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الأوضاع العامة في لبنان وانعكاساتها على سوريا 1918- 1943

Author: FAHAD AMSLAAM ZUGEAR فهد امسلم زغير
Journal: Mustansiriyah Journal of Arts مجلة آداب المستنصرية ISSN: 02581086 Year: 2013 Issue: 63 Pages: 1-35
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية


SYRIA hasn’t been separated from LEBNON and all states of BLAAD AL-SHAAM until the Second World War was finished during ODRUS Truce in 1918 to start the features of tdivision of the Arab World and appearing of the conventions and treaties specially the confidential treaties , first and foremost Saisk-pico agreement in 1916 ,Belfor’s promise and other hold agreements between Britain and France that divided the properties of the Ottoman Empire including BLAAD AL-SHAAM.In 1920 , France started to apply and execute the confidential treaties which was signed during the Great War , then they declared a new state of LEBONON and separating it from Syria ,the Statelets have announced the sectarianism in the Syrian areas and ensured the separation of LEBONAN by the declaration of Republic of LEBONON in 1926 as an independent state , in this time, Britain occupied Palestine , the eastern of Jordan and Iraq directly after the First World War and made these countries under its mandate .The scientific necessity required to divide the research into introduction, three main titles and conclusion . the first title tackled the declaration of the AL-FAISALIA Government in Damascus and its reflections in Lebanon , the second title tackled the great declaration of Lebanon state in 1920 and its effect on Syria, the third title tackled the emersion of the Lebanese Republic in 1926 and its reflection in Syria .The conclusion includes the most prominent conclusions that have been reached in the research .

البحث يتناول موضوع مهم في تاريخ الوطن العربي المعاصر بشكل عام وبلاد الشام (سوريا ، لبنان ، فلسطين) بشكل خاص ، اذ تشير الدراسة الى اوضاع بلاد الشام بعد الحرب العالمية الاولى (1914-1918) وما نتج عنها من صراعات دوليه اذ تنافس فيها كل من بريطانيا وفرنسا حول المصالح واسرعت الحكومة الفرنسية بتطبيق الاتفاقيات السرية مع بريطانيا حول بلاد الشام ونتج عن ذلك تقسيم بلاد الشام وظهور دويلات ثلاث ( سوريا ، فلسطين ، لبنان)، ثم تبعتها الحكومة البريطانية في انشاء امارة شرق الاردن فانعكست سياسة الانتداب الفرنسي سلباً وايجاباً عكس كل من سوريا ولبنان.

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