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Article
Improving the Mechanical Properties of Lightweight Foamed Concrete Using Silica Fume and Steel Fibers

Authors: Suhad M. Abd --- Dhamyaa Ghalib
Journal: AL-NAHRAIN JOURNAL FOR ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة النهرين للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 25219154 / eISSN 25219162 Year: 2018 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 300-307
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Lightweight foamed concrete (LWFC) is characterized as a light in self-weight, self- compacting, self-levelling, and thermal and sound isolation. But it has low strength and low ductility which leads that the application of (LWFC) in the building construction is limited. The flowability of the fresh mix of (LWFC) was evaluated by flow test. While the hardened properties of (LWFC) include, compressive 6 strength, tensile6 splitting6 strength, flexural 6 strength, and 6modulus of 6 elasticity. This 6 study6 focuses6 on the effect of the adding of silica fume and steel fibre on the mechanical properties of (LWFC). Silica fume was added as (5%) and (10%) by the weight of cement and steel fiber (0.2%) and (0.4%) of the total volume of the mix. The density of lightweight foamed concrete was 1800±50kg/�3, and cement to sand ratio was (1:1) with water cement ratio (0.28). The results indicated that adding of silica fume6 and steel 6 fiber 6 have great effect on the mechanical properties and improve them. The addition (10%) of silica fume and (0.4%) by volume of steel fiber was the best ratio that improves the mechanical properties of the lightweight foamed concrete (LWFC). The pozzolanic index of the (5%) and (10%) silica fume was (21.9%) and (74.76%), respectively.


Article
IMPROVING MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF LIGHTWEIGHT FOAMED CONCRETE USING SILICA FUME AND FIBERS

Authors: Suhad Mohammed Abd --- Dhamyaa Ghalib Jassam
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2019 Volume: 23 Issue: 2 Pages: 184-199
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Lightweight foamed concrete (LWFC) is characterized as a light in self-weight, self-compacting (no need vibration), self-leveling, and thermal and sound isolation. The application of (LWFC) in the building construction is limited because of its the low strength and the low ductility. In this study the workability of the fresh mix of (LWFC), the hardened properties include, compressive strength, tensile splitting strength, flexural strength, and modulus of elasticity were evaluated. This study focuses mainly on the effect of the adding of silica fume and fibers on the mechanical properties of (LWFC). Silica fume was added as 5% and 10% by the weight of cement. Steel fiber and polypropylene fiber volume fraction were of (0.2%, 0.4%), While the hybrid fibers (steel+ polypropylene) volume fraction was (0.2% steel+0.2%PP), and (0.4%steel+0.2%PP) of the total mix volume. The results of the program test show that the increase of silica fume improves the mechanical properties of (LWFC) significantly. The adding of fibers to the (LWFC) reduces the flowability and improves the mechanical properties. The hybrid fibers mix (0.4% steel+0.2% PP) presented the best test result of the mechanical properties as (10%,21%,53%, 24.4%) for the compressive strength, flexural strength, tensile splitting strength, and modulus of elasticity, respectively.

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