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The relation of salivary antioxidants to dental caries among overweight and obese adult aged 30-40 year-old at textile factory in Mosul city

Author: Baydaa A. Yas بيداء ياس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 141-145
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Overweight and obese people are at higher risk for systemic diseases as well as oral diseases like dentalcaries. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of salivary antioxidants (albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C)in addition to salivary flow rate and magnesium level with dental caries severity among overweight and obese adultaged 30-40 year-old at Textile Factory in Mosul City.Material and method: The sample for this study consisted of all subjects aged 30-40 year-old (thirty five subjects) atthe Textile factory in Mosul city. Body weight can be measured by using the Body Mass Index (BMI). Dental caries wasrecorded by lesion severity through the application of D1-4 MFS index. Salivary flow rate was measured after collectionof unstimulated saliva then salivary samples were analyzed for the measurement of salivary antioxidants (albumin,vitamin E, and vitamin C) and magnesium level.Results: Salivary vitamin E and C levels were higher among overweight and obese subjects respectively comparedwith non-obese though statistical differences were not significant. Albumin level was significantly higher amongoverweight than non-obese subjects. In addition Obese and overweight subjects revealed reduced salivary flow ratecompared with non-obese but with no significant difference; whereas salivary magnesium level was elevatedamong obese compared to non-obese individuals though statistical difference was not significant. Regarding cariesseverity, obese and overweight subjects revealed higher dental caries severity (i.e. DMFS, MS, DS, D3 and D4 meanvalues) compared with non-obese.Conclusions: Overweight and obesity could be risk factor for increasing dental caries severity thus educational andpreventive programs that include dietary counseling (for lowering body weight and caries severity as well), oralhygiene practices, and regular visits for the dentist are needed


Article
The relation of salivary antioxidants and lipid peroxidation biomarker to periodontal diseases among overweight and obese adult aged 55-65 year-old at Textile factory in Mosul city

Author: Baydaa A. Yas بيداء ياس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 90-95
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Overweight and obesity might be a potential risk factor for periodontal diseases. The principle objectiveof this study was to identify the relationship of salivary antioxidants (vitamin E and uric acid) and lipid peroxidationbiomarker (malondialdehyde/MDA) with periodontal diseases among overweight and obese adult aged 55-65 yearoldsubject at Textile factory in Mosul city.Materials and methods: All subjects aged 55-65 year-old (thirty five subjects) at Textile factory in Mosul city took partin this study. Salivary flow rate was measured after collection of unstimulated saliva then salivary samples wereanalyzed for the measurement of salivary antioxidants (vitamin E and uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker(malondialdehyde/MDA). Periodontal diseases were evaluated by using the gingival index (GI), periodontal pocketdepth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL). Body weight was determined by using the Body Mass Index (BMI).Results: Malondialdehyde (MDA) level was higher among obese and overweight than non-obese with highlysignificant difference (F=5.52, P<0.01). Similarly vitamin E and uric acid levels were elevated among obese andoverweight compared with non-obese though statistical differences were not significant (P>0.05). In contrast salivaryflow rate was lower among obese and overweight than non-obese with highly significant difference (F=8.11, P<0.01).Regarding periodontal diseases, obese subjects showed higher periodontal destruction in comparison with nonobese.Conclusions: Overweight and obese subjects could be considered as special group who need educational andpreventive programs that include maintaining a normal body weight, eating a well-balanced diet and engaging inphysical activity in addition to oral hygiene practices to improve their oral and general health.


Article
Effect of repeated pregnancies on periodontal health status

Author: Baydaa A. Yas بيداء ياس
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 113-115
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to gum and periodontal disease. The aim of this study wasto assess the effect of repeated pregnancies on the periodontal health status.Materials and methods: This study evaluated the oral hygiene and periodontal status (plaque index, calculus index,gingival index and probing pocket depth) of 224 pregnant women in Baghdad governorate (112 primigravidae and112 multigravidae), in relation to socio-demographic and clinical variables. The age range was 20-25 years.Results: No significant differences were found in oral hygiene and gingival health condition between primigravidaeand multigravidae women. Also probing pocket depth whether present or absent revealed equal percentage inboth. The majority of the pregnant women was of urban residence and had lower educational level. Higherpercentage of them visits the dental clinic for relieving pain only.Conclusion: Multiple pregnancies had unpronounced influence on the periodontal health status. Future studiesshould include the clinical attachment level measurement

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