research centers


Search results: Found 18

Listing 1 - 10 of 18 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by

Article
Severity of dental caries among 3-6 years old children in Al-Edwania village, Baghdad

Author: Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-71
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Dental caries is a big problem among children in rural areas. The aim of this study was to investigate the severity of dental caries in Al-Edwania village.
Materials and methods: A sample of 95 children aged 3-6 years of both gender was examined according to the criteria of World Health Organization 1987.
Results: The results showed a lower severity of dental caries than previous study done in urban areas. As for gender relation to the severity of dental caries, the data showed that girls had a higher caries severity than boys for both dentitions primary and permanent.
Conclusion: Decayed surfaces were higher than filled ones, therefore dental treatment and preventive measures should be applied.
Keywords: Dental caries, severity, urban, children. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2006; 18(1) 69-71)

Keywords


Article
The effect of nutritional status on gingival health condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Zaid S. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 87-90
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Malnutrition may increase the severity of oral health problems. This study was conducted among
malnourished kindergarten children aged 5 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine gingival
condition in relation to salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
Material and methods: The sample of present study involved of 84 malnourished and 89 well-nourished children aged
5 years. The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,
Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height among 5 years old. Diagnosis of dental plaque and gingival health condition
were recorded through the application of plaque index and gingival index. The stimulated saliva was collected to
determine salivary zinc, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
Results: The mean plaque and gingival index values for children aged 5 years were significantly higher among
malnourished as compared to well-nourished groups (P<0.01). The mean values of magnesium, zinc and potassium
were lower among malnourished than well-nourished group. There was no significant difference concerning sodium
(P> 0.05). As for those aged 5 years, a negative significant correlation was recorded between gingival index and
salivary zinc in malnourished group
Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on increase gingivitis and reducing salivary zinc, magnesium, sodiumand potassium.
Keywords: Malnutrition, dental plaque, gingival health, stimulated salivary element. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry
2010;22(3):87-90).

Keywords


Article
The effect of nutritional status on dental caries in relation to salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium, copper and lead among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Zaid S. Hasan
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 119-122
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: Malnutrition in human life may adversely affect various aspects of growth and increase the severity of
oral problems at different stages of life. Teeth and salivary glands are particularly sensitive to malnutrition. That may
reduce salivary protective components that may increase caries incidence. This study was conducted among
malnourished kindergarten children aged 5 years in comparison to well-nourished group to determine the
occurance and severity of dental caries in relation to salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium, copper
and lead.
Material and methods: This study was conducted among 84 malnourished and 89 well-nourished children aged 5
years. The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,
Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height. Diagnosis of severity of dental caries was recorded through the application of
dmfs index. The stimulated saliva was collected to determine salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic phosphorus, calcium,
copper and lead.
Results: The results reveled that the mean values of dmfs were found to be higher among malnourished respectively
than well-nourished groups respectively, but with no significant difference (P> 0.05). A positive statistically significant
correlation was observed between dmfs and ds and salivary lead for well-nourished group. No significant correlation
was recorded between the salivary flow rate and the salivary pH and all the salivary elements in malnourished group.
Nevertheless, a positive significant correlation was detected for the salivary flow rate and salivary pH and salivary
inorganic phosphorus in well-nourished group.
Conclusion: Malnutrition affect on increase dental caries experience and reducing salivary flow rate, pH, inorganic
phosphorus, calcium, copper and lead.
Keywords:Malnutrition, dental caries, stimulated salivary element. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2010;22(3):119-122).

Keywords


Article
Oral health condition among overweight children aged 6- 11 year old in Baghdad/ Iraq

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Anhar A.A. Alsadi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 100-104
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: The overweight and obesity have serious health consequences including the health of oral cavity. The
aims of the present study were to assess the oral health condition among the overweight children and compare
them with the normal weighted children of the same age and gender.
Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of 478 children aged 6-11years that were selected from (4650)
children selected randomly from 12 primary schools. Two hundred and thirty nine normal weighted and 239
overweight children were included. The assessment of nutritional status was performed using Body Mass Index
specific for age and gender. The diagnosis and recording of dental caries was according to Manji et al (1) plaque
index of Silness and Loe (2) was used for plaque assessment, gingival index of Loe and Silness (3) was used for gingival
health condition, Ramfjord index teeth (4) were applied to assess oral cleanliness and gingival condition.
Results: The results showed that the caries experience among the overweight for the primary and permanent
dentition were significantly lower than that among the normal weighted children, while the mean of plaque and
gingival indices were found to be higher among the overweight children.
Conclusion: The weight status affects the oral health by decreasing the dental caries among the overweight children
and higher plaque and gingivitis.
Key words: Overweight, dental caries, gingival health condition, nutritional status. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2009; 21(2):
100-104)

