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Article
Impact of an Education Training program upon Nurse-Midwives Practices Concerning First Stage of Labor.

Authors: Eman Abdel-Razak Jaber --- Rabea M. Ali
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2012 Volume: 2 Issue: 3 Pages: 49-55
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background: Delivery by a skilled birth attendant (nurse -midwives) as an indicator of progress towards reducingmaternal mortality worldwide ( the fifth Millennium Development Goal) Aim: The aim of this study is to identifythe impact of training education program applied on nurse-midwife practice concerning care during first stage oflabor in labor room. Method: A quasi-experimental design conducted on non-probability (purposive) sample of fiftytwo nurse- midwives selected during period from 3th August to 10th November 2011. The study is conducted at thefour hospital of Ministry of Health (Baghdad health directorate in Al-Karhk and Al-Risafa) sector. Thequestionnaire form is consisted of three parts which included demographic data, knowledge concerning practiceduring First stage of labor, practice checklist. Content validity and reliability of the questionnaire determinedthrough a pilot study, descriptive and inferential statistics are used to analyze the data. Results: Results of the studyshowed that the highest percentage (44.2%) were in age group of 30-39 years, midwifery school graduateand(42.3% )of them had 1-10 years of work experience in midwifery. There were low and moderate means in mostitems related to the practices of nurse-midwives regarding first stage of labor in pre-test and assessed as (partial)while there were high mean scores in all items, and assessed Pass in posttest after the implementation of the trainingeducation program with high statistical significant. Conclusion: The study found there were low and moderatemeans in most items related to the practices of nurse-midwives regarding the care during first stage of labor in pretestand while there were high mean scores in all items, and assessed Pass in posttest after the implementation of thetraining education program with high statistical significant. Recommendation: establishment of clinical practicestandards according to the WHO, development of continuing education programs, establishes a baccalaureate degreeprogram in midwifery.

الولاده بواسطة مولده ماھره (ممرضھ- قابلھ) تعتبر كمؤشر باتجاه التقدم في تقلیل نسبة وفیات الامھات عالمیا(الھدف الخامس من الالفیھ الانمائیھ).الھدف: تھدف الدراسة التعرف على إثر برنامج تعلیمي تدریبي یطبق على الممرضات القابلات فیما یتعلق بالعنایھ خلال الدور الاول من الولادهالمنھجیة : دراسة شبھ تجریبیھ، تم اختیار عینة غیر احتمالیة (عمدیة) لاثنان وخمسین قابلھ- ممرضھ خلال الفترة من 3 اب إلى 10 تشرین الاول( 2011 . وتم إجراء الدراسة في وزارة الصحة ( دائرة صحة بغداد الكرخ والرصافة ) في اربع مستشفیات . تكونت الاستمارة الاستبیانیة من ( 3 /أجزاء تشمل الخصائص الدیموغرافیة و معارف الممرضات القابلات فیما یتعلق بالعنایھ خلال الدور الاول من اللولاده وقائمة الممارسات، و تم تحدیدصدق المحتوى وثبات الاستمارة الاستبیانیة من خلال دراسة استطلاعیة واستخدام تحلیل الإحصاء الوصفي والاستنتاجي في تحلیل البیانات. النتائج:39 سنة) ومتخرجات من اعدادیة القبالھ وان( - تشیر نتائج الدراسة إن أعلى نسبة( 44.2 %) من أفراد عینة الدراسة تتراوح أعمارھن بین ( 3010 )سنھ خبره في مھنة القبالھ و متوسطات ضعیفھ ومتوسطھ في معلوماتھن وممارستاھن فیما یتعلق بالعنایھ خلال الدور الاول - %42.3 ) لدیھن ( 1في الاختبار القبلي بینما ھناك ارتفاع في متوسط وممارساتھن بعد تطبیق البرنامج وبدلالھ اجصائیھ عالیھ 0ھناك علاقة ذات دلالة إحصائیة بین معارفالقابلات –الممرضات في العنایھ خلال الدور الاول وعنوانھن الوظیفي .وسنوات العمل والدورات التدریبیة التوصیات: توصي الدراسة باستحداثمقیاس عملي وفق معاییر منظمة الصحھ العالمیھ ،تطویر برنامج التعلیم المستمر ، استحداث برنامج لدرجة البكلوریوس في القبالھ


