعدد وتوسع المعارف النظرية والعلمية والتقنيات ، فهي تبحث عما يرتقي بالإنسان ويحقق راحته وسعادته في الحياة .ولا يزال الموت والخوف منه هاجساً يقضّ مضجع كل إنسان ، وبقيت هذه التساؤلات البدائية عن الموت وما بعده تتجدد وتجد إجابات مختلفة في الأزمان والأماكن المتعددة . فقد ينسى أو يتناسى العلماء والمفكرون والفلاسفة هذا السؤال وهم في غمرة الصراع مع مكتشفاتهم واختراعاتهم الجديدة في عصر السرعة الهائل الذي نعيشه وربما نقاسيه ! لكن لو حلّلنا الكثير من نتاجاتهم لكانت بشكل أو بآخر إجابات على ما الموت ؟ وكيف نحاول تأجيله ؟ أو هل باستطاعتنا التغلب عليه ، أو حتى نهزمه . فتوظيف الاكتشافات الهائلة في علم الذرة لصناعة موت الآخر ، واستحداث الأسلحة الكيمياوية والبيولوجية والنووية والنتروجينية ... الخ ما هو إلاّ تامين حياة مكتشفيها وشعوبهم من خطر أعدائهم أو تهديدهم للمحافظة على حياتهم على حساب الشعوب الأقل منزلة منهم رقياً (والمقياس هذا بحسب امتلاك أسلحة الدمار الشامل) كما أَنَّ تطور العلوم في مجال الأشعة الليزرية وتقسيم الثانية في الزمن ، والملم في المساحة إلى مليون جزء كان الغاية منه الوصول إلى معرفة جزيئات المادة والخلية البايلوجية وكيفية نشوئها والبحث عن أصل الحياة للوصول في النهاية إلى كيفية المحافظة عليها بحسب المخيال العلمي . وتطور الطب في مجال التقنيات والبحث عن أنواع جديدة من الأدوية والمضادات الحيوية مثال صارخ لمواجهة الموت وتحديه ومحاولة تأجيله، وآخر ما توصل إليه العلم المعاصر في هذا المجال هو تجديد الخلايا الحيوية والاستنساخ البشري . كما أَنَّ الاهتمام وتطور الدراسات الفلكية والجغرافية لتنبئ الإنسان بالخطر الذي سيحيق به مستقبلاً من زلازل وفيضانات وسقوط النيازك وحدوث البراكين والعواصف... الخ ومن ثم المحاولة للوقوف بوجهها والتغلب عليها أو على الأقل الابتعاد عن مثل هذه المناطق المهددة بحلول الكوارث فيها . فلم يكن الموت إذن والخوف منه والبحث عن الخلود شاغل الفلاسفة والمفكرين وإِنَّما كان يشكّل هاجساً قوياً لكل إنسان على وجه الأرض . فأول إنسان بحث عن الخلود هو آدم  ، أبو البشر ، كما يصوره لنا القرآن الكريم في قوله تعالى فَوَسْوَسَ لَهُمَا الشَّيْطَانُ لِيُبْدِيَ لَهُمَا مَا وُورِيَ عَنْهُمَا مِنْ سَوْآتِهِمَا وَقَالَ مَا نَهَاكُمَا رَبُّكُمَا عَنْ هَذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَكُونَا مَلَكَيْنِ أَوْ تَكُونَا مِنَ الْخَالِدِينَ ( ) وقوله  فَوَسْوَسَ إِلَيْهِ الشَّيْطَانُ قَالَ يَا آدَمُ هَلْ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى شَجَرَةِ الْخُلْدِ وَمُلْكٍ لا يَبْلَى  ( ).فطرح الأسئلة عن ماهية الموت أو الخوف منه أو البحث عن الخلود لا يحتاج من الإنسان إلى التعمّق في التفكير والتأمل ، وإِنْ كانت إجاباته عند بعض الفلاسفة والمفكرين تتصف به . ولا تعدّ هذه الأسئلة من الترف الفكري الذي يمكن أَنْ تتصف بها مرحلة من مراحل تطور العقل البشري أو ضرباً من التسلية الذهنية أو حبُّ الاستطلاع ، وإِنَّما هي بحث في أهم التحديات التي تواجه حياة الإنسان وهو مصيره الحتمي / الموت . فالخوف من الموت ومحاولة التشبّث بالحياة غريزي ليس عند الإنسان فحسب وإِنَّما عند جميع الحيوانات حينما تهرب من أي خطر يهدد وجودها ، وفي بحثها عن قوتِها الذي يؤمن حياتها منذ أول لحظات وجودها .