Keywords


Article
The effect of intelligence quotient and nutritional status on oral health condition among 6 years old school children in Baghdad/Iraq

Authors: Ban S. Diab --- Jenan O. Almaas
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2010 Volume: 22 Issue: 2 Pages: 93-98
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT
Background: The intelligence and nutritional status have an effect on the health of oral cavity. The aim of this study
was to investigate the oral cleanliness and gingival health condition (in primary teeth) among 6 years old children of
the three intelligence scales in relation to gender and the influence of nutritional status on these variables.
Materials and Methods: The total sample composed of 660 children aged 6 years old, 220 children in each
intelligence scale. The measurement of intelligence was done using Raven's test for non-verbal intelligence. The
assessment of nutritional status was performed using Body Mass Index specific for age and gender. Plaque index of
Silness and Loe (1964) was used for plaque assessment, gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963) was used for gingival
health condition.
Results: The results of this study showed that the plaque and gingival indices among children with high intelligence
scale was reported to be highly significant lower than those with moderate and low intelligence scales, as well as
among well nourished children than that among malnourished children but the highly significant was found only in
gingival index.
Conclusion: The intelligence status and nutritional status affect oral health condition as gingival index were found to
be lower among the children with high intelligence scale, this may explained the role of intelligence levels and
nutritional status in protection of oral tissue from dental and periodontal disease.
Key words: Intelligence, gingival heallth condition, nutritional status. (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2010;22(2):93-98).

Keywords


Article
Salivary antioxidants and physicochemical characteristics related to periodontal disease among a group of old adults

Authors: Baydaa A. Yas --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Old adults experienced pronounced oral changes. Saliva composition particularly the antioxidantsshowed significant changes with advancing age. The aims of this study were to assess salivary antioxidants and lipidperoxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) levels in addition to salivary physicochemical characteristics and theireffect on periodontal disease among a group of old adults in comparison with middle-aged.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of all old adults (35 subjects) aged 55-65 years in comparison withall middle-aged (35 subjects) aged 30-40 years at the Textile factory in Mosul city who fitted the criteria of the study.Periodontal disease was evaluated by using the gingival index, periodontal pocket depth and clinical attachmentlevel. Unstimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow rate and pH were determined. Salivary samplesthen were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary antioxidants (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, vitamin Cand uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) in addition to salivary constituents as urea,calcium, phosphorous and magnesium.Results: Antioxidants level (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C) was lower among old adults comparedto middle-aged ones with significant difference for vitamin C only. Malondialdehyde was slightly higher among oldadults with no significant difference. Statistically no significant difference could be found regarding salivary flow rateand pH between the two age groups. Salivary constituents (urea, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium) showedno significant difference between the two age groups. Mean gingival index was highly significantly higher amongold adults. The extent of pocket depth was higher among old adults at ≥4 and ≥5 mm thresholds but ≥7 mm thresholdwas absent among them. Clinical attachment level extent was higher among old adults at all thresholds of severity.Salivary albumin revealed inverse significant correlation with severe thresholds of clinical attachment level (i.e. ≥7, ≥8,≥9 mm). Lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde) showed positive highly significant correlation with ≥9 mm attachmentlevel threshold among old adults. Salivary flow rate revealed inverse correlation with almost all clinical attachmentlevel thresholds among old adults.Conclusions: Periodontal disease revealed higher severity among old adults. Salivary antioxidants andphysicochemical characteristics were found to affect periodontal health status among old adults


Article
Salivary antioxidants and physicochemical characteristics related to dental caries experience among a group of old adults

Authors: Baydaa A. Yas --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 108-112
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Old adults are regarded as an important target group with special oral health needs. Salivary glandstructure and saliva composition particularly the antioxidants are subjected to significant changes with advancingage. The aims of this study were to assess salivary antioxidants and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde)levels in addition to salivary physicochemical characteristics and their effect on dental caries among a group of oldadults in comparison with middle-aged.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of all old adults (35 subjects) aged 55-65 years in comparison withall middle-aged (35 subjects) aged 30-40 years at the Textile factory in Mosul city who fitted the criteria of the study.Dental caries was recorded through the application of D1-4 MFS index. Plaque and calculus indices were used forrecording oral cleanliness. Unstimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow rate and pH weredetermined. Salivary samples then were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary antioxidants (total protein,albumin, vitamin E, vitamin C and uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) in addition tosalivary constituents as urea, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium.Results: Salivary antioxidants level (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C) was lower among old adultscompared to middle-aged ones with significant difference for vitamin C only. Malondialdehyde was slightly higheramong old adults with no significant difference. Statistically no significant difference could be found regardingsalivary flow rate and pH between the two age groups. Also salivary constituents (urea, calcium, phosphorous andmagnesium) showed no significant difference between the two age groups. Caries experience (DMFS) was highlysignificantly higher among old adults (28.71±9.15) compared with middle-aged (20.68±8.53). Multiple linear regressionanalysis revealed inverse highly significant β coefficient for vitamin E and salivary flow rate on DS among old adults.Conclusion: Dental caries revealed higher severity among old adults. Salivary antioxidants and physicochemicalcharacteristics were found to affect dental caries experience among old adults


