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Article
Anatomical and Histological study of the Tongue of wild adult male Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus f. domestica) in AL-Najaf province

Author: Aqeel Mohsin Mahdi AL-Mahmodi
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2016 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 79-94
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Macro and Microscopical explorations of the tongue in the ten of the adult male Rabbits collected from AL-Najaf city markets, this work expect will provide a support for future research and subsequent clinical applications as regards the biology of the tongue. After rabbits preparation the tongue distinguished then the shape, position, dimensions were record. The apex of the tongue was almost rounded. The body was square-shape thickening decreased gradually toward root. Root which slopes ventrocaudally toward the base of the epiglottis. Torus linguae at the caudal part of the dorsal surface. Lateral surface of tongue contain several fossa touching the premolar teeth. The mean length of the total tongue, apex, body, and root were (4.5 ± 0.5 cm), (1.25 ± 0.23 cm), (2.95 ± 0.2 cm), and (0.9 ± 0.26 cm) respectively. The mean width of the apex, body, and root at the widest part were (1 ± 0.49 cm), (1 ± 0.17 cm), and (1.26 ± 0.22 cm) respectively. Skeletal muscle fibers and loose connective tissue surrounded by stratified squamous epithelium keratinized at the dorsal and lateral lingual surfaces, non-keratinized at the ventral lingual surface. Filiform papillae heavy distribution on the dorsal surface of body, scanty at the apex, at the lateral surface of the body they are smaller than body papillae and longer than apex papillae. Circumvallate papillae were oval-shape, surrounded by a moat-like furrow, taste buds on the dorsal and lateral sides. Foliate papillae were leaf-like non-keratinized; with taste buds on the lateral walls. Fungiform papillae hade broad rounded keratinized surface, with taste buds on the dorsal surface. Lamina propria -submucosa was loose connective tissue with rich bundles of collagen fibers.

Keywords

Filiform --- Circumvallate --- Fungiform --- Foliate


Article
Macroscopic and Morphometric Studies of the Extrapulmonary Primary Bronchi and Lungs of the indigenous adult Male Pigeon (Columba domestica)
دراسات عيانيه وقياسات شكلية للقصبات الأولية خارج الرئة ولرئتي الحمام البالغ المربى محليا (Columba domestica)

Author: Aqeel Mohsin Mahdi AL-Mahmodi عقيل محسن مهدي المحمودي
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2012 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 19-26
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Abstract: Macroscopical account of the extrapulmonary primary bronchi and lungs in the ten of the indigenous adult male pigeons (Columba domestica) collected from the Diwanyia city markets. It is expect that this work will provide a pivot for future research and subsequent clinical applications as regards the biology of the pigeons. After complete bleeding the target organs recognized then the shape, position, dimensions of each specimen were record. The building units of the pulmonary primary bronchi were C-shaped hyaline cartilages. Medial bronchial wall connecting all cartilages ends together. The mean length of right and left bronchi was (0.76±0.04 cm) (0.64±0.24cm) respectively. Lungs appear as pyramidal-shaped brilliant pink color; extend from the first to the sixth ribs. Each lung contain three surfaces (costal, vertebral, and septal) the dorsal border of the costal surface contain six deep grooves origin by embedded the first to the sixth ribs lead to divided the lung to seven lobes. The mean length of right and left lungs was (3.1± 0.66cm), while the mean width of right and left lungs was (3.1± 0.66cm).

الخلاصة: الوصف التشريحي للقصبات الرئوية الأولية والرئتين لعشرة من ذكور الحمام) (Columba domestica البالغة المربى محليا جمعت من أسواق مدينة الديوانية . والمتوقع من هذا العمل أن يكون محورا للأبحاث المستقبلية والتطبيقات السريرية اللاحقة فيما يتعلق بعلم أحياء الحمام. بعد اكتمال النزف شخصت الأعضاء المستهدفة ثم سجل شكل وموقع وأبعاد كل عينة. الوحدة البنائية للقصبات الرئوية الأولية هي الغضاريف الزجاجية بشكل حرف C. يربط جدار القصبات ألأنسي كل نهايات الغضاريف مع بعضها. وبلغ متوسط طول القصبات اليمنى واليسرى (0.76±0.04cm). الرئتان هرميتا الشكل ذات لون وردي لامع؛ وتمتد من الضلع الأول إلى الضلع السادس. و تحتوي كل رئة على ثلاثة سطوح (ضلعي وفقاري وحاجزي), تحتوي الحافة الظهرية للسطح الضلعي على ستة شقوق عميقة بسبب انطباع الأضلاع من الأول إلى السادس مؤدية إلى تقسيم الرئتين إلى سبعة فصوص. وبلغ متوسط طول الرئة اليمنى واليسرى (3.1±0.66 cm). بينما بلغ متوسط عرض كل منهما .(3.1±0.66cm)

Keywords


Article
Histomorphological investigations of the stomach of wild adult male Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus f. domestica) in AL-Najaf province
دِراسة مجهرية شكلية لمعدةِ ذكور الأرانب البرّيةِ البالغةِ (Oryctolagus cuniculus f. domestica) في محافظةِ النجف

