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Article
Evaluation of Nurses’ practices provided to the Patients who undergo Open Heart Surgery in Sulaimani center of Heart Diseases (S.C.H.D)
تقويم عمل الممرضين العاملين في مركز أمراض القلب في مدينة السليمانية لمرضى عمليات القلب المفتوح

Authors: Samir Younis Lafi --- SOZ Othman Aziz
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-81
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objectives: To identify the level of practices provided to the patients who undergo open heart surgery, and to find out the relationship between practices and some sociodemographic characteristics such as (age, gender, level of education, marital status, monthly income, and years of employment in heart surgery).Methodology: An evaluative study has been conducted in Center of Heart Disease in Sulaimani city for the period extended from November of 2010 up to the end of October of 2011. To achieve the objectives of the study, a non-probability (purposive) sample of (32) nurses who are present all the nurses working in the center. For the purpose of data collection, an instrument was designed that contain two parts; the first one was include the questionnaire which contain the demographic data, and observational check list. A panel of (18) experts to check the validity, and the data were collected through the use of interview and observational check list. A pilot study was carried out to check the reliability of the check list which is estimated as (r = 0.89). Data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics. Conclusion: Statistical analyzed were revealed that there is significant association between (General physical preparation, pre operative teaching, psychological and environmental) and nurses practices, and there is no statistical association were found between level of practices profile of the nurses and some socio demographic attributes such as (age group; gender; marital status except statistical association was found between years of employment and profile which mean years of experience have an impact nurses practices.Recommendation: The study recommended that nurses should be encouraged to continue their higher study in cardiac nursing, supporting nurses by increasing their monthly salary, arranging special training programs, applied world standardization by giving the patient code or nick name.

ألهدف: تهدف الدراسة الى التعرف على مستوى العناية المقدمة للمرضى اللذين ستجرى لهم عمليات القلب المفتوح، كذلك لإيجاد العلاقة بين عمل الممرضين وبعض خصائصهم الديموغرافية مثل( العمر، الجنس، ، المستوى الثقافي، الحالة الزوجية، والدخل الشهري، كذلك مدة الخدمة في الجراحة القلبية).ألمنهجية: أجريت دراسة تقويمية في مركز أمراض القلب في مدينة السليمانية للمدة من الاول من تشرين الثاني2010 لغاية تشرين الأول2011 ولتحقيق اهداف الدراسة اختيرت عينة غرضيه غير احتمالية مكونة من (32) ممرض شملت جميع الممرضين في مركز القلب المفتوح. ولغرض جمع المعلومات صممت استمارة استبيانيه مكونة من جزئين, شمل الجزء الاول الاستمارة الاستبيانية والمكونة من المعلومات الديموغرافية , وشمل الجزء الثاني على إستمارة رصد. ولصدق الاداة عرضت الاستمارةعلى (18) خبيرا. وبطريقة المقابلة الشخصية مع عينة البحث جمعت المعلومات مع استمارة الرصد. وقد اجريت دراسة استطلاعية وحدد الثبات باستخدام معامل بيرسون وكان(r = 0.89) . وقد حللت المعلومات باستخدم التحليل الوصفي كذلك التحليل الاستنتاجي.ألاستنتاجات: ومن خلال التحليل بينت الدراسة ان هناك علاقة بين التحضيرات (الفيزياوية،العامة،الارشادات ما قبل العملية، التحضيرات النفسية، كذلك البيئة) مع العناية المقدمة قبل العملية. كذلك بينت الدراسة عدم وجود علاقة بين العناية المقدمة للمرضى قبل العملية وبعض الخصائص الديموغرافية مثل( العمر، الجنس، المستوى الثقافي، الحالة الزوجية). عدا وجود علاقة بين عدد سنين الخبرة والعناية المقدمة للمرضى.ألتوصيات:أوصت الدراسة بتشجيع الممرضين لاكمال دراستهم العليا في مجال اختصاص تمريض القلبية، دعم الممرضين بزيادة الدخل الشهري، كذلك تنظيم برامج تدريبية للمرضين، بالاضافة الى تطبيق المعايير الدولية بتزويد المريض بإسم ورقم دخول.


