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Article
ABO Blood Type in Relation to Caries Experience and Salivary Physicochemical Characteristic among College Students at Al-Diwania Governorate in Iraq

Authors: Rania F. Kadhum --- Ban Sahib Diab بان صاحب ذياب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 4 Pages: 125-131
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: (ABO) Blood type have an effect on general health including oral health as salivary physicochemicalcharacteristics differ among different type of blood and as consequence these affect the severity of dental caries.The aim of the present study is to assess of the prevalence of caries experience among different blood type inrelation to salivary physicochemical characteristic.Materials and Methods: Two hundred and fifty females' college students in Al-Qadisyia University aged 18 years oldwere selected on random basis; they were divided to four groups according to their blood type, Dental experiencewas diagnosed and recorded according to DMFs Index (Mülemman, 1976), this allows recording decayed lesion byseverity. A sub sample was pooled for salivary analysis.Results: In the present study the blood type O was more common followed by B and A, whereas the less commonwas AB type, caries experiences (DMFs) and Ds component were found to be statistically significant among differentblood types. The most sever grade of dental caries D3 and D4 were higher among type AB and lowest sever grade D1among B blood type. While salivary flow rate significantly differ among differ blood type, viscosity higher but notsignificant among type AB. While salivary concentration of calcium and total protein were differ but not significant,opposite to alkaline phosphatase which was highly significant among different blood types.Conclusions: ABO blood type has an effect on salivary physical and chemical characteristic of saliva as effect onprevalence of caries


Article
The effect of nutritional status on mesiodistal and bucco/ lingual or palatal diameters of permanent teeth among fifteen years old students

Authors: Zaid Saadi Hasan Ahmed زيد سعدي حسن احمد --- Ban Sahib Diab بان صاحب ذياب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 108-114
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition during human growth affects the size of the tissues at different stages of life, bodyproportions, body chemistry, as well as quality and texture of tissues. Teeth are particularly sensitive to malnutrition.Malnutrition may affect odontometric measurement involving tooth size dimensions. The aim of this study was to estimatethe effect of nutrition on teeth size dimension measurements among students aged 15 years old.Materials and methods: This study was conducted among malnourished group in comparison to well-nourished groupmatching with age and gender. The present study included 167 students aged 15 years (83 malnourished and 84 wellnourished).The assessment of nutritional status was done by using body mass index (BMI). Odontometricmeasurements included three different orientations. For both upper and lower study models, photographs were takenusing special photographic apparatus for each student, and the data were then analyzed using special computersoftware. For permanent dentitions, two linear measurements (mesiodistal and bucco lingual or palatal) were utilized,representing tooth diameters for each tooth.Results: Among students aged 15 years, the findings revealed that all means of mesiodistal and bucco-lingual diametersvalues of maxillary and mandibular teeth were lower among malnourished than well-nourished groups with statisticallysignificant, except for mesiodistal diameters of both second molar, second and first premolar of maxillary teeth,second premolar, first premolar and lateral incisor of mandibular teeth and for bucco-palatal diameters of secondand first premolar of maxillary teeth, second molar and lateral incisor of mandibular teeth.Conclusion: Malnutrition effect on minimize the odontometric measurements (mesiodistal and bucco-lingual diameters)among students aged 15 years


Article
The Effect of Nutritional Status on Mesiodistal and Bucco- Lingual (Palatal) Diameters of Primary Teeth among Five Years Old Kindergarten Children

Authors: Zaid Saadi Hasan Ahmed زيد سعدي حسن احمد --- Ban Sahib Diab بان صاحب ذياب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 2 Pages: 152-157
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition in human life may adversely affect various aspects of growth at different stages of life. Teeth areparticularly sensitive to malnutrition. Malnutrition may affect odontometric measurement involving tooth size dimensions.The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of nutrition on teeth size dimension measurements among children aged 5years old.Materials and methods: This study was conducted among malnourished group in comparison to well-nourished groupmatching with age and gender. The present study included 158 children aged 5 years (78 malnourished and 80 wellnourished).The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height. Odontometric measurements including two different orientations. For both upperand lower study models, photographs were taken using special photographic apparatus for each child, and the datawere then analyzed using special computer software. For primary dentitions, two linear measurements (mesiodistal andbucco/lingual or palatal) were utilized, representing tooth diameters for each tooth.Results: Among children aged 5 years, the findings revealed that all means of mesiodistal and bucco-lingual diametersvalues of maxillary and mandibular teeth were lower among malnourished than well-nourished groups with statisticallysignificant, except for mesiodistal diameters of both canine and lateral incisor maxillary teeth, canine of mandibularteeth and for bucco-palatal diameters of central incisor of maxillary teeth, canine, lateral incisor and central incisorof mandibular teeth.Conclusions: Malnutrition effect on minimize the odontometric measurements (mesio-distal and bucco-lingual diameters)among children aged 5 years