Article
Belief of death between the psychological and religious perspective (field study)
معتقد الموت بين المنظور النفسي والديني(دراسة ميدانية)

Authors: dunia taieb دنيا طيب البرزنجي --- haitham ahmed ali هيثم أحمد علي الزبيدي
Journal: Journal of Research Diyala humanity مجلة ديالى للبحوث الانسانية ISSN: 1998104x Year: 2009 Issue: 35 Pages: 270-287
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Of death, and since ancient times is particularly important in the history of human thought and all the different response towards our inevitable death in Alteks where no life. Also, the phenomenon of death effect in human life is to understand the phenomenon and its interpretation and determine its position them and his own work held a death, starting the process to get rid of the body and finished the performance of rituals of death and is no doubt that accomplish these things on the side of mental to the individual regarding his understanding of the nature of the of death. From here become methods of burying the dead illustrates the tangible evidence of human societies beliefs, which has put her in death.

للموت و منذ اقدم العصور اهمية خاصة في تاريخ الفكر الانساني وكل مفر ستجابة مختلفة تجاة الموت حيث التعكس في لا حياة . كما ان ظاهرة الموت تأثيرا في حياة الانسان تتمثل بفهم تلك الظاهرة و تفسيرها و تحديد موقفة منها و قيامه باعمال خاصة تعقد حدوث الموت ابتداء بعملية التخلص من الجثة و انتهائة باداء الطقوس الخاصة بالموت و لا شك ان انجاز هذة الامور تتعلق بالجانب العقلي للفرد بخصوص فهمه لطبيعة الموت . و من هنا تصبح طرائق دفن الموتى دليلاً ملموسا يوضح عقائد المجتمعات البشريه التي مارست ها عن الموت .


Article
The Idea of Death in William Carlos Williams: A Study in Selected Short Poems
فكرة الموت في قصائد وليام كارلوس وليامز المختارة

Author: Shubbar Abdul Adil Mousa شبر عبد العال موسى
Journal: Adab Al-Kufa مجلة اداب الكوفة ISSN: 19948999 Year: 2008 Volume: 1 Issue: 3 Pages: 72-87
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Abstract William Carlos Williams (1883-1963) is a modern American poet, novelist, critic, painter and pediatrician, who established his literary carrier with the advent of the twentieth century surveying various fields of life with a doctor's eye. He provides the English literature with prolific contributions that bear witness of his impressive ability and comprehensive realization of life as an artist.Williams reflects numerous salient traits in his works especially in poetry, but his primary concern is the application of naïve good sense and native intelligence to devise the poetic structure that would formalize experiences without deforming them. He says: "let the beat of speech determine the measure; to rinse the language of ornament and encrustation to scrupulously selective but to allow for accident and impingement." 1 Williams, who had been a derivative poet up to at least the age of thirty, became within few years a "remarkably original one. The reason for his striking transformation has never been adequately discussed. It is generally assumed that the change was due to the progressive maturation of Williams' poetic skills."2 Williams affirms the function of art, and of poetry in particular, a new kind of precision, equivalent to scientific method but directed towards obejectivising experience. To do this the" writer according to Mike Weaver, had to become his own reader, a functioning perceiver observing himself in action."3 Williams stated in his letter to John C. Thirwall the new tradition that he had devised to write his poems and how he had become aware of a basic change that affects the way of writing them. It is part of our present situation in the world that when we perceive an alternative to our action which enlarges the fields which they occupy, we feel inevitably impelled to give them the head to go where they are called… There are leads which points the way to the approaching changes, undoubtly unwelcome that have been latent for centuries. The tendency of the race is to resist change violently.4 Williams' poems 'the Dead Baby' , 'Death', 'the Shadow', 'Winter Trees', 'To Waken An Old Lady' and 'the Barber of Death' reveal an outstanding orientation directed by the poet to the concept of death and all its incurring aspects as it is examined by an experienced American doctor who surveyed man from birth to death. The research aims at proving this orientation and displaying the poet's points of view whether it is positive or negative and his concept of regeneration and renewal.