Article
Complications of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Authors: Alaa Mtashar Al-Mansoury --- Yaseen Adeeb Al-Dori --- Bahaa Mohsen Al-Anbary
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 421-427
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is obtained to restore paranasal sinus function which usually will lead to reestablishing the physiologic pattern of ventilation and muco-ciliary clearance.To evaluate the complication of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) after management of different sinonasal diseases and how to deal with these complications ninety patients with different sinonasal diseases who were underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery were seen and evaluated in department of otolaryngology.They had been submitted to clinical and endoscopic examination of the nose.All patients had a coronal and axial CTscan preoperatively, and all procedures were performed under general anesthesia. The extent of surgery was mainly decided depending on the findings in pre-operative CT scan of paranasal sinuses.The main presenting symptoms of patients were nasal obstruction (71.1%), anterior nasal discharge (65.5%), facial pain (63.3%), headache (55.5%), postnasal drip (50%) & hyposmia/anosmia (31.1%). Most of the patients have got partial or complete symptomatic relief. The minor complications of endoscopic sinus surgery occurred in 18 cases (19.97%) which include adhesions (11.1%), minor epistaxis (5.55%), periorbital ecchymosis (2.22%) & infection (1.1%). Major complications occurred in 6 cases (4.27%) which was Major epistaxis (2.22%), CSF leakage (2.22%), Meningitis (1.1%) Pneumocephalus (1.1%).It was concluded that endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is an efficient method for treating different sinonasal diseases and can be performed with success rate to alleviate symptoms with less morbidity especially when there is good clinical and preoperative CT scan assessment with endoscopic sinus surgery training courses and proper hypotensive anaesthesia and good postoperative care.


Article
A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN OSSEOINTEGRATION SUCCESS RATE OF ONE STAGE AND TWO STAGE PROCEDURE IN IMPLANT SURGERY IN BASRAH PROVINCE

Author: Riad G Altaee
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 66-79
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the osseointegration success rate of one stage procedure in comparison with two stage procedure in implant surgery. Eighty patients (28 males, 52 females) received 128 implants, 36 in the mandible and 92 in the maxilla. Fifty nine implants were inserted in the one stage procedure & 69 implants in the two stage procedure. All implants were followed-up for 6 months according to the success criteria (Albrektssons criteria). Total success rate was 97.6%. In the one stage procedure it was 96.6% and 98.5% in the two stage procedure. There was no statistical significant difference between the two procedures. In conclusion, the one stage procedure can be employed as successful alternative to two stage procedure when there is good primary stability and no bone augmentation at the time of implant placement.


Article
Non – Exploration of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve in Thyroid Surgery

Author: Hussain AlwanAl-Obaidy
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2014 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 77-80
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Goiter is a common disease in Iraq and it is more common in the North .The disease is more common in females than in males.For this reason thyroid surgery is a common procedure.Many complications occur during and after surgery such as; bleeding, hypothyroidism, and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.The later complication, although infrequently encountered can cause a lot of suffering to the patient.Objective: The objective of our study is assessing injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve without exploration of the nerve routinely during thyroid surgery. exploration of the nerve done for selected cases where there is increase risk to injury.Patients and method: Prospective study of 400 patients whom underwent different thyroid surgery for different thyroid diseases done by one surgeon from July 1992 to July 2012 in Baquba teaching hospital were analyzed for permanent injury to RLN , when non-exploration of the RLN is the rule.Result: from the 400 cases included in the study only 4 cases (1%) had permanent injury to the RLN, 6 cases (1.5%) had transient injury and no injury in 390 cases (97.5%).Conclusion: Exploration of the RLN is not necessarily to be done routinely during thyroid surgery. We recommend exploration of the nerve in selected thyroid diseases.


