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Article
The occupational hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul City: Musculo– skeletal pain, eye problem and hepatitis

Author: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 136-145
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the distribution of the health hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul Cityaccording to age, sex and number of working hours per week. It also stated the usage of personalprotective measures among dentists. Materials and Methods: The study of population consisted ofone hundred and thirty dentists. The target population comprised dentists who worked in Mosul City.The study was conducted within form of questionnaire. Dentists were asked whether they suffered anyoccupational disease related to a musculo–skeletal pain and its location whether in the back, upperlimbs or lower limbs. Also location of back pain as in the neck, shoulder, thoracic, lumber and sacralregions. Additionally, dentists were asked about eye problem, infectious diseases and if they arewearing medical gloves and masks. Results: The musculo–skeletal pain was the most frequent complaint of the total dentists (63.08%). Back–pain was the most prevalent of the musculo–skeletal disorders among dentists (81.54%) of the total sample and more frequently in the cervical area; i.e., neck and shoulder (66.15%). There was a significant difference between the prevalence of differentmusculo–skeletal pain and the weekly working hours among dentists (p = 0.01). There was asignificant difference between dentists with and without eye problems (p = 0.033). Higher prevalenceof dentists from the total sample did not complain of infectious diseases (82.31%). Dentists whomnever wearing gloves and masks comprised the higher percentages of the total sample (46.15% and 19.23%, respectively). Conclusions: Carrying out their professional work, dentists are exposed to a number of occupational hazards. The study revealed that musculo–skeletal pain was the frequent complaint of dentists and more frequently in the cervical area (neck and shoulders) with a significant association between the number of working hours per week and musculo–skeletal pain in all locations (back, upper limb, lower limb). The majority of the examined dentists complain of eye problem during their practice, whereas most of them never complain any infectious disease. No significant association between dentists wearing gloves but significant association between those wearing masks with the age.


Article
Effectiveness of Chlorhexidine Digluconate Mouth Rinse in Improving Oral Health in Orthodontic Patients with Fixed Appliances

Author: Ghada Dh Al-Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 162-169
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine digluconate rinsing solution on plaque and gingival bleeding in orthodontic patients with fixed appliances. Materials and Methods: This study included 42 orthodontic patients (29 females and 13 males), who were undergoing treatment in orthodontic postgraduate clinic of the collage of Dentistry, Mosul University. The patients of this study had a mean age of 18 years (range 12–28 years). The patients were divided in to control group (brushing only, N=20) and an experimental group (brushing +chlorhexidine digluconate mouth rinse, N=22). Plaque, gingival indices scores, in addition to pocket depth were measured in different three time periods (day 0, two weeks and four weeks). Results: Plaque, gingival indices scores, in addition to pocket depth shows statically significant differences at level (p≤0.05) among different genders between the two groups for each of the three time periods. Conclusions: The use of chlorhexidine digluconate based mouth rinses reduced bacterial plaque accumulation, pocket depth and improved the gingival index


Article
Occurrence of root caries in relation to specific dental health habits (Oral hygiene practice) in adult population (30-70) years in Mosul city, Iraq

Author: Ghada Dh AL-SAYAGH
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2002 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-183
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between the occurrence of root surface caries (RSC) and a subject's dental health habits such as the frequency of tooth brushing and the use of other cleaning aids such as chewing stick and the dental floss in the adult population aged(30-70) years in Mosul city.A sample of (1270) subjects [719 (56.6%) males and 551 (43.4%) females] were collected randomly from different eight factories, seven primary schools, eight secondary schools and five colleges from Mosul University.According to age, the sample was divided into four age groups (30-39, 40-19, 50-59 and 60-69 years).The results of the study revealed that subjects with RSC in the young age group (30-39 years) claimed to brush their teeth once a day and twice a day or more, whereas subjects with RSC in the old age group (60-69 years) claimed to brush their teeth infrequently. Statistically, the differences between subjects with and without RSC were significant for all age groups. The study showed that generally subjects with and without RSC who claimed never use other cleaning aids reported higher percentage that those who used other cleaning aids. Indeed, those who claimed to use chewing stick displayed high rate than those who use dental floss.It was concludedthat dental health behavior influence root caries occurrence and that caries on root surface is associated with poor dental health habits


Article
Association Between Weight and Height of Children and Eruption of Permanent Teeth in Mosul City Center-Iraq

Authors: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Aisha A Qasim --- Karam H Jazrawi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 275-281
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effect of length and weight of 5–13 years old children on eruption of permanent teeth in Mosul City. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 894 children and teenagers; 412 males and 482 females ranging in age from 5–13 years. A tooth was defined as erupted when any part of its crown pierced its gingiva. The sample was divided into 4 age groups: Group 1: 250 child and teenager aged 5–<7 years; group 2: 248 child and teenager aged 7–<9 years; group 3: 257 child and teenager aged 9–<11 years; and group 4: 139 child and teenager aged 11–13 years. Other information were also recorded including length of child (in meters) and weight of child (in kilograms). Results: The number of erupted teeth according to individual tooth, gender and age groups was recorded. There was a strong correlation (p = 0.001) between length and weight of children on one hand and number of erupted teeth on the other hand. Conclusion: Children who had higher weight and length accelerated dental development.


