research centers


Search results: Found 10

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by

Article
Factors Affects Two Stage Repair for Severe Type of Hypospadius

Author: Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 392-397
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Aim of the Study: To determine factors affecting the repair of the two stage repair for severe type of hypospadius Patients and Methods: Forty male patients age between 2-12 with mean 5 years, operated for penoscrotal(20) patients, scrotal(12) patients and perineal(8) patients hypospadius in Hilla teaching Hospital between 2003-2008. All patients underwent two stage repair including correction chordee in the first stage and neourethra formation with meatal advancement in second stage. Results: Twenty patients(50%) had penoscrotal, 12(30%) had scrotal and 8(20%) had perineal hypospadius. Twelve patients(30%) had undescended testis and 7(17.5%) had inguinal hernia.The chromosomal analysis was XY in 35(87.5%),3 patients(7.5%) had XYlXX mosiasim and 2(5%) patients had XYlXO while UlS result, 2(5%) had female internal organ (uterus). Androgen in form of testoteron given in 15(37.5%) patients for lengthening the phallus in dose of 100 mg single dose in 7 patients, two doses in 5 patients and three doses in 3 patients.The most common complications were local edema occuring in all patients,local hematoma in 6(15%) patients,urethrocutaneous fistula in18 (45%), meatal stenosis in 8(20%) and local infection in 3(7.5%). Conclusions: The main factors which help in getting optimal result of hypospadius repair include the preparation of the phallus with testosterone therapy in selected cases, use of water proof dressing, refined suture material and above all, tissue respect and meticulous surgical technique inspite of these precaution still the incidence of urethrocutaneous fistula carry high incidence in our patients because all our patients had severe type of hypospadius which expected to carry this incidence of fistula.

Keywords


Article
Early Transbdominal Trans peritoneal Omental flap repair for vescovaginal sistula

Author: Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 551-555
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Aim of the study : To evaluate patients selection for early of vesicovaginal fistula by transbdaminal transperitoneal approach with omental flap interposition . Patients and methods :twenty four female patients with vesicovaginal fistula underwent repair by transabdminal transperitoneal approach in Al-Hilla Teaching hospital department of urology between 2000-2006 their ages between 23-45 years , the cause of the fistula was cesarean section in 20 patients (83.8%) and 4 patients (16.2%) the cause was hysterectomy . Results : The indications for cesarean section were midwife interference in 16 patients , were rupture uterus identified , other indications were placenta previa 2 patients , fetal distress 1 patient and previous cesarean section in 1 patient , while the indications for hysterectomy were dysfunctional uterine bleeding in 3 patients and big uterine fibroid in 1 patient . Over all success rate were 22 patients (88.3%) had successful repair with only 2 patients (11.7%) were failed. Conclusion : Early repair of vesicovaginal by the transabdominal transperitoneal omental flap give good results in patient with first time fistula and no vaginal infection present and inflammatory process at fistula site has resolved.

Keywords


Article
Surgical Treatment of Penile Fracture

Author: Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-4
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study was done in order to evaluate surgical correction of penile fracture, between 1996-2003, twenty patients [25-54] years old were studied after blunt trauma to erect penis the time between injury and presentation [2-24] hours, mechanism of injury were vaginal intercourse, masturbation and rolling on bed at early morning on erected penis. All patients underwent surgical correction as emergency condition by degloving of skin of the penis with suturing of injured corpus. All injury were unilateral corporeal,no urethral injury follow up of the patients show adequate erection in all cases with no curvature. Early surgical correction of rupture corporeal injury give good result with nearly no complications.

Keywords


Article
Outcome and Prognosis of Patients with Bladder Cancer below 20 Years Old
اورام المثانة نتائج ومحصلات للمرضى الدين اعمارهم تحت العشرين سنة

Author: Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2012 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 332-337
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective: evaluate the treatment and prognosis of the bladder mass in young patients less than 20 years old Patients and methods: twenty patients with bladder tumors (papilloma and transitional cell carcinoma)18 male and 2 female underwent this study from 2001-2011 all evaluated by abdominal ultrasound and cystoscopy.Results: the age of the patients between 18 months to 20 years, 18 male and 2 female. Hematuria is presenting symptoms in 15 patients, lower abdominal pain in 3 patients and irritative voiding symptoms in 2 patients.Histopathology was papilloma in one patient transitional cell carcinoma grade I in 16 patients, grade II in 2 patients and grade III in one patient.All patients treated by TUR of the tumor except 2 patients treated by open excision and fulguration and one patient by total cystectomy.Follow up period between 6 months to 10 years, mortality reported in one patient only.Conclusion: the bladder tumor in young patient carry good prognosis with low grade and stage at time of presentation