Article
Electrosurgery

Author: Riyadh Mohamad Hasan *(MB CHB, CABS)
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-3
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Electrosurgery is the application of a high radio frequency of alternating polarity, electrical current to biological tissue as a means among many functions like cut, coagulate, desiccate, or fulgurate tissue in surgical practice . Many surgeons have faced during their lifetime one or more of the complications of these devices . It is either electrical, laser, ultrasonic and mechanical.


Article
Association of intraocular pressure with cataract surgery
رابطة الضغط داخل العين مع جراحة الساد

Authors: Eman Hussein Alwan --- Ahmed Kareem Joma --- Ahmed Ismail Abdulgani --- Zed Janan Petris
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1310-1315
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cataract and glaucoma are common co-morbidities and are the first and the second leading causes of blindness worldwide. There are many reasons to consider cataract extraction in individuals with cataract. These individuals derive great visual benefit from the increased acuity and improved contrast sensitivity provided by a clear artificial lens. An improvement in vision allows for more accurate visual field monitoring, and a clear optical pathway enhances the quality and reproducibility of optic nerve imaging. This study aimed to determine the association between intraocular pressure with cataract surgery in human eyes by monitoring changes in intraocular pressure in patients who underwent cataract surgery at Hawler Teaching Hospital at Erbil. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 71 subjects that underwent cataract surgery at Hawler Teaching Hospital at Erbil city from April 2013 to April 2014. Full ophthalmic examination including intraocular pressure measurement was done to every participant before cataract surgery, one week and one month after surgery.Results: Paired samples t-test showed highly significance difference (P <0.001) between mean intraocular pressure measurements before, one week and one month after cataract surgery. The average decrease in postoperative intraocular pressure from preoperative intraocular pressure during one month was 2.02mm Hg (12.39%).Conclusion: Cataract surgery reduces intraocular pressure and can be considered as an effective way to manage patients with a concurrence of glaucoma and cataracts.