Article
Caries experience and salivary physicochemical characteristics among overweight intermediate school females aged 13-15 years in Babylon – Iraq

Authors: Aseel I. Mohammed --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 3 Pages: 130-133
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Obesity is a serious public health concern that has reached epidemic proportions; the prevalence, aswell as the severity of obesity in adolescents is increasing at an alarming rate. A close relationship was foundbetween weight status and dental caries. Thus this research aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of dentalcaries among overweight adolescent females in relation to physicochemical characteristics of stimulated wholesaliva in comparison with normal weight adolescent females.Materials and methods: The total sample involved for nutritional status assessment is composed of 2678 females aged13-15 years. This was performed using Body Mass Index specific for age and gender according to CDC growth chart(2000). The diagnosis and recording of dental caries was by using Decay, Missing, Filled surface index (DMFs); andaccording to the criteria of Manji et al (1989). Salivary samples were collected from 30 overweight females and theircontrol under standardized conditions and then analyzed for measuring salivary flow rate and viscosity, in addition toestimation essential elements (zinc, copper, calcium, iron, and total protein).Results: The caries experience among the overweight females was lower than that among the normal weight withnon significant difference. Salivary analysis demonstrated that the salivary flow rate was non significantly higheramong overweight females. The viscosity of saliva was having an equal value among both groups. The data analysisof salivary elements found that the zinc and copper concentrations were highly significant higher among theoverweight females than that among the normal weight. The opposite result found concerning salivary calcium levelwith also highly significant difference; while the iron and total protein were non significantly lower among theoverweight females. DMFs and its grades correlated negatively weak with salivary flow rate among overweightfemales; while concerning salivary viscosity, the correlation was direct weak with DMFs. Salivary copper, calcium andtotal protein showed an inverse correlation with dental caries.Conclusion: The results of the current research revealed that overweight affect the caries experience. Several ofsalivary factors that found to be higher among the overweight females might play a role in protection of teeth fromdental caries


Article
Salivary cortisol among low birth weight 5 years old kindergarten children in relation to dental caries (comparative study)

Authors: Rihab A. Ali --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 126-133
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Birth weight is a powerful predictor of infant growth and survival. Evidence now shows that children bornwith low birth weight face an increased risk of chronic diseases and have many health problems including oral health.The aims of this study were to assess the salivary flow rate, viscosity, and salivary cortisol among low birth weightkindergarten children aged 5 years old in Hilla centre, in relation to dental caries and compares them with thenormal birth weight children of the same age and gender.Materials and methods: The total sample involved 80 children (40 low birth weights and 40 normal birth weights)aged 5 years old. The diagnosis and recording of severity of dental caries was recorded through the application ofd1-4mfs index according to the criteria described by Mühlemann (1976). The stimulated saliva was collected from thetotal sample under standardized conditions and then analyzed for measuring salivary flow rate and viscosity, inaddition to estimation of salivary cortisol by special cortizol kit using VIDAS® Cortisol S.Results: The mean rank of dmfs, ds, ms and fs were found to be higher among low birth weight than normal birthweight groups, with a statistically significant difference for dmfs, ds (P<0.05), highly significant difference for ms(P<0.01) and non significant difference for fs (P>0.05). Concerning the ds grade, data analysis showed a significantdifference only for d1 grade (P<0.05). Salivary analysis demonstrated that the mean rank of salivary flow rate wasfound to be lower among the low birth weight than the normal birth weight groups with non significant difference(P>0.05). The viscosity of saliva was found to be highly significantly higher among low birth weight than normal birthweight groups (P<0.01). Concerning salivary cortisol, data analysis showed that the mean rank was higher amonglow birth weight than normal birth weight groups. However, the difference was not significant (P>0.05).Conclusion: The results of the current research revealed that low birth weight status affect oral health conditions