Article
Awareness and Practices of Breast Self-Examination Among A Sample of Women from Baghdad
ادراك وممارسات الفحص الذاتي للثدي لدى عينة من النساء من بغداد

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and practices of breast self-examination among a sample of Iraqi women.Methods: A sample of 300 women whose aged 16-53 years was subjected to a questionnaire designed according to clinic exit interview for the period from 1st November 2004 to 30th April 2005.Results: The study revealed that the percentage of women practicing breast self-examination is 32% and there was a significant relation between breast self-examination practice and the presence of warning signs.Key words: Breast, Self-examination, Awareness, Practice

الهدف: دراسة معرفة وممارسات الفحص الذاتي للثدي لدى عينة من النساء العراقيات.طريقة البحث: أخذت عينة من 300 إمراة عراقية تتراوح اعمارهن بين 16-53 سنة وخضعت هذه العينة الى الاستبيان للفترة من الاول من تشرين الثاني 2004 ولغاية الثلاثين من نيسان 2005.النتائج: بينت الدراسة ان نسبة النساء اللاتي يقمن باجراء الفحص الذاتي للثدي هو 32%. وهناك علاقة احصائية معتدة بين ممارسة الفحص الذاتي للثدي ووجود علامات تحذيرية.


Article
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Tuberculosis: Community-based study in Al-Anbar Governorate; Iraq
المعارف والمفاهيم والممارسات حول مرض التدرن: دراسة مجتمعية في محافظة الانبار-العراق

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Abstract

Abstract:Background: The Iraqi National TB Program (NTP) implemented Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) in all 15 of Iraq’s southern governorates in 2000. However, the tuberculosis (TB) case detection rate in Iraq continues to lag behind the WHO target of >70%. The assessment of a population’s current knowledge, attitudes, and practices to TB provides a basis for developing an informed outreach program. This study provides that essential information, as a first step in rebuilding Iraq’s post-conflict TB surveillance and care systems.Objectives: The study aimed to explore TB knowledge, attitudes and practices in Al-Anbar Governorate, Iraq.Subjects & Methods: A community-based cluster study conducted in October 2008, within the seven main sectors of Al-Anbar Governorate. After receiving informed verbal consent, subjects were directly interviewed one subject per household via a pre-tested, written questionnaire. Questionnaires were filled covering the three aspects of TB (knowledge, attitude & practice) for each selected participant.Results: Completed surveys were obtained from 692 subjects, 10.6% of them met study criteria for having good knowledge of TB, they were more frequent health care seekers (p<0.001), although more likely to be dissatisfied with the availability of medicine and equipment at health clinics (p<0.001), with higher percentages of them felt that TB affects relationship with friends (p<0.001), family (p=0.039) and work performance (p=0.036). Community members from a wide-range of socioeconomic and educational levels require information about TB.Key words: TB, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Iraq.

المقدمة: نفذ البرنامج الوطني للتدرن في العراق برنامج العلاج القصير الأمد تحت الإشراف المباشر (DOTS) في المحافظات الوسطى والجنوبية في العام 2000 ومع ذلك فقد بقي معدل كشف حالات التدرن متأخراً عن الهدف المحدد من قبل منظمة الصحة العالمية (70% من الحالات المتوقعة). إن تقييم معارف ومفاهيم وممارسات الناس الحالية يمكن أن يوفر الأساس لتطوير برنامج شمولي متكامل. وهذه الدراسة تقدم معلومات أساسية كخطوة أولى لإعادة بناء نظام رعاية وتقصي معتبر لمرض التدرن.الأهداف: تهدف الدراسة لاستكشاف معارف ومفاهيم وممارسات المواطنين في محافظة الانبار.طريقة الدراسة: اعتمدت الدراسة أسلوب استطلاع معارف ومفاهيم وممارسات المواطنين في سبعة أقضية في محافظة الانبار في شهر تشرين الأول 2008، تم إعداد استبيان تفصيلي تمت على أثره مقابلة الأشخاص المشمولين بالدراسة وبمعدل شخص واحد من كل بيت وشمل الاستبيان معلومات تفصيلية عن المجالات الثلاثة المذكورة (معارف ،مفاهيم وممارسات).النتائج: أظهرت الدراسة ان 10.6% من الناس المستطلعين لديهم الحد المقبول من المعارف المطلوبة حول مرض التدرن حيث إنهم أكثر طلباً للعناية الصحية، بالرغم من كونهم غير مقتنعين بمستوى الخدمات والأدوية والتجهيزات في المؤسسات الصحية كما ان نسبة عالية منهم تشعر أن التدرن يؤثر سلباً على علاقات المريض بأصدقائه وعائلته ويؤثر أيضا على مستوى الأداء في عمله مما يقتضي الحاجة إلى التوعية الجماهيرية لمختلف الفئات في المجتمع وعلى مختلف المستويات التعليمية و الاجتماعية.