الخلاصةيعتبر الشاعر وليام كارلوس وليامز(1883-1963) من رواد الشعر الامريكي الحديث وقد اتسم وليامز بمهارات عديدة فكان روائيا ورساما وناقدا وطبيب توليد حيث انه استكشف كل مجالات الحياة بنظرة الطبيب الفاحصة. رافدا للأدب الانكليزي بإسهامات عديدة باتت شاهداً على قدرته المؤثرة و نظرته الشمولية للحياة بعين الأديب المبدع.كان اهتمام الشاعر الرئيس ينصب على تطبيق الشعور والذكاء المحلي لاختراع تركيب شعري قادر على صياغة الخبرات بدون اي تشويه لها. حيث انه ركز على الدور الريادي للأدب بصورة عامة والشعر بصورة خاصة لإبراز نوع جديد من الدقة لتمثيل الخبرة, وللوصول الى ذلك توجب على الكاتب ان يكون قارءا لنفسه ملاحظا دقيقا لها عند العمل.لقد تناول وليامز فكرة الموت من عدة جوانب مجسدا ذلك في الكثير من قصائده على سبيل المثال " الطفل الميت", "الموت", "الظل", "ا شجار الشتاء", "حلاق الموت" و قصيدته " لإيقاظ امرأة مسنة" والتي كشفت في طياتها توجها بارزا قاده الشاعر الى مفهوم الموت وكل ما يرتبط به من تداعيات , متفحصا له بخبرة الطبيب الامريكي الذي لاحظ الإنسان منذ ولادته وحتى مماته. يهدف البحث الى إثبات ذلك التوجه وبيان نظرة الشاعر سواء كانت سلبيه ام ايجابيه وكذلك مفهومه عن التجدد وانبعاث الحياة.


Article
SUDDEN DEATH DUE TO INTRACRANIAL COLLOID CYST "A CASE REPORT"

Authors: Muhammad A. Jabor محمد عبد المحسن جبر --- Mutaz A. Al-Qazzaz معتز عبد المجيد القزاز
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2013 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 399-402
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Intracranial colloid cysts are non-neoplastic epithelium-lined cysts of the central nervous system that almost always arise from the anterior third ventricle roof (immediately posterior to the foramen of Monro). These epithelium-lined, mucin-containg cysts can be found in asymptomatic patients; however, depending on their location, size, and degree of cerebrospinal fluid obstruction, patients may present with a variety of neurological symptoms. These symptoms can range from headaches to sudden death on rare occasions when there is acute hydrocephalus. This study describes a colloid cyst located between the two lateral ventricles at the level of foramen of Monro obstructing the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow leading subsequently to sudden death and discovered incidentally during autopsy. The study was done in the Medico-legal institute in Baghdad from 1st of November 2012 to 1st of May 2013.Key words:Sudden Death, Colloid Cyst, Autopsy, Intracranium.


Article
Descriptive Study for Neonatal Death in Neonatal care Unit in of Maternity and Children Teaching Hospital in Al-Diwaniya

Authors: Abdulaziz Wannas Abd --- Mahmood Jasim Mohammed
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 117-124
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Approximately more than ten million die in the first month of life over all the world (with more than one hundred million born annually) , also approximately 75 % of death in neonate occur in the first seven days of life and more than 25% of them occur in the first day of life. the death during neonatal life represent approximately more than 35% of death that occur below five years in the world .This study was analytical prospective study , included all the infants hospitalized in NICU of maternity and children teaching hospital in Al-diwaniah governorate from first of September 2013 to the end of august 2014.About 1466neonate patients was admitted to the neonatal care unit directly either from the labor room or from the operation room and the neonate only in contact with health personnel ; from those we study all 193 hospitalized neonates that died due to different causes.In this study, of 1466 neonates , were hospitalized in NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) in maternity and children teaching hospital from first of September 2013 through august 2014 ; from which 193 (13.1% )cases were died . Those infants died in the hospital with male to female ratio approximately 2:1[ male 64.25% and female 35.75% respectively] ; 36.8% of them were full term and 63.2 % were premature . the most common cause of the neonatal death were the RDS (respiratory distress syndrome) 93 (48.1%) and the second most common cause were the complication of prematurity other than the RDS which form 55 (28.4% ) like apnea , extreme immaturity with low birth weight , hypoglycemia and hypothermia and necrotizing enterocolitis. Theothercauses were birth asphyxia 7.7 %, congenital anomalies 4.1% and sepsis 5.6% r, the meconium aspiration syndrome infant represent about 9 (4.6 %)and miscellaneous causes( least or rare causes) like hydropsfetalis and intraventricular hemorrhageand congenital heart diseasewas 3 (1.5 %). The final conclusion shows the common cause of neonatal death was sever immaturity with its complications and mainly the respiratory distress syndrome .almost the death occur in sever low birth weight associated with prematurity. The study proves the relations between certain maternal and neonatal factors and neonatal mortality. Good antenatal care especially in third trimester to avoid prematurity should be provided to any pregnant woman.


