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Article
An Insight Into Bacterial Profile and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Burn Wound Infections in Kerbala, Iraq

Authors: Zuhair Hameed Abboud --- Noor Hameed Al-Ghanimi --- Mohanad Mohsin Ahmed
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 2023-2032
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: There is paucity of data on bacterial profiles and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in burns care units in Kerbala, Iraq we sought to undertake this study.Aim of the study: is to have an insight into the bacteriological profile of buns wound infections and evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the organisms isolated to antibiotics and disinfectants.Materials and Methods: This study was conducted prospectively at the Burns Care Unit (BCU) in Al-Hussein Medical City, Holy Kerbala Province, Iraq. Wound swabs were obtained from consecutive 57 burns patients treated in BCU for the period from November 2012 to March 2013. Microbial isolates were identified based on standard microbiological techniques. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was done by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method, whereas efficacy of 5 most commonly used disinfectant was evaluated by agar-diffusion method.Results and Discussion: A total of 76 isolates were recovered. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found to be the most common isolate (53.94%), followed by E.cloacae (25%), E.coli (11.84%), K.Pneumoniae (3.94%), S.aureus (3.94%), A. baumannii (1.31%). Majority of the bacterial isolates were multiple-drug resistant. Generally, Imipenem was the most effective antimicrobial agents. The best disinfectant was Sekusept Forte® whereas the least effective disinfectants were Povidone-Iodine and Chloroxylenol®.Conclusions: Pseudomonas was the predominant cause of burns infections and majority of isolates were multiple-drug resistant. These indicate the need for strict hygienic measurement to protect the burns patients from opportunistic pathogens.


Article
Molecular Characterization of Salmonella Typhi Isolated from Typhoidial Humans

Authors: Adil Abead Hassuny --- Iman Jawad Kadhim --- Akbal Harby Kadhim
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 646-652
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Present research work was carried out for detection and molecular characterization of Salmonella Typhi isolated from Blood plasma of person severing from Typhoid fever using biochemical test, and detection of virulence gene by using of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques. A total of 12 clinical samples were collected from patients. The isolated strains were also investigated for antibiotic susceptibility patterns as a control measure. Microbiological and biochemical investigations revealed the presence of Salmonella typhi from 12 samples. PCR analysis confirmed these presence of fliC (Phage-1 flagellin gene), viaB (Vi antigen gene) and SipA genes. Antibiotic susceptibility test was carried out among the isolates against 12 antimicrobial agents. Results showed that 100 % resistance to only ampicillin and 100 % sensitivity to carbenicillin, chloramphenicol, clindamycin, gentamycin, kanamycin, and tetracycline.


Article
Incidence and Diversity of Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Enterobacteriacae Bacteria in the Cervico-Vaginal Epithelium of Women in Holy Kerbala Province

Authors: Mousa Mohsin Ali --- Mohanad Mohsin Ahmed
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 2258-2264
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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background: Although vaginal colonization by bacterial species of theenterobcacteriacae family, the significance of their antibiograms and potential role intransmitting of drug resistance is neglected.Aim of the study: to determine the frequency of occurrence of Enterobacteriacae species and study their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in cervico-vaginal epithelium of women from kerbala.Methods: women with vaginal discharges attending Kerbala Teaching Hospital for Gynocology and Obstetric for the period from January to March 2014 were enrolled in this study. High vaginal swabs were processed for the isolation and identification of Enterobacteriacae using standard microbiological techniques. Antimicrobials susceptibility testing was conducted for all of the isolated bacterial species.Results and discussion: swabs from 100 women were cultured. A total of 101 Enterobacteriacae isolates were recovered; 65 E coli, 23 P.mirabilis and 13 K.pneumoniae isolates. All K.pneumoniae isolates were resistant to ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and cefotaxime, whereas high resistance rates were detected to those antibiotics among E. coli (96.9%, 92.3% and 87.7%, respectively) and P. mirabilis (100%, 78.3% and 52.2, respectively). However, all isolates were susceptible to carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem) and low resistance rates detected to quinolones, aminoglycosides, lincosmaide and chloramphenicole. Resistance rates to aztreonam (ATM) were variable, high rates detected among E coli (69.2%) and K pneumoniae (61.5%) isolates, however, very low rates seen among P. mirabilis isolates (4.3%). Furthermore, high resistance rates were reported to tetracyclines and nitrofurantoin among E. coli (61.5% and 41.5% respectively), K. pneumoniae (69.2% and 100% respectively) and P. mirabilis (78.3% and 60.9% respectively). In addition, statistically significant differences were detected in the antibiotics susceptibility testing among the types of isolates to cefotaxime (p= 0.001), aztreonam (p= 0.000), cholramphenicole (p= 0.000), ciprofloxacin (p= 0.046), nitrofurantoin (p= 0.002) and amikacin (p= 0.007).Conclusions: Enterobacteriacae colonizing the cervico-vaginal epithelium are resistant to several important anitbiotics (multiple drug resistant) and thus may pose significant threat in transmission of drug resistant bacteria.