Basrah Journal of Surgery
مجلة البصرة الجراحية

ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة
Subject: Surgery

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Abstract

Basrah Journal of Surgery Editor-in- chief Prof. Thamer A. Hamdan, FRCS Prof. Salam N. Asfar, MSc Information Administrator Dr. Jasim M. Salman, MB,ChB, DA, FICMS Associate Editors Dr. Hashim S. Khayat, FRCS Prof. Mazin H. Al-Hawaz, CABS, FRCS Prof. Zeki A. Al-Faddagh, CABS, FRCS Prof. Issam Merdan CABS, FICMS Assist. Prof. Ali A. Alshawi, FFDRCSI, FDSRCS Assist. Prof. Mazin Abdulsattar, CABS Dr. Zuhair Al-Barazanchi, MSc, PhD National Advisory Board Prof. Ahmad M Al-Abbasi, FRCS Prof. Abdulla M. Jawad, PhD Dr. Hasan K. Muhamed, FRCS Assist. Prof. Tahir A Hawrami, DS, CABS Assist. Prof. Farhad K. Sulayvani, CABS Prof. Hassan J Hasony, MPhil, PhD Prof. Nadhim K. Mahdi, PhD International Advisory Board Dr. Majeed H Alwan, FRCS, New Zealand Dr. Luay P Susan, MD, Cleveland, Ohio, USAProf. Stewart L Weinstein, MD, USA, Former president AAOSDr. Robert W Buchoiz, MD, USA, Former President AAOSDr. Cody Bünger, MD, USA, President SICOTDr. Scott A Hoffinger, MD, Oakland, CA, USADr. Sebastian Gitter, Dr.med. Biberach, GermanyDr. Alec Benjamin, FRCS, UKProf. W Al-Ma’ani, MD, JordanProf. K Fathie, MD, FACS, USAProf. Hikmat Jamil, MD, PhD, USAProf. Wajdy L Haillo, MD, PhD, USAMr. David Gallaway, PhD, FRCSDr. Rick Wilkerson, MD, USADr. Sabri Shukur, FDSRS, USAProf. Gary Selnow, USADr. John Howe, USADr. Karim A Shaikley, MD, USADr. John Chalmers, FRCS, UKDr. J Frazer, MD, USADr. M Zayer, MD, SwedenDr. S Al-Bodur, MD, Jordan Administrative Secretary Ms. Elham AltomaMs. Salima J Sa’adInstructions to AuthorsBasrah Journal of Surgery publishes original articles, review articles, leading articles and case reports; all manuscripts are submitted to editorial review. Authors are requested to send two copies of their articles and other editorial material to:The EditorBasrah Journal of Surgery, Dept. of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Basrah. IRAQ.salamasfar@yahoo.com OR basjsurg95@yahoo.com An article is reviewed for publication on the understanding that the work it reports has not been submitted simultaneously to another journal, has not been accepted for publication by another journal, has not been accepted for publication by another journal nor has it been already published. Any such attempt, when detected, will result in automatic rejection and may prejudice acceptance of future contributions. The articles and their illustrations become property of the journal. The editorial board does not necessarily agree with views expressed by the authors. A covering letter must accompany all submissions and must be signed by all authors. The first named author is responsible for ensuring that all authors have seen and approved the manuscript and are fully conversant with its contents. Authors should consult “uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals” produced by the international committee of medical Journal Editors and published in the British Medical Journal, 6 February 1988, 401-5. Only manuscripts, which comply with this, the Vancouver style, will be considered. The text of the articles is usually divided into sections with the headings, Summary (abstract), Introduc-tion, Methods, Results and Discussion. Long articles may need subheadings within some sections to clarify its content. Two good quality plain paper copies of all written and tubular material should be submitted. The manuscript must be typed double-spaced with a minimum of 3cm margins on A4 paper (210 × 297 mm) in the following order: 1.Title page with name of the author(s). The appointment of each author at the time of performance of the work reported should be mentioned; if an author has since moved then his new address is to be added as footnote. Authors names should be mentioned up to six, if there are more authors then the first three are mentioned followed by “et al.”.2.Summary should be concise, complete in itself and outline the aim, results and conclusions of the paper. Randomized controlled trials should be identified.3.The text of all articles should be short and to the point.4.References should be numbered according to their sequence in the text and not alphabetically. They should be written down in compliance with Vancouver style; i.e.A)Journal: Ferguson AJ, Mazier WP, Ganchrow MI, Friend WG. The closed technique of haemorrhoidectomy. Surgery 1971; 70: 480.B)Book: Golgberg SM, Nivato-vongs S, Rothenberger DA, Colon, Rectum and Anus. In: Schwartz SI, Shire GT, Spencer FC, eds. Principles of surgery. 4th ed. Singapore: MacGraw Hill; 1984.5.Tables should be separately typed each on one sheet and must have a Roman identifying number and a short descriptive title. 6.Illustrations should be submitted in duplicate. Photographs must be of the highest professional quality. Original line drawings may be sent instead of photographs. Never write on the front or back of drawing or photographs.7.Pagination, all pages should be numbered in the sequence, title page, summary, text, acknowledgment, references, tables and legends for illustrations.8.Abbreviations should be limited in the text. Terms, which are mentioned frequently, may be abbreviated, and clearly defined on first use. 9.Statistical analysis should include a clear description of which methods were used for which analysis. Results of statistical tests should be reported by stating the value of the test statistic, the number of degrees of freedom and the P value. For example, t=1.34, 16 d.f., p=0.2. There should also be an indication whether the results were statistically significant or not.10.It is preferable to provide the manuscript on a compact disc using MS Word 2003 version.Checklist for authors1-Covering letter.2-Two copies of the article.3-Writing style according to the Vancouver style.4-Tables, graphs and legends for the photos each on separate sheet of paper.5-A copy of the article on a compact disc. AnnouncementThe editorial board would like to inform our readers that the journal has been included in the Index Medicus for the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR) starting from the March, 1999 issue (Vol.5, No.1). This issue as well as all forthcoming issues of the journal will appear in WHO/EMRO web site on the Internet at the address http://www.who.sci.eg The journal was also included in the collection of the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland starting from the same issue (i.e. Vol.5, No. 1) as we were informed by the National Institutions of Health in their letter dated February 2, 2000. Website: http://basjsurge.com email: basjsurg95@yahoo.comMobile: 009647801061850 Editor 009647801018133 Information Administratorمجلة البصرة الجراحية 2015

