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Article
Association of Root Caries, Oral Hygiene and Gingival Health Among Adult Population in Baghdad and Mosul City Center (A omparative Study)

Author: Alhan Ahmed Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2009 Volume: 9 Issue: 14 Pages: 238-253
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To determine the association of root caries, oral hygiene and gingival health among adult population
in Baghdad and Mosul Cities. Materials and methods: A sample of 210 subjects was selected
aged 20 – 60 years, attending the Periodontal Clinic of DentistryCollege at Baghdad and Mosul Universities.
For each subject, clinical examination was performed on a dental chair, using plane mouth
mirrors and exploratory probe to detect root surface caries. While WHO periodontal probe was used to
detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Root Caries Index (RCI) was used for detecting root caries,
Plaque Index (PI) for oral hygiene and Gingival Index (GI) for gingival health. T – test was used to
find a difference between Baghdad and Mosul, while Duncan's Multiple Range Test was used to find
the difference among groups, the differences were considered significant at p≤ 0.05. Results: From the
total sample the mean Root Caries Index (RCI) rate was (13.69) in Baghdad and (13.59) in Mosul, no
significant difference was found between the two cities (p> 0.05). The mean Plaque Index (PI) was
moderate for Baghdad and Mosul (1.23, 1.04) respectively, while Gingival Index (GI) mean was low
for both cities (0.96, 0.71) respectively. Also subjects who did not brush their teeth revealed a high
mean of RCI, PI and GI in both cities than those who brushed their teeth once or more than one time
daily with highly significant difference (p< 0.01). A significant decrease in the mean of RCI, PI and GI
with high level of education (p&#8804; 0.05) was found. Conclusions: Root surface caries is regarded to be
high in both cities population and deserve attention concerning their actual role in the epidemiology of
principle oral disease of the adult population.

Keywords


Article
Prosthetic Status in Relation to Weight Status and Occupation among Parkinson's Disease Patients in Baghdad-Iraq

Authors: Ali Farouk Al-Taweel --- Alhan Ahmed Qasim
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 3 Pages: 21-27
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) can lead to problems in movement and coordination that lead to difficulty in maintaining well oral cleaning which can then negatively affect dental status of those Patients.The aim of present study: To evaluate prosthetic status in relation to weight status and occupation by age and gender among Parkinson's disease Patients in Baghdad-Iraq.Methods: The sample consisted of 104 patients with Parkinson disease attended to the Neurosciences Hospital in Baghdad city / Iraq, aged 60-79 years Prosthetic Status was recorded according to WHO(1997). Weight status was recorded according to Trowbridge 1988 and occupation was recorded according to Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992) and Ganzeboom et al (1989).Results: The subjects without prosthesis tend to be more from any prosthesis type followed by partial denture and bridge, all types of prosthesis found to be decreased with increasing of age in both arches except combination of bridge and partial denture and complete denture were found to be increased with increasing of age with statistically highly significant association between age and prosthesis in upper arch. Males were found to have more prosthesis than females but with statistically no significant association. The subjects without any prosthesis, both bridge and partial denture types in upper arch found more in normal weight than the over and obese ones, while the combination of bridge and partial denture with complete denture tend to have slightly more in over weight with highly significant association. In lower arch other two prosthesis categories tend to be more in overweight subjects than other their counterparts with equally distributed of partial denture between normal and obese ones whose this prosthesis tend to be more than the overweight ones with statistically significant association. The with+ without+ self-employees category tends to have no prosthesis, partial denture and bridge prostheses more than other their counterparts with approximately equally distributed of other prosthesis categories but with statistically no significant association in upper arch while in lower arch the percentage of subjects with free prosthesis was found in with+ without+ self-employees category, while the partial denture and bridge found to be more in with+ without+ self-employees and upper grade professional but these findings tend to be statistically no significant association.Conclusion: Age, gender, occupation and weight have an effect on prevalent of prosthetic status of Parkinson’s disease patients. This may be due to difference in previous oral hygiene, health awareness, severity of Parkinson’s disease and difference in income status between them.


Article
Prosthetic status in relation to weight status and occupation among Parkinson's disease patients in Baghdad-Iraq

Authors: Alhan Ahmed Qasim --- Ali Farouk Al-Taweel
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 4 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) can lead to problems in movement and coordination that lead to difficulty in maintaining well oral cleaning which can then negatively affect dental status of those Patients.The aim of present study: To evaluate prosthetic status in relation to weight status and occupation by age and gender among Parkinson's disease Patients in Baghdad-Iraq.Methods: The sample consisted of 104 patients with Parkinson disease attended to the Neurosciences Hospital in Baghdad city / Iraq, aged 60-79 years Prosthetic Status was recorded according to WHO(1997). Weight status was recorded according to Trowbridge 1988 and occupation was recorded according to Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992) and Ganzeboom et al (1989).Results: The subjects without prosthesis tend to be more from any prosthesis type followed by partial denture and bridge, all types of prosthesis found to be decreased with increasing of age in both arches except combination of bridge and partial denture and complete denture were found to be increased with increasing of age with statistically highly significant association between age and prosthesis in upper arch. Males were found to have more prosthesis than females but with statistically no significant association. The subjects without any prosthesis ,both bridge and partial denture types in upper arch found more in normal weight than the over and obese ones, while the combination of bridge and partial denture with complete denture tend to have slightly more in over weight with highly significant association. In lower arch other two prosthesis categories tend to be more in overweight subjects than other their counterparts with equally distributed of partial denture between normal and obese ones who’s this prosthesis tend to be more than the overweight ones with statistically significant association. The with+ without+ self-employees category tends to have no prosthesis, partial denture and bridge prostheses more than other their counterparts with approximately equally distributed of other prosthesis categories but with statistically no significant association in upper arch while in lower arch the percentage of subjects with free prosthesis was found in with+ without+ self-employees category , while the partial denture and bridge found to be more in with+ without+ self-employees and upper grade professional but these findings tend to be statistically no significant association.Conclusion: Age, gender, occupation and weight have an effect on prevalent of prosthetic status of Parkinson’s disease patients. This may be due to difference in previous oral hygiene, health awareness, severity of Parkinson’s disease and difference in income status between them.


