research centers


Search results: Found 5

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by

Article
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Impact Of Hypoxia

Author: Amjed Hassan Abbas
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2014 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 1971-1979
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) is a major cause of chronic morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Many people suffer from this disease for years and die prematurely from it or its complications.Objective: This study was aimed to:1.Study and compare some demographic and physiological changes in hypoxic and non-hypoxic groups of patients with COPD. 2. Assessment of effect of smoking in both groups. 3. Correlate these findings with severity of the COPD.Patients and method: The study was performed in Merjan Teaching Hospital in Babylon Province in the period from November 2012 to October 2013, the study included one hundred eighty two (182) patients with history of COPD who were studied clinically and each patient was submitted for spirometry, pulse oximetry, chest x-ray and electrocardiography. According to the results of oximeter, patients were divided into two groups, hypoxic and non-hypoxic group, hypoxic group included 96 patients ( mean age was 57.14±11.24, 66% were males) while the non-hypoxic group included 86 patients (mean age was 54.42±12.75, 62% were males).Results & Discussion: Study showed that the mean pack years of tobacco use in hypoxic group was 42.83±47.95 pack years while in non-hypoxic group the mean duration was 24.91±32.84 and there was significant differences between groups (P=0.000),it also revealed that pack year was significantly correlated with the severity of obstruction in hypoxic group (P value= 0.000) in contrast to non-hypoxic group (P value= 0.2).The study also showed significant negative linear relation between degree of dyspnea (functional state) and oxygen saturation (SpO2) (r=-0.2, p=0.04) in reverse to non-hypoxic group (r=-0.11, p=0.3). Furthermore, the study clarified that most patients in both groups had normal ECG changes (73% in hypoxic group and 90% in non-hypoxic group) and the most common ECG finding in both groups was P pulmonale (11% in hypoxic group and 6% in non-hypoxic group).When linear regression analysis of the results of this study was considered, there was significant positive linear correlation between oxygen saturation (SpO2) and severity of obstruction in hypoxic group while non-significant linear correlation between SpO2 and severity of obstruction in non-hypoxic group.Conclusion: From the results of this study, we conclude that lung hypoxia has a relation with severity of obstruction, pack years, functional state and ECG changes. Females were more sensitive to the effects of smoking than males.

Keywords

COPD --- hypoxia --- pack year --- obstruction.


Article
Impact Of Hypoxemia In Patient With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease On Renal Function Tests

Authors: Amjed Hassan Abbas --- Samir Sawadi Hammuod
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 140 -147
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic diseases and is expected to be progressively increasing. There are many co-morbidities associated with it, but the relation between it and changes in renal function tests is still unclear. The aim of this work was to illustrate the extent of kidney dysfunction in patients who suffer from COPD. This study was performed in Merjan Medical City, the period of study was from November 2013 to June 2014, it included 86 patients with COPD and 70 control healthy subjects who completed medical questionnaires, pulmonary function tests and measurement of blood urea and serum creatinine. The data was statistically analyzed, the level of statistical significance that was depended for this study was P values ≤0.05. The results of this study revealed significant difference in the mean values of blood urea (Bur), serum creatinine (Scr), and creatinine clearance (Ccr) before and after treatment for all patients, Bur increased and Ccr decreased significantly in hypoxic group in comparison with non hypoxic group (P ˂ 0.05); while no significant changes in Scr (P = 0.1). In addition, the study showed a significant correlation between blood urea and creatinine clearance (Ccr) with SPO2 (before treatment) (p < 0.05), while non-significant negative correlation between serum creatinine and SPO2 (before treatment) (r = 0.1, P > 0.05).The results illustrated that the Bur and Scr increased; while Ccr decreased significantly in male group in comparison to female group (P˂0.05). Also there was no significant correlation between blood urea, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance with forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1) (before treatment) (P > 0.05). From this study, we conclude that abnormalities of renal function tests are common in patients with COPD at the first days of admission to hospital.