Keywords

TB --- Knowledge --- Attitude --- Practice --- Iraq.


Article
Effectiveness of Nursing Education Program on Nurses Practices Toward Arrhythmia in Kirkuk's Teaching Hospitals
فعالية برنامج تعليم التمريض على ممارسات الممرضات نحو اضطراب ضربات القلب في المستشفيات التعليمية في كركوك

Authors: Salah M S. Hassan --- Hakima S. Hassan
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 220-230
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of nursing educational program on nurse's practice toward arrhythmia in Kirkuk's teaching hospitalsMethodology: A quasi-experimental design was carried out at Azady and Kirkuk teaching hospitals from 17th January, 2011 to 10th of Jun, 2012. The program and instruments constructed were developed by the researcher to measure the purpose of the study. Purposive sample comprised of (80) nurses was divided into two groups, study group consisted of (40) nurses exposed to the nursing educational program and control group consisted of (40) nurses were not exposed to the program. The measurement of effectiveness of nursing educational program through the observational checklist includes (25) items concerning ECG. Reliability of instrument was determined through the use of test and retest and the instrument validity was determined through a panel of experts.Results: The results of the study showed that the effectiveness of educational program regarding nurses' practice toward arrhythmia is a positive and clear. It is also shows that there is good improvement with highly significant differences in study group in overall main domains related to nurses' practice Conclusion: the majority of nurses’ has un satisfactory knowledge and practice toward Arrhythmia before implementation of educational program and after applying it, there were improvement.Recommendation: The study recommended that an educational program can be designed and constructed for nurses through the program ,an emphasis can be directed and oriented in ECG toward arrhythmias ,the nurses can be encouraged for being participated in a special training programs designed and constructed to fulfill the nurses needs concerning defects and limitation in their practices and collaborative work can be issued between the ministry of health and higher education to provide such program.

هدف الدراسة تقويم اثر البرنامج التمريضي التثقيفي على ممارسات الملاك التمريضي ازاء عدم انتظام ضربات القلب في المستشفيات التعليمية في مدينة كركوك. طريقة ألبحث : اجريت دراسة شبه تجريبية في مستشفيات آزادي , كركوك التعليمية للفترة من 17 كانون الثاني 2011 إلى 10 حزيران 2012. تم بناء وتطوير البرنامج والأداة من قبل ا لباحث لغرض انجاز الدراسة. عينة الدراسة عينة غرضيه تكونت من(80) من الملاك التمريضي قسمت العينة إلى مجموعتين, مجموعة الدراسة وتكونت من(40) من الملاك التمريضي استلموا البرنامج التعليمي ومجموعة ضابطة تكونت من(40(من الملاك التمريضي لم يستلموا البرنامج التعليمي. لقياس اثر برنامج التعليمي على ممارسات الملاك التمريضي استخدم الباحث استمارة رصد للممارسات التمريضية المتعلقة بورقة تخطيط القلب الكهربائي المتضمنة (25) فقرة. تم تحديد ثبات اداة القياس من خلال الاختبار وإعادة الاختبار وتحديد مصداقية الاداة من خلال مجموعة الخبراء.النتائج :اظهرت نتائج الدراسة اثر ايجابي وواضح للبرنامج على ممارسات الملاك التمريضي ازاء اضطراب نظم القلب . وأظهرت نتائج الدراسة ايضا بان هناك تحسن جيد مع وجود اختلافات ذات دلالة معنوية عالية في مجموعة الدراسة بين الاختبار القبلي والاختبار البعدي في الجوانب الرئيسية التي لها علاقة بفقرات الممارسات التمريضية . الاستنتاج: أغلب الممرضين كانت لديهم معلومات زممارسات غير كافية قبل اجراء البرنامج التثقيفي وزادت بعد اجراء البرنامج التثقيفي.التوصيات: اوصت الدراسة بتصميم وبناء برنامج تعليمي للملاك التمريضي حيث يتم من خلال البرنامج التأكيد على توجيههم وتعريفهم على قراءة تخطيط القلب الكهربائي ازاء اضطرابات نظم القلب, وتشجيع الملاك التمريضي للمشاركة في برامج تدريبية لتغطية حاجاتهم المختلفة المتعلقة بالإخفاقات والمعوقات لممارساتهم وإقامة علاقات تعاونية مابين وزارة الصحة والتعليم العالي لتهيئة هذا البرنامج


