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Article
Oral health status among secondary school students in Mosul City Centre/Iraq

Author: Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 14 Pages: 180-185
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health among secondary school students and to find ifthere was any variation between age and sex groups in Mosul City Centre. Material and Methods: Asample of 630 students aged 16–18 years old (278 males, 352 females) were examined using plaqueindex score and gingival index. The clinical examinations were carried out in the school using planemouth mirrors, WHO periodontal probes to detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Results:Showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 0.96, the plaque index increased with age.Females reported less mean plaque scores than males with statistically significant difference betweenthem. The mean gingival score was 0.56 for the total sample and it increased with age. There was asignificant difference between males and females. The study revealed that 35.9% of the total sampledid not brush their teeth. Therefore the objective of dental health education to those subjects is to brushtheir teeth regularly and to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice. Conclusion: Periodontaldisease is indirectly related to the exposure of bacterial plaque for long time which calls forcoordinated planning of preventive strategies and urgent priorities


Article
Risk Factors Influence on the Prevalence and Severity of Root Caries in Mosul (Rural and Urban)

Author: Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2010 Volume: 10 Issue: 20 Pages: 348-357
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the association of root caries with some risk factors among adult population in Mosul City (rural and urban). Materials and Methods: A sample of 231 subjects was selected, aged 20-70 years old, from rural and urban areas of Mosul City. For each subject, clinical examination was performed for root surface caries, pocket depth and tooth loss. The questionnaire forms were completed by the dentist. Root Caries Index (RCI) was used for detecting root caries. Billings Index was used to record the severity of root caries, while WHO Index was used to measure pocket depth. Results: From the total sample, the mean RCI was 19.37 in rural and 18.62 in urban areas; with no significant differ-ence between them. The study revealed that for severity of the root caries lesion, grade I (incipient) was the most prevalent for both genders. Subjects of this study revealed correlation between some risk fac-tors and the occurrence of root surface caries. The mean pocket depth in relation to root surface caries with not significant difference between urban and rural areas (p > 0.05). the mean number of the miss-ing teeth increased with the increasing age in both rural and urban areas. Conclusion: Root surface caries is regarded to be high in both rural and urban population, especially those with old age. As such, management of a root caries in older population is predicted to be one of greatest challenges facing dental team in the future

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Article
Prevalence and severity of traumatic injury of permanent anterior teeth among 7–15 years old children in Mosul City

Author: Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 10 Pages: 140-144
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to determine the prevalenceand severity of traumatic dental injuries of permanent anteriorteeth among children in Mosul City, and to find if there is anyvariation between age and sex groups.A sample of 209 children aged 7–15 years old (112 malesand 97 females) was examined using Garcia–Godoy classificationin the diagnosis of traumatic dental injuries.The results showed that the upper central incisors werethe most commonly injured teeth (60%) followed by the lateralincisors (35%). No case of injured canine was recorded.The lower lateral incisors reported the very little average(1%).The results also showed that the most common type ofdental injuries was the simple enamel fracture (43.7%).


Article
Time and order of eruption of primary teeth for children in Mosul City, Iraq

Authors: Tarik Y KHAMRCO --- Aisha A QASIM
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2002 Volume: 2 Issue: SpIss Pages: 327-340
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aims of the study were to determine the time and sequence of eruption of primary teeth. Also, to determine the differences in timing of tooth emergence according to side, jaw and gentler variation.Tinning and sequence of cruption were studied cross-sectionally in a group of (1843) children from Mosul City, Iraq:(940) were males and(903) were females aged between (2-37)months. The data were statistically analysed by using Karber's analysis in order to compute the mean and standard deviation of emergence.The results showed that there are no significant differences between the mean time of corresponding right and left teeth in both genders. The findings of the study indicated that the males have their primary teeth to emerge earlier than those of females. The differences between the two genders are clearly seen in the eruption of maxillary lateral incisor and maxillary first molar. The males acquired all their primary teeth to emerge in shorter time span than the females (difference 2.04 months).The results demonstrated that the maxillary teeth emerge before their mandibular opposing teeth in males with the exception of central incisor. However, in females, the mandibular teeth emerge before their maxillary opposing teeth with the exception of the canine and second molar.A specific sequence of primary teeth emergence was found in both arches and for both genders. In general, the emergence of primary teeth started with the emergence of mandibular central incisor and ended with mandibular second molar.


Article
Dental caries risk indicators by using International Caries Detection and Assessment System in Mosul City.

