research centers


Search results: Found 4

Listing 1 - 4 of 4
Sort by

Article
Oral Findings in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

Author: Ali Mihsen Hussein Al-yassiri
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2013 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 1584-1590
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: Rheumatoid arthritis affects women more than men 3:1. Rheumatoidarthritis can start at any age but most commonly occurs in the 30 – 50 age groups.Rheumatoid arthritis also has oral, occular manifestations, dryness, swelling ofsalivary glands, xerostomia, oral and mucosal ulcerations. The aims of this study were todetermine the oral manifestations in newly and old (previously) diagnosed Rheumatoidarthritis patients and compare it with healthy controls (without systemic diseases) and finallyto find the accurate prevalence of these manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis patients.Materials and methods: Seventy two (72) subjects were incorporated in this study, theywere divided into 2 groups, Rheumatoid arthritis patients group: fifty – two (52) patients withrheumatoid arthritis, they were (11) males and (41) females, Seventeen newly diagnosedrheumatoid arthritis untreated patients. Thirty five rheumatoid arthritis patients were onmethotrexate treatment. All rheumatoid arthritis patients were without any other systemicdisease. Healthy control group: - twenty healthy control subjects with no signs and symptomsof any systemic disease. They were sex and age matched to rheumatoid arthritis patients.Results: The results revealed that the main oral manifestations of Rheumatoid arthritispatients were angular cheilitis, candidial infection, tempromandibular joint disorder, oralulceration, and xerostomia. In old diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis patients, the percentages oforal ulcerations, tempromanbdibular joints, and xerostomia was significantly higher than innewly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis patients. While the percentage of angular chilitis andcandidial infections in newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis patients was significantly higherthan in old (previously) diagnosed patients.Conclusion: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease in which Saliva is a goodrecommended sample for evaluation and estimation of the severity of disease as well astreatment follow up. Oral ulceration and xerostomia are the most prominent oralmanifestations coincide with the progress of the disease and treatment.


Article
Prevalence of Xerostomia in Patients with Chronic Hemodialysis in Babil City

Author: Ali Mihsen Hussein Al-yassiri
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 1822-1828
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: Xerostomia is as a subjective complaint of dry mouth that may result from deficient production of saliva. It may be caused by reduced salivary flow secondary to atrophy and fibrosis of the salivary glands, use of medications, restriction of fluid intake and old age. In patients undergoing hemodialysis, xerostomia is associated with difficulties in chewing, swallowing, tasting and speaking; increased risk of oral diseases. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of xerostomia in chronic hemodialysis patients in Babil- Hilla, and compare it with healthy controls. Materials and Methods: Forty three subjects were incorporated in this study, with end stage renal disease and undergoing hemodialysis , they were already diagnosed by a nephrologist specialists, all these patients are without any other systemic diseases. Healthy control group, forty control subjects with no signs and symptoms of any systemic disease. They were sex and age matched to hemodialysis patients.Results and Discussion: A total of 43 patients were registered in Merjan teaching hospital in Babil- Hilla. These patients on hemodialysis programs at the beginning of the study, from February to April, 2013. They were (20) males and (23) females and the age range (24- 69) years. Xerostomia was recorded in 69.767% (n=30) of all patients with hemodialysis. Our data involved mostly xerostomia was recorded in patients with hemodialysis, in these patients due to presence of xerostomia increased the poor oral hygiene. Dysgeusia and uremic fetor, bad odor and taste are caused not only by xerostomia but also by the presence of urease-splitting oral organisms, which metabolize urea (present in high levels in these patients) and thus elaborate ammonia. Patients with xerostomia are at increased risk of lesions to the mucosa, gingival, and tongue, as well as candidiasis, dental caries, periodontal disease and other bacterial and fungal infections. Many of these conditions either cause inflammation, or worsen the chronic inflammation that is frequently present in patients on hemodialysis, and consequently contribute to the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.Conclusions: Xerostomia remains a frustrating symptom for patients on hemodialysis, and further efforts should be made to identify effective treatments, restoration of the salivary function.


Article
Pre- and Post Exercise Changes of Salivary Cortisol as a Response to Heavily Training among Students of Physical Education College in Karbala University

Author: Ali Mihsen Hussein Al-Yassiri
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 994-999
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Cortisol, the principal glucocorticoid in humans, plays a major role in metabolism and immune function. A cute exercise induces a change in plasma cortisol concentrations, which is dependent on the type of exercise. Several studies have investigated the effect of both acute and chronic resistance exercise on adrenocortical function.Objective: This study was designed to determine the level of salivary cortisol as a stress related hormone during pre- and post- exercise in college student- athletes.Materials and Methods: 10 males subjects (college student- athletes) were measured for height, weight, the general features of the participants are: Mean ±SD Age (year) 22 ± 2.79 Weight (Kg) 70.5±8.46, Height (Cm) 175.34±7.12, Three milliliters of un-stimulated total saliva was collected via passive drooling, at the beginning of each testing session (without stimulation, by spitting directly into a plastic tube), 5 min before, 5 min after the end of the match.Results: The results showed a significant increase the salivary cortisol level between post and pre- exercise and there was a strong association between increase salivary cortisol concentration and heavier exercise.Conclusions: During the course of a competitive season collegiate soccer players are exposed to a number of physical and psychological stressors from practice, conditioning, and competition. The ability of players to recover following such activities can ultimately affect the ability of the performance for ensuring physical activity.

Keywords

Cortisol --- Saliva --- Football


Article
Relationship between Passive Smoking and Oral Mucosal Pigmentations Among Children in Iraqi (Hilla) City Samples

Authors: Akram Yousif Yasear --- Ali Mihsen Hussein Al Yassiri
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-30
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Melanin is an endogenous pigment responsible for human tissue coloration of the skin, mucosa, hair, eyes and parts of the brain. Melanin pigmentation in the oral mucosa occurs as a result of several reasons one of which is smoking. Cigarette smoke induces different side effects in the people who do not smoke, but in the same environment. to find the relation between parents who smoke and oral pigmentations in their children, for this reason , our research was done.These samples were selected randomly for samples of children in Babylon city- Iraq, in period from April 2013 to July 2014. Oral photographs of 155 children, aged 6- 16 years were selected randomly from the children. All these samples were examined for the presence of macules of melanin pigmentation on the gingiva and the pigmentation pattern and localization were registered. The Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. In this research, 155 children, with 6-16 years of age were examined in two groups of samples. The age of the two groups was similar. Ninety six children (who served as experimental group), had oral pigments with parents who smoker), another 59 children (control group) had oral pigments whom parents were non- smoker). (61.9% of children that parents who smoke had oral pigments) and (38.0% of children that parents who non- smoking had oral pigments as normal racial pigmentation). Passive smoking may induce gingival pigmentation in children.

Listing 1 - 4 of 4
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (4)


Language

English (3)


Year
From To Submit

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

2013 (1)