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The effect of Henna (Lawsonia inermis) on the wound healing of Local Arabian Horses
دراسة تأثير الحناء على التئام الجروح في الخيل العربية المحلية

Authors: Amir I. Towfik --- Abdul- Satar S. Hamza --- Ahmed K. Munahi
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2015 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 78-91
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

This study was conducted on (15) local horses to assess the effect of henna extract on wound healing in horses , the horses divided randomly into five groups ( first four groups were regarded as henna extract solutions treatment 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% respectively and the fifth group was regarded as control group ) and (3) horses for each group. All the horses were submitted to cutaneous incisions in the neck regions , the henna extract treatment groups were treated locally and daily for (21) days except the control group which treated with distal water only. The clinical signs of each wound were recorded daily and swabs were taken for bacterial examinations at ( 7, 14, 21 ) days to diagnose the types of bacteria which grew in the wounds and study the effect of henna extract on their growth, at first they were cultured in nutrient broth and smears were done for gram stain evaluation then they transferred to special media for each type of them, red manitol agar for Staphylococcus aureus , blood agar and brain heart broth for Streptococcus equi and cetrimide agar for Pseudomonas erogenosa . The results showed the superiority of the henna extract solution at 20% concentration according to the clinical signs of the wound ( swollen, bleeding, dryness, abscess formation, epithelization and scar tissue formation ) and the henna extract solution with its different concentrations showed gradually absence of wound edges swollen, no bleeding, dryness, intensive growth of epithelial tissue, no abscess formation and scar tissue since the first week of the treatment. Also the results showed clearly the cidal effect of the henna extract solutions (10%, 15%, 20%) respectively for the Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus equi , Pseudomonas erogenosa. The histo – pathological examination of the wound which treated by henna extract solution at 20% concentration showed strong healing with thick keratinized tissue, hyperproliferation of the epidermal layer, presence of profuse fibrosis and clear growth of new blood vessels in compare with control group .

شملت الدراسة (15) خيلا عربية محلية لمعرفة تأثير مستخلص الحناء على التئام الجروح في الخيل , حيث قسمت الخيل الى خمسة مجاميع عشوائيا ( أربعة منها مجاميع معالجة بمحلول مستخلص الحناء بتركيز 5% , 10%, 15% , 20% ومجموعة خامسة اعتبرت مجموعة سيطرة ) بواقع ثلاثة خيول لكل مجموعة.تم عمل شقوق جراحية في الجلد لمنطقة الرقبة لجميع حيوانات التجربة , ووضع مستخلص الحناء وحسب التراكيز المحددة لكل مجموعة معالجة موضعيا وبصورة يومية لمدة (21) يوما عدا مجموعة السيطرة حيث عولجت بمحلول الماء المقطر فقط طيلة فترة التجربة .سجلت العلامات السريرية يوميا لكل جرح وأخذت مسحات لغرض الفحص البكتيري في يوم (7 , 14 , 21) ولغرض تشخيص انواع البكتيريا الموجودة في الجروح ودراسة مدى تأثرها بمستخلص الحناء تمت زراعتها على وسط زرعي مغذي عام ثم عملت منها شرائح زجاجية وصبغت بصبغة الكرام و نقلت في اوساط زرعية متخصصة لكل منها , حيث استخدم وسط المانتول الاحمر للمكورات العنقودية الذهبية , ووسط الدم ثم المرق الدماغي القلبي المغذي للمسبحيات الخيلية , ووسط السترامايد للمتقلبات ايروجينوزا .أظهرت النتائج تفوق محلول مستخلص الحناء بتركيز 20% على جميع التراكيز الاخرى من حيث العلامات للجروح ( تورم حافات الجرح , النزف , جفاف الجرح , تكون الخراج , التظهير , تكون نسيج الندبة ) وقد أظهر محلول مستخلص الحناء بتراكيزه المختلفة وبدرجات متفاوتة عدم وجود تورم في حافات الجرح وانعدام النزف وجفاف الجرح مع نمو شديد للنسيج الظهاري وانعدام تكون الخراج ونسيج الندبة منذ الاسبوع الاول للمعالجة .كما بينت النتائج التأثير الفعال لمحلول مستخلص الحناء 10% , 15% , 20% على التوالي للمكورات العنقودية الذهبية والمسبحيات الخيلية والمتقلبات ايروجينوزا على مدى الفترة الزمنية للتجربة .

Keywords

henna --- wound --- healing --- local --- Arabian --- horses


Article
A comparison between Aloe vera and silver sulfadiazine on second-degree burns in local male rabbits: A Histological study

Authors: Abbas A. Hussien --- Ahmed K. Munahi --- Rafid H. Farman
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 23-28
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

The present study carried out on fifteen local male rabbits six months in age, the animals divided for three groups five animals for each, after general anesthesia of all animals, the thoracic region was exposed for three seconds to 2 cm2 wide electrical heating rod to reach second-degree burn. The first group exposed to Vaseline only as a sham control group, second group exposed to silver sulfadiazine cream 0.2% and third group exposed to the Aloe vera (85%), all groups treated continuously once time for fifteen days, and specimens collected from affected area during 5,10 and 15 days after treatment for histopathological evaluations. The results of the study revealed semi like frequent healing process in all groups after five days, whereas at the ten days after treatment the second and third groups showed noticeable healing processes than control group, while at fifteen days from treatment the animals treated with Aloe vera showed approximately complete healing process characterized by presence of thick keratinized layer with profuse collagen in the dermis as well as new formation of hair follicle with noticeable hyperplasia of epidermal layers when compared with second and first groups.

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