Article
The Effects of Social Media on the Undergraduate Medical Students

Authors: Amjed Hassan Abbas --- Samir Sawadi Hammoud --- Shahlaa Khazal Abed
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 2161-2166
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

background: In recent years, social media like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube havebecome the most visited websites in the world, with Facebook topping the list andrecently the use of social networking sites has grown tremendously especially among the students. However, very little informations are known about the scale and purpose of use, how students use these sites and, more specifically, whether these sites help or hurt their academic progress.Aims of the study: The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of social media on undergraduate medical students of Babylon University.Method: A research questionnaire was designed to determine the factors of social media that have impact on students. Variables identified are age, gender, stage of student, type and duration of use of social media used, effect on study timings, time and duration of sleep at night, the number of days per week, benefit in the medical field, effect on scientific level, continuous sharing with teacher on these sites, and benefit from site of medical college. About 510 undergraduate medical students in Babylon University were randomly selected, six groups were taken according to the six stages of the medical college (85 students in each group).Results & discussion: The study revealed that ages of students range from 18 to 24 and female students form the largest percentages in all groups. From this research study it was also found that the highest percentages of students in all groups used Facebook and YouTube more than other types of social media and spend about 2 hours on internet. In addition to that higher percentage of students had a benefit from site of medical college and they had same or increased scientific level, moreover there was no relation between duration of use of social media and sleep with study timings and scientific level.Conclusion: Our study concluded that most of students in all groups use only two types of these media, majority of students spend all days of the week using these media, there was no continuous sharing with teacher in all groups and in most of students there was a benefit from site of medical college. The study also showed that duration of use of these networks has no effect on scientific level of students and most of students has the same or increased scientific level.


Article
Blood Pressure Assessment in Undergraduate Medical Students: Impact of Gender, Body Mass Index and Family History of Hypertension

Authors: Amjed Hassan Abbas --- Samir Swadi Hamoud --- Shahlaa Khaza,al Chabuk
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 307 -315
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Increase blood pressure is considered to be a silent killer which lead to increase in morbidity and mortality, so it is necessary to determine the subjects with high risk at an early stage in order to inhibit the disease progression and its co-morbid conditions. This study aimed to measure the blood pressure of undergraduate medical students and its relation to specific risk factors (gender, body mass index and family history of hypertension).The study was performed in College of Medicine in Babylon University in the period from December 2014 to April 2015 and included 330 students. Some variables were taken from the history in addition to measurement of weight, height, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The results revealed that regarding systolic blood pressure, 15% of students had prehypertension and 8% of students were hypertensive while for diastolic blood pressure, 32% had prehypertension and 4% were hypertensive. There was significant correlation between systolic and diastolic blood pressure with male gender, body mass index and family history of hypertension (P ≤ 0.05).This study revealed high prevalence of prehypertension and in less extent hypertension among college students and this problem represented a neglected issue.


Article
Physiological Changes And Clinical Findings In Females Textile Factory Workers

Authors: Saad Jone Hamza --- Amjed Hassan Abbas --- Samir Sawadi Hamoud
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 22 Pages: 65-70
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

About 60 million people worldwide work in the textile or clothing industry. The conditions of working and the dust that produced from processing of cotton in industries can cause many morbidities to the health of workers. Many recent studies have found a high ratio of chronic diseases especially chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in those workers. This study was done to assess the effect of working in textile industry from physiological and clinical points of view. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 75 randomly selected textile factory workers, all subjects were females. Information was collected through interview, in addition to physical examination and some needed investigations were performed including: packed cell volume (PCV),white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), random blood sugar (RBS), blood urea (Bur), serum creatinine (Scr), serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, chest x-ray (CXR) and general urine examination (GUE), in addition to pulmonary function tests (PFTs) using portable medical spirometer. The results of this study was shown that the mean duration of exposure of workers to cotton dust was 15.67±4.86 years, the higher percentage of workers had low back pain (LBP) (85%), while lower percentage of them had contact dermatitis (27%), urinary tract infection (23%), while 2% of workers had left ventricular hypertrophy as revealed by ECG and echocardiography. Regarding the mean values of blood parameters, the study showed no significant difference between workers and control groups apart from ESR changes (26.8 ± 15.95 vs. 8.3 ± 3.3 with P ≤ 0.05). Regarding the respiratory findings, the highest percentage of workers complained from shortness of breath (45.3%), some of them had no symptoms (17.3%), severity of symptoms was moderate restriction in most workers (24%), the study also showed negative non-significant relation between duration of exposure and severity of respiratory impairment (r = 0.1, P= 0.2). In conclusion; this study provides evidence of a strong relationship between exposure to cotton dust and respiratory impairments, also there was a considerable percentage of workers had muscular and dermatological problems, despite no important effects on the hematological parameters except ESR.

