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Disciplinary deletion in the used sentence
الحذف التداولي في الجملة المستعملة

Authors: Ali Hilo Haws علي حلو الحواس --- Sura Hatif Hasan سرى هاتف حسن
Journal: Al-Adab Journal مجلة الآداب ISSN: 1994473X Year: 2019 Volume: 1 Issue: 130 extention Pages: 41-58
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Each sentence has a specific order, either in its first regular form or after a change in its structure or one of its corners. The information or meanings that the words in the sentence vary according to the denominator, according to the speaker's knowledge and what the addressee needs . The deliberation rejects the fact that sentence is a formality, but a means of communication as well; each part contributes to the formation of meaning. When analyzing the sentence, it is necessary to consider the reasons for the deletion and consideration of: environment, class, culture, ocean, age; the integrity of the Arabic sentence is achieved by the integrity of all its grammatical, semantic and deliberative aspects

لِكُلِّ جُمْلَةِ تَرْتِيبٍ مَعَين سَوَاءً كَانَ بِصُورَتِهِ المُنْتَظِمَةِ الأُولَى أَوْ بَعْدَ حُصُولِ تَغْيِيرٍ فِي إِرْكَانِ الجُمْلَةِ, وَتَخْتَلِفُ المَعْلُومَاتُ أَوْ المَعَانِي الَّتِي تُوْحِيهَا المُفْرَدَاتُ الدَّاخِلَةُ فِي الجُمْلَةِ بِحَسَبِ المَقَامِ ,وَمَعَارِفِ المُتَكَلِّمِ ,وَمَا يَحْتَاجُهُ المُخَاطَبُ, وَتَرَفُّضٌ التَّدَاوُلِيَّةُ كَوْنُ الجُمْلَةُ وَسِيلَةٌ شَكْلِيَّةٌ بَلْ أنها وَسِيلَةُ تَوَاصُلٍ أَيْضًا; فَكُلُّ جُزْءٍ مِنْهَا يُسْهِمُ فِي تَشَكُّلِ المَعْنَى, وَعِنْدَ تَحْلِيلِ الجُمْلَةِ ,وَجُبِّ النَّظَرِ فِيهَا لِمَعْرِفَةِ أَسْبَابِ الحَذْفِ التَّدَاوُلِيِّ وَمُرَاعَاةٌ: البِيئَةُ, الطَّبَقَةُ, الثَّقَافَةُ, المُحِيطُ, العُمْرُ; فَسَلَامَةُ الجُمْلَةِ العَرَبِيَّةِ تَتَحَقَّقُ بِسَلَامَةٍ كَافَّةُ جَوَانِبِهَا النَّحْوِيَّةَ, وَالدَّلَالِيَّةَ ,وَالتَّدَاوُلِيَّةَ, وَعِنْدَ تَحَقُّقِ هَذِهِ السَّلَامَةِ أَصْبَحَتْ جُمْلَةً مُتَكَامِلَةً الصِّيَاغَةِ.

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