Article
Effectiveness Of Nursing Educational Program Upon The Nurses Practices Concerning Electrocardiographic Procedural Errors In Missan Governorate.
تأثير البرنامج التثقيفي التمريضي على ممارسات الملاك التمريضي إزاء الأخطاء في إجراء تخطيط القلب الكهربائي في محافظة ميسان

Authors: Aqeel Azeez Arrar Nasser --- Hakema Shaker Hassan
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2014 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 176-182
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an educational programme on the practices of the nursing staff concerning the electrocardiographic procedural errors in Missan governorate.Methodology: An experimental design was carried out at Qalat Salih general hospital from 3rd February, 2013 to 26th of June, 2013. The program and instruments were constructed by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Random sample comprised of (60) nurses was divided into two groups, study group consisted of (30) nurses exposed to the nursing educational program and control group consisted of (30) nurses were not exposed to the program. The measurement of effectiveness of nursing educational program through the observational checklist includes (30) items concerning nurses' practice in preparation the ECG machine, location of limb leads and precordial electrodes placement and nursing intervention. Reliability of instrument was determined through the use of test and retest and the instrument validity was determined through a panel of experts. The analysis of the data was used descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, weighted and the arithmetic mean and standard deviation) and statistical inferential (sufficiently relative test, Fisher test, chi square and Levin test) In order to find the differences between the study group and the control groupResults: The study findings indicated that there were highly significant differences between pre and post tests in the study group in overall main domains related to nurses' practiceConclusion: The study concluded that the effectiveness of educational program regarding nurses' practice concerning the electrocardiographic procedural errors is a positive and clear Recommendation: The nurses staff can be encouraged and motivation for being participated in the special training programs and conference with leading ECG specialists who have long experience in teaching ECG procedure to fulfill the nurses needs concerning defects and limitation in their practices.

هدف الدراسة تقييم تأثير البرنامج التمريضي التثقيفي على ممارسات الملاك التمريضي إزاء الأخطاء في إجراء تخطيط القلب الكهربائي في محافظة ميسان. طريقة البحث : اجريت الدراسة شبه التجريبية في مستشفى قلعة صالح العام في محافظة ميسان للفترة من 3 شباط 2013 لغاية 26حزيران 2013 وتم بناء البرنامج والأداة من قبل الباحث لغرض انجاز الدراسة تم اختيار عينة عشوائية تكونت من (60) ممرض وممرضة وقسمت العينة إلى مجموعتين, مجموعة الدراسة المنفذ عليها البرنامج التعليمي وتكونت من (30) ممرض وممرضة ومجموعة ضابطة تكونت من(30( ممرض وممرضة لم تتلقى البرنامج ولقياس تأثير البرنامج التعليمي على ممارسات الملاك التمريضي استعمل الباحث استمارة رصد للممارسات التمريضية المتعلقة بتحضير المريض لجهاز تخطيط القلب الكهربائي وموضع الأقطاب الطرفية والصدرية والإجراءات التمريضية والمتضمنة (30) فقرة وتم تحديد ثبات اداة القياس من خلال الاختبار وإعادة الاختبار و حددت مصداقية الاداة من خلال عرضها على مجموعة من الخبراء، و تم استخدام)الإحصاء الوصفي (التكرارات والنسب المئوية، الوزن المرجح والوسط الحسابي والانحراف المعياري) والإحصاء الاستدلالي ( الكفاية النسبية اختبار فيشر اختبار مربع كاي ، اختبار ليفين وذلك لإيجاد الاختلافات بين مجموعة الدراسة والمجموعة الضابطةالنتائج أشارت نتائج الدراسة بوجود فروقات ذات دلالة معنوية عالية لمجموعة الدراسة بين الاختبار القبلي والاختبار البعدي في الجوانب الرئيسية التي لها علاقة بفقرات الممارسات التمريضية الاستنتاج:استنتجت الدراسة بان هناك تأثير ايجابي للبرنامج التثقفي المنفذ على اداء الملاك التمريضي إزاء الأخطاء إثناء إجراء تخطيط القلب الكهربائيالتوصيات تشجيع الملاك التمريضي وتحفيزه للمشاركة في البرامج التدريبية والمؤتمرات التي تقام من قبل المختصين في تخطيط القلب الذين لديهم الخبرة الكبيرة في مجال تعليم تخطيط القلب ُ لتلبية حاجاتهم المختلفة المتعلقة بالإخفاقات والمعوقات لممارساتهم.


