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Assessment of Dental Caries among Internally Displaced Children in Baghdad

Authors: Athraa M. Alwaheb --- Akram F. Alhuwaizi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 3 Pages: 28-31
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The internally displaced children are vulnerable groups have less access to dental services, worse oral health, and bear a disproportionate burden of oral diseases.Aim of the study: This study was conducted on group of internally displaced children living in Baghdad governorate camps to measure their dental caries prevalence and experience and find out the association between dental caries and the duration of displacement in camps.Subjects and methods: A sample of 1393 children were selected, 567 internally displaced children from camps in Baghdad governorate and 826 school children as control matching in age and gender. The age of children ranged from 5-12 years old. Oral examination was performed using WHO 2013 criteria, to measure dental caries using CPI probe.Results: There were a significant difference of dmfs and dmft between Internally displaced children and Schoolchildren. Caries free Internally displaced children were 39.2% and 30% among school children. There was no statistically significant correlation between camp duration and dental caries experience in deciduous teeth while a significant relation was found in permanent teeth.Conclusion: This study revealed an increase in dental caries experience with increase in duration of displacement. Hence this survey highlighted the need of internally displaced children to dental health education programs and preventive measures and give information for monitoring the caries which is helpful for policy makers.


Article
Assessment of Dental Caries among Internally Displaced Children in Baghdad

Authors: Athraa M. Alwaheb --- Akram F. Alhuwaizi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 3 Pages: 28-31
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The internally displaced children are vulnerable groups have less access to dental services, worse oral health, and bear a disproportionate burden of oral diseases.Aim of the study: This study was conducted on group of internally displaced children living in Baghdad governorate camps to measure their dental caries prevalence and experience and find out the association between dental caries and the duration of displacement in camps.Subjects and methods: A sample of 1393 children were selected, 567 internally displaced children from camps in Baghdad governorate and 826 school children as control matching in age and gender. The age of children ranged from 5-12 years old. Oral examination was performed using WHO 2013 criteria, to measure dental caries using CPI probe.Results: There were a significant difference of dmfs and dmft between Internally displaced children and Schoolchildren. Caries free Internally displaced children were 39.2% and 30% among school children. There was no statistically significant correlation between camp duration and dental caries experience in deciduous teeth while a significant relation was found in permanent teeth.Conclusion: This study revealed an increase in dental caries experience with increase in duration of displacement. Hence this survey highlighted the need of internally displaced children to dental health education programs and preventive measures and give information for monitoring the caries which is helpful for policy makers.


Article
Black and green tea antimicrobial effect on Mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli

Authors: Minan Y. Al-Ezzi --- Abbas S. Al-Mizrakchi --- Athraa M Alwaheb --- Aylin Baysan --- et al.
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 36-54
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Dental caries continues to be a major public health problem in many countries. The aetiology of dental caries is multifactorial and it is widely accepted that Mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli play major role in the formation of dental caries through adhering to the tooth surface and producing acid from dietary sucrose.Objectives Finding affordable natural product with anti-cariogenic potential will have a great impact on dental caries management worldwide. There is some published evidence supporting the antibacterial activity of green tea (GT) but studies of black tea (BT) are scanty. This preliminary study aimed to test the activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of BT and GT in comparison with sodium fluoride, chlorhexidine and distilled water, on clinical isolates of Mutans Streptococci (MS) and Lactobacilli (LB). Materials and Methods In the in-vitro study, MS and LB sensitivity and viable counts were tested with different concentrations of tea extracts. The minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the tea extract, and the time required for killing MS and LB in the presence of tea extracts were determined. An in-vivo study of sequential saliva samples collected from 30 volunteers after rinsing with the aqueous extracts was conducted, to investigate the longevity of tea extract as an antibacterial agent in the mouth. Results MS and LB counts were reduced with tea aqueous extract progressively with time. The largest inhibition zone was produced by 50% GT aqueous extract. LB least viable count was recorded at 30% BT aqueous extract. MBC was 35%and 30% for BT and GT extracts respectively. The maximum reduction of MS and LBviable counts was at 30 and 15 minutes respectively, after rinsing with 50% GT aqueous extract. Conclusion Tea extract has the potential to reduce MS and LB viable counts, and can be incorporated in the dental products as an effective anti-cariogenicagent.

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