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Article
Zinc Status In Children With Bronchial Asthma

Authors: Tiran Abdulsttar Kakarash --- Abbas Al-Rabaty
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: supplement Pages: 698-703
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract. The rise in asthma and allergic disease among children is a matter of worldwide concern. Many authors have argued that the changes in diet may have been an important determinant of increased susceptibility to asthma. Free radicals have been proposed to be responsible for the pathogenesis of many diseases because of their harmful effects on the cells and tissues. The enzymes responsible for antioxidant defense have trace elements like zinc. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between bronchial asthma and zinc serum level, and the relation between serum zinc level and the duration and severity of asthma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A Case control study was conducted at Raparin pediatric teaching hospital in Erbil city. Fifty children from ages 1 to 12 years of both sexes who were known cases of asthma and had visited Raparin teaching hospital were enrolled in this study, another sample of 50 healthy children matched for age and gender, without history of chronic disease were taken as a control group. The zinc concentrations in serum were measured in both cases and controls. RESULTS: This study shows that there were significant difference in the values of serum zinc between asthmatic and control group (p<0,01 and p<0,01 respectively).The mean concentrations of zinc are lower in asthmatic children(70.02μg/dl) in comparison to controls(84.04μg/dl).CONCLUSION: Children with bronchial asthma have a great risk of zinc deficiency, and serum zinc level has significant relation to the severity of asthma and the use of steroid

Keywords

asthma --- serum zinc


Article
Analysis of chest x-ray and clinical finding in children with pneumonia
تحليل الصدر بالأشعة السينية والاكتشاف السريري عند الأطفال المصابين بالتهاب رئوي

Authors: Isam Al- Hatam --- Abbas Al-Rabaty --- Salwa Ahmad Al-Najjar
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 477-481
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: The objectives of the study research were to determine the relationship between clinical and chest X-ray findings of pediatric patients.Methods: A Prospective clinical study carried out at Raparin hospital in Erbil city, Iraq. A sample of 356 children admitted between Decembers 2004 and June 2005 from emergency ward and inwards in Raparin hospital were collected with age range from 2 months to 10 years with mean age of 19 months. All children had chest radiography on the bases of clinical decision by pediatricians. Descriptive and statistical procedures were used to analyze the data. Results: All children had signs and symptoms of respiratory infections for instance, fever (87.4%), shortness of breath (99.5 %),cough (98%), tachypnea (73.5%), wheezes (93.3% ), chest retraction (80%), crepitations (82%) and, 42.4% of chest X-rays showed focal infiltrations. Three clinical parameters related to pneumonia diagnosed by chest X-ray these were, chest retraction with sensitivity of 80%, and specificity of 88.29%), tachypnea with sensitivity of 73.5% and specificity of 56.59% fever with sensitivity of 87.42% and specificity of 60.98%.Conclusion: Tachypnea, chest retraction and fever were found to be highly suggestive of pneumonia, chest x-rays was positive in about 425 of patients with pneumonia.

Keywords

Pneumonia --- Chest-X-ray

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