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Article
Caries experience of the first permanent molars among a group of children attending Pedodontics' Clinic College of Dentistry

Author: Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: 3 Pages: 117-119
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: First permanent molars are very important teeth and they have the highest caries attack rate among
the permanent dentition. This study was designed to investigate the mortality and severity of caries as well as
treatment needs in the first permanent molars.
Materials and methods: The sample composed of 92 children aged 6-12 years old. Caries experience and treatment
needs were measured by using dental mirror and sickle shape probe.
Results: 14. 1% of children were caries free. DMFT and DMFS were increased with age. DT was the major part of DMFT.
About 47% of the total sample needed one surface restoration.
Conclusion: First permanent molars have a high caries experience and more care should be given to conserve them
by fissure sealing or by prompt treatment of early lesions.
Keyword: Caries, permanent first molars, children. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2011;23(3): 117-119).

Keywords


Article
Caries experience in relation to salivary physicochemical and immunological changes among asthmatic patients in Mosul city / Iraq

Authors: Mohammed S. Younus --- Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 86-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Asthma is a pulmonary disorder characterized by reversible stenosis of the peripheral bronchi. Thisdisease could affect the oral health; as a result asthmatic patients may have a higher risk of developing dentaldiseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the caries experience and salivary elements among asthmaticpatients using Ventoline inhaler.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of 30 male asthmatic patients with an age range 20-24years(under Ventoline inhaler). The control group includes 30 subjects matching with study group in age and gender.Plaque and DMFS index were used for recording caries experience. Stimulated salivary samples were collected andthen salivary flow rate, S-IgA and salivary elements concentrations (Ca, Na, K and PO4) were determined.Results: The mean value of dental caries (DMFS) and plaque index (Pl I) were found to be higher among study groupcompared to control group with statistically significant difference for Pl I (P<0.05), while not significant difference wasobserved for DMFS (P>0.05). The mean value of salivary flow rate, Ca, PO4 , Na and K ions concentrations were foundto be lower among study group compared to the control group with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05),except for Ca and K ions the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). S-IgA in the study group was higherthan the control group and the difference was not significant (P>0.05).Conclusions: Individuals with asthma have a higher caries prevalence, worse oral cleanliness and lower salivaryelements compared to the control group, so a special preventive programs need to be designed for those patients


Article
Oral health status among fifteen years-old students in Maysan governorateIraq

Authors: Ahmed M. Mughamis --- Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 4 Pages: 147-151
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dental caries and periodontal disease are the most common and widely spread diseases affectinghumans at different ages. Aim of this study is the assessment of prevalence and severity of dental caries, gingivitis,oral hygiene and enamel anomalies in relation to gender and residency among 15 years old students in Maysangovernorate –Iraq.Materials and methods: The total sample composed of 750 students (400 males and 350 females, 450 urban and 300rural) selected randomly from different high schools in the Governorate. Diagnoses and recording dental caries wasaccording to the criteria of WHO (1987), Plaque index of Silness and Loe (1964) was used for plaque assessment,Ramfjord index (1959) was applied for the assessment of calculus, gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963) wasfollowed for recording gingival health condition and criteria of WHO (1997) to assess enamel anomalies.Results: Caries prevalence was found to be (92.53%) of the total sample. The DMFS value was higher among femalescompared to males with statistically high significant difference (P<0.01) also the value was higher among ruralcompared to urban with statistically high significant difference (P<0.01). Plaque, gingival and calculus indices werehigher among rural than urban and higher among males than females, statistically, there were high significantdifferences regarding plaque and gingival indices (P<0.01) while non-significant difference regarding calculus index(P>0.05), for both genders and residencies.Conclusion: A high prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis were recorded indicating the need of a public healthprograms in this governorate

