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The Effect of Shape and Arrangement of End Sill Stepped Cascade Weirs on Water Quality

Authors: Karim Rashid Gubashi --- Batool Ali Hussain
Journal: AL-NAHRAIN JOURNAL FOR ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة النهرين للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 25219154 / eISSN 25219162 Year: 2018 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 199-207
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين


Hydraulic structures can be accepted as the key components in improving aeration efficiency because of the strong turbulent mixing associated with substantial air bubble entrainment at these structures. Different hydraulic structures have been designed to enhance aeration such as stepped cascades. A laboratory model of stepped cascade weir with five different shapes of end sill (normal, triangle, rectangle1, rectangle2 and rectangle3) have been installed at Al- Mustansiriya University, College of Engineering to evaluate treatment system and reduced pollutants in marginal water for different flow rates (35,60 and 80 L/min). Results indicate that high removal efficiency of all pollutants parameter (Cu, Cr, Mo, Br, Fe, Mn, Zn, PO4, Cl-, ClO2, Hardness as CaCO NH NO2, Toxic matter) is for rectangle1 shape at Q=60L/min. High aeration efficiency is 45.7% for rectangle1 shape at Q=80L/min. High removal efficiency for BOD5 and COD are 48% and 47% respectivelyfor rectangle 1 at Q=80 L/min.

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