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الرثاء في الشـعر الجاهلي والإسلامي

Author: م.م. عذراء عودة حسين
Journal: Alustath الاستاذ ISSN: 0552265X 25189263 Year: 2014 Volume: 1 Issue: 208 Pages: 143-152
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The purpose behind lamentation during the pre-Islam era was weeping , crying and feeling sorry for somebody's death , if this one died murdered or normally .Poets used to mention his good merits, behavior and morals and his proper dealing.But the lamentation took a big turning during the Islamic era because the Islamic religion changed the people's spirits and polished them. It made the man believes in his destiny. And so lamentation was almost bereaved during that era, except the lamentation of Prophet Mohammed (Allah's blessings upon him)

أن غرض الرثاء في الشعر الجاهلي هو التأسف والنوح والبكاء على الميت سوى أكان مقتولا أم كان ميتا فكان الشعراء يذكرون محاسن الميت ويصفون أمجاده 0أما في العصر الإسلامي فصورة الرثاء تغيرت ، وذلك لان الدين الإسلامي غير نفوسهم وهذبها وجعل الإنسان يؤمن بالقضاء والقدر وكاد ينعدم الرثاء في العصر الإسلامي باستثناء رثاء الرسول محمد (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

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