الخلفیة: تسوس الاسنان ومرض ما حول السن الاكثر شیوعا والاوسع انتشارا التي تؤثر على الانسان في مختلف الاعمار. ھدف ھذه الدراسة لتقییم انتشار وشدة تسوسالاسنان,التھاب اللثھ, نظافة الفم وعیوب المینا بالنسبة الى الجنس والاقامة بین الطلاب بعمر 15 سنة في محافظة میسان-العراق.المواد والطرق: تتكون العینة الكلیة من 750 طالب ( 400 ذكور و 350 اناث, 450 حضر و 300 ریف) اختیرت عشوائیا من مدارس ثانویة مختلفة في المحافظة. تشخیصوتسجیل تسوس الاسنان كان حسب معاییرمنظمة الصحة العالمیة ( 1987 ), دلیل الصفیحة الجرثومیة لسلنس ولو ( 1964 ) استخدم لقیاس الصفیحة الجرثومیة, دلیل رامفورد1959 ) طبق لتقییم القلح, دلیل اللثة للو و سلنس ( 1963 ) اتبع لتسجیل حالة اللثة الصحیة و معاییر منظمة الصحة العالمیة ( 1997 ) لتقییم عیوب المینا. )كانت اعلى بین الاناث بالمقارنة بالذكور مع اختلاف معنوي كبیر احصائیا (DMFS) النتائج: وجد ان انتشار تسوس الاسنان ( 92.53 ) من العینة الكلیة. قیمة تسوس اسطح السنمقاییس الصفیحة الجرثومیة, اللثة و القلح كانت اعلى بین الذكور .(P< ایضا القیمة كانت اعلى بین الریف بالمقارنة مع الحضر مع اختلاف معنوي كبیر احصائیا ( 0.01 (P<0.01)بینما لا یوجد اختلاف معنوي بخصوص ( P< من الاناث واعلى بین الریف من الحضر, احصائیا, توجد اختلافات معنویة كبیرة بخصوص مقاییس الصفیحة الجرثومیة واللثة ( 0.01لكل من الجنس ومكان الاقامة. (P> مقیاس القلح ( 0.05الخاتمة: نسبة انتشار عالیة لتسوس الاسنان والتھاب اللثة التي سجلت تحدد الحاجة الى برامج صحة عامة في ھذه المحافظة.


Article
Oral health status in relation to selected salivary elements among a group of gasoline stations workers

Authors: Ammar F. Hamza Al-Saeed --- Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 125-129
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Gasoline constituents and its derivatives had many hazardous effects on the general health of humans.Thus, gasoline stations workers may be affected by different types of related diseases.This study was conducted toassess selected salivary elements and their relation with dental caries, oral hygiene status and periodontal diseasesamong gasoline stations workers in comparison with individuals have no regular exposure to gasoline.Materials and methods: The study group consists of thirty male subjects with an age range (33-39) years who workedin different gasoline stations in different areas of Baghdad city and thirty persons that matching in age and genderand not exposed to gasoline were selected as a control group. Dental caries was recorded by lesion severitythrough the application of D1-4 MFS index of (Manji et al). Plaque index of Silness and Loe and calculus index ofRamfjord were used for recording oral hygiene status. Periodontal diseases were evaluated by using the gingivalindex of Loe and Silness and periodontal pocket depth of Carranza. Stimulated salivary samples were collected andchemically analyzed to determine the concentration of salivary calcium, phosphorous, iron, copper and lead ions.Results: Caries experience (DMFS) was higher among the study group compared with the control group withsignificant difference (P<0.05) for DS and highly significant difference (P<0.01) for D2. The mean values of plaque,calculus and gingival indices were significantly higher (P<0.01) among the study group than the control group andthe mean value of periodontal pocket depth was significantly higher (P<0.05) among the study group. The levels ofsalivary calcium and phosphorous were lower among the study group compared with the control group with nosignificant difference between them; whereas iron, copper and lead levels were higher among the study group thanthe control group with highly significant differences (P<0.01) for both copper and lead.Conclusion: Dental caries and periodontal diseases revealed higher percentage of occurrence among the studygroup and salivary elements were found to have little effects on the oral health status. Therefore, special oral healthpreventive and educational programs are needed for them


Article
The Salivary Inflammatory Biomarkers (Interleukin-6, C - reactive protein) in Relation with Caries-Experience among a Group of 12 Year Old Obese Boys

