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Effect of german chamomile (matricaria recutita) extracts on Mutans Streptococci in comparison to chlorhexidine gluconate: A comparative in vitro and in vivo study

Authors: Mona A. Saleem منى سليم --- Athraa' M. Al-Weheb عذراء الوهب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 111-115
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: German chamomile has a very long history of traditional use, it is primary uses are as a sedative,anxiolytic and antispasmodic, and as a treatment for mild skin irritation and inflammation, is one of the herbs that hasbeen known as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and wound healing promoter, this satudy was done to evaluatethe antibacterial effect of chamomile on Growth, viability count, adherence and acidigenicity of mutansstreptococci in vitro. And viability counts of Streptococci and mutans streptococci, the pH and salivary flow rate ofsaliva among a number of volunteers.Materials and Methods: After the preparation of alcoholic chamomile extract and the collection of the stimulatedsaliva from a ten healthy looking dental students aged (20-22 years) from which the Mutans Streptococci wasisolated , purified, and diagnosed the four in vitro and one in vivo study was done to test the effect of chamomileextract on growth, adherence, and acidogenicity of Mutans Streptococci.Result: The results showed that, the concentration of chamomile extract from 2.5% have an inhibition effect on themutans bacteria, and the effectiveness increased with the increasing of the concentration of the extracts till the 15%which have an effect equal to chlorhexidine.Conclusion: the alcoholic chamomile extract was effective in prevention of growth, adherence, and acidproduction of Mutans Streptococci


Article
Effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate on the microhardness and microscopic features of the sound enamel and initial caries-like lesion of permanent teeth, compared to fluoridated agents

Authors: Ali H. Fahad علي فهد --- Athraa' M. Al-Weheb عذراء الوهب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 114-120
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate derived from the milk protein casein. The aimsof this study were to investigate the efficacy of CPP-ACP on the microhardness of the sound and artificially caries-likelesion of outer enamel surface in comparison to sodium fluoride 0.05%, stannous fluoride 0.4%, and de-ionized water.Materials and methods: Sixty five maxillary first premolars, two teeth were used for sound and caries- like lesionenamel ground section preparation, while other teeth were randomly divided into two groups, A and B. Group A wasconsisted of 42 teeth were randomly assigned to five study groups and one control group. After production of initialcaries-like lesion of outer enamel surface, the teeth were treated by the selected agents for four minutes separately(CPP-ACP, CPP-ACP+NaF, CPP-ACP+SnF2, NaF 0.05%, and SnF2 0.4%). While Group B consisted of 21 teeth wererandomly divided to three study groups, teeth treated with (CPP-ACP, CPP- ACP+NaF, CPP- ACP+SnF2) beforedemineralization by pH cycling procedure.Results: In both groups showed that agents of study groups were statistically highly significant in elevation of themicrohardness values, CPP-ACP+NaF caused highest change in the microhardness (207.21%) for Group A and(19.22%) for Group B, while the lowest change with SnF2 0.4% (74.32%) for Group A and CPP-ACP (8.2%) for Group B.Conclusions: CPP-ACP agents were effective in remineralization of the outer enamel caries-like lesions and the higherremineralizing potential when applied with fluoridated agents; which was reflected by increase in enamelmicrohardness values.


Article
Oral hygiene and gingival condition among epileptic patients 5-15 year-old (A comparative study)

Authors: Azhar A. Hussien ازهر حسين --- Athraa M. AL-Weheb عذراء الوهب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 89-93
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by behavior that results from abnormalelectrical activity in the brain. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and severity of the oral hygieneand gingival health condition concerning epileptic patients in some hospitals in Baghdad city, in comparison tocontrols, matching with numbers age and gender.Materials and method: Oral examinations involved epileptic patients with an age rang (5-15) year old, matched withsame number of controls from kindergarten and schools in Baghdad city. Plaque index, calculus index and gingivalindex were used in this study and Ramfjord teeth were chosen for recording these indices.Results: Epileptic patients demonstrated a statistically significantly higher mean value of plaque index and gingivalindex compared to control group, while no statistical significant difference was found in mean value of calculusindex between both groups.Conclusion: The condition of oral health status of the epileptic group is worse than matched group


Article
Effect of Zamzam water on the microhardness of initial caries-like lesion of permanent teeth, compared to Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate agents

Authors: Athraa' M. Al-Weheb عذراء الوهب --- Ali Hadi Fahad علي هادي فهد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 2 Pages: 128-132
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: chemically Zamzam water is suitable for drinking purposes contains calcium, magnesium, sodium,fluoride and other salts higher than other water that have an effective germicidal action. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the effect of Zamzam water on the microhardness of initial carious lesion compared to CPP-ACP agents.Materials and methods: thirty two maxillary first premolars with enamel caries-like lesion randomly divided into onestudy group treated with Zamzam water and three control groups CPP-ACP, and CPP-ACP+NaF as a positive controland deionized water as a negative control (each group consists of 8 teeth). Teeth were subjected for microhardnessassessment before and after pH cycling and treatment with the selected agents.Results: Agents of study groups were statistically highly significant in elevation of the microhardness values, CPPACP+NaF caused highest change in the microhardness (158.58%) and less for CPP-ACP (81.48%) and lesser forZamzam water ( 80.97%).Conclusions: Zamzam water was effective in remineralization of the outer enamel caries-like lesions, which wasreflected by increase in enamel microhardness values

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