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النسوية في أدب فضيلة الفاروق

Author: د. سهاد ساعد صاحب
Journal: Alustath الاستاذ ISSN: 0552265X 25189263 Year: 2015 Volume: 1 Issue: 212 Pages: 241
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:After the finishing of the research, we found the following results: -The writer has sought to search for what they were through the heroines were often open text voice of equality, and take the heroines of women's rejecting voices the marginalization and persecution and to advocate openness to the world, it owes a world governed by traditions and superstitions.Touched on topics of interest to women crossing of the suffering of Arab women that hurt of sexual oppression, spinsterhood, and the violence of the man, her novel represent a cry against feminist ideas of traditional and stereotypical suffered by mothers in the stillness and silence.Taken from the body axis of subjects and penetrated the depth of the social relations and psychological generated through it, but most of her novels are breaking taboos has boldly as high in the description of intimate relations.- The masculine power is considered as the strategic entrance to the persecution of feminist is the central authority and control over the oppressed in society and especially the Algerian society, especially as this was the authority is the authority of the Father.Did not denounce the authority of the Father, but long-pen authority of the husband and brother. Masculine authority is in the eyes of the writer is the authority racist dictatorship, they are calling for the lost harmony between the female and masculine power, they are rejecting the personality of the woman in Haramlik or charlady.Psychological tension which is necessary characters and suffering from spiritual unity in spite of the presence of the man, the husband. Then enter into a world of utopia to achieve what cannot be achieved on the ground.At the level of the language we note that it choose the language appropriate to the contents of that address Sometimes it tends to discipline and sometimes tend to slang, but it did not disturb the nerve, especially with male photographed moments of intimate relationships.The remaining accounts are defined writer Alana female and her daughters interior that speak for themselves and the ideologies of her body that is not the writer.

المستخلص : يتناول هذا البحث بالدراسة ، قضايا الحركة النسوية وانماطها ،والكشف عن تأثيره في فنون عدة يأتي في مقدمتها الأدب النسوي ، ثم يرصد اهم التعريفات التي طرحت في الأدب النسوي ، وينتقي البحث كنموذج للدراسة ، روايات فضيلة الفاروق ، ثم توقف البحث عند اهم الموضوعات التي تسعى الكاتبة الى اثباتها من خلال نصوصها السردية والتي انتهت بالكشف عن هاجس التمرد جراء سيطرة النظام الابوي على المجتع العربي ، والرغبة في تحقيق جزء لا بأس به من حلم التحرر من هذه السلطة .

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Article
The feminine features in Ebtesam Abdullh’s stories: Incense as Selected Sample
الملامح النسوية في قصص ابتسام عبدالله بخور اختياراً

Author: أ.م.د. سهاد ساعد صاحب م.د. محمد أنور اسماعيل
Journal: Alustath الاستاذ ISSN: 0552265X 25189263 Year: 2018 Volume: 1 Issue: 225 Pages: 77-94
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Feminism in the world has passed through many intellectual and ideological movements and different theories. It has also been effected by some writers and thinkers like John Stewart and others, but it became prominent in literature and fine arts . Thus, literary texts express women expectations in life and society and introduce the most important women issues in regarding liberty and defending her humanistic and social rights in addition to her historical struggle to be on equal with the man. This research discusses the feminine features in the literary works of the novelist ( Ebtesam Abdullh) especially in her story collection (incense). The novelist has presented woman issues, especially Iraqi women issues, during the war period. The novelist adopted a set of issues that the woman is interested in like masculine dominance and freeing women from men’s control. Furthermore, the novelist talked about body, love and freedom by using expressive language and a splendid artistic style.

مرت الحركة النسوية في العالم بحركات فكرية وايديولوجيات متعددة ، ونظريات مختلفة ، وتأثرت بكتابات عددٍ من بعض الأدباء والمفكرين ، أمثال : جون سيتورات ميل ، وجان جاك ، روسو ، وغيرهم ، إلاَّ أنها استقرت وتميزت في حدود الادب والفن، لذا جاءت النصوص الادبية لتعبر عن تطلعات المرأة في الحياة والمجتمع ، أو لتطرح قضية المرأة الاساسية في حريتها ، ونصرتها والدفاع عن حقوقها الانسانية والاجتماعية ، فضلاً عن صراعها التاريخي للمساواة بالرجل ، لذا جاء هذا البحث للحديث عن تلك الملامح النسوية في أدب القاصة ( ابتسام عبدالله ) سيما في مجموعتها القصصية (بخور) ، اذ تعرض لنا من خلال كتاباتها قضية المرأة الشرقية ولا سيما المرأة العراقية في مدة الحرب ، اذ تتبنى القاصة مجموعة من القضايا التي تهم المرأة مثل الهيمنة الذكورية ، والهروب من قيد الرجل ، والتحرر من العادات والتقاليد والاعراف الاجتماعية ، والحديث عن الجسد والحب والحرية من خلال لغة جميلة واسلوب فني رائع .

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