Article
The effect of nutritional status on arch width and length of primary teeth among five years old kindergarten children

Authors: Zaid Saadi Hasan Ahmed زيد سعدي حسن احمد --- Ban Sahib Diab بان صاحب ذياب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 2 Pages: 173-177
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: In human life, malnutrition may adversely affect various aspects of growth at different stages of life. Teethare particularly sensitive to malnutrition. Malnutrition may affect odontometeric measurement involving arch width andlength of primary dentition. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of nutrition on arch width and length dimensionmeasurements among children aged 5 years old.Material and methods: This study was conducted among malnourished group in comparison to well-nourished groupmatching with age and gender. The present study included 158 children aged 5 years (78 malnourished and 80 wellnourished).The assessment of nutritional status was done by using three nutritional indicators, namely Height-for-age,Weight-for-age and Weight-for-height. Odontometeric measurements including two different orientations. For bothupper and lower study models, photographs were taken using special photographic apparatus for each child, and thedata were then analyzed using special computer software. For primary dentitions, two linear measurements (intercaninedistance and inter-molar distance) were utilized, representing arch measurements.Results: As for primary dentitions, all means value of maxillary and mandible arch width and length were lower amongmalnourished group than well-nourished group with statistically highly significant except for both inter-canine distance ofmaxillary and mandibular, maxillary anterior arch length and mandibular molar vertical length.Conclusion: Malnutrition effect on minimize the odontometric measurements (dental arch width, dental arch length)among children aged 5 years


Article
The Impact of Mother-Infant Bonding on Periodontal Health Status in the Postpartum Period

Authors: Rula Nabeel Issa رولا نبيل عيسى --- Ban Sahib Diab بان صاحب ذياب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 76-79
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Mother-infant bonding is an important psychological step postpartum and disturbed relationship may carry dramatic consequences as a psychological disorder which may affect the periodontal health of the mother. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of the postpartum Mother-infant bonding on their periodontal condition.Materials and Methods: Mothers in the postpartum period with age range 20-35 years were subjected to postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ). Periodontal health status was assessed by measuring probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level.Results: The mean values of both probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were higher among disordered mothers than mothers with normal bonding relationship. The mean percentage of PPD according to different thresholds of severity and CAL (1-2 mm) was higher among the disordered mothers.Conclusion: Mother-infant bonding disorder could influence the periodontal health status of the mother


Article
Personality Types in Relation to the Periodontal Health Status and Salivary Dehydroepiandrosterone among Teachers in Baghdad City

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Abstract

Background: The individual differences in emotional and behavioral style can be examined through personality instruments. These differences may explain the health status of the individuals. The purpose of the present study was to assess the influence of Personality Types on gingival and periodontal health status among teachers in Baghdad city in relation to selected salivary hormone (Dehydroepiandrosterone).Materials and methods: Females teachers 534 of randomly selected schools were subjected to personality questionnaire using The Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator. Teachers were examined to estimate the periodontal status according to the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). A group of teachers were selected for salivary analysis of Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).Results: Data analysis showed that the higher mean of scores was reported for the Helper personality Type among the sample. According to the maximum (CPI) code, significant difference was found in the mean values of Individualist Personality Type scores between the healthy periodontium (code 0) and calculus (code 2) of Community periodontal index. No significant correlation was found between salivary DHEA concentration (pg /ml) and the scores of the Nine Personality Types. No significant correlation was found between salivary DHEA concentration(pg/ml) and number of sextants for CPI codes.Conclusions: Personality Types could influence gingival and periodontal health status of the subjectsso that psychological interventions may be carried out to improve the oral hygiene condition of the population

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