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Selected salivary constituents, physical properties and nutritional status in relation to dental caries among 4-5 year’s old children (Comparative study)

Authors: Noor A. Kadoum --- Ban A. Salih بان علي صالح
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 150-156
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Tooth decay is still one of most common diseases of childhood, child’s primary teeth are importanteven though they aretemporary. This study was conducted to assess the physiochemical characteristic of salivaamong caries experience preschool children and compared them with caries free matching in age and gender.Then an evaluation was done about these salivary characteristics to dental caries and evaluated the relation ofbody mass index to dental caries and to salivary variables.Materials and method: After examination 360 children aged 4-5 years of both gender. Caries-experiences wasrecorded according to dmfs index by (World Health Organization criteria 1987) during pilot study children with cariesexperience was divided in to three groups according to decay fraction of decay missing filled surfaces index .Mildwith decay surfaces<6, moderate with 6≤decay surfaces≤13 and severe with decay surfaces>13 and select thirtychildren with moderate caries experience and compared with thirty caries free children decay missing filledsurfaces=0 match in age and gender. Nutritional status of each child was assessed by measuring weight and heightto calculate body mass index. Unstimulated saliva collected from sixty child under standardized condition andpotential hydrogen and flow rate were measured. Total antioxidant concentration, total protein, calcium, inorganicphosphorus, zinc and copper were measured.Results: Statistically highly significant differences were found in concentration of salivary calcium and inorganicphosphorus between caries-experience and caries free children with higher mean value among caries free group.Statistically significant differences were found in concentration of salivary zinc between groups. Statistically nonsignificantdifferences were found in concentration of salivary total antioxidant, total protein, copper and body massindex between caries experience and caries free groups.Salivary flow rate and PH showed statistical non-significantdifferences between groups. Positive non-significant correlation was found between dmfs index, (ds) fraction of dmfsindex and salivary flow rate, total antioxidant and negative correlation with salivary PH, total protein, calcium,phosphorus, zinc and copper. Positive a non-significant correlation was found between BMI, salivary flow rate, PH,total antioxidant, zinc and copper while a negative weak correlation found with dmfs, ds fraction of index andsalivary total protein, calcium and inorganic phosphorus in caries experience group. Furthermore a non-significantpositive correlation was found between BMI, salivary flow rate, PH, total antioxidant inaddition to that negativeweak correlation was found with salivary total protein, calcium inorganic phosphorus, zinc and copper among cariesfree group.Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed that inorganic components of saliva play an important role inreminerlization of incipient caries and there is an inverse association between body mass index and dental caries


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs among 3-12 years old children with cleft lip and/or palate in Iraq

Authors: Zainab J. Ja’far زينب جعفر --- Ban A. Salih بان علي صالح
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 145-151
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study aims to illustrate the oral health status of children with cleft lip and/or palate.Materials and methods: 233 cleft lip and/or palate Iraqi patients had participated in this study. 108(57 boys, 51 girls)within the age (3-12) years were selected from the total sample and submitted to a questionnaire and clinicalexamination. Dental caries, plaque index and gingival index, the pocket depth were recorded.Results: The mean dmfs=14.606±1.477, dmft=5.862± 0.461, the mean DMFS=2.202±0.383, DMFT=1.339± 0.195 withstatistically non significant difference among different types of cleft. The highest percentage were in need to onesurface filling (79.6%), followed by two surface filling (65.7%). The mean PI=1.663±0.051, with statistically not significantdifference among different types of cleft. The mean GI=1.211±0.038, with statistically not significant differenceamong different types of cleft. Regarding pocket depth significant differences were in the distal site of the canine,mesial, palatal and labial sites of the lateral incisor, and all the sites of the central incisor, and highly significantdifference in the distal site of the lateral incisor.Conclusion: The cleft lip and/or palate patient have major oral health problems regarding the dental caries, dentalplaque, gingival condition, pocket depth and dental treatment needs


Article
Efficacy of Papacarie in Reduction Total Bacterial Count in Comparison with the Conventional Rotary Method

Authors: Muna H. Al-Swaidy منى السويدي --- Ban A. Salih بان علي صالح
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 4 Pages: 141-143
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The change in the concepts of cavity preparation and the development of reliable adhesive materials lead to the development of alternative methods of caries removal. Chemo-mechanical caries removal (CMCR) involves the chemical softening of carious dentin, followed by its removal with manual excavation.The present study was conducted to evaluate clinically the efficiency of caries removal using a new chemo-mechanical agent (Papacarie) compared to the conventional drilling method in reduction of total bacterial count.Material and methods: The study is a split mouth design. The sample composes from sixty mandibular deciduous molars teeth in thirty children, between six to nine years of age with bilateral class I deep occlusal carious lesions without pulp involvement. Samples of this study were classified into group A and B with thirteen teeth for each. In groupAtreatment by Papacárie while group B were treated by the conventional drilling methodResults: The results showed significant different in total bacterial count in period after treatment with Papacarie as comparative with drill method for caries remove.Conclusions: It was concluded that Papacarie could be an effective caries removal method to treat children, particularly those who present with early childhood caries or management problems

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