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Article
Finger sucking habit: Prevalence, contributing factors and effect on occlusion

Author: Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 4 Pages: 135-142
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to find the prevalence of finger sucking habit among primary school children and to detect the effect of some factors like parents’ occupation, socioeconomic status of the family, pacifier use, feeding method and child rank on the occurrence of the habit. Effects of finger sucking habit on occlusion were also looked for. The prevalence of finger sucking habit was looked for in 1780 students (1030 boys and 750 girls) in six primary schools randomly selected in the center of Mosul City. The age of the students ranged between 6–14 years, with a mean of 10.2 years. The habit was noted in 5.56% of the students, with significant female preponderance. In comparison with a nearly identical control group, finger–sucking habit was significantly higher in those, whose mothers were officials, those who were on bottle–feeding and those who were not using pacifier. No significant influence of father’s occupation, children birth rank and economic status of the family on the prevalence of finger sucking habit was noted. Finger suckers showed a significant increase in overjet, anterior open bite and decrease in deep bite and lower arch spacing. No significant difference was noted between finger suckers and the control group with respect to upper anterior spacing, upper and lower crowding and posterior cross bite.


Article
Comparison of Facial Heights Between Iraqi Arab and Kurdish

Authors: Bayan A Hassan --- Alaa' D Al-Dawoody --- Hussain A Obaidi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 17 Pages: 45-51
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To investigate for any difference in facial height measurements between Iraqi Arabs and Kurds adolescents. Materials and Methods: lateral cephalometric radiographs Of 42Arabic adolescents in Mosul city and 43 Kurdish adolescents in Arbil city were assessed for anterior and posterior facial height measurements. Results: No significant difference was found in facial height measurements be-tween Arabic males and females. In Kurds, males showed significantly higher facial measurements than females. Kurdish adolescents had significantly greater facial height measurements than Arabic counterparts. Conclusions: Our results revealed that there is an overall difference in the facial height measurements between Arabic and Kurdish Iraqi adolescents


Article
Assessment of Sagittal Jaws Relationship in skeletal Class I Adolescents

Authors: Manar Y Abdul–Qadir --- Alaa' D Al-Dawoody --- Fadhil Y Jasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2010 Volume: 10 Issue: 16 Pages: 231-237
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To establish a cephalometric standard for sagittal jaw relationships for Iraqi adolescents in Mo-sul city by using three linear measurements, also to compare &correlated the three methods. Materials and Methods: Lateral cephalometric radiograph were taken for 120 adolescents (52 boys and 68 girls). The age range was 12–15 years with a mean of 13.4 years. Wits appraisal (Ao–Bo), App–Bpp (distance between points A&B projected to the palatal plane), and AF–BF(distance between points A and B pro-jected to the Frankfort Horizontal plane) were measured. Results: Significant differences were found between boys and girls for Ao–Bo, and App–Bpp measurements. No significant difference was ob-served for AF–BF between girls and boys. Conclusions: Among the three measurements taken, the AF–BF distance appeared to be the most dependable one followed by App–Bpp distance.

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Article

Authors: Alaa' D Al–Dawoody --- Ne'am F Agha --- Huda A Al–Sarraf
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2010 Volume: 10 Issue: 16 Pages: 341-347
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the curve of Spee in class I and class II division 1 malocclusion groups to investigate whether there is a relationship between the depth of Curve of Spee with arch circumference and other variables (overjet and overbite) between two classes of occlusion. Materials and Methods: 60 dental casts of untreated adolescents, 30 girls and 30 boys aged 12–15 years, were obtained from secondary schools at Mosul City. The sample included 2 groups; the class I occlusion group and class II1 malocclusion group, each group comprised from 30 subjects (15 boys and 15 girls). The depth of curve of Spee and arch circumference were measured on mandibular dental casts. Overjet and overbite were assessed with a vernia. Description of the variables within each class and comparison of the variable between two classes were assessed by student t–test. In addition, a correla-tion coefficients between the depth of curve of Spee and other variables were calculated. Results: the results showed that there were no significant differences between genders within the groups for all va-riables. However, these variables showed sexual differences between two groups. Statistically signifi-cant correlation was also found between the depth of Spee and overbite, overjet and arch circumferences in both groups.

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Article
Evaluation of Holdaway Soft Tissue Analysis for Iraqi Adults with Class I Normal Occlusion

Authors: Ne'am F Agha --- Alaa' D Al-Dawoody --- Manar Y Abdul–Qadir
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 12 Pages: 231-237
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine cephalometric standards for Iraqi adults using Holdaway soft tissue analysis. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 60 individual (31 males and 29 females), aged 18–23years. Ten linear and tow angular parameters were measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs, using the definitions provided by Holdaway. For each variable mean and SD were calculated, in additionindependent samples t– test was performed to detect sexual dimorphism. Results: Some differences were determined when the measurement obtained for Iraqi sample were compared to Holdaway norms.Iraqi adults showed a more obtuse H angle, less nose prominence, more upper lip strain, more skeletal convexity, and greater soft tissue chin thickness. In addition, a comparison between males and femalesrevealed a significant sexual dimorphism for upper lip sulcus depth, upper lip thickness, basic upper lip thickness, and soft tissue chin thickness. Conclusions: soft tissue cephalometric norms are specific foreach ethnic group. The normative data for Iraqi population should be used as a guide for diagnosis and planning of orthodontic treatment


Article
Gingival response to relief and non relief removable orthodontic appliances

Authors: Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 6 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The gingival state of thirty seven young patients (meanage 11.6 years) wearing simple removable orthodontic applianceswas assessed and followed at monthly intervals for 3months. For 17 of the patients, intentional relief of the appliancewas carried out in the upper right area. Statistically, theplaque index levels were similar in both “relief” and “non relief”groups and reached a similar score at 2 and 3 months.The gingival index was significantly higher in the “relief” group.


Article
Prevalence of Candida albicans in patients using fixed orthodontic appliances after the use of peppermint

Authors: Ghada Y Abdul–Rahman --- Zaid B Al–Dewachi --- Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 5 Pages: 91-96
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the antifungal effectof peppermint extract as mouth rinse during orthodontic treatment.Thirty patients (11 males and 19 females) who wear orthodonticappliances and instructed to use chlorhexidine asmouth rinse (8 patients); Mentha piperita extract (10 patients)or left to care of their teeth without any mouth rinse (12 patients);mean number of Candida albicans colonies recoveredfrom anterior surface at three intervals (Time 0: Before wearingthe appliance; time 1: After 7 days and time 2: After 1month) was 48.8, 144.3, 158.9 for the control group; 132.9,125.4, 147.9 for the peppermint group and 72, 105.8 and130.8 for the chlorhexidine group.The mean number of Candida albicans colonies fromthe posterior surface at the different intervals was 87.4, 136.8,159.5; 121.3, 84, 34.6 and 78.5, 91.25, 91 for control, peppermintand chlorhexidine groups respectively. The use of thepeppermint extract decreases the number of Candida albicanssignificantly at the posterior surfaces

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