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Comparison between flapless and flap dental implant surgery: A clinical and radiographic study
مقارنة بين جراحة زرع الأسنان بدون سديلة و بسديلة: دراسة سريرية وإشعاعية

Authors: Omed Ikram Shihab --- Ahmad Abdullah Haider --- Abduljaleel Azad Samad
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1267-1271
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Flapless implant surgery has been suggested as a suitable treatment technique for implant placement, but limited information exists regarding the clinical conditions after flapless implant surgery. This study aimed to compare flapless implant surgery with traditional flap implant surgery clinically and radiographically.Methods: Sixty patients (23 males and 37 females) participated in the present study. The patients were divided into two groups, in the Group ‘A’ 30 implants were placed by traditional flap surgery and in Group ‘B’ 30 implants were placed by flapless implant surgery (punch technique). Clinical and radiographic examinations were carried out to assess the implants condition. Clinical examination included implant mobility which was assessed by using universal torque ratchet at the end of healing period (6 months). The periapical radiograph was carried out to assess marginal bone loss around the implants at three and six months after implantation.Results: Two implants failure were reported; one implant for each of the Group ‘A’ and ‘B’. There was no significant difference between the two groups with regard to the marginal bone resorption (P = 0.487). The success rate for both groups was 96.6%. The study showed a non-significant relation of age and gender with the success rate.Conclusion: The flapless implant surgery could offer advantages over the classic protocol and should have the potential to increase the patients’ acceptance of the procedure.

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