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Clinicopathological and Immunohistochemical Analysis of 21 cases of Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia Using CD30, CD68 and TGF-β1

Authors: Mustafa Basim Al-Talqani --- Bashar Hamid Abdullah --- Ameer Dhahir Hameedi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 4 Pages: 45-53
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia is an impressive benign chronic ulcerative lesion of the oral mucosa with vague etiopathogenesis. It was supposed to represent an oral counterpart of primary cutaneous CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder. Histopathologically, it is characterized by mixed inflammatory infiltrate predominated by histiocytes, lymphocytes and eosinophils along with presence of scattered large atypical mononuclear cells. It has worrisome clinical presentation. It may heal spontaneously, but in most occasions it persists and never heal unless removed surgically (incisional or excisional biopsy). A rare subset may show worrisome immunohistochemical features. Follow up is highly recommended.Materials and methods: Formalin fixed - paraffin embedded tissue blocks of twenty-one cases were cut and mounted on positively charged slides and stained by primary antibodies (CD30, CD68 and TGF-β1). A statistical analysis was performed between the immunohistochemical scores for markers with each other and with clinicopathological parameters (age, sex, size of ulcer, number of eosinophils and mitoses).Results: The age of the patients ranged from 20 to 72 years, with a higher female propensity. Immunohistochemical positive expression for CD30 (16 case) mainly involved round small lymphocytes, while all cases were positive for CD68 and TGF-β1. Statistically, there was no significant relation between the scores of CD30, CD68 and TGF-β1 with each other and with the aforementioned parameters, (P<0.05). The eosinophils count showed a significant positive correlation with age (P=0.008), size of ulcer (P=0.007) and mitoses (P=0.004).Conclusion: Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia is a benign and reactive chronic oral ulcerative lesion rather than being CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorder; this conclusion is supported by heterogeneous, focal and nonspecific staining for CD30 and being typically infiltrated by CD68+ macrophages. Whereas, a high level of expression for TGF-β1 indicated that the aforementioned factor was not associated with the delayed healing of this lesion

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Article
The Clinical and Pathological Characteristics of Colorectal Cancer in Young Age Group in Karbala Province/ Iraq

Authors: Rasha Abdul Raouf ALSafi --- Nazar j. Metib --- Ameer Dhahir Hameedi --- Abulmahdi F Mohammed
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2018 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 4025-4031
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem in Iraq. Aim: to identify the clinicopathological characteristics of colorectal cancer in young Iraqi patients in Karbala. Design of study: Retrospective study was conducted in a single center, Imam AL-Hussein general teaching hospital during the period from January 2009 to April 2017. Patients and Methods: A sample size of 96cases of Colorectal Carcinoma was diagnosed during the study period. The clinic-pathological parameters were reported. Results: The mean age of the patients was (51.68). There is a general increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer across the years with percentage of (41.7%) being younger than 45 years. There was slight male predominance. The predominant site of the tumor is colon in (75%) of cases followed by rectum (17.7%). The most common type was adenocarcinoma (82.1%) followed by mucinous type (27.3%), most patients presented with grade I (61.5%). In the majority of patients the malignancy reaching the pericolic fat (54.5%). About (43.6%) of patients presented with N1 and (50.9%) with stage III followed by stage II in (30.9%). For all cancer grades, the frequency of CRC was higher among patients > 45 years with the majority of patients with grade III being younger than 45 years and this make a significant difference between both categories, (P=0.043). With respect to the depth of invasion, those with advance disease (T3), 17 out of 30 cases were younger than 45 years, thus there was significant difference between 2 age groups. Conclusion: the incidence of colorectal cancer is upgrading in those younger than 45 years

Keywords

colon cancer --- young age --- epidemiology --- stage --- grade

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