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Prevalence of computer vision syndrome in Erbil
انتشار متلازمة رؤية الكمبيوتر في أربيل

Authors: Eman Hussein Alwan --- Dler Jalal Ahmed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 1 Pages: 115-119
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Nearly all colleges, universities and homes today are regularly using video display terminals, such as computer, iPad, mobile, and TV. Very little research has been carried out on Kurdish users to reveal the effect of video display terminals on the eye and vision. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of computer vision syndrome among computer users. Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Ophthalmology Department of Rizgary and Erbil teaching hospitals in Erbil city. Those used computers in the months preceding the date of this study were included in the study.Results: Among 173 participants aged between 8 to 48 years (mean age of 23.28±6.6 years), the prevalence of computer vision syndrome found to be 89.65%. The most disturbing symptom was eye irritation (79.8%), followed by blurred vision(75.7%). Participants who were using visual display terminals for more than six hours per day were at higher risk of developing nearly all symptoms of computer vision syndrome. Significant correlation was found between time-consuming on computer and symptoms such as headache (P <0.001), redness (P <0.001), eye irritation (P <0.001), blurred vision (P <0.001) and neck pain (P <0.001).Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that more than three-fourths of the participants had one of the symptoms of computer vision syndrome while working on visual display terminals.


Article
Risk factors of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy among a sample of patients in Erbil City
عوامل الخطر من اعتلال الأعصاب البصرية الإقفاري الأمامي لدى عينة من المرضى في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Eman Hussein Alwan --- Ahmed Kareem Joma --- Mutaz F. Hummadi
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 307-314
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Although a lot of studies suggested the predisposition of many risk factors, non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy was considered for a long time to be idiopathic. This study aimed to assess the relationship between different factors and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy among a sample of patients in Erbil city.Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Erbil city, Iraq from 2008 to 2011. A total of 36 cases of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and 36 controls with other visual problems were included.Results: Eight percent of patients in this study had one or more risk factors (P = 0.001), in particular hypertension and diabetes were shown to have a significant relationship (P = 0.046 and 0.001, respectively). The absence of physiological cup over the optic disc has crucial importance both independently (P = 0.001) and in association with diabetes (P = 0.001). Old age and male gender were significant factors in relation to co-morbidities (P = 0.001 and 0.038, respectively).Conclusion: The study had concluded that hypertension, diabetes, age, male gender and absent physiological cup over the optic disc were important risk factors for anterior ischemic optic neuropathy.


Article
Association of intraocular pressure with cataract surgery
رابطة الضغط داخل العين مع جراحة الساد

Authors: Eman Hussein Alwan --- Ahmed Kareem Joma --- Ahmed Ismail Abdulgani --- Zed Janan Petris
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 2 Pages: 1310-1315
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cataract and glaucoma are common co-morbidities and are the first and the second leading causes of blindness worldwide. There are many reasons to consider cataract extraction in individuals with cataract. These individuals derive great visual benefit from the increased acuity and improved contrast sensitivity provided by a clear artificial lens. An improvement in vision allows for more accurate visual field monitoring, and a clear optical pathway enhances the quality and reproducibility of optic nerve imaging. This study aimed to determine the association between intraocular pressure with cataract surgery in human eyes by monitoring changes in intraocular pressure in patients who underwent cataract surgery at Hawler Teaching Hospital at Erbil. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 71 subjects that underwent cataract surgery at Hawler Teaching Hospital at Erbil city from April 2013 to April 2014. Full ophthalmic examination including intraocular pressure measurement was done to every participant before cataract surgery, one week and one month after surgery.Results: Paired samples t-test showed highly significance difference (P <0.001) between mean intraocular pressure measurements before, one week and one month after cataract surgery. The average decrease in postoperative intraocular pressure from preoperative intraocular pressure during one month was 2.02mm Hg (12.39%).Conclusion: Cataract surgery reduces intraocular pressure and can be considered as an effective way to manage patients with a concurrence of glaucoma and cataracts.

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