Article
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF MOTHERS TOWARDS TYPHOID FEVER DISEASE

Authors: Rasha K. Jabar رشا خزعل جبار --- Taha N. Sadeq طه نوري صادق
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2017 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 71-77
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Background:Typhoid fever is endemic in Iraq. Hot weather and the frequent interruptions of electricity and water supply during the summer months have resulted in increased incidence. Increased health and disease awareness and improved attitude of residents do indeed reduce the prevalence of typhoid.Objective:To assess the mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice on typhoid fever.Methods:A cross sectional study was conducted at Al-Kadhimiya Pediatrics Hospital. Data collection took place from 10th April 2015 till 20th October 2015. Sample size was (267). Sampling method was based on convenience method. P value <0.05 was considered significant. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software version 20.Results:Sample size was 267 (N=267). Only 1 (0.4%) of the mothers had low score, 54 (20.2%) of the mothers had average score, 147 (55.1%) of the mothers had good score, 65 (24.3%) of the mothers had very good score. There was a weak, positive correlation between age of mothers in years and overall knowledge, attitude and practice score, a weak, negative correlation between number of children and overall knowledge, attitude and practice score. Also, there was statistically significant association between mothers’ educational levels and their knowledge, attitude and practice category. A statistically significant association between mothers’ occupational status and their knowledge, attitude and practice category was found.Conclusion:There are wide spread wrong beliefs about typhoid fever in relation to exposure to sunlight.Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, practice, typhoid fever

Keywords

Knowledge --- attitude --- practice --- typhoid fever


Article
Infant Sleep Practice and Sleep Environment in Erbil City

Author: Mamoon M. Qasim*, Abbas Abdulkader Alrabaty
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 298-303
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome is a common cause of infant mortality below age of one year, and it is of unknown cause, but simple protective measures in the infant sleep practice and sleep environment can dramatically reduce its occurrence.OBJECTIVE: To study infants sleep environment and sleep practice in Erbil city.METHODS: This was an observational cross sectional study, random sample of 100 mother-infant pairs aged between 1 and 8 months were interviewed face to face using a questioner about infant sleep practice and sleep environment in relation to SIDS risk factors.RESULTS: In this study most Risky infant sleep practice detected were: lateral sleep position 39%,face covering 22%,bed sharing 42%,soft mattress 68%,bottle feeding 40% and smoke exposure 47%,the mothers had little knowledge about SIDS and no recommendations was given to them about safe infant sleep.CONCLUSION:There is a need to increase mothers' awareness about SIDS by public education by the health personnel at the neonatal care units and the primary health centers about SIDS and its risk factors and safe sleep recommendations to decrease its occurrence.


