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Article
Effect of Smoking on Serum Level of Some Mineral
تأثير التدخين في مستويات بعض المعادن في مصل الدم

Author: قيس احمد ابراهيم
Journal: Ibn Al-Haitham Journal For Pure And Applied Science مجلة ابن الهيثم للعلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية ISSN: 16094042 Year: 2010 Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 305-310
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

يحتوي دخان السكائر على عوامل سامة ومؤكسدة كثيرة التي تؤدي الى سمية الجسم وانخفاض مستويات العوامل المضادة للأكسده مؤدية الى امراض كثيرة جداً. قيست مستويات الزنك والنحاس التي تعد من العوامل المضادة للأكسدة عند المدخنين وغير المدخنين ولوحظ انخفاض مستوى الزنك عند المدخنين مقارنة بغير المدخنين لأن اوكسيد النايتروجين (NO) الموجود ضمن مكونات دخان السكائر يعمل على فقدان الزنك، كذلك تبين انخفاض مستوى النحاس الذي استهلك في تخليص الجسم من سموم الكادميوم وهو من محتويات دخان السكائر.

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Article
Effects of metformin on the lipid profllein polycystic ovarian syndrome patients
تاثير عقار المتفورمين على مستوى الدهون عند مرضى متلازمه تكيس المبايض

Authors: طارق ناصر موسى --- منال طه العبيدي --- قيس احمد ابراهيم
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Embryos and Infertility Researches المجلة العراقية لبحوث الأجنة والعقم ISSN: eISSN: 26166984 / pISSN: 22180265 Year: 2011 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 13-17
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is (be most common and prevalent endocrinopathy in women , and the most common cause of anovulatory infertility- An altered lipid profile is common in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and is usually characterized by increased total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoproteins and very low density lipoprotein levels with low high-density lipoprotein. PCOS is associated wth a higher frequency of card Avascular disease because of dyslipidemia. Which are potent markers for cardiovascular risk factors. Metformin, is a widely used antihypenglycemic agent It decreases insulin resistance and reduces hyperglycemia through a reduction of the hepaticglucose production.ObjectivesDetermine Ihe beneficial effect of metformin in PCOS paliente in reducing lipid profile and subsequently reduction incardiovasculardisease.HctbodMeasurements and anaiysis levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, taw-density lipoproteins, very low density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein were samples collected at the Institute of embryo research and infertility treatment. Al-Nahnain Univereity, PCOS patients were recruited at the consultant clinic Patients: forty three women with PCOS were studied. Anthropometric data, Jipki profile, were evaluated, before oral metformffi (50Qmg'twioedaify}treatinent and aflerthree months of use.Patients with PCOS after oral metformin treatment, revealed a sign ificant lowering serum concentrations of totat cholesterol, triglyceride, taw-density lipoproteins and very low density Apoprotein and elevated high- density lipoprotein compared to before treatment.cdqcbttkmsdyslipidemia is common finding in PCOS women, in this study we found that the use of oral metformin tablets 500mg/ twioe daily fcrthree months will correct lipid profile level (cholesterol triglyceride, LDL, VLDL and HDL) which is considered as caidiovascular risk factors and this lead to reduce risk of cardiovascular diseases.

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