Article
Effect of Histidine on Sensetivity of Some Pathogenic Bacteria

Authors: Fatima A. Abd Al-Jabar --- Ali S. Ahmed
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2016 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 114-118
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the antibacterial effect of the amino acid histidine against two pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. No antibacterial activity was observed for histidine at all tested concentrations. The sensitivity test for E.coli and S. aureus was performed against ten types of antibiotics. The antibiotics used for E.coli were Levofloxacin(Lev), Streptomycin(S), Rifampicin(Rp), Metronidazole(Mz), Cloxacillin(Cx), Ciprofloxacin(Cip), Tetracycline(T), Nalidixic acid(Na), Penicillin(P) and Vancomycine(Va) and the results of inhibition zones were 44, 14,8, 0,0, 35, 24, 28, 16 and 14 mm respectively. When the Histidine added at concentration 10 mg/ml to Mueller hintone agar, the inhibition zones became 24, 12, 18, 0, 0, 24, 32, 25, 13 and 14 mm for each antibiotic respectively. The antibiotics used forStaph. aureus areLevofloxacin (Lev), Gentamicin(Gm), Rifampicin(Rp), Metronidazole(Mz), Cloxacillin(Cx), Ciprofloxacin(Cip), Tetracycline(T), Clarithromycin(Cla), Vancomycine (Va) and Chloramphenicol (C). Result of inhibition zones were 40, 30, 0, 0, 0, 22, 10, 0, 10 and 22 mm when the Histidine added at concentration 10 mg/ml to the mueller hinton agar, the inhibition zones became 30, 20, 16, 0, 0, 26, 15, 0, 10 and 22 mm. Applicable experiment of the histidine effect was conducted on resistant and sensitive isolates against Histidine of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in Pulmonary Institute in Baghdad. It was found that mixing of Histidine with Rifampicin changed the response of resistant isolate against Rifampicin and turned into sensitive. This results may encourage mixing antibiotics and Histidine instead of using the more effective and harmful antibiotics against the resistant isolates.

الهدف من الدراسة الحالية هو لمعرفة تأثير الحامض الاميني الهستدين على استجابة نوعين من البكتريا المرضية Escherichia coli و Staphylococcus aureus. لم يلاحظ تأثير مباشر لإضافة تراكيز مختلفة من الحامض الاميني الهستدين على كلا النوعين من البكتريا. تم اجراء فحص الحساسية على نوعي البكتريا باستعمال عشرة انواع من المضادات الحياتية لكل نوع من انواع البكتريا اذ استعملت المضادات التالية لل E.coli وهي (ليفوفلوكساسين, ستريبتومايسين, ريفامبسين, ميترانيدازول, كلوكساسلين, سبروفلوكساسين, تيتراسايكلين, نالديكسك اسيد, بنسلين, فانكومايسين) وكان قطر هالة التثبيط على التوالي هو 44, 14, 8, 0 ,0, 35 , 24 , 28 , 16 , 14 ملم وبعد اضافة الحامض الاميني الهستدين الى الوسط الزرعي مولر هينتون بتركيز 10 ملغم لكل مل لوحظ تغيير قياس هالة التثبيط 24, 12 , 18 , 0 ,0 , 24 , 32 , 25 , 13, 14 ملم. اما بالنسبة للـ Staph. aureus فقد تم استعمال المضادات التالية ليفوفلوكساسين, جينتامايسين, ريفامبسين, ميترانيدازول, كلوكساسلين, سيبروفلوكساسين, تيتراسايكلين, كلاريثرومايسين, فانكومايسين, كلورامفينيكول وكان قطر هالة التثبيط على التوالي هو 40 , 30 , 0 ,0 , 0 , 22 , 10, 10، 0 , 22 ملم وبعد اضافة الحامض الاميني الهستدين الى الوسط الزرعي مولر هينتون اكار بتركيز 10 ملغم لكل مل لوحظ تغيير قطر هالة التثبيط الى الاتي 30 ، 20 , 16 , 0 , 0 , 26 , 15 , 0 ، 10 , 22 ملم. بعد ذلك انجزت التجربة التطبيقية على عزلات حساسة ومقاومة للريفامبسين لبكتريا السل Mycobacterium tuberculosis في معهد التدرن الرئوي في بغداد. وجد ان خلط الهستدين مع المضاد قد غير من استجابة العزلة المقاومة وتحولت الى حساسة. هذه النتائج قد تشجع على عدم استعمال مضادات حياتية اكثر فعالية وضارة ضد العزلات المقاومة.


Article
Isolation and identification of Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella specious from raw beef and lamb meat in Baghdad by PCR.
عزل و تشخيص جراثيم المكورات العنقودية الذهبية ,اللستيريا ,الاشريشيا القولونية والسالمونيلا من لحوم الابقار والأغنام النيئة في مدينة بغداد بواسطة تفاعل سلسلة البلمرة المتعدد

Author: Zena K. Khalil زينة قاسم خليل
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2016 Volume: 57 Issue: 3B Pages: 1891-1897
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The study designed to determine the distribution of a major important food pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus , Listeria monocytogenes, E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp from raw beef and lamb meat by using multiplex pcr . A total of 90 raw beef and lamb meat samples were collected from different butcher's shops in Al-Karkh side of Baghdad city and analyzed for the presence of these types of bacteria and their susceptibilities to some antibiotics was investigated ,the results showed that the prevalence of S. aureus (5.6%), L. monocytogenes (3%), E. coli O157:H7 (7.8 %) and Salmonella spp (5.6%) from the total samples .The result of the susceptibility test showed that S. aureus isolates were susceptible to Amikacin (80%) ,while L. monocytogenes isolates were susceptible to the most used antibiotics as following Amikacin, Erythromycin, Oxytetracycline, Nalidixic acid ,Cephalothin, Gentamycin, Ampicillin and Streptomycin (100%). E. coli O157:H7 isolates were susceptible to Nalidixic acid and Gentamycin (100%) and Salmonella spp isolates were susceptible to Nalidixic acid ,Cephalothin and Gentamycin (80%) .

تم تصميم الدراسة لتحديد مدى انتشار بعض الجراثيم الغذائية المهمة ومن ضمنها المكورات العنقودية الذهبية والليستيريا مونوسايتوجينز والاشريشيا القولونية والسالمونيلا من عينات لحوم الابقار والأغنام النيئة بطريقة تفاعل سلسلة البلمرة المتعدد. جمعت 90 عينة من لحوم الابقار والأغنام من محلات القصابة ضمن منطقة الكرخ من بغداد لتحديد وجود البكتيريا , كما تم اجراء فحص حساسيتها لبعض المضادات الحيوية واظهرت النتيجة تواجد بكتيريا المكورات العنقودية الذهبية بنسبة 5,6% والليستيريا مونوسايتوجينز 3% و والاشريشيا القولونية 7,8% والسالمونيلا 5,6% من مجموع العينات الكلية. نتائج فحص الحساسية سجلت حساسية المكورات العنقودية الذهبية للاميكاسين بنسبة 80% اما الليستيريا مونوسايتوجينز كانت حساسة لمعظم المضادات الحيوية والتي تضمنت (الاميكاسين,الارثرومايسين,الاوكسيتتراسايكلين, حامض الناليدكسيك, السيفالوثين, الجنتمايسين, الامبسلين والستربتومايسين) 100%, الاشريشيا القولونية كانت حساسة لحامض الناليدكسيك والجنتمايسين بنسبة 100% اما السالمونيلا فكانت حساسة لكل من حامض الناليدكسيك , السيفالوثين والجنتمايسين بنسبة 80% .


Article
Perceived Severity and Susceptibility of Type II Diabetes Among Youth

Author: Mohammed Abdulridha Merzah
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 2498-2504
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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background: In 2012, the prevalence rate of Type II diabetes among American population was 29.1 million, or 9.3% of population. As many as 1 in 3 American adults will have diabetes (Type I or Type II) in 2050 if present trends continue. Higher perceived severity and susceptibility of its risky factors may cause a higher level of attitudes toward practicing healthy behaviors among these subjects. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the constructs’ status, knowledge about Type II diabetes, and their related factors among college students.Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 223 undergraduate students who enrolled in Southern Illinois University at Carbondale (SIUC) in a non- random convenience way. A questionnaire was used for data collection which measured the perceived severity and susceptibility and knowledge regarding Type II diabetes. Subjects’ demographic variables such as age, sex, race/ethnicity, family history of diabetes, exercise level, and BMI were also recorded.Results: 1.85 and 2.10 out of 4 were revealed as grand means of perceived susceptibility and perceived severity, respectively. Participants’ chances of suffering from Type II Diabetes in the next few years as great was perceived at the highest level of susceptibility and concerning about the likelihood of having Type II diabetes in the future was at the lowest level. Whole life would be change due to having Type II diabetes was at the highest level of perceived severity while dyeing within 10 years due to having Type II diabetes was at the lowest level. Family history was the best predictor of perceived susceptibility to Type II diabetes. Conclusion: Despite the fact that belief in the seriousness of the disease among subjects was at favorable level, their perceived susceptibility was low. Increasing perceived susceptibility and severity may induce an increase in practicing healthy behaviors among college students.


Article
Study the Effect of the Homemade Nitrogen Laser System in Medical Field
دراسة تأثير منظومة ليزر نيتروجين محلية الصنع في المجال الطبي

Authors: Saif B. Mohammed سيف باسم محمد --- Jassim M. Najim جاسم محمد نجم --- Akram N. Mohameed اكرم نوري محمد
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2017 Volume: 58 Issue: 4B Pages: 2083-2089
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

A high power N2 laser of the three stage-Blumlein circuit designed, which consist two identical electrodes, four capacitors and three spark gaps which designed discharge geometry with minimum inductance. This system gives a maximum energy 18 mJ with a pulse time 6.65 ns and wave length 337.1 nm. The distance between spark gap terminals has large effect on the output energy. The ideal distance were 11 mm between the terminals for the first spark gap and 4 mm between the terminals for the second spark gap, the distance between the terminals of the spark gaps has a significant effect on the resulting energy, where the energy decreases when the distance between the terminals of the first and second spark gaps exceeds or Less than from the optimum distances. The effect of N2 laser on the viability of Staphylococcus that isolated from wounds, the samples of bacteria were irradiated with 337.1 nm .N2 laser using 10 pulses/second repetition rates at 10,15 minutes exposure times. The results showed that the viability of bacteria decreased with increasing the exposure time to N2 laser.

تم في هذا البحث تصميم منظومة ليزر نيتروجين باستخدام دائرة بلوملين ذات ثلاث مراحل والتي تتكون من اثنين من الاقطاب الكهربائية المتطابقة واربعة متسعات وثلاث فجوات قدح والتي تم تصميمها هندسيا مع اقل قيمة للحث. أن هذه المنظومة تنتج اعلى طاقة 18 ملي جول مع زمن نبضه 6,65 نانوثانية وبطول موجي 337,1 نانومتر, أن المسافة بين اقطاب فجوات القدح له تأثير كبير على الطاقة الناتجة, ان المسافة المثالية بين اقطاب فجوة القدح الاولى كانت 11 مليمتر و لفجوة القدح الثانية 4 مليمتر , حيث تقل الطاقة عند زيادة او نقصان المسافة بين اقطاب فجوات القدح الاولى والثانية عن المسافة المثالية. تم دراسة تأثير ليزر النيتروجين الناتج من هذه المنظومة خلال هذا البحث حيث تم تسليط شعاع الليزر على بكتريا المكورات العنقودية المعزولة من الجروح بفترات زمنية من التعرض بحدود 10 و 15 دقيقة وبمعدل تكرار 10 نبضة لكل ثانية, لقد بينت النتائج ان نمو ونشاطية البكتيريا يقل مع زيادة فترة التعرض لشعاع ليزر النيتروجين.


Article
Prevalence of urinary tract infections and antibiotics susceptibility pattern among infants and young children in Erbil city
انتشار التهابات المسالك البولية ونمط حساسية المضادات الحيوية بين الرضع والأطفال الصغار في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Isam Y. Mansoor --- Kamal I. B. AL-Otraqchi --- Chiman Hameed Saeed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 915-922
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Background and objectives: A urinary tract infection is defined by the presence of an organism in the urinary tract that is usually sterile. The age and gender are important factors influencing prevalence of urinary tract infections. The aim of this study was to clarify the microbiology of urinary tract infection, antibiotics susceptibility pattern prevalence and their relation with age, gender and circumcision among infants and young children in Erbil city. Methods: Urine samples were collected from 300 children with sign and symptoms of urinary tract infection at Rapareen Pediatric Hospital in Erbil city. The specimens were cultured on appropriate media and the isolated organisms identified with a significant growth 105 CFU/ml. The susceptibility of bacteria causing urinary tract infection to different antimicrobial agents was investigated. Results: The study showed that 43.3% of children had urinary tract infection (53.2% females, 30.2% males). The highest percentage of infection occurred at age group 6-10 years with female's predominance. The percentage of urinary tract infections in uncircumcised boys was 76.9%. The most common organism isolated was Escherichia coli (33.8%). The isolated bacteria were highly sensitive to Ciprofloxacin, Amikacin and Nitrofurantoin. Conclusion: Early and appropriate diagnosis of urinary tract infection in infants and young children is important as it is marker for urinary tract problems. Escherichia coli was the most common organism causing urinary tract infection in children. The most of urinary isolates had high level of resistance to commonly used antibiotics.


Article
Bacteriological study of Hospital-acquired urinary tract infections in Erbil city
دراسة بكتريولوجية لعدوى المسالك البولية المكتسبة من المستشفيات في مدينة أربيل

Author: Aza Bahadeen Taha
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 45-50
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Background and objectives: Urinary tract infections are amongst the most common infections, Hospital-acquired urinary tract infection increases not only morbidity and mortality but also hospital costs. The objectives of this study were to determine bacteria responsible for hospital-acquired urinary tract infection, their antibiotic sensitivities and to describe the risk factors of the infection.Methods: All urine samples fulfilling the criteria for significant bacteriuria were included in the study. Isolation and identification of bacteria was performed by standard method and susceptibility testing was determined by disk diffusion method.Results: Out of 290 patients, 133 (45.86%) have acquired hospital-acquired urinary tract infection. Older age, hospitalization and catheterization were risk factors of the infection. Escherichia coli (51.70%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (16.33%) represented the most common isolates. The most bacteria isolates were sensitive to ciprofloxacin, rifampin and trimethoprim + sulphamethoxazole.Conclusions: To prevent hospital-acquired urinary tract infections, important factors must be taken into consideration, for example: avoid unnecessary urethral catheterization, choose narrow spectrum antibiotics according to antibiotic sensitivities, and investigate regularly the causative bacteria and their susceptibility patterns


Article
Isolation and Antibiogram of Salmonella enterica from Children under Five years with Diarrhea in Thi-Qar Province
عـزل بــكتـريـا الـسـالـمـونيلا مـن الاطـفال تحت عمر خمسة سنوات الـمصـابين بالإسـهال في محافظة ذي قـار واختـبار حـساسـيتـها للمـضادات الـحـياتيــة

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of Salmonella in children under five years and to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles among the isolates. Our study was carried out during the period from November 2017 to May 2018. Four hundred fecal samples were collected from children aged (1day-5 years) of both sexes (216 Male, 184 Female) that had suffering from diarrhea in Mohammed Al -Mosawi Hospital and public health laboratory in Thi-Qar province/southern Iraq. Twenty isolates (5%) were identified as Salmonella using API-20E system and molecular detection using invA gene. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done using 9 Antibiotics from different classes showed that all isolates were sensitive to Chloramphenicol and Tetracycline. Resistance ratio to Cefotaxime, Ampicillin , Amikacin, Ceftriaxone, Gentamycin, Nalidixic acid , and Ciprofloxacin at (55%), (45%), (35%), (30%), (30%), (30%) and (15%) respectively.

الــخـلاصــة: هـــــــدفت الـدراســـــة الحاليـة الى عــــزل بكتريا الســالمـونيـلا من الاطفـــال المصــابين بالإسهـــال وتشخيصـــها بالاختبارات البايوكيميائية وتـقـنية (PCR) ودراســة مــدى حـساسيـتهـا للــمضـادات الـحيـاتيـة. جـرت هـذه الـدراســة خلال الفترة من من شهر تشرين الثاني 2017 ولغاية شهر ايار2018 , جُـمعت خـلالـها حـوالي400 عينة براز من اطفال تتراوح اعمارهم ما بين (1 يوم - 5 سنوات) من كـلا الجنسيــن كانوا يعانون من حالات اسهال في مستشفى محمـد الـمـوسـوي للأطفال ومخـتبـر الـصـحة الـعامـة فـي محافـظـة ذي قـــار, حيث كان عدد المصابين بالإسهال من الذكـور 216 وبنسبة 54% و 184 من الانـاث اي ما نسبـتـه 46%. عشرون عـيـنـة فقـط اعــطـت نتيـجـة مــوجـبـة لـبكــتريـــا الســالمـونيـلا وبنسبـــة 5% بـواسطة الـزرع الاولي على الاوســــاط الزرعـية (الاغــنائية, التفريقية والاختيارية) واستخدمت الاختبارات المظهرية والكيموحيويه والفحص التشخيصي التأكيدي باستخدام عدة نظام API-20E وكذلك تم تأكيد الـتشخيص بواسطه الكـشف الجزيئي باستعمال الجينinvA . ان جميع العزلات فحصت مقاومتها للمضادات الحياتية باستعمال 9 مضادات حياتية عائدة لمجاميع مختلفة وباستخدام طريقة الانتشار ان كل عزلات السالمونيلا كانت حساسة للمضادين الكلورامفـينيـكـول والـتتـراسايـكـلــين (100%) , بينما اظـهرت مقاومة للمضاد الحياتي الســـيفوتاكــسيم وبنسبة55% , تلاه الامـــبيســــيلين45% والاميكايسين35% , واظهرت عزلات السالمونيلا نسبة مقاومة متساوية للمضادات السفترياكزون , الجـــنتامايــسـيــن والنالـديكسك اسـيد 30%. وكانت اقل نسبة مقاومة سجلتـها عـزلات الـسالـمونيـلا ضـد المضـاد الـسيبروفلوكساسين 15%. 45% مـن عـزلات الـســالـمونيـلا كانـت تمتـلك مـقـاومــة متــعددة للمـضادات الــحيـاتيــة (MDR).

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