Authors: Aisha A Qasim --- Saher S Gasgoos --- Faraed D Salman
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 21 Pages: 113-123
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the effect of risk factors such as income level, socioeconomic status, parents education, brushing behavior , dental attendance, type of treatment performed and others on dental ca-ries severity of permanent teeth. Materials and Methods: Sample size was (531) students (260 males and 271 females) who were selected randomly from (10) primary and intermediate schools in Mosul City, their ages were ranged between (6-16) years. Risk factors considered on caries severity included parent's income level, parent's education, visiting the dentist, types of dental treatment performed and brushing behavior. Distribution of dental caries on each side of the mouth, DMFT and the percentage of caries free students were also considered. Caries severity was measured using International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Results: These factors have an effect to increase or decrease caries severity either significantly or not significantly. Conclusion: These risk factors should be kept in mind when we decide to reduce caries severity.

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Article
Dental health status of adult population in Yemen (Thamar City)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Khawla M Saleh --- Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 12 Pages: 144-150
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral health status (dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) in Yemenis adult individuals. Material and Methods: The sample included 471 individuals, age rangingbetween 20–59 years of both sexes using sharp dental caries explorers with WHO periodontal probes to detect periodontal health by the use of DMFT index of WHO (1997) and CPITN by WHO (1987).Results: The mean DMFT for the total sample was 7.33 + 0.3 which was increased with increasing agefor the different age groups with a significant difference but no significant difference in the meanDMFT for total males and females has been found. The results also showed that the total number ofteeth (880) with a mean of 1.81 tooth/person in need of treatment is the most prevalent needed onesurface filling, and 581 teeth with a mean of 1.23 tooth/ person needed two or more surfaces filling.According to the highest CPITN there was significant difference between male and female in calculusat p < 0.05 and shallow pockets at p < 0.01. The results also revealed that the mean number of healthysextants for the total sample was 4.13 while for bleeding and calculus were 1.02 and 0.21, respectively.It means that the treatment needs for periodontal disease is more toward oral hygiene procedure and prophylaxis. Conclusion: Dental health education program is an essential activity for promoting optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases

Keywords

Dental health status --- DMFT --- CPITN.


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students (A comparative study)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Aisha A Qasim --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 9 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare oral health status(dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) of Iraqiand Yemeni dental students.The sample included 100 Iraqi dental students and 90Yemeni dental students of fourth grade, age ranged between22–23 years old of both sexes. The study revealed that therewas a significant difference in the DMFT between Iraqi andYemeni dental students for the total sample at p < 0.05 level,with significant difference between Iraqi and Yemeni dentalstudents for both sexes at p < 0.01 level.The results also revealed that there was no significant differencein the type of treatment required for the total samplebetween females of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students, butwith significant difference in the treatment need between malesof Iraqi and Yemeni dental students. Highest percentageof treatment need for Iraqi and Yemeni students were for 1surface restoration.The highest CPITN code percentage for Iraqi studentswas for code 2 (calculus) followed by code 1 with a significantdifference between Iraqi males and females students atp<0.01 level, while for Yemeni dental students the highestCPITN code percentage was for code 1 followed by code 2.There was a significant difference in the total sample betweenIraqi and Yemeni dental students at p<0.01 level; i.e., Iraqi studentsrequire scaling while Yemenis require oral health instruction.


Article
Assessment of Periodontal Status among Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women in Mosul City

Authors: Aisha A. Qasim --- Karama MT Al - Nuaimy --- Alhan Ahmed
Journal: JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE مجلة التربية والعلم ISSN: 1812125X Year: 2012 Volume: 25 Issue: 57 Pages: 72-78
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

ABSTRACTTo increase the understanding of oral health factors associated with menopause women, this research sought to examine the oral hygiene including clinical parameters (DMFT, gingival, calculus, plaque and pocket depth indices) and physical parameters (flow rate and pH) to show changes in postmenopausal women in Mosul City center in relation to premenopausal women. The sample chosen included 123 women 47 premenopausal and 76 postmenopausal women in age range from 30 – 61 years old. Clinical examination was carried out to detected DMFT, gingival, calculus, plaque and pocket depth indices, also measures physical parameters about flow rate and pH of saliva for each women.There was significant changes in the clinical and physical parameters when compared with age 46 – 61 years old, at p< 0.05 and highly significant at p< 0.001.Oral health in pre and post menopausal women should be considered as a separate problem from oral diseases. The clinical picture may vary from a localized to generalized inflammation would be of interest to physiologists and endocrinologists and might also prove to be value to the practicing dentists.

