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The correlation between ABO Blood Groups, Rh factor and Body Mass Index in most common oral diseases

Authors: Dr. Esra Hassan Al –Hashemy. BSC, M.Sc ,Ph.D. * د. اسراء حسان الهاشمي --- Dr. Maha Jamal Abbas. B.D.S, M.Sc. ** د. مها جمال عباس
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 228-240
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Objective:-The presence of specific type of blood group antigens have beenassociated with various diseases, with antigens also acting as receptors forinfectious agents and the relative susceptibility of some blood group phenotypes tocertain oral diseases has been investigated. Also, the poor oral health and developof some oral disease has previously been related to high body mass index (BMI).Aims of the study :-The the aim of this study was to indicate if any associationbetween ABO blood system and body mass index with several oral diseasesincludes gingivitis and periodontitis.Material and method :-A total of (82) subjects were included in this study collectedfrom hospital of dentistry college from February to July,2013,divided into threegroups as those with gingivitis, periodontitis, and the healthy ones considercontrol group, aged between (10 and 55 )years were selected on a random basis .ABO blood groups were detected by using slide agglutination method aftercollected of blood samples .BMI was measured for all groups.Results: The results of this study reported that blood group type (O) appear in highpercentage ( 50%) among patients group include( gingivitis and periodontitis ),andthe blood group (A)showed a high percentage ( 47.67%) in healthy group withstatistical significant differences (p <0.05) while, the least rate of blood group inoral disease group were (AB)( 7.5%) and ( O and B)(14.29%) in control. Theresults of RH factors showed a significant increase of Rh-positive in all examinedgroups. The body mass (mean ±SD) (26±3.056) kg/m2was significantly higherpatient group when compared to control(BMI= 22.71±3.241) kg/m2 with pvalue< o.o5 .while the statistical analysis revealed there were non-significantdifferences according to type of blood groups between male and female and themean of BMI not differed between gingivitis and periodontitis p>0.05.Conclusion: Significant relationships between ABO blood type and body mass indexwith most common oral disease while RH results revealed no significantdifferences were recorded between control and oral disease.


Article
Elevation Salivary C - Reactive Protein (CRP) Levels in Iraqi Women with Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS ) and Oral diseases

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Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most commonendocraniopathy in women of reproductive age, affecting (5-10) % of populationand it is the leading cause of female infertility.C-reactive protein CRP, is a member of a group of acute phase of protein whichincrease their concentrations during certain inflammation disorders and used as abiomarker of inflammation in the body.Aim of the study: is to assess the salivary level of CRP with were oral disease wasstimulated by evaluate gingival inflammation, plaque accumulation in some Iraqiwomen with PCOS disease in compared with women not have PCOS.Methods: 19 females with PCOS and 26 females with systemically healthy include inthis study. Saliva were collected and CRP were examined and evaluated by usingELISA method in both study and control group. For all groups we examine theoral inflammation was measured depending on gingival and plaque index.Results: the results reported all PCOS women have significant increase in the salivaryCRP than women with no PCOS) mean ± SD (226.8±34SD, 173.8±22.5respectively). All women with PCOS had significantly increased in gingivitis thanwith no PCOS women.Conclusion:An increase in salivary CRP and gingival inflammation were found in womenwith PCOS. Also suggested measurement of salivary CRP may be helpful inpredicting women with oral disease in PCOS women.


Article
Estimation of Salivary Levels of Pro Inflammatory Cytokines (Interleukin-1α and Interleukin-8) in Iraqi Lichen Planus patients, the association of these parameters with dental plaques, gingivitis and smoking status

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Abstract

Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is chronic inflammatory disease of the oralmucosa whose etiology is still unknown but mounting evidence points to theimmunologic basis of this disorder.The aim of the present study was to assess the level of salivary IL-1α, IL- 8, salivaryflow rate (SFR), the plaque and gingival indices in lichen planus patients, and toassess their level pre and post treatment with topical steroid in study group, inaddition to the assessment of relation of smoking to these parameters in oral lichenplanus patients.Materials and methods: Whole saliva from fifteen (15) patients with oral lichenplanus, eighteen (18) healthy persons, were investigated for the presence of IL-1α, IL-8 by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA). In addition, the flowrate of saliva (SFR) measured in both groups, plaque and gingival indices alsoassessed pre and post treatment.Results: The results showed a significant elevation of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1α , IL- 8, plaque and gingival indices in study group in comparison to controlgroup except the SFR where it was higher in control group than study group alsoshowed that some of these parameters significantly related to smoking statues.The studies parameters also showed significant variation after using of topical steroidin which the salivary level of cytokines IL-1 α , IL-8, plaque &Gingival indiceswere significantly decreased after treatment except SFR was significantly increaseafter treatment.Conclusion: Patients with oral lichen planus have had high levels of inflammatorycytokines in their saliva. The results also showed wide variations in levels amongpatients in pre and post treatment with steroid, in addition the level of proinflammatory cytokines significantly related to smoking status. The resultssuggest links between the proinflammatory cytokines ( IL-1 α , IL-8 ) from oneside and oral lichen planus disease, medication used for treatment and smokingstatus of the patients from another side.

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