Article
Early impact of fixed orthodontic therapy on gingival health status in relation to weight status

Authors: Alhan Ahmed Qasim --- Zaid Ali Alasadi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 4 Pages: 65-70
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: fixed orthodontic appliances deleterious influence on gingival health is well documented. Association between weight status and gingival health is presented in many studies. This study aimed to evaluate how early the impact of fixed orthodontic therapy on patients` gingival health, and if there are differences of that impact among different weight status groups.Materials and Methods: Sample consisted of 54 patients (25 males, 29 females; age limits are 16 -18 years) going under the course of treatment with fixed orthodontic appliance. Patients were categorized according to their Body Mass Index (BMI) into 3 weight status groups considering WHO charts in 2007 (underweight, normal weight, overweight and obese), then determination of each patient`s gingival health status was through the criteria of the gingival index (GI) by Loe and Silness in 1963 which modified by Loe in 1967. Records of gingival index for all patients who met specific criteria were taken in three time points [before bonding (1st visit), 2 weeks after bonding (2nd visit), and 4 weeks after bonding (3rd visit)]. Also BMI of the patients were checked at each of the three visits.Results: There was a significant increase in gingival index for all BMI weight status groups after just two weeks of treatment, and the increase continues during the 3rd visit, with no significant difference in impact among weight status groups.Conclusions: oral health preventive measures should be applied rapidly and equally to all patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances, without taking their BMI weight status in consideration

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Article
Backache as one of occupational hazards and diseases among 900 dentists in Baghdad city

Authors: Muhammad Al-Qaisi محمد القيسي --- Alhan Ahmed Qasim الحان احمد قاسم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 99-103
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The present survey was conducted among 900 dentists (462 males and 439 females) with different agegroups range from (23-68 years old), working in the city of Baghdad, in order to study different potential hazards andthe existence of various diseases related to their occupation. The prevalence of back pain was studied in relation toage, sex and number of working hours.Materials and Methods: This study was carried out by mean of a questionnaire composed of 29 items about thepersonal information, general health status, ergonomical factors and usage of different preventive measures.Results and conclusion: The results showed that the musculo skeletal pain was the most frequent complaint ofdentists (87%), back pain was the most prevalent of the musculo skeletal disorders among dentist (67.67%) and morefrequently in the cervical area (Neck and shoulders) (47%). Upper limb pain significantly increased with age (P<0.01)while no significant association was found between musculo skeletal pain in general with age. Back pain tended toincrease with age in lumber area (P<0.001). Dentists who performed exercises had less musculo skeletal pain andcomplaints than those who did not. This points to the beneficical effect of physical exercises

Keywords

Backpain --- dentistry


Article
Dissolution of inorganic phosphorous ion from human enamel treated with different concentration of Siwak aqueous extract in comparison with sodium fluoride

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Abstract

Background: The use of Miswak, chewing sticks (salvadorapersica) can be traced back to Babylonians some 7000years ago. It is commonly used throughout the world especially for the purpose of oral hygiene. Muslims are using asthe religious view. Current study aimed to test the ability of aqueous siwak extract to increase the resistance ofenamel surface against acid dissolution compared to sodium fluoride.Materials and Method: Twenty maxillary first premolars were treated with the selected solutions included twoaqueous siwak extract concentration(5%,10%) and sodium fluoride(0.05%)as control positive for 2 minutes once dailyfor 20days interval, de ionized water was used as control negative. The concentration of the dissolved phosphorusion was measured in etching solution of 2N HCL by flam atomic absorption spectrometer.Result: 10% aqueous siwak extract test solution was registered the lesser release of phosphorusion from etchedenamel surface, then 5% aqueous siwak extract followed by sodium fluoride 0.05%. No significant differencebetween two aqueous siwak extract concentration, while a significant difference was found between mentionedagents and sodium fluoride. De ionized water was recorded a highly significant difference with all test solutions.Conclusion: Aqueous siwak extract effective in increasing the resistance of enamel surface for acid dissolution andshould be use not only for the religious view but also for the benefit of its effects produced


Article
Dissolution of calcium ion from teeth treated with different concentrations of siwak water extract in comparison with sodium fluoride

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Abstract

Background: The miswak is a teeth cleaning twig made from a twig of the Salvadora persica tree (known as arak in Arabic).A traditional alternative to the modern toothbrush, it has a long, well-documented history and is reputed for its medicinal benefits. It also features prominently in Islamic hygienical jurisprudence.Materials and methods: Twenty maxillary first premolars were treated with the selected solutions which included siwak water extract (5%, 10%) and sodium fluoride 0.05% for 2minutes once daily for 20 days interval, deionized water was used as control negative. Then the concentration of the dissolved calcium ion in the etching solution of 2N HCL was measured.Results: The least amount of the dissolved calcium ion was registered for water siwak extract 10%, then sodium fluoride0.05%followed by water siwak extract5%. A significant difference was found between the two concentrations of siwak water extract, while no significant difference was recorded between the mentioned agents and sodium fluoride. There was highly significant difference between deionized water group and other groups except between water and siwak water extract5% the difference was significant.Conclusions: Siwak water extract is successful in improving tooth resistance against caries challenge as it mineralize and harden enamel surface

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