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Article
Comparative panoramic study of the elongated styloid process between male and female , their possible associations with age and Eagle’s syndrome symptoms in Iraqi dentulous subjects

Author: Dr. Nuhad Al. Hassan. B.D.S. , M.Sc., Rad. د. نهاد الحسن
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 116-125
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background : The stylohyoid process is a cylindrical bony structure surrounded byimportant anatomical structures including vessels and nerves. Calcification andelongation of the stylohyoid ligament complex over 30 mm may be associatedwith neck and facial pain, known as Eagle’s syndrome . The aims of the studywere to compare the elongated styloid process between male and female , theirpossible relations with age and Eagle’s syndrome symptoms in Iraqi dentulouspopulation using panoramic radiographs .Materials and methods : Clinical and radiographical records of 70 patients (40female and 30 male). The length of the styloid processes were assessed usingpanoramic radiographs . Measurements of the length of the styloid processes weremade directly from its insertion site to the petrous part of the temporal bone to itstip.Results : There was highly statistically significant difference between male andfemale for right side and left side of the styloid process length p-value <0.01. Chisquarebetween present of symptoms and styloid process length of age showedstatistically non-significant difference.Conclusion : Panoramic radiography is useful tool for detection of an elongatedstyloid process in patients with or without symptoms and can thus help avoidmisinterpretation of the symptoms.


Article
Panoramic study of third molar eruption for chronologic age assessment in Iraqi population

Authors: Dr. Amal R.S. Mohammed, B.D.S., H.D.D., M.Sc. Rad. د. امل رؤوف --- Dr. Nuhad Al. Hassan, B.D.S., M.Sc. Rad. د. نهاد الحسن
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 88-97
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Age estimation plays a great role in forensic investigations,orthodontic, surgical treatment planning and tooth transplantation. The teeth areconsidered a reliable indicator of age and provide a number of parameters for ageprediction. The purpose of this study was to estimate the chronological age basedon the stages of mandibular third-molar eruption following the four stages givenby Olze et al.Materials and methods: The sample consist of 150 Iraqi subjects have been chosenwith known chronologic age (range: 6–26 years) and gender (70 males and 80female), digital panoramic radiograph had been taken for each examined subject .Olze et al. stages has been used to assess third molar eruption.Results: Alveolar and occlusal eruption at 25% of males younger than females . Ttestbetween gender for minimum age was statistically significant difference onlyin stage (B) with p-value (0.042).The deviation around normal value mean incomplete occlusal eruption was more in female compared with male.Conclusions: Radiographic evaluation of eruption stages of the third molars usingdental panoramic radiographies can be an efficient tool for chronological ageestimation in both forensic science and legal medicine. Complete occlusaleruption can be used to predict age equal or superior to 16 years.


Article
Evaluation the effect of pulp polyp on periapical area of primary and permanent dentition: Periapical radiographic Iraqi study

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Abstract

Introduction:The pulp polyp (PP), also known as chronic hyperplastic pulpitis orproliferative pulpitis, is a type of inflammatory hyperplasia. It occurs in a vitaltooth with a good blood supply when the pulp has been exposed to caries ortrauma.Objective: The aim of this study to evaluate different radiographic periapical changesof primary and permanent dentition in clinically detected pulp polyp patients.Materials and Methods: Patients who were clinically diagnosed with pulp polypwere subjected to radiographic examination. Digital intraoral periapicalradiographs of 70 patients with pulp polyp were taken. Various periapical changesof primary and permanent dentition in the digital radiographs were recorded . Thedata obtained was subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 16.0.Result: All 70 patients showed definite periapical changes. Out of which periodontalligament (PDL) space widening was seen in all 70 cases (100%), lamina duradiscontinuity was observed in 50 cases (71.43%), periapical rarefying osteitis wasnoted in 20 cases (28.57%), condensing osteitis was accounted in ten cases(14.29%), periapical granuloma was observed in six cases (8.57%),hypercementosis was accounted in nine cases (12.86%) , root resorption andperiapical cyst was observed in eight cases each (11.43%).Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that majority of the pulp polyppatients observed at young age group in both gender and the majority of the pulppolyp patients were associated with definite periapical changes that suggestedbeing a periapical lesion.


Article
Radiographic study on relation of the periapical status and frequency of endodontic treatment of teeth with and without apical periodontitis in an Iraqi population .

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Abstract

Aim: The point of the study was to assess the prevalence of apical periodontitis andfrequency of endodontic treatment in an Iraqi population.Materials and methods: Panoramic radiographs of 300 Iraqi subjects 18-60 yearsold. The periapical status of all teeth (with the exception of third molars) wasexamined using periapical index scoring system (PAI). Information wereinvestigated statistically using the Chi-squared test at the significance level ofp<0.05.Results: Out of 5822 examined teeth belonging to 300 patients 156 had one or moreteeth with apical periodontitis (PAI 3-5) and 253 individuals had one or moreendodontically treated teeth.Conclusions: The discoveries of the exhibit examination come into concurred uponwith different investigations which accentuate that a worldwide improvement inthe quality of root canal treatment in general dental practice is required to promoteperiradicular health.

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