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Article
Prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus antibodies among blood donors and risky groups in Diyala

Author: Abdul-Razak S. Hassan
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2008 Volume: 50 Issue: 4 Pages: 467-470
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among blood donors and risky population in Diyala province.
Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, the records of HCV screening and confirmatory tests were reviewed for the period 1996-2001.Third generation Enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) and Enzyme immunoblot assay were used as screening and confirmatory tests respectively.
Results: The prevalence of HCV infection among blood donors was 0.15%, with the highest in 1997. The highest prevalence rates were found among multiple blood recipient; hemophilia, thalassemia and hemodialysis patients (27.3%, 16.9% & 14.3%) respectively. Whereas, the patients with chronic hepatitis B infection and those with acute icteric hepatitis showed slightly elevated prevalence (2.9% & 2.1%) respectively. The overall prevalence in the province was 9.9/105 population. The mean age of infected patients was 29.7 years and the male: female ratio was 3:1.
Conclusion: The prevalence of HCV infection in Diyala population is relatively low. However, the HCV infection is concentrated in certain risky groups, particularly multiple blood recipients.


Article
parastic infection associated with acute appendicitis in surgically removed appendices

Authors: Nadhim G. Numan --- Ahmed J. Mohamed --- Abdul-Razak S. Hassan
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-186
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

BACKGROUND-to explor the infections associated with acute appendicitis in surgically removed appendices in Diyala.Materials and Methods: this study include 160 surgically removed appendices with acute appendicitis . the patients were 66 fenales and 94 males. the age range was 5-53years with mean age 22.9±7.2 years.the surgically removed appendicitis were submitted for gross inspection and microscopic examination including direct mount, sedimentation and flotation techniques. Additionally specimens from 25 appendices were processed and examined histopathologically.Results: The rate of parasitic infection in surgically removed appendices was 26.2%. the rate of single parastic infection was 23.1%, while the rate of two parasticwas 3,1%. there were insignificant differences in the rate of infection regarding the sex and age of patients . Additionally there were significant differences in the histopathological changes observed in appendices with parastic infection compared to those without infection.conclusion: parastic infection may play a role in the development of acute appendicitis in patients with surgically removed appendices in Diyala provincekeywords parastic infection, acute appendicitis, Diyala

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