الخلاصةلزيادة معرفة عوامل صحة الفم المتعلقة بسن اليأس للنساء. يفحص هذا البحث صحة الفم بأستخدام مؤشرات (مؤشر الأسنان المتسوسة والمفقودة والمعالجة، مؤشر التهاب اللثة، مؤشر التكلسات والترسبات وعمق الجيب) والمؤشرات الفيزياوية (نسبة الجريان ودرجة الحامضية لللعاب) للأشارة بالتغيرات التي تحدث للنساء عقب سن اليأس في مركز مدينة الموصل و مقارنتها بالفترة قبل سن اليأس.تضم العينة 123 أمرأة (47 قبل سن اليأس و 76 بعد سن اليأس) للأعمار بين 30 و61 سنة. يضم الفحص السريري قياس مؤشر الأسنان المتسوسة والمفقودة والمعالجة، مؤشر التهاب اللثة، مؤشر التكلسات والترسبات وعمق الجيب والمؤشرات الفيزياوية (نسبة الجريان ودرجة الحامضية للعاب) لكل أمرأة.كان هناك تغيرات معنوية في بعض المؤشرات السريرية والفيزياوية عند المقارنة بالأعمار 46 – 61 سنة عند درجة p< 0.05) ) وعالي المعنوية عند (p< 0.001).يجب اعتبار صحة الفم للنساء قبل و عقب سن اليأس مشاكل منعزلة عن امراض الفم. حيث تتغير الصورة السريرية من كونها موضعية الى التهاب عام يؤخذ بعين الأهتمام من قبل اخصائي الفسيولوجيا والغدد الصم لما له قيمة لدى أطباء الأسنان.

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Article
Association Between Weight and Height of Children and Eruption of Permanent Teeth in Mosul City Center-Iraq

Authors: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Aisha A Qasim --- Karam H Jazrawi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 26 Pages: 275-281
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Aims: To evaluate the effect of length and weight of 5–13 years old children on eruption of permanent teeth in Mosul City. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 894 children and teenagers; 412 males and 482 females ranging in age from 5–13 years. A tooth was defined as erupted when any part of its crown pierced its gingiva. The sample was divided into 4 age groups: Group 1: 250 child and teenager aged 5–<7 years; group 2: 248 child and teenager aged 7–<9 years; group 3: 257 child and teenager aged 9–<11 years; and group 4: 139 child and teenager aged 11–13 years. Other information were also recorded including length of child (in meters) and weight of child (in kilograms). Results: The number of erupted teeth according to individual tooth, gender and age groups was recorded. There was a strong correlation (p = 0.001) between length and weight of children on one hand and number of erupted teeth on the other hand. Conclusion: Children who had higher weight and length accelerated dental development.


Article
The Effect of Premature Birth on The Primary Dentition

Authors: Baydaa A Al – Rawi --- Aisha A. Qasim --- Ghada Dh Al – Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 15 Pages: 18-22
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The aims of the present study were to determine if primary teeth eruption and the presence of
enamel defect are affected by low birth weight and prematurely of birth. Materials and Methods: The
total subjects of (420) child aged 4 – 24 months were included in this study, consisted of (210) prematurely
born (<37 gestational weeks and birth weight < 2.500 Kg) children and 210 control children (&#8805;40
gestational weeks and birth weight &#8805; 2.500 Kg). Those children selected randomly the children who
came to the primary health care centers with their mother for vaccination and the mothers asked to participate
in this study. For each child, clinical exanimation was performed in dental chair. The criterion
used for enamel defect to include various enamel hypoplasias, deficiency of enamel in the form of pits,
grooves or other quantitative surface loss and enamel hypocalcifications and opacities. Data were analyzed
using numbers, percentages, means and standard deviations. T – test, Z – test Chi – square (X2)
test were used for determining the differences concerning different variables. The differences were
considered significant at p&#8804; 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between different
genders numbers among in each age group for the preterm and control children. The results
showed significantly (p<0.05) delayed eruption of the primary teeth in the prematurely born children as
compared with the control children in all age groups except in 4 – 6 months age group, also there was
significantly higher percentages of enamel defect present in preterm children, than in control children
in all age groups except in 4 – 6 months age group. Conclusions: The findings indicated that the eruption
of deciduous teeth was delayed and the percentage of enamel defect was significantly increased in
prematurely born children.

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