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Studying the effect of the circumferential clasp arm design on stress distribution using three-dimensional finite element analysis

Author: Dr. Hikmat J.AL.Judy B.D.S., M.Sc.,Ph.D. * د.حكمت جميل
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 55-60
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

High stresses which result during functions in the cast clasps arms are the main causes of deformations or fractures. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the stress distribution in three-dimensional finite element analysis models of clasps and to select their preferable design.A three-dimensional finite element analysis was used for the investigations. Preformed clasp wax patterns for circumferential clasps were selected and three parameters namely length, thickness and width at the base and tip were measured to generate purposely designed experimental three-dimensional models. Generated stresses and deformatioans were calculated numerically and plotted graphically.Within the limitations of this study, the preferable cross-sectional shape of the retentive cast circumferential clasp arm was determined as half-round and the taper 0.6 mm.the ideal cross section of the retentive clasp arm was half round with 0.6mm taper diameter.


Article
The Influence of Silica Dioxide and Aluminum Oxide Nano Fillers Reinforced Heat Cured Acrylic Denture Base Material and Thermocycling on Tensile and Shear Bond to Denture Soft Lining Material

Author: Dr. Hikmat J. Al-Judy. B.D.S., M.Sc., Ph.D. د. حكمت جميل
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 99-109
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Soft lining materials play an important role in modern prosthodonticstreatment because of their capability to restore the inflamed and distorted mucosa.The purpose of the research was to estimate the influence of acrylic denture basereinforcement with silanted nano fillers (Al2O3 and Sio2) separately on tensile andshear bond strength of soft lining material and studying effect of thermo cyclingon bonding strength.Materials and methods: Total 120 specimens were prepared; it divided into 60Specimens for shear bond strength test and 6o specimens for tensile bond strengthtest. Specimens were sub grouped into 30 Specimens without thermo cycling and30 specimens with thermo cycling. Each sub group is consisted from: 10Specimens control, 10 specimens were reinforced with 2 wt% of Al2O3 nano fillersand 10 specimens were reinforced with 5 wt% of SiO2 nano fillers. Samples wereprocessed depending on test applied. Soft lining material was applied for eachtesting group. Samples were immersed in distal water for 24 hours at 37°C beforetesting. For thermo cycling test, specimen were thermo cycled in thermo cyclingdevice. Bonding strength test was done using INSTRON universal testingmachine.Results: reinforcement of acrylic denture base with nano-fillers was significantlyincrease both tensile and shear bonding of lining material and thermo cyclingdecreases both bonding strength.Conclusion: reinforcement of acrylic denture base with nano fillers could improvebonding strength of lining material, while thermo cycling had a deleterious effecton bonding strength.

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