Authors: Ateka R. Aziz --- Ahlam T. Mohammed احلام طه محمد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 1 Pages: 138-142
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Obesity and dental caries are multifactorial diseases related to poor eating habits and show a closerelationship with the sociodemographic characteristics of individuals presenting these diseases. This research aimedto investigate the severity of dental caries among group of obese boys aged 12 year in relation to salivary interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) of unstimulated whole saliva in comparison with normal weighted boys of thesame age.Materials and Methods: The study group included 40 obese boys, with an age of 12 year. The control group included40 normal weighted boys of the same age. The total sample involved for nutritional status assessment using BodyMass Index specific for age and gender according to CDC growth chart (2000). The diagnosis and recording ofdental caries conducted by using (D1-4MFS and d1-4mfs) index according to the criteria of Muhlemann (1976). Thecollection of unstimulated whole saliva was performed under standardized condition. Salivary samples werechemically analyzed for measuring IL-6 and CRP.Results: The caries experience among study group was lower than that among control group for both dentitions, withsignificant differences for D2, ds and dmfs and highly significant difference for d4. Salivary inflammatory biomarkers(IL-6, hs-CRP) were slightly higher among study group compared with control group with no significant differencebetween them. Salivary IL-6 and hs-CRP were negatively correlated with dental caries of both dentitions amongstudy group with significant correlation between IL-6 and D2, while they were correlated positively with dental cariesof both dentitions among control group with highly significant correlation between IL-6 and D3 and significantcorrelation between IL-6 and d4.Conclusion: Obesity and dental caries are associated with increased levels of salivary interleukine-6 and C-reactiveprotein, this making both obesity and dental caries as a state of inflammation that exacerbating immune responsesin the body


Article
Salivary tumor marker CA15-3 and selected elements in relation to oral health status among a group of breast cancer women

Authors: Basma Abdul Bari Azeez بسمة عبد الباري عزيز --- Ahlam T. Mohammed
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 3 Pages: 124-129
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is the commonest type of malignancy worldwide and in Iraq. It is a serious disease thataffects the general health and cause systemic changes that affect the physical and chemical properties of salivaleading to adverse effects on oral health. This study was conducted to assess the tumor marker CA15-3 and selectedelements in saliva and their relation to oral health status among breast cancer patients compared to control group.Materials and Methods: The total sample consisted of 60 women aged 35-45 years. 30 women were newly diagnosedwith breast cancer before taking any treatment and surgery (study group) and 30 women without clinical signs andsymptoms of breast cancer as a control group. Dental caries was recorded using DMFS index of WHO1987, andperiodontal parameters which include plaque index (PlI), calculus index (CalI), gingival index (GI), and Ramfjodindex for the loss of periodontal attachment (CAL) were recorded. Stimulated salivary samples were collected andsalivary flow rate, salivary CA15-3 and selected elements were determined.Results: Caries experience (DMFS) was higher among the study group compared with the control group but thedifference was statistically not significant. The mean values of plaque index, calculus index, gingival index and loss ofattachment were higher among the study group than the control group with a highly significant difference(P<0.01).The concentrations of the tumor marker CA15-3 in saliva of breast cancer patients were highly significantly higherthan that of the controls. The salivary flow rate was observed to be lower among study group compared to controlgroup with a highly significant difference (P<0.01). Higher concentrations of salivary phosphorus, copper and totalproteins were recorded among study group compared to control with statistically highly significant differencesconcerning phosphorus and copper. While salivary calcium and zinc were lower among study group compared tocontrol group with statistically highly significant difference concerning zincConclusions: This study showed that the breast cancer patients had poor oral hygiene and higher rates ofperiodontal diseases and dental caries. In addition, the results of this study could support the concept that salivaryconcentrations of CA15–3 might serve to be used in the detection of breast cancer and/or the post-operative followupof patients under treatment for carcinoma of the breast

Keywords

Breast cancer --- Oral health --- CA15-3.

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