مجلة البصرة الجراحية تصدر عن كلية الطب جامعة البصرة تعنى بنشر البحوث الطبية.

Keywords

Basrah --- Journal --- Surgery


Article
One stage surgery using subtrochanteric osteotomy versus two stage surgery using supracondylar femoral derotation osteotomy in treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip joint for older children
علاج خلع الورك الولادي بالجراحة بواسطة استخدام قص أعلى عظم الفخذ بمرحلة واحدة خلافا لقص أسفل عظم الفخد بمرحلتين.

Author: Ali A. Ahmed Al-Iedan د.علي عبدالله العيدان
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 68-74
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Background: The one stage surgery of open reduction and subtrochantric femoral osteotomy with or without pelvic osteotomy, has been an accepted method of treatment of congenital hip dislocation in older children. This approach obtains predictable reduction and results in a low rate of osteonecrosis despite the higher rate of operative and postoperative morbidity like prolonged anesthesia time, large incisions and more immediate postoperative complications. Two-stage surgery might, therefore, help in avoiding the above-cited disadvantages.Aim of the study: Is to compare the results obtained by using either one-stage surgery by subtrochanteric or two-stage surgery by supracondylar femoral derotational osteotomies in the management of developmental dysplasia of the hip joint.Patients and Methods: This is a randomized controlled trial involving children under the age of 2.5 years with developmental dysplasia of the hip and attending Basrah General Hospital between December 2010 till August 2012. Thorough clinical examination and laboratory investigations were done for all the patients and only 30 patients with 39 dislocated hips whom did not require femoral shortening and need >10-15 degrees of acetabular roof index correction using pelvic osteotomy were included in this study. Each patient was randomly allocated into one of the two surgical procedures; procedure A was one-stage surgery and procedure B was two-staged surgery. At the end of the study period, a total of 30 patients under the age of 2.5 years were recruited for this study, 16 patients underwent procedure A and another 14 underwent procedure B. The patients were followed-up for 12-18 months and evaluated clinically & radiologicaly depending on McKay and Severin’s clinical and radiological criteria respectively.Results: Thirty patients with 39 dislocated hips were managed. Patients age ranged from 1.5 to 2.5 years; all of them were females having no associated skeletal anomaly. The outcome of one-stage surgery showed better clinical (78.9%) and radiological results (88.8%) in comparison to two-stage surgery which showed 45% clinical and 70% radiological results, however, the time of technical procedure and other morbidities for example; risk of infection (20%), preoperative blood transfusion (100%), respiratory distress (13.5%) were relatively greater in one-stage surgery. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that one-stage operation resulted in better joint realignment, without increasing risk of avascular necrosis, and more hip joint physiological and anatomical remodeling affinities, despite of its prolonged time and more rate of immediate postoperative morbidity. While in the two-staged surgery, the clinical and radiological outcomes were less successful than those with one-stage operation, though immediate postoperative morbidities were less.