Article
Experience of Mothers about their Infants’ Teething in Mosul City

Authors: Ghaeth H Yassen --- Baydaa A Al–Rawi --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-66
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate mothers experience about their infants’ teething, which symptoms they have seenand attributed to teething and how they have acted to manage these symptoms. Material andMethods: In this study, A total of 200 mothers of children less than 18 months of age, who had at leastone tooth and who came to the primary health care centers for vaccination of their children were askedto participate in this study. The first part of the questionnaires was to clarify the eruption time of thefirst primary tooth and in the other part the mothers were also asked about the symptoms they attributedto teething and the methods they used to relief the symptoms. Results: The mean eruption time of thefirst tooth of the infants was 6.9 ± 2 months, with a range of 4 – 18 months. All of the mothers reportedthat their children had suffered from at least one of the symptoms that were mentioned in thequestionnaire. The prevalence of teething symptoms distributed according to the age groupsdemonstrated that fever, irritability, sleep disturbance and lose of appetite were significantly highest in(below 6) months age group, while diarrhea, dribbling, runny nose, vomiting, cough, diaper rash andsmelly urine were significantly highest in (6 – 12) months age group. Conclusion: It is commonlythought that teething in infants can cause a variety of signs and symptoms. In this study all the mothersbelieved that teething is associated with the appearance of symptoms, some of which are minor andrelated to discomfort, while others are physical illness

Keywords

Infants --- teething


Article
The Effect of Premature Birth on The Primary Dentition

Authors: Baydaa A Al – Rawi --- Aisha A. Qasim --- Ghada Dh Al – Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 18-22
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The aims of the present study were to determine if primary teeth eruption and the presence of
enamel defect are affected by low birth weight and prematurely of birth. Materials and Methods: The
total subjects of (420) child aged 4 – 24 months were included in this study, consisted of (210) prematurely
born (<37 gestational weeks and birth weight < 2.500 Kg) children and 210 control children (&#8805;40
gestational weeks and birth weight &#8805; 2.500 Kg). Those children selected randomly the children who
came to the primary health care centers with their mother for vaccination and the mothers asked to participate
in this study. For each child, clinical exanimation was performed in dental chair. The criterion
used for enamel defect to include various enamel hypoplasias, deficiency of enamel in the form of pits,
grooves or other quantitative surface loss and enamel hypocalcifications and opacities. Data were analyzed
using numbers, percentages, means and standard deviations. T – test, Z – test Chi – square (X2)
test were used for determining the differences concerning different variables. The differences were
considered significant at p&#8804; 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between different
genders numbers among in each age group for the preterm and control children. The results
showed significantly (p<0.05) delayed eruption of the primary teeth in the prematurely born children as
compared with the control children in all age groups except in 4 – 6 months age group, also there was
significantly higher percentages of enamel defect present in preterm children, than in control children
in all age groups except in 4 – 6 months age group. Conclusions: The findings indicated that the eruption
of deciduous teeth was delayed and the percentage of enamel defect was significantly increased in
prematurely born children.


Article
Gingival response to relief and non relief removable orthodontic appliances

Authors: Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The gingival state of thirty seven young patients (meanage 11.6 years) wearing simple removable orthodontic applianceswas assessed and followed at monthly intervals for 3months. For 17 of the patients, intentional relief of the appliancewas carried out in the upper right area. Statistically, theplaque index levels were similar in both “relief” and “non relief”groups and reached a similar score at 2 and 3 months.The gingival index was significantly higher in the “relief” group.


Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health among adult population (21–80) years in Thamar– Yemen

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Rayia J Al–Naimi --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to find if there is any variation between sex and age groups among adults aged 21–80 years in Thamar–Yemen. A sample of 224 individuals aged 21– 80 years (177 males and 47 females) were examined using plaque index by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). The results showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 1.15; the plaque index was increasing with age significantly. Males reported higher means than females with statistical significant difference in the 3rd, and 5th age groups; while at the 4th age group the females reported significantly higher plaque scores than males. The mean gingival score for the total sample was low (0.84) and it was increasing with age significantly. The mean gingival score was slightly better in males than females with statistical significant difference in all age groups except the 5th age group where the females showed better gingival health. Therefore, the objective of dental health education to those adults is to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice by tooth brushing and interdental aids.


Article
The Effect of Infant Feeding Habits, Parents’ Education and the Area of Residence on Nursing Caries of Preschool Children in Mosul City

Authors: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Aisha A Qasim --- Baydaa A Al–Rawi
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: S64-S69
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of some nursing caries factors related to presentation such as gender variation, pattern of feeding habits, parent’s education and area of residence through a random sample of preschool children in Mosul City. Materials and Methods: A sample of 271 children was selected from 2–5 year olds, attending the Pedodontic clinic of Dentistry College at Mosul University and some others private dental clinic in Mosul City. For each child, clinical exanimation was performed on dental chair. The examination was conducted with a visual and non tactile technique. The criterion used for nursing caries was the presence of caries on the labial or lingual surfaces (smooth surface) of at least two maxillary incisors with absence of caries in mandibular incisors. The questionnaire was designed to collect general information on each child: name, age, gender as well as questions including area of residence (rural or urban) and parental education levels. Dietary information sought included past and current infant feeding practices either; breast feeding, bottle feeding or mixed of both. Chi – square (X2) test was used to determine the gender differences for each group and between total samples of different groups. The differences were considered significant at p ≤ 0.05. Results: A total of 271 children with nursing caries, 146 (53.87%) males and 125 (46.13%) females of 2 – 5 years old were included in this study. The higher number of children was from rural area than those from the urban area with significant difference (p≤ 0.05) between them. Concerning parents’ education, nursing caries was significantly the higher amongst children of mothers and fathers with the lowest level of education. The lowest percentages of children were seen in the children of parents educated to beyond college level. The higher number of children was of breast feeding group followed by bottle feeding group and mixed feeding group with a significant difference (p≤ 0.05) between breast feeding and mixed feeding groups only. Meanwhile, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) between different genders among all variables groups. Conclusions: The occurrence of nursing caries in preschool children appears to vary significantly with respect to the area of residence, parental education and feeding habits groups. The improvement of different familial factors may have an impact on the oral health of children.

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