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Article
Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality, Morbidity and Risk Factors of Coronary Care Unit Patients

Author: Ali Hussein Salih
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-40
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the commonest type of heart disease .It causes more deaths and disability and incurs greater economic costs than any other illness. Gender, age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hyperlipidemia and family history are obvious risk factors. In acute state it may be complicated by life threatening arrhythmia, heart failure, circulatory failure and cerebrovascular accidents.Aims of study: To evaluate the patients with ischemic heart disease admitted to the coronary care unit of Baquba teaching hospitalPatients and Methods: A total of 160 cases of patients with various symptoms of ischemic heart disease including chest pain, dyspnea, and palpitation are evaluated in the coronary care unit of Baquba teaching hospital by history taking, physical examination, and Electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and lab tests with continuous follow up until discharge from the coronary care unit.Results: From total number 97(60.62%) patients were males,58 have myocardial infarction and 39 have angina .The rest of the patients were females 63 (39.38%),41 of them have angina and 22 have myocardial infarction. Male was the highest risk factor followed by hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking family history and hyperlipidemia .Arrhythmia is the commonest complication while heart failure, cerebrovascular accident and circulatory failure of lesser frequency .


Article
Evaluation of Patients with Thyroid Diseases in Baquba City According to Thyroid Function Tests

Authors: Ahmed M Athab Al-Msari --- Ali Hussein Salih AL-Duleimy --- Imad Ahmed Lateef
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-79
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland which is consists of right and left lobes connected by a narrow isthmus, the weight of this gland is 10-20g in normal adult .The function of thyroid gland is to secret T3, T4 under control of TSH. Thyroid hormones help to regulate the body metabolism. Diseases of thyroid are common affecting 5% of population. The disease either change in thyroid hormones secretion or structural changes such as in goiter with or without abnormal thyroid function.Objective: To determine the common causes of thyroid diseases in Diyala province according to thyroid function tests.Patients and Methods: A total number was 2973 patients presented with thyroid diseases at Baquba teaching hospital laboratory unit and private Ibn-alhaitham laboratory sending from specialized doctors, were included in this study 647 male and 2326 females.Results: A total of 2973 patients were included in this study, 2326 (78.24%) were female, and647 (21.76%) were males. According to thyroid diseases the results of percent work demonstrated that 2611(87.82%) patients from total patients 2973 were euthyroid (normal thyroid function), 213patients (7.16%) were hypothyroid and 149 patients (5.01%) were hyperthyroid. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences among them.Conclusion: Thyroid disease one of common endocrine diseases after diabetes mellitus, most thyroid diseases is euthyroid then hypothyroid followed by hyperthyroid. Thyroid diseases was more common in female than male.

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