الخلفية: الجراحة بمرحلة واحدة لعلاج خلع الورك الولادي باستخدام قص أعلى عظم الفخذ مع أو بدون قص عظم الحوض، وكان وسيلة مقبولة لعلاج خلع الورك الخلقي في الأطفال الأكبر سنا. هذا النهج يحصل على تخفيض و نتائج يمكن التنبؤ بها في انخفاض معدل تنخر العظم على الرغم من ارتفاع معدل الإصابة بالأمراض بعد العملية الجراحية لفترة طويلة مثل وقت التخدير، وجروح كبيرة و مضاعفات ما بعد الجراحة أكثر إلحاحا.في هذه الدراسة، نقسم إجراءات علاج هذه الحالة إلى مرحلتين بدلا من مرحلة واحدة.هدف الدراسة: لمقارنة النتائج التي تم الحصول عليها باستخدام الجراحة إما مرحلة واحدة عن طريق الجراحة تحت المدور (أعلى عظم الفخذ) أو مرحلتين بواسطة قص و تدوير عظم الفخذ فوق اللقمة (أسفل عظم الفخذ) في علاج خلع مفصل الورك الولادي.المرضى وطرق العلاج: هذه دراسة عشوائية تشتمل الأطفال أقل من ثلاث سنوات من العمر مع خلع الورك و اللذين راجعوا مستشفى البصرة العام في الفترة بين ديسمبر 2010 وحتى اغسطس 2012 وأجريت الفحوصات السريرية لجميع المرضى وفقط 30 مريض الذين يعانون من خلع الورك من 39 مريض الذي لا تتطلب تقصير الفخذ وجميعهم بحاجة > 10 الى-15 درجة من تصحيح السقف الحقي باستخدام قص عظم الحوض تم تضمينهم في هذه الدراسة.كل مريض اختير عشوائيا إلى واحدة من اثنين من العمليات الجراحية؛ الإجراءآ: الذي هو الجراحة مرحلة واحدة و إجراء ب: الذي هو الجراحة بمرحلتين. في نهاية فترة الدراسة، وشملت ما مجموعه 30 مريضا تحت سن 2.5 سنة في الدراسة، خضع 15 مريض لإجراء آ و 15 مريضا خضع لإجراء ب.تمت متابعة المرضى لمدة 12 الى-18 شهرا وتقييمها سريريا وإشعاعيا اعتمادا على تقييم مكاي و المعايير السريرية والإشعاعية في تقييم سيفيرين على التوالي.النتائج: أدرج الثلاثون مريض الذين يعانون من 39 خلع مفصل الورك ،كان المرضى تتراوح أعمارهم 1.5-الى2.5 سنوات ، وجميعهم من الإناث مع عدم وجود أي شذوذ في الهيكل العظمي . وأظهرت نتائج الجراحة بمرحلة واحدة نتائج أفضل بالمقارنة مع الجراحة على مرحلتين ، ومع ذلك وقت الإجراء التقني و الحالات المرضية ألاخرى على سبيل المثال؛ خطر الالتهاب، وخطورة نقل الدم، و ضيق في التنفس وكانت أكبر نسبيا في الجراحة بمرحلة واحدة.الاستنتاج: ويستنتج من نتائج هذه الدراسة أن العملية بمرحلة واحدة أسفرت عن أفضل إعادة لتشكيل مفصل الورك، ومعدلات أقل لتنخر رأس عظم الفخذ بسبب نقص التغذية الدموية، على الرغم من اخذ وقت أكثر وكثره الاعتلالات بعد الجراحة على الفور. بينما في الجراحة بمرحلتين كانت النتائج السريرية والشعاعية أقل من تلك التي مع عملية بمرحلة واحدة ، على الرغم من قله الاعتلالات المرضية بعد الجراحة على الفور.