Article
The Apparent Death In Electrocution

Author: Thamer Mohammad Kadhim ثامر محمد كاظم
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2015 Volume: 11 Issue: 19 Pages: 124-129
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Background: Electrical injuries, though uncommon and largely preventable ,they usually have serious consequences including death. Objectives: To study the pattern of electric injuries, and recognize the factors that increase their mortality so that we can reduce it . Materials & Methods :A retrospective study of sever electrically injured cases in Babil Governorate during a period of 15 months, from January 2006 to March 2007 (included) was carried out. From the records of the burn wards of Hilla Teaching General Hospital and the autopsy records of Forensic Pathology Department of Babil Health Directorate, sever electrically injured victims were retrospectively studied according to the type of electric injury, the voltage, associated secondary traumatic injury and whether it is work related or not. .The age ,sex , location of entry and/or exit of the electric current and the emergency resuscitative measures applied in the Emergency Departments (EDs)were considered .Results:. The total number of electrically injured victims ( both hospitalized and non hospitalized ) were 33, 30(90.9%) cases due to contact with low voltage, 2(6.7%) due to high voltage and 1 (3.3%) due to lightning strike. Out of 28 cases for whom cardiopulmonary resuscitation was indicated, only in 14(50%) cases ,its application was recorded in the cards of Emergency Departments. Conclusions: The mortality rate following electrocution ,in Babil, was 93.93% which is too high in comparison with the international studies rate of 3-15%

بالرغم من أن أضرار التيار الكهربائي قليلة الحدوث ومن الممكن تجنبها، إلا أن عواقبها خطيرة جدا قد تصل إلى الموت. أجريت دراسة راجعة على(33) مصاب متعرض لأضرار التيار الكهربائي في محافظة بابل ولمدة (15) شهرا، للفترة (كانون الثاني 2006- آذار 2007)، معتمدين على سجلات ردهة الحروق لمستشفى الحلة التعليمي والتقارير التشريحية للطبابة العدلية في بابل، آخذين بنظر الاعتبار : نوع الضرر، مقدار الفولتية ، الإصابات الرضية المصاحبة، مدى تعلق الإصابة بالمهنة، العمر، الجنس، موضع مدخل ومخرج التيار، والجهد الاسعافي والإنعاشي المقدم في ردهات الطوارئ.معدل الوفيات في محافظة بابل من جراء أضرار التيار كان مرتفعا جدا (93’93%)، مقارنة بالدراسات الدولية (3- 15%).من الضروري أن يألف الطبيب المعالج أعراض الموت الظاهري عند المتعرضين لأضرار الكهرباء والذي بالإمكان معالجته باستخدام وسائل الإنعاش المتوفرة(القلبي والرئوي) حتى ولو كان وصول الضحية متأخرا.


Article
Provisions of brain death
أحكام الموت الدماغي

Author: Nahla Ashour Mansi نهلة عاشور منسي
Journal: Journal of Islamic sciences مجلة العلوم الاسلامية ISSN: 22259732 Year: 2014 Volume: 1 Issue: 8 Pages: 150-172
Publisher: Iraqi University الجامعة العراقية

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Abstract

1. Muslim scholars did not mention cardiac arrest as a sign of death marks.2. Do not considered brain dead patient's death is not legally or medically and legally.3. found in doctrinal matters he died from or arrived Movement (slaughtered) (brain death in the contemporary concept) married his wife, and is washed and shrouded. It still breathes and thrives under the devices.4. There are many scholars who was considered dead brain dead

