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Article
Distribution Of Dental Caries Among Primary School ChildrenIn Al-Mukalla Area - Yemen
توزيع حالات تسوس الاسنان ضمن طلاب المدارس الابتدائية في منطقة المكلا- اليمن

Authors: Abbas A. Al-Dujaily --- Hameed S. Hassar --- Ahmed M. Al-Haddad
Journal: Tikret Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 18172716 Year: 2006 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-63
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This cross-sectional study is canied out to identify the distribution of dental caries among
400 primary school children of 12 years age in Al-Mukalla area in Yemen.It was found
that 198 (495%) out of 400 school children have dental caries; of those affected children
5L5% were males, and 48.5% were females. Dental caries was found to occur more in
permanent teeth (76.6%) and distributed mostly in the lower jaw (54%). It is more
distributed in urban areas where the affected seen to represent 53o/o, whereas in the rural
areas it was 38%. In comparison, the distribution of dental caries (among the affected) in
private schools (57o/o) is more than that in governmental schools (47%), and the children
living in areas receive their water supply from Al-Ghail, Source 1, are affected (53.6%)
more than those living in areas supplied from Al-Taweela, Source 2, (42.7%). Finally
dental caries causes missing of the teeth in 8% of children

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Article
The Duration of Breast-Feeding and Causes of Early Weaning in Tikrit City.
مدة الرضاعة الطبيعية والفطام المبكر من الأسباب في مدينة تكريت.

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Abstract

This study concerned the practice of breast-feeding and causes of weaning among child bearing women in Tikrit city. The duration of breast-feeding and the number of infants who are breast fed of different ages varies from country to country. It is believed that the prevalence and duration of breast-feeding are declining in many parts of the world for a variety of social. Economical and cultural reasons as results more frequent infections such as diarrhea and upper respiratory infections. This study revealed that most women weaned their infants during the first 6 months of life (40.6%) and the percentage decrease as the duration of breast-feeding. Regarding the most causes of early weaning, the results showed that the milk-insufficiency is the most common cause of early weaning (45%) fallowed by the age of infants (22%). Data showed that 67.8% of total mothers were housewives while 32.2% were employed mothers.

هذه الدراسة المعنية ممارسة الرضاعة الطبيعية والفطام أسباب الإنجاب بين النساء في مدينة تكريت. مدة الرضاعة الطبيعية وعدد من الأطفال الرضع الذين هم الرضاعة الطبيعية من مختلف الأعمار يختلف من بلد إلى آخر. ويعتقد أن انتشار ومدة الرضاعة الطبيعية آخذة في الانخفاض في أجزاء كثيرة من العالم لمجموعة متنوعة من المجتمع. أسباب اقتصادية وثقافية والتهابات متكررة المزيد من النتائج مثل الإسهال والتهابات الجهاز التنفسي العلوي. كشفت هذه الدراسة أن معظم النساء مفطوم أطفالهن الرضع خلال ال 6 أشهر الأولى من الحياة (40.6٪) وانخفاض نسبة ومدة الرضاعة الطبيعية. فيما يتعلق معظم أسباب الفطام المبكر، وأظهرت النتائج أن عدم كفاية الحليب هو السبب الأكثر شيوعا من الفطام المبكر (45٪) fallowed في سن الرضع (22٪). وأظهرت البيانات التي 67.8٪ من إجمالي الأمهات ربات البيوت في حين كانت 32.2٪ كانوا يعملون الأمهات.

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