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SCOTT FITZGERALD AND THE JAZZ AGE

Author: JINAN ABDULLA SHAFIQ
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2010 Volume: 15 Issue: 63 Pages: 77-80
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Jazz Age is a name given to an age in America in the early 20th century. This age is characterized by improvisation and strong rhythms of popular music which was first played by Negro groups southern U.S.A.
Fitzgerald portrays the 1920s as an era of decayed social and moral values, evidenced in its overarching cynicism, greed and empty pursuit of pleasure.
The reckless jubilance that led to decadent parties and wild Jazz music resulted ultimately in the corruption of the American dream, as the unrestrained desire for money and pleasure surpassed more noble goals.
Fitzgerald's methods of narration illustrate the importance of form. In most of his novels like The side of paradise, he introduces the theme of the search for paradise which characterized all of Fitzgerald's works. The rejection of old standards appeared forcibly in The Beautiful and Damned, and finally the decline of the dream appeared in The Great Gatsby.
The paper tries to show how does Scott Fitzgerald through his own personal behaviors not through the protagonists of his major novels reflect the material spirit of the jazz Age and the bewilderment of the lost generation between the first and the second world wars including Fitzgerald himself. The major characters of those novels are allegorical manifestations of the novelist himself in relation to his age.
America, emerging victorious from the "war to end all wars", was in a period of severe growing pains from 1919 to 1929. Her industries were booming; prosperity had reached an all-time high. Yet the idealism which had surrounded World War I and the belief in the Horatio Alger success story began to wane.
The era began with a feeling of relief from old bonds, heightened into orgiastic revelry in new-found freedom, soured into boredom, and finally collapsed with the stock market crash. At the end of World War I the American people were eager to enjoy themselves and forget about the rest of the world.

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Article
Dysfunctional Families: A Study in Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man is hard to Find” and “Good Country People

Author: Jinan Abdulla Shafiq Department of English / College of Arts/ Emam Al-Sadiq University College
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2017 Volume: 23 Issue: 98/ انساني Pages: 11-20
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Dysfunctional Families: A Study in Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man is hard to Find” and “Good Country People”Jinan Abdulla ShafiqDepartment of English / College of Arts/ Emam Al-Sadiq University CollegeAbstract:Flannery O’Connor is one of the great short stories writers of the twentieth century. She wrote about southern life. She reflects a theme that became well-known in most of the modern works, which is the dysfunctional family. It is the sense of vanity and disobedience that leads to dysfunctional families that became a modern age phenomena. In “A Good Man is Hard to Find” one can find the self- reliant individualو the Baily, his kids and the grandmother. No one seems to pay any attention to the grandmother’s fears or suggestions, it is only her cat that gives her the sense she is not alone. In ‘Good Country People’ O’Connor’s other short story that deals with a prideful individual ‘Joy Hopefull’, with her fits of rage, she reveals an image of dysfunctional family. Challenging her mother who treats her as still a young child, Joy changes her name to Hulga. Breaking with her mother and the traditions, Hulga became an easy prey to a deceiving Bible salesman.

الاختلال الاسري: دراسة لقصص اوكونر القصيرة جنان عبدالله شفيققسم الانكليزي / كلية الاداب/ جامعة الامام الصادقالمستخلص:تعتبر فلانري اوكونر واحدة من اعظم كاتبات القصص القصيرة في القرن العشرين. في قصصها القصيرة تعكس الكاتبة موضوعا اصبح مالوفا في اغلب الاعمال الحديثة وهو الاختلال الاسري. ان الشعور بالغرور والعقوق هو الذي يؤدي الى ذلك الاختلال الاسري الذي اصبح ظاهرة في العصر الحديث.في "من الصعب ان تجد انسانا صالحا " يستطيع المرء ان يجد شخصية الفرد العصامي متمثلة في بيلي, اولاده و كذلك في شخصية الجدة. لا يبدو ان احدا يعير اي اهتمام لمخاوف العجوز او مقترحاتها. ان قطتها فقط هي التي تعطيها الشعور انها ليست وحيدة. في "الريفيون الطيبون" قصة اوكونر القصيرة الثانية تدور الاحداث حول شخصية (جودي هوبفل) المتفردة المغرورة و نوبات غضبها كانعكاس لصورة الاختلال الاسري. عن طريق تحدي والدتها التي تعاملها كانها مازالت طفل يافع, تقوم جودي بتغيير اسمها الى هولغا. عن طريق الانفصال عن عائلتها وتقاليد العائلة، تصبح اولغا فريسة سهلة لبائع اناجيل مخادع.

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