Article
Robotic Surgery and Tele-Surgery: A Review Article

Author: Raad Fadhil Al-Rubaey
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: XVI-XXIV
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Objective: To highlight the history, development, and current applications of robotics in surgery.Background: Surgical robotics is a recent technology that holds a significant promise. Robotic surgery is often regarded as the new revolution, and it is one of the most talked about subjects in surgery today. Up to this moment, however, the need to develop and obtain robotic technology has been largely driven by the market. There is no doubt that they will become an important tool in the surgical pyramid, but the extent of their use is still evolving and totally dependent on the standard of development of human being.Methods: A review of the literature was undertaken using internet and medical literatures . Articles describing the history and development of surgical robots were identified as were articles reporting data on applications.Results: Several centers are currently using surgical robots and publishing data. Most of these early studies report that robotic surgery is feasible. There is, however, a paucity of data regarding costs and benefits of robotics versus conventional techniques.Conclusions: Regarding its global use , robotic surgery is still in its infancy. Its current practical uses are mostly confined to smaller percentage of surgical procedures worldwide .Robotic surgery is a new and exciting emerging technology that is taking the surgical profession by storm. Up to this point, however, the race to acquire and incorporate this emerging technology has primarily been driven by the market. In addition, surgical robots have become the entry fee for centers wanting to be known for excellence in minimally invasive surgery despite the current lack of practical applications. Therefore, robotic devices seem to have more of a marketing role than a practical role. Whether or not robotic devices will grow into a more practical role remains to be seen. Our goal in writing this review is to provide an objective evaluation of this technology and to touch on some of the subjects that manufacturers of robots do not readily disclose. In this article we discuss the development and evolution of robotic surgery, review current robotic systems, review the current data, discuss the current role of robotics in surgery, and finally we discuss the possible roles of robotic surgery in the future. It is our hope that by the end of this article the reader will be able to make a more informed imagination bout robotic surgery than before reading.

الهدف: تسليط الضوء على تاريخ ,التطور وتطبيقات العصر الحالي للجراحة الالية وجراحة التحكم عن بعد لاغناء الكوادر الطبية باساسياتها ومستجداتها.الخلفية: الجراحة الالية هي مستجد تقني يوعد بالكثير من الامل ولحد هذة اللحظة لايوجد شك في ان هذا المجال سيصبح ادات اساسية في تشكيل الهرم الجراحي المستقبلي.الطريقة: مراجعة المصادر الطبية وشبكة الانرنيت والمقالات التي تعنى بهذا المجال وتطبيقاتها العملية وتحديد فوائدة من عدمها ودراسة تطبيقاته الجراحية الحالية .النتائج: هنالك مراكز عديدة تستخدم الجراح الالي للاجراء تداخلات الجراحية البسيطة منها والمعقدة لنشر معلومات موثقة عن الموضوع والنتائج الاولية تشير الى ان هنالك قلة في المعلومات في ما يخص الكلفة والفوائد بصورة متيقنه بالنسبة للجراح الالي مقارنة بالجراحة الاعتيادية ولكن مما لا شك فيه ان الجراحة الالية وجراحة التحكم عن بعد هي باتساع مستمر وفي طريقها الى ان تثبت نفسها كبديل ناجح للجراحة الاعتيادية. وسرعة تقدمها يعتمد بصوره اساسيه على مدى تقدم البنى التحتيه للبلد .الاستنتاج: عالميا الجراحة الالية مازالت في مرحلة الطفولة والاستعمالات الجارية هي في اتساع من العمليات البسيطة الى العمليات المعقدة ولكن لحد هذه اللحظة فان العامل المحدد للسرعة في انتشار هذا النوع الجراحة يعتمد بصورة اساسية على السوق التقني والكلفة العالمية لهذه الجراحة علما بانه فيما يخص الجراحه العامه فان هنالك الكثير من العمليات تجرى حاليا في المراكز العالمية مثل رفع المرارة , وطي الطرف الفؤادي للمعدة , وعمليات السمنة , وعمليات الاورام . كلها تجرى حاليا بواسطة الجراحة الالي وبصورة امينة.


Article
Transcanalicular laser dacryocystorhinostomy

Author: Abdulhameed A. Hassan عبد الحميد حسن
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit مجلة تكريت الطبية ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2015 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 68-74
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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