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EFFECT OF ADDITIVE OLIVE LEAVES POWDER ON DIETS AND /OR VITAMINS AD3E ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL TRAITS IN IRAQI GOAT'S KIDS
تأثير أضافة مسحوق ورق الزيتون ( OLIVE LEAVES) الى العلف مع أو بدون تجريع مجموعة فيتامينات AD3E في بعض صفات الدم الفسلجية لجداء الماعز المحلي.

المؤلفون: محمد كريم حمد العبساوي محمد كريم حمد العبساوي --- ضياء عبد الأمير علي الخياط ضياء عبد الأمير علي الخياط
ﺎﻠﻤﺠﻟﺓ: Jornal of Al-Muthanna for Agricultural Sciences مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 40862226 السنة: 2014 المجلد: 2 الاصدار: 2 الصفحات: 1-13
الجامعة: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى - جامعة المثنى

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الخلاصة

Abstract This study was designed to evaluate the effect of olive leaves powder and /or vitamins AD3E supplementation to growing Iraqi Goat Kids on some blood physiological parameters. Twenty healthy Iraqi goat kids were selected for this study at approximately (4-5) month of age and average body weight (BW) of 19 kg and were reared in the livestock farm of the College of veterinary medicine, University of Baghdad, experimental feeding was continued from 30/12/2013 to 2/4/2014 in addition to 15 day as adaptation period. After adaptation period, kids were randomly divided into four groups (5 kids/group), The first group used as a control with no treatment, the second group received orally a solution of mixed vitamins (AD3E) (A 20.000 IU, vitamin D3 10.000 IU and vitamin E 60 mg /Kid) biweekly, the third group, used olive leaves powder, (1% of the concentrate diet) and same dose of (AD3E) and the fourth group, used olive leaves powder (1% of the concentrate diet). However, all groups were fed a concentrate diet (2.5%DM of live body weight) in addition to alfalfa hay (1 kg / head/day). Nacl 1% and calcium bicarbonate were provided as blocks. Blood samples were collected from jugular vein monthly for blood parameters measurement include: hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV),white blood cells count (WBC) and its differential (Nutrophiles%, Lymphocytes%, Monocytes%, Esinophiles%, Basiophiles%) as well as total serum protein(TSP),Albumine and Globuline were determined.The results revealed that:-1-There was no significant difference between groups of Kids in PCV% throughout the experimental period.There was significant increased in Hb concentration of G4 at wk6 compared with G2, while, there were significant differences betweenwk6 and wk0 in G3. 2- There was a significant increased in WBC count of the treated groups G4, G3, G2respectively at wk12 compared with G1 and of G2 at wk12 compared with wk0 and wk6 respectively. Also,G3 was significantly increase at wk12 and wk6 compared with wk0.3- Nutrophile cells % was significantly increase in G4 at wk6 compared with G3 and also, G2 at wk12 compared with G3, while G3 was significant increased at week0 compared with wk6.Lymphocytecells % was significant increased in G3 at wk12 compared with G2.There was no significant difference in the Monocytes between all groups of Kids during the whole period of experiment. The Esinophiles of G3 was significant increased at wk12 compared with G2 and also at wk6 and wk12 compared with G4 at wk6 and wk12 . In addition,G2 was significant increased at wk6 compared with wk0 and wk12, also G3 was significant increased at wk6 compared with wk0.Basiophile cells% showed that there was significant increased in G2 at wk12 compared with G3 andG4,while G4 was significant increased at wk6 compared with wk12.4- The results of TSP showed that there was significant increased between G4 and G2 at wk12,while G4 increased significantly at wk12, compared with other periods wk0 and wk6 respectively, also G3 compared with wk0. Albumine level in G1was significant increased at wk6 compared with G2,G3 and G4, while at the same week, G2 and G3 were significant increased compared with other two periods. There was significant increased in serum Globuline in G1 compared with G2 at wk0. But,G1 showed a significant decreased at wk6 in comparison with wk0 and wk12. Also, G3 decreased significantly at wk6 in contrast with wk12, while G4 increased significantly at wk12 compared with wk0. In conclusion, supplementations of the feed with olive leaves and vitamins AD3E to growing Kids improved blood parameters.

الخلاصة هدفت الدراسة الى توضيح تأثير استخدام أضافة مسحوق ورق الزيتون و/ أو فيتامين AD3E في بعض الصفات الفسلجية لجداء الماعز المحلي اذ درس مستوى خضاب الدم والنسبة المئوية لحجم خلايا الدم المرصوصة وعدد خلايا الدم البيض , والعد التفريقي لخلايا الدم البيض ,ومجموع بروتين السيرم والألبومين ,والكلوبيولين. أجريت هذه الدراسة في حقل كلية الطب البيطري/ جامعة بغداد ,للفترة من 03/12/2013 إلى 2/4/2014.اذ استخدم 20 جديا من الماعز المحلي بعمر4-5 أشهر وزعت عشوائيا إلى أربع مجاميع وبصورة متساوية حيث تركت مجموعة سيطرة بدون أي معامله,آما المجموعة الثانية تم تجريعها بمجموعة فيتامين AD3E (فيتامين 60 Eملغم وفيتامين 10000IU D3 وفيتامين (20000IU A وبشكل محلول عن طريق الفم لكل حيوان وبواقع مرة واحدة كل أسبـوعين ,أما المجموعة الثالثة أعطيت مسحوق ورق الزيتون (1%من وزن العلف) و فيتامين AD3E(بنفس الجرعه والتوقيت), اما المجموعة الرابعه أعطيت فقط مسحوق ورق الزيتون (1%من وزن العلف) ,غذيت الجداء جميعا على العلف المركز وبواقع 2.5 % من الوزن الحي /رأس/يوم والمتكون من النخالة 35 % والشعير15% والصويا 30% والذرة 10% ومكمل بروتيني 10% بالإضافة الى دريس الجت بمعدل1كغم/رأس/يوم واستخدام البلوكات الملحيه بشكل حر.

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