Article
Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding family planning among two groups of women in Erbil
المعرفة والمواقف والممارسات المتعلقة بتنظيم الأسرة بين مجموعتين من النساء في أربيل

Authors: Shukir S. Hasan --- Namir Al-Tawil --- Zhian A. Ismail
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 2 Pages: 710-717
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Insufficient knowledge, attitudes, and practices about the family planning and, more important, methods for family planning lead to increased number of unwanted pregnancies. The study aims at finding out the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding family planning among two groups of women residing in two different areas (urban and rural) in Erbil city, Iraqi Kurdistan region.Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out during the period from November 1, 2009 and August 31, 2010. A convenience sample of 700 married women was taken from two different areas of Erbil.Results: A considerable proportion of women were unfamiliar with the term family planning, while high level of knowledge was found regarding types of contraceptives, ideal period between consecutive pregnancies, and the ideal age of pregnancy and labor. Most of the women had a positive attitude toward family planning, and knew at least one benefit of family planning to mothers and/or children. The study revealed limited effect of health education channels on the knowledge of women about family planning. The intra-uterine device and the withdrawal methods were the most popular family planning methods used among the study sample. Majority of families in both groups are currently using family planning.Conclusion: A considerable proportion of women were unfamiliar with the term family planning. Most of the women had a positive attitude toward family planning. Appropriate approaches to be used to convince the policy makers about the importance of family planning.


Article
Parental Knowledge and Practice Regarding Febrile Seizure in their Children

Author: Noor Faisal Shibeeb, Yahya Abdul Shaheed Altufaily
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-64
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Febrile seizure (FS) is a benign convulsive disorder in under 5‑year‑old children, but at the same time, it is an alarming eventin the lives of both child and parents. Lack of parent’s knowledge about the nature of FS and how they should deal with it can lead to poormanagement. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and practice of parents regarding FS in their children and to assess the association ofknowledge and practice of parents with certain socio‑demographic characteristics. Materials and Methods: A cross‑sectional study wasperformed on 100 parents of children with FS attending emergency department in Babylon Teaching Hospital for Pediatrics and Gynecologyand AL‑Noor Hospital for Pediatrics during a period of 5 months (from March 1 to August 1, 2018). A questionnaire was administered toparents which included items regarding family characteristics, characteristics of FS, their knowledge, and their first‑aid practices with FS.Results: Regarding maternal age and paternal age, they ranged between 15–43 and 20–50 years, respectively. More than half of them live inurban areas, and concerning educational level of mothers, 70% were either illiterate or had a primary level of education. Majority of FS childrenwere presented with first attack who represent a percentage of about 69%. About half of the respondents have good level of knowledge. Fifty‑twopercent of them considered that FS is equivalent to epilepsy, 69% stated that it is a life‑threatening event, and 80% knew that it occurs duringfebrile occasions. Only 25% of parents took their children to doctor during attack of fit without first aids. Conclusions: Parents’ knowledgeregarding FS was significantly associated with higher maternal education, urban residence, and mother age. A higher level of practices wasshown to have a significant association with increasing in the number of episodes experienced by parents and advancing in maternal age.

Keywords

Febrile seizure --- knowledge --- parents --- practice


Article
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Obesity Management among Family and Non Family Physicians Working in Primary Health Care Centers in Baghdad

Author: Huda Adnan Habib
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 6-12
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The rising level of obesity has been called the most urgent challenge to public health for the 21stcentury. While many social institutions should be involved in addressing this problem, familyphysicians have an important role in identifying and managing obesity.OBJECTIVE:To assess and compare the knowledge , attitudes and practice regarding obesity management amongfamily and non family physicians working in primary health care centers.Methodology :A cross-sectional survey has recruited a randomly selected sample of primary health care physiciansworking in primary health care centers in Baghdad in 2010. A structured self-administeredquestionnaire was used to collect data from 232 physicians. These include family medicine boardcertified and other non-family medicine certified physicians. The questionnaire had four main parts:personal data, knowledge, attitude and practice.RESULTS:The majority of the respondents depend on the waist circumference to diagnose obesity with 100%among the family physicians and (74.2%) among non-family physicians. The majority of therespondents think that obesity is a major health problem in Iraq with 49 (96.08%) among the familyphysicians and132 (72.93%) among non family physicians. About (84.3%, 72.5% and 41.2%) offamily physicians agreed to prescribe Weight reduction medication when BMI >30, Patient not ondiet and on patient request respectively. Almost all family physicians (92.1%) agreed that is it betterto have a training course in obesity management compared to 49.46% among non- familyphysicians.CONCLUSION:Both the family and nonfamily physicians working in the primary health centers need to improvetheir knowledge and skills regarding obesity management

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