حوالي 60 مليون شخص في أنحاء العالم يعملون في صناعة النسيج أو الملابس. ظروف العمل والغبار الذي ينتج من معالجة القطن في الصناعات يمكن أن يسبب العديد من الحالات المرضية على صحة العمال. وقد وجدت العديد من الدراسات الحديثة وجود نسبة عالية من الأمراض المزمنة وخاصة انسداد الجهاز التنفسي المزمن (COPD) لدى هؤلاء العمال. الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو لتقييم أثر العمل في صناعة الغزل والنسيج من وجهة نظر فسيولوجية وسريريه. أجريت دراسة مستعرضة على 75 عاملة يعملن في مصنع الغزل والنسيج تم اختيارهن عشوائيا جميعهن إناث. تم جمع المعلومات من خلال المقابلة، بالإضافة إلى الفحص البدني وأجريت بعض التحاليل المختبرية اللازمة ومنها: حجم تكويم الخلايا (PCV)، عدد خلايا الدم البيضاء (WBC)، معدل ترسيب كريات الدم الحمراء (ESR)، قياس (السكر العشوائي في الدم (RBS)، اليوريا في الدم ((Bur، الكرياتينين في المصل (SCr)، الألنين امينوترانسفيريز في المصل (ALT)، الاسبارتيت امينوترانسفيريز في المصل (AST)، الفوسفاتيز القلوي في المصل (ALP))، تخطيط القلب الكهربائي (ECG)، فحص القلب بالأمواج الصوتية, أشعة الصدر السينية (CXR) وفحص البول العام ( GUE)، بالإضافة إلى فحص وظائف الرئة (PFTs) باستخدام مقياس وظائف الرئة المحمول.وكانت النتائج كالأتي :متوسط مدة تعرض العاملات لغبار القطن كان 15.67 ± 4.86 من سنوات، كانت النسبة ألأعلى من العاملات يعانين من آلام أسفل الظهر(85٪), في حين أن نسبة قليلة منهن مصابات بالاكزما (27٪)، التهاب المسالك البولية (23٪) في حين أن 2٪ من العاملات مصابات بتضخم البطين الأيسر بحسب تخطيط القلب الكهربائي وفحص القلب بالأمواج الصوتية. وفيما يتعلق بفحوصات الدم أظهرت الدراسة عدم وجود اختلاف معنوي كبير بين العاملات ومجموعة السيطرة ماعدا معدل ترسيب كريات الدم الحمراء (15,95 ± 26,8 مقابل 3,3 ± 8.3, قيمة P ≤ 0,05). وفيما يتعلق بنتائج الجهاز التنفسي، نسبة عالية من العاملات يشكون من ضيق في التنفس (45.3٪)، وكان بعض منهن لا يشكون من إي أعراض (17.3٪)، وكانت شدة الأعراض من النوع المعتدل في معظم العاملات (24٪)، وأظهرت الدراسة أيضا انه لايوجد علاقة ذات تأثير معنوي بين مدة التعرض للغبار وشدة اعتلال التنفس (r = 0.1، وقيمة P ≤ 0,05). نستنتج من هذه الدراسة إن هناك دليلا على وجود علاقة قوية بين التعرض لغبار القطن واعتلال الجهاز التنفسي، كما إن هناك نسبة معتبرة من العاملات لديهن مشاكل عضلية وجلدية، على الرغم من عدم وجود آثار هامة على فحوصات الدم ماعدا معدل ترسيب كريات الدم الحمراء.

Listing 1 - 5 of 5
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (5)


Language

English (5)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2015 (1)

2014 (1)