1.لم يذكر العلماء المسلمون توقف القلب على انه علامة من علامات الموت. 2.لا يعتبر المصاب بموت المخ ميتاً لا شرعاً ولا طبياً ولا قانونياً. 3.وجدت في المسائل الفقهية انه من مات أو وصل الى حركة (المذبوح) (الموت الدماغي في المفهوم المعاصر) تزوج أمرأته ويتم تغسيله وتكفينه. وهو لا زال يتنفس ويتغذى تحت الأجهزة. 4.وهناك العديد من الفقهاء من اعتبر من مات مخه ميتاً


Article
Impact of weekends and public holidays on the in-hospitable death rate in Misan governorate.
تأثير عطل نهاية الأسبوع والعطل الرسمية على نسبة الوفيات داخل المستشفى في محافظة ميسان

Author: Yaseen O. Yaseen
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Pages: 78-83
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Background: Medical care may become worse during holidays and weekends, probably, due to decrease in the number of physicians, other health staff, or medical resources, in addition to increase in the number of patients admitted at this period. This may explain the negative impacts on the outcome of patients admitted to the hospital at weekends and holidays. Aim of study: It is to shed light on the impact of holidays and weekends on the death rates among admissions in the main hospital in the governorate of Misan governorate. Patients and methods: In this cross-sectional stud, records of all patients admitted to the Al-Sadder teaching hospital in Misan, from the first January 2015 to end December 2015 were reviewed with particular concern of, site and day of admission to the hospital, day of death, and the number of dead individuals, among admissions during holidays and other week days. Results: A total of 34983 patients admitted to the hospital during one year, (25.4%) of them were admitted on the weekends and public holidays. Among patients in the hospital wards other than labor room & ICU, there was a statistically significant increase in death rate among admissions on the weekends and holidays compared to that on other week days, (3.5% versus 1.9%, P value > 0.0001).All-cause death, in the hospital as a whole, was found to be significantly higher on weekends and holidays than that on the other weekdays. (4.3% versus 2.6% P value > 0.0001).Conclusion: weekends and holidays have a negative impact on the outcome of hospital admissions as reflected by higher death rates compared to that on the other week days.

الخلفية: قد تكون الرعاية الطبية اقل خلال ايام عطل نهاية الاسبوع او العطل الرسمية الاخرى، ربما بسبب نقص عدد الاطباء، الكوادر الصحية الاخرى, او الموارد الطبية اضافة الى الزيادة في عدد المرضى الداخلين الى المستشفى خلال هذه الاوقات. وهذا قد يفسر التأثير السلبي على حال المرضى الراقدين خلال ايام نهاية الاسبوع والعطل الرسمية.الهدف من الدراسة: القاء الضوء على تأثير ايام عطل نهاية الاسبوع والعطل الرسمية الاخرى على معدل الوفاة بين الراقدين في المستشفى التعليمي الرئيسي في محافظة ميسان.الطرائق: في هذه الدراسة المقطعية تمت دراسة ملفات المرضى الراقدين في مستشفى الصدر التعليمي في ميسان للفترة من بداية شهر كانون الثاني الى نهاية شهر كانون الاول لعام 2015 مع الاخذ بنظر الاعتبار بشكل خاص: مكان ويوم الرقود في المستشفى، يوم الوفاة، عدد حالات الوفاة بين المرضى الراقدين خلال ايام العطل وايام السبوع الاخرى.النتائج: من بين 34983 مريض ادخلوا المستشفى، 25.4% كانوا قد ادخلوا المستشفى خلال ايام نهاية الاسبوع والعطل الرسمية الاخرى. من بين المرضى الراقدين في ردهات المستشفى، باستثناء صالات الولادة والعناية المركزة ،كانت هناك زيادة ذات قيمة احصائية مهمة، في نسبة الوفيات خلال ايام نهاية الاسبوع و العطل الاخرى مقارنة بأيام الاسبوع الاخرى.(3.5% مقابل 1.9%). كانت نسبة الوفيات في المستشفى بشكل عام ولجميع الاسباب خلال ايام العطل اكثر منها خلال ايام الاسبوع الاخرى ايضا. (4.3% مقابل 2.6%).الاستنتاجات: الأيام عطل نهاية الاسبوع والعطل الرسمية الاخرى تأثير سلبي على ما يؤول اليه حال المرضى الراقدين من خلال ما تعكسه الزيادة في نسبة الوفيات مقارنة بأيام الاسبوع الاخرى.