خلفیة : وزن الولادة یشكل مؤشرا قویا لنمو الرضع و البقاء على قید الحیاة . الدلائل تشیر الآن أن الأطفال الذین یولدون مع انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة یواجھون خطرا متزایدا منالأمراض المزمنة ولھا العدید من المشاكل الصحیة بما في ذلك صحة الفم . وكانت أھداف ھذه الدراسة تقییم معدل تدفق اللعاب ، واللزوجة ، والكورتیزول اللعابي بین انخفاض الوزنعند الولادة لریاض الأطفال الذین تتراوح أعمارھم بین 5 سنوات من العمر في مركز الحلة ، وعلاقتھ بتسوس الأسنان ومقارنتھا مع الوزن الطبیعي عند الولادة للأطفال من نفس العمروالجنس.المواد و الطرق : تضمنت العینة الكلیة 80 طفلا ( 40 انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة و 40 الوزن الطبیعي عند الولادة) الذین تتراوح أعمارھم بین 5 سنوات . وتم تسجیل شدة تسوسخلال تطبیق مؤشر وقد تم جمع اللعاب المحفز من العینة الكلیة في ظل ظروف موحدة ومن ثم تحلیلھا لقیاس d1- 4mfs وفقا للمعاییر التي وصفھا . Mühlemann ( الأسنان من ( 1976معدل تدفق اللعاب واللزوجة ، بالإضافة إلى تحلیل الكورتیزول اللعابي باستخدام كت خاص بالكورتیزولfs و ms ،ds ، dmfs الطبیعي عند الولادة ، وجدت لتكون أعلى عند اطفال انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة عنھ لأطفال الوزن .VIDAS® Cortisol Sوفرق معنوي كبیر للغایة ms وفرق غیر معنوي فیما یخص fs وفیما یتعلق ds النتائج: رتبة متوسط تسوس السطوح للأسنان اللبنیة ، أظھر تحلیل البیانات فرقا معنویا فقط للرتبةأظھر تحلیل اللعاب أن رتبة متوسط معدل تدفق اللعاب وجدت لتكون أقل بین مجموعة انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة من . d مع وجود فرق دال إحصائیا , 1 dmfs, ds , فیما یخصمجموعة الوزن الطبیعي عند الولادة مع وجود فارق غیر معنوي . لزوجة اللعاب وجدت لتكون أعلى بكثیر مع فارق معنوي كبیر للغایة بین مجموعة انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة منمجموعة الوزن الطبیعي عند الولادة. وفیما یتعلق بالكورتیزول اللعابي ، أظھر تحلیل البیانات أن رتبة متوسط الكورتیزول أعلى بین مجموعة انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة من مجموعةالوزن الطبیعي عند الولادة . ومع ذلك ، كان الفارق غیر معنوي .الاستنتاج: كشفت نتائج البحث الحالي أن حالة انخفاض الوزن عند الولادة تؤثر على الأوضاع الصحیة للفم.


Article
Depression status in relation to caries experience and salivary physiochemical characteristics among 15 years old students in Al-Swera city – Wassit Governorate-Iraq

Authors: Huda S. Khiala --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 2 Pages: 158-162
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Depression is a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood;it can become chronic orrecurrent and affect dental health .Thus this research aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of dental cariesamong students with different grade of depression in relation to physicochemical characteristics of stimulated wholesaliva.Materials and methods: The total sample involved for depression status assessment is composed of 800 students forboth gender aged 15 years old that were selected randomly , This was performed using children depressioninventory (CDI) index that divided the students into four groups of depression(low or average grade, high averagegrade, elevated grade and very elevated grade). The diagnosis and recording of dental caries was by using decay,Missing, Filled surface index (DMFs); and according to the criteria ofManji et al (1989), Salivary samples was collectedfrom 30 student with very elevated grade of depression and 30 from low or average grade under standardizedconditions, then analyzed for measuring salivary flow rate and viscosity, in addition to estimation salivary elementsthat includes total protein, zinc, copper, chromium and Lithium.Results: the data of the present study showed that the percentage of Caries free students was higher among veryelevated grade (8.60%) followed by low or average grade (8.52%), the less was among elevated grade ofdepression (5.04%).Concerning caries experience, the highest result was among elevated grade of depressionfollowed by low or average grade, the lower result was among high average grade. While the sever grade of dentalcaries (D4) was found to be highly significant differ among different grade of depression, The data analysis of salivaryelements found that the protein was higher in very elevated grade than low or average grade while other elementsshow the opposite result with significant concerning copper and zinc among very elevated grade that showsignificant difference. DMFs correlated negatively with salivary flow rate among low or average grade and veryelevated grade; while concerning salivary viscosity, the correlation was direct with DMFs. With highly significant invery elevated grade, Salivary elements show positive relation with not significant except copper that show negativerelation with significant.Conclusion: The results of the current research revealed that depression status had an adverse effect on salivaryphysicochemical characteristics and dental status including caries experience

Listing 1 - 10 of 18 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (18)


Language

English (17)


Year
From To Submit

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

2013 (4)

More...