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Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in partially edentulous patients' dependence of different variables

Authors: Ferial Al-Nadawi --- Salah A. Mohammod --- Ban T. Shereef
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2006 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 12-16
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد


Background: Temporomandibular disorders TMDs are recognized as the most common chronic or facial pain condition confronting dentists and other health care providers
Materials and Methods: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) investigation was performed on two hundred apparently healthy and partially edentulous individuals (92 males and 108 females) aged between 18-70 year. The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of TMDs according to age and Gender, and to investigate the role of some possible etiological factors in TMDs.
Results: Subjective symptoms were perceived by 30.5% of the patients. The most common symptom was TMJ sounds. Objective signs were observed in 37.0% of the patients. The most prevalent sign was TMJ sounds. Non-significant Gender and age variations were observed regarding symptoms and signs of TMDs. Significant relationships were found between grinding, clenching, recurrent headache, functional shift and the number of symptoms and signs of TMDs.
Conclusion: The number of missing teeth and dental were positively related to the number of signs only, whereas significant relationships were found between crossbite, unilateral and bilateral loss of molar and premolar teeth and the number of symptoms and signs of TMDs.
Keywords: TMJ, partial edentulous (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2006; 18(1) 12-16)


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