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Article
Physiological and Biochemical Changes in Acute Heart Failure as A Sequent to Acute Myocardial Infarction

Author: Ghafil Saihood Hassan
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 91-98
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Acute heart failures (AHF) can develop after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) early or later. It is a major cause of mortality especially in old age. The aim of current study was to detect the site of infarction in AHF patients, evaluation of parameter of AHF and comparison with control group. The present study was done in Marjan Medical City, Hilla, at cardiac center unit. Thirty (30) random patients of AHF sequent to AMI. They include (19male, 11female). The random control subjects include 30 healthy persons (20 male, 10 female) with matching age. The ages of both groups were 50 – 80 years. All patients were diagnosed by a specialist doctor. Medical history, physical examination, echocardiography, electrocardiography blood pressure measurement, body mass and laboratory tests (Serum troponin T and I, serum potassium, serum calcium and serum sodium) are performed to all subjects.The incidence of DM, HT, and smoking in AHF were 56.7%,60%, and 73% respectively. The serum troponin T, serum troponin I, serum calcium, were increased significantly while serum potassium, serum sodium and EF were decreased significantly in AHF compared to control group. The most common site of infarction in AMI with AHF was anterior infarction. Parameters of AHF were increased significantly (HR, serum troponin T, serum troponin I, and serum calcium)while other parameters were decreased significantly (serum potassium, serum sodium, and ejection fraction) were decreased significantly compared with control group.


Article
Effect of Exercise on Untreated and Treated Hypertensive Patients in Babylon Province

Authors: Rusul Mazin Mohammad --- Ghafil Saihood Hassan --- Haider Jabbar
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 378 -387
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Normal blood pressure at rest is diastolic a range of 60-90 mmHg and systolic 100-140 mmHg. Hypertension is chronic elevated arterial systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg. Epidemiological indicate studies that elevated blood pressure leads to strike, heart coronary disease, congestive failure heart and end stage of renal disease. There are two types of hypertension; primary (essential) of cause unknown which includes more than 95% of all cases of hypertension, and secondary hypertension which is due to underlying disorder it accounts less than 5% of hypertensive cases. Response to moderate exercise protocol in hypertensive patients. To study the effect of exercise on systolic, diastolic, and lipid profile elements in treated and untreated hypertensive patients. The study was conducted in Marjan medical city in Hilla from April to September 2015. The random sample of 30 patients of hypertension including 16 males and 14 females, their ages from 40 -60 years. Regular treated patients were 23, none treated 7. Patients were recruited from outpatient clinic. History and physical examination were obtained from all patients. Lipid profile tests, BMI, measurement of blood pressure were performed before and after exercise.


Article
Effect of physical exercise on fasting blood glucose level and vital capacity in type 2 diabetic patients

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Abstract


Abstract:
This study was conducted at twenty five male subjects (13 diabetic patients, and 12 normal persons). Their ages ranged from 40 – 60 years old. The patients were diagnosed by specialist physicians. All subjects were recruited to medical Physics' laboