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مؤشرات التمييز ضد المرأة (دراسة ميدانية في جامعة بغداد)

Author: نبراس عدنان جلوب
Journal: Al-Adab Journal مجلة الآداب ISSN: 1994473X Year: 2017 Issue: 121 Pages: 573-606
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Workers of bricks Social and Failed study in the Governorate of Meysan
عاملات الطابوق في محافظة ميسان

Authors: Nibras Adnan Chelob نبراس عدنان جلوب --- Menaa Hassan Jassim ميناء حسن جاسم
Journal: Al-Adab Journal مجلة الآداب ISSN: 1994473X Year: 2016 Issue: 118 extension Pages: 171-192
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

This study addressed the problem of (Women Working in Bricks: a Field Social Study in Maysan Province) because it is one of the most important problems affecting women in all aspects, and require serious efforts to avoid having them working is such jobs. Among the aims of the study is to identify the social, economic and health conditions for women working in bricks, and seek to know the physical conditions (environmental) in these plants and their impact on health and psychology of the workers, and to identify the type of the risk to the lives of women working in bricks, as well as to identify the educational levels of workers in light of the charged wages, and finally find out the degree of integration of the plant environment with the physiological and psychological potential of the women. This is a descriptive and analytical study. A sample of (117) subjects were chosen, the study adopted the sample social survey method, the questionnaire was the main tool in the process of data collection, in addition to the interviews and simple observation.The main results of the study were obtained through analysis of the data:1.The main reason behind women working in the bricks was poverty (financial destitution) as well as the lack of other jobs instead of working in of these plants.2.Our study showed that the vast majority of women working in bricks have very low educational level.3.There are differences between the limited monitoring bodies for brick plants and the bad health condition and diseases that affect the women workers.4.Our study showed that there are differences between the long hours of work and the increase in their family problems.5.The results of the study concluded that the women workers have no knowledge of their legal rights with respect to wages, guarantees and bonus.6.exploitation of workers and the abuse of employers

لقد تناولت هذهِ الدراسة مُشكلة (عاملات الطابوق: دراسة اجتماعية ميدانية في محافظة ميسان) لأنها أحد أهم المشكلات المؤثرة على المرأة وفي جميع جوانبها، ولابد من العمل الجاد لِتجنب عملهن في هكذا اعمال. ومن اهداف الدراسة، التعرف على الاوضاع الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والصحية لعاملات الطابوق، والسعي لمعرفة الظروف الفيزيقية (البيئية) في هذهِ المعامل واثرها على صحة ونفسية العاملات، والتعرف على نوعية المخاطر التي تكتنف حياة عاملات الطابوق، فضلاً عن التعرف على المستويات التعليمية للعاملات في ظل الأجور التي تتقاضاها العاملات، واخيراً معرفة درجة تكامل بيئة المعمل مع امكانيات المرأة الفيزيولوجية والنفسية

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Minors Marriages Field social study In Baghdad
زواج القاصرات (دراسة اجتماعية ميدانية في مدينة بغداد)

Author: preparation by Dr. Nibras Adnan Chalob بغداد) أ.م.د. نبراس عدنان جلوب
Journal: Journal of The Iraqi University مجلة الجامعة العراقية ISSN: 18134521 Year: 2018 Volume: 40 Issue: 1 Pages: 395-419
Publisher: Iraqi University الجامعة العراقية

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Abstract

at the end of the research and after addressing the various aspects of the topic, including the definition of minors causes and implications to marry them. The direct impact of the customs and traditions of marriage in addition to the bad economic situation, which many parents prepared sufficient justification for marrying their girls and their Financial responsibility . Which reflected negatively on the psychological and health for married minor. We conclude that the social, economic and psychological factors play a significant role in the combined increase of reported cases of Underage marriages .

في نهاية البحث وبعد تناول جوانب متعددة للموضوع بما فيها تعريف القاصرات الاسباب والاثار المترتبة على تزويجهن . تبين ان للعادات والتقاليد تأثيرا مباشرا في زواجهن هذا بالاضافة الى الوضع الاقتصادي السيء للأهل والذي يعده الكثيرون مبررا كافيا لتزويج فتياتهم والتخلص من عبأهن المادي . مما انعكس بشكل سلبي على الحالة النفسية والصحية للمتزوجة القاصر . نستنتج مما تقدم ان العوامل الاجتماعية والاقتصادية والنفسية تلعب مجتمعة دورا كبيرا في ازدياد حالات زواج القاصرات

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