Article
King of Death in the Holy Quran An Analytical Study
مَلَكُ المَوتِ فِي القُرآن الكريم دراسة تحليلية

Author: Ahmad Q. Abdurahman أحمد قاسم عبد الرحمن محمد
Journal: Anbar University Journal of Islamic Sciences مجلة جامعة الأنبار للعلوم الإسلامية ISSN: 20716028/27068722 Year: 2018 Volume: 9 Issue: 34 Pages: 1-42
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

Since the time of the Companions, the great commentators have made their efforts to interpret the verses of Qur'an, and clarify the difficult words and reveal the secrets; they didn't leave anything, so they analyzed his words, and justify the installation of his verses, and stated his miracles, each according to its method and trends. All that led me to specialize in interpretation. I chose the topic: (Angel of Death in the Holy Quran, An Analytical Study) to learn about it, and what I want in the Holy Quran, and I will study it in an analytical study of clarification and statement.

قد بذل المفسرون الكبار منذ عهد الصحابة الكرام رضي الله عنهم إلى اليوم جهدهم فيسبيل تفسير آيات القرآن، وتوضيح مشكلاته، والكشف عن أسراره، ولم يتركواشاردة ولا واردة إلا أشاروا إليها في تحليل عباراته، وتسويغ تركيب آيهِ، وبيانموطن إعجازه، كل بحسب منهجه واتجاهاته، سواء منهم الأصولي أم العقلي أمالعِرفاني. كل ذلك دفعني إلى أن أتخصص في التفسير، وقد اخترتُ موضوع:(مَلَكُ المَوتِ فِي القُرآن الكريم، دراسة تحليلية) لنتعرف عليه، وماذا أُريد به فيالقرآن الكريم، وسوف أدرسه دراسة تحليلية لما في الدراسة التحليلية من التوضيحوالبيان.


Article
Post-Mortem Assessment of Glycemic Control in Sudden Diabetic Deaths Using Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c)

Author: Saad kadhum Kareem
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 493-498
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Post-mortem diagnosis of uncontrolled diabetes and its complications remains a common problem due to lack of unequivocal biochemical or histological proof of hyper or hypoglycaemia.In this study we evaluated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as a post-mortem tool to identify uncontrolled diabetes.OBJECTIVE:To assess the use of glycated hemoglobin as an indicator for glycemic control in sudden diabetic deaths.METHODS:A cross-sectional study was carried out in the period from January 2015 to December 2015 on 47 sudden diabetic deaths and 22 natural non diabetic deaths at the Medico-Legal directorate in Baghdad. Information was collected from relatives, medical and police reports. A blood samples were drawn from the right ventricle of the heart of each decedent included in this study during autopsy. Blood was collected into sealed plastic tubes containing EDTA as anticoagulant and stored at 4ᵒc temperature. These samples were analyzed within a period of 48 hours. One micro liter sample of thoroughly mixed whole blood was placed into the glass capillary tube provided in the HbA1c reagent kit and analyzed with variant-Hb- testing system. Data were recorded in the SPSS for window 11.0.RESULTS:The study showed that the mean age group of diabetic sudden death was 50.28+-10.01 while 44.36+-16.11 year was non diabetic sudden death.Male gender was the predominant in both groups (diabetic and non diabetic) 27.30%, 21.30% respectively.%HbA1c was significantly deferred in diabetic and non diabetic group, when it was positive 100% in diabetic group, while it’s negative in non diabetic group (the cut off point is 6.5).Type 2 diabetes was the predominant over type 1 with 59.60% and 40.40% respectively. The main system involved in sudden death in both study groups was the cardiovascular system accounting for 48.94% in diabetic group and 40.91% in control group, with the predominance of ischemic heart disease as the main cause of death in the system involved in both study groups accounting 40.43% for diabetic group and 22.73% for control group.CONCLUSION:HbA1c considered more reliable than post mortem glucose levels and provide guidance in the diagnosis of chronic diabetes mellitus in medico-legal autopsy cases.c

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