Author: Aqeel Mohsin Mahdi AL-Mahmodi عقيل محسن مهدي المحمودي
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 81-88
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Stomach macroscopical and microscopical investigations of ten adult male wild rabbits collected from AL-Najaf city markets recorded to gives a support for future researches and clinical applications as look upon the biology of the digestive system. After rabbit's preparation the stomach recognized then the shape, position, dimensions and its relations with the other abdominal organs were record. The outer shape of stomach is taken J- like shape. Its lies in the cranial part of the abdominal cavity entirely within the rib cage, mostly to the left of the median plane. It consists of the visceral and parietal surfaces, and greater and lesser curvatures. The mean length of the greater and lesser curvatures were (22.3±0.9 cm) and (4.64±0.9 cm) respectively. Stomach connected with spleen, pancreas and colon by thin mesenteric folds. Internal surface of the stomach consist of two parts, glandular and non-glandular. The first part consists of three regions, the cardiac, fundus, and pyloric regions. The mean length of non-glandular and three glandular regions were (2.3 ± 0.38 cm), (2.28 ± 0.4 cm), (6.38 ± 0.23 cm), and (4.3 ± 0.29 cm) respectively. Non-glandular region covered by stratified squamous epithelium. The cardiac and fundus regions covered by simple columnar epithelium. The pyloric region covered by a low columnar to cuboidal epithelium. Invaginations of the glandular epithelium to forms tubular branched and coiled glands. Smooth muscle of muscularis mucosa two layers, tunica submucosa was loose connective tissue, tunica muscularis showed bundles of smooth muscle fibers arrange into internal circular, and external longitudinal layers which facing externally with loose connective tissue of adventitia.

الفحص العيني والمجهري لمعدة عشرة من ذكور الأرانب البالغة التي جمعت من أسواق مدينة النجف. هذا العملِ سَيُقدّمُ دعم للبحثِ المستقبليِ والتطبيقاتِ السريريةِ القادمةِ كنظرة على عِلْمِ أحياء الجهاز الهضميِ. بعد تحضيرالحيوانِ، شخصت المعدة. ثمّ سُجّل الشكل و الموقع و ألقياسات وعلاقة المعدة بالأعضاء البطنيةِ الأخرى. إنّ الشكلَ الخارجيَ للمعدة يشبهُ حرف J))، وتقع في الجزء الامامي للتجويف البطني كليا بين الاضلاع, معضمها الى يسار الخط الوسطاني. وتتألف من السطحِ ألحشوي والجداري و التقوس الكبير والصغير. الطول المتوسط للتقوساتِ كَانتْ (22.3 ±0.9 سم) و(4.64 ±0.9 سم) على التوالي. تُرتَبَط المعدة بالطحالِ و بالبنكرياسِ وبالقولونِ بواسطة طيّاتِ مساريقية رقيقةِ. السطح الداخلي للمعدة يتكون من منطقتين غدية ولاغدية. الاولى تتالف من ثلاث مناطقِ القلبيةِ و القاع و ألبوابية. متوسط الطول للمنطقة اللاغدية والثلاث مناطقِ الغدية كَانتْ (2.3 ± 0.38 سم)، (2.28 ± 0.4), (6.38 ± 0.23 سم)، و(4.3 ± 0.29 سم) على التوالي. المنطقة الغيرغدّية مغطاة بظهارةِ حرشفية مطبقة المنطقة القلبيِة ومنطقة القاع مغَطاّتْ بظهارةِ عمودية بسيطة. المنطقة البوابية مغَطاّتْ بظهارةِ عمودية قصيرة إلى مكعّبةِ. انبعاج الظهارةِ الغدّيةِ ِ مكونة غدّد أنبوبية و متَفرّعَة وملفوفة. طبقتين من الالياف العضلية الملساء للطبقة العضلية المخاطية. الطبقة تحت المخاطية تتكون من النسيج الضام الرخو. كما لوحظت حزم من أليافِ الطبقة العضليةِ الملساء الخارجية كطبقة داخلية دائرية وطبقة خارجية طولية التي تُواجهُ خارجياً بالنسيجِ الضام الرخو للطبقة البرانية.


Article
Microscopic and biometric investigations of the testes in adult ram and adult buck in Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf Province

Authors: Waleed Jaleel abed Al-Kelaby --- Aqeel Mohsin Mahdi Al-Mahmodi --- Ali Abdulkareem Jabbar Al-Ramahy
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 105-110
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Microscopic and biometric exploration of the testis in ten of the healthy mature rams and buck choose from AL-Najaf slaughterhouse. Which anticipation to support the future studies and clinical purposes of the biology of the reproductive system. Testicular histological technique civilized then. Microstructures, histodimentions, were recorded then discussed between two target species. Testicular surrounded by a thick sheet of dense irregular connective tissue, tunica albuginea. The last secured by a visceral layer of the tunica vaginalis. The mean thickness in these tunics of an adult ram and buck differed significantly (p≤0.05). The parenchyma was subdivided into lobules by septae extend from mediastinum testis toward tunica albuginea. Each lobule of the two target species contains tortuous seminiferous tubule. Interstitial connective tissue surrounds each tubule contain blood vessels, fibroblasts loose connective tissue cells, and Leydig cells. The mean number, the diameter of Leydig cells and their nuclei in microscopic fields in ram and buck differed significantly (p≤0.05). Sertoli cells pyramidal shaped with ovoid nuclei mean diameter of Sertoli cells in ram and buck differed significantly (P≤0.05). Spermatogonia located near the basal membrane, the Mean diameter of Spermatogonia, in ram and buck differed significantly (p≤0.05). Large primary spermatocytes with largely rounded nuclei with coarse clumps of chromatin mean diameter in two species differed significantly (p≤0.05). Secondary spermatocytes smaller than primary. Small spermatids were rounded. Mature one characterized to elongate. Seminiferous tubule continuous as straight tubules with rete testis tubules lined by simple squamous epithelium. The later end with ductuli efferentes lined with tall ciliated columnar epithelium. Which continued into ductus epididymis lined with ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium.

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