الاهداف: تقييم نتائج المرضى المصابين باورام المثانة الدين اعمارهم اقل من عشرين سنة ودراسة بعض العوامل المؤثرة.طريقة العمل: اشتملت الدراسة عشرين مريضا 18 دكر وانثيين تراوحت اعمارهم بين18 شهر و 20 عاما في مستشفى الحلة التعليمي من سنة 2000-2011 اجريت لهم فحص الاشعة الفوق الصوتية للبطن وناظور المثانة مع خزعة الورم وارساله للفحص النسيجي وكان العلاج يتراوح بين قص ورفع الورم عن طريق الناظور, رفع الورم عن طريق فتح المثانة وعملية رفع المثانة الجدري.النتائج: التبول الدموي كان العرض السائد في 15 مريض والام البطن في 3 مرضى و اضطراب التبول في مريضين و نتيجة الفحص النسيجي سرطان المثانة الطلائي من الدرجة الاولى في 16 مريض و الدرجة الثانية في مريضيين و الدرجة الثالثة في مريض واحد و كان العلاج عن طريق استئصال الورم بالناظور في جميع الحالات ما عدا حالتين تم استئصال الورم عن طريق فتح المثانة و مريض واحد تم رفع المثانة الجدري له.الاستنتاج: ان تصرف المرض في الفئة العمرية تحت العشرين سنة كان جيدة في الدراسة ونوع المرض من الدرجة الخفيفة و نتائج العلاج كانت مشجعة.

Keywords


Article
The effect of zinc sulfate on the bacterial strains isolated from patients with chronic prostatitis

Authors: Ban Hussein --- Mohmmad Sabri --- Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2008 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 274-283
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study included (150) patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH) & or chronic prostatitis (CP) visited Al-Hilla Teaching Hospital-Department of Urology from (October) 2004 to (May) 2005. One hundred seventeen (117) had (BPH), (20) had chronic prostatitis CP and (13) had both BPH and CP. Prostatic secretion was taken from (33) patients had CP selected for this study. Prostatic secretions cultures are concerned, (45.5%) had positive results for bacteria. The most common isolates were Staphylococcus aureus were (12.1%). Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, E.coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae represented (6.1%) each. Enterobacter spp., Acinetobacter spp. and Corynebacterium spp. represented (3%) each. Zinc had inhibitory effect on the growth of bacteria especially at concentrations (1.05) mg/ml in which there was more effect on the Gram-negative bacteria than Gram-positive bacteria and it increased the bactericidal effect of antibiotics. In addition, it had an effect in the loss of the capsule of the bacteria. From this study we can concluded that zinc sulfate had inhibitory effect on the growth of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria especially when mixed with antibiotics.

Keywords


Article
Study of Membrane Testosterone Receptors in Prostate Cancer

Authors: Ali H.AL-Timimi --- Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 60-72
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Prostate cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies in males. Recently, the identification of a membrane testosterone binding site involved in the remodeling of actin cytoskeleton structures and PSA secretion, on human prostate cancer cells has been reported. We have investigated whether this membrane testosterone binding component could be of value for the identification of prostate cancer. We have investigated the expression of membrane testosterone binding sites in a series of prostate carcinomas (n = 15), morphologically normal epithelia, taken from areas of the surgical specimens far from the location of the carcinomas (n = 10) and benign prostate hyperplasia epithelia (n = 10). Isolated epithelial cells were studied by immunohistochemistry, and touching preparations, after 10-min incubation. In addition, routine histological slides were assayed. The results showed that membrane testosterone binding sites are preferentially expressed in prostate carcinoma cells, while BPH and non-malignant epithelial cells showed a low or absent binding. It is concluded that membrane testosterone receptors might be of use for the rapid routine identification of prostate cancer, representing a diagnostic marker of the disease.

Keywords


Article
diagnosis and management of chest injuries
تشخيص ومعالجة اصابات الصدر

Authors: Karim AL- Araji --- Emad Hassan Mahmood
Journal: Journal of University of Babylon مجلة جامعة بابل ISSN: 19920652 23128135 Year: 2005 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 699-704
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Keywords


Article
Detrusor Muscle in The First, Apparently Complete TURBT Specimen Is A Surrogate Marker of Resection Quality, “Predicts Risk of Early Recurrence”

Authors: Emad Hassan Mahmood --- Wadhah Adnan Abbas
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 580-589
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective To determine whether resection of detrusor muscle (DM) in the first, apparently complete TURBT is a surrogate marker of resection quality. Patient and method From January 2009 to May 2010, 50 patients with new bladder tumours that were judged to have been completely resected were followed up. Strict exclusion criteria were applied. Prospectively recorded tumour size, tumour multiplicity, DM status, grade and stage of tumour, and findings at first follow-up cystoscopy (at 3 months) and at early re-TURBT were evaluated. Early recurrence (for calculating recurrence rate in the first follow up cystoscope (RR-FFC) was defined as pathologically confirmed tumour on early re-TURBT or recurrence at the first follow-up cystoscopy. Results: Of 50 patients, DM was present in 41 patients (82%). Multivariate analyses revealed that large tumours, high-grade tumours, was independently associated with the presence of DM in the resected specimens. The RR-FFCs when DM was absent and present were 55.5% and 21.9%, respectively. The absence of DM independently predicted a higher RR-FFC. This association was also seen in small and low-grade tumours.Conclusions: DM absence or presence in the first, ap parently complete TURBT specimen appears to be a surrogate marker of resection quality by independently predicting the RR-FFC. So the first follow up cystoscopy in those patients with absent detrusor muscle in the first resection should be done within shorter period .

لتقرير في ما إذا كان وجود العضلة الدافعة في العينة المأخوذة من الاستئصال الأول الكامل لورم المثانة عن طريق الاحليل يمكن استخدامها كعلامة بديلة عن نوعية الاستئصال"توقّع خطر التكرار المبكّر للورم".المرضى وطريقة الدراسة: من يناير/كانون الثّاني 2009 إلى مايو/مايس 2010, تم اخذ 50 مريض مصاب بأورام المثانة الجديدة و التي حكمت بأنها كانت قد استأصلت بالكامل وتم متابعتها. تم تسجيل حجم و عدد الأورام , حالة العضلة الدافعة , درجة و مرحلة الورم مستقبليا. كذلك تم تسجيل نتائج ناضور المتابعة الأول ( في ثلاثة أشهر ) أو نتائج إعادة الاستئصال. تكرار الورم المبكّر عرّف بأنه الورم الذي يتم تأكيده بشكل باثولوجي في إعادة الاستئصال أو في تنظير المتابعة الأول.النتائج: كانت العضلة الدافعة موجودة في 41 مريض (82 %). كانت نسبة تكرار الورم هي 55.5 % و 21.9 %، في حالة عدم وجود أو وجود العضلة الدافعة من العينات المأخوذة من الاستئصال الأول للورم على التوالي.الاستنتاجات:عدم وجود أو وجود العضلة الدافعة في العينة المأخوذة من الاستئصال الأول الكامل لورم المثانة عن طريق الاحليل يمكن أن تستخدم كعلامة بديلة على نوعية الاستئصال"توقّع خطر التكرار المبكّر للورم". لذا فان ناظور المتابعة الأول للمرضى اللذين أظهرت العينات المأخوذة من الاستئصال الأول لهم عدم وجود العضلة الدافعة يجب أن يتم في فترة أقصر.


Article
A Comparative Study in Vitro Sperm Activation Techniques of Oligozoospermic Patients

Authors: Faris,N.A.Al-Hady --- Emad Hassan Mahmood --- Nuha,Y.M.Al-Harrby
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 56-68
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The objective of the present study was to select an efficient technique of sperm activation for the patients complaining from sever and moderate oligospermia. In vitro sperm activation was performed on eighteen semen samples by using three techniques : Simple layer, Centrifugation wash- out, and Glass Wall- Column techniques, for three incubation periods (30,45, and 60 minute)by using Earle`s medium to select the efficient technique and incubation period. The results revealed that in vitro sperm activation of moderate oligospermic specimens caused a significant improvement(p>0.001) in sperm function test which are include: sperm motility percent, grade of activity, and abnormal sperm morphology percent. Also there were a significant increased(p>0.001) in recovery sperm concentration by using glass wool- column and centrifugation wash- out techniques compared to simple layer technique in all incubation periods. The comparison study of incubation periods which follows the sperm activation of sever oligospermic specimens by using simple layer technique revealed a significant increase in grade activity (p>0.05) following 45min. incubation compared to 30 and 60 min. incubation. While there was a significant increased in sperm motility percent(p>0.01), grade activity(p>0.005) within 60 min. compared to 30 min. only by using glass wool- column technique. The sperm activation of moderate oligospermic specimens revealed that 45 min. incubation period giving a significant increased in sperm motility percent(p>0.005) and grade activity(p>0.05) compared to 30 min. by using simple layer technique. A significant decrease(p>0.001) in sperm motility percent and grade activity in 30 min. compared to other incubation periods by using glass wool- column technique. It was concluded from the present study that glass wool- column is the efficient technique of sperm activation in vitro for patients complaining from sever and moderate oligospermia.

Keywords


Article
High Risk Factor Values of Cardiovascular Disease and Uric Acid Levels in Sera of Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Authors: Asim A.Alsalihy --- Khowla A. Shemran --- Abdulsamie H. Alta’ee عبدالسميع حسن الطائي --- Mufeed J. Ewadh --- et al.
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2004 Volume: 1 Issue: 3-4 Pages: 225-233
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness required ongoing medical care. As a result, laboratory testing has become an essential part of the evaluation and monitoring process in diabetes management. Further tests are required to establish the correlation between hyperglycemia and other disease parameter. Therefore, the correlation between cardiovascular disease risk factor values and uric acid levels in sera of adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (without renal diseases) and healthy controls have been studied. Total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and uric acid in sera of 52 patients (36 males and 16 females) with poor hyperglycemic control type 1 diabetes mellitus and 30 healthy controls (19 males and 11 females) were determined. Results of present study show significantly higher risk factor values (P < 0.001), which means increasing in the probability of atherosclerosis incidence. Also hyperglycemia found to be associated with hyperuricemia in type 1 diabetic patients.

Keywords

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (10)


Language

English (10)


Year
From To Submit

2014 (1)

2012 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

More...