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Article
Open bite in Iraq (A national survey)

Author: Akram F. Al-Huwaizi اكرم فيصل الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 81-85
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Backgroung: Open bite is a common malocclusion affecting children and adults.Materials and method: About seven thousand 13 year olds with no history of orthodontic treatment were selected from six governorates (Baghdad the capital, Ninevah, Basrah, Diyala, Anbar and Najaf). An intra-oral clinical examination was used to examine anterior and posterior open bite.Results: Anterior open bite (-4 to -1mm) was found in 2.2% and posterior open bite was found in 1.5% of the sample (0.83% unilateral and 0.63% bilateral) both being more prevalent among females.

Keywords

Open bite --- prevalence --- adolescent


Article
Normal Iraqi values of overjet and overbite

Author: Akram F. Al-Huwaizi اكرم فيصل الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 90-93
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Knowing the normal range of values helps us define the abnormal range.Material and Method: This study involved six governorates (cities and environs) in Iraq selected to cover the whole country geographically (Baghdad the capital, Ninevah, Basrah, Diyala, Anbar and Najaf). The sample consisted of 6957 intermediate school students aged 13 years with no previous history of orthodontic treatment. An intra-oral clinical examination was used to assess their overjet and overbite.Results: More than two thirds of the sample (67.8%) had an overjet of 2mm to 4mm and three quarters of the sample (75.3%) had an overbite of 1mm to 3mm and when overjet and overbite values were cross-tabulated, 54.7% of the sample had an overjet of 2-4mm and an overbite of 1-3mm suggesting their normal values.Conclusion: For Iraqi 13 earl teen-agers the normal overjet is 2-4mm and overbite is 1-3mm

Keywords

Overbite --- overjet


Article
Soft tissue impingement and lip form in Iraqi teenagers

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Abstract

Background: Soft tissue impingement and lip form have often been overlooked in previous epidemiological surveys.Materials and Methods: About seven thousand 13 year olds with no history of orthodontic treatment were selected from six governorates (Baghdad the capital, Ninevah, Basrah, Diyala, Anbar and Najaf). An intra-oral clinical examination was used to assess traumatic overbite causing soft tissue impingement and the lip form of each student.Results: Soft tissue impingement was found in 2.7% (2.5% palatally and 0.2% labially). Normal lip form was found in 80.7%, contracting lip form in 14.7% and lip trap in 4.6% of the sample. All the previous were non-significantly related to gender and residency.Conclusion: Iraqi children present a much mre favorable lip form than Western children

Keywords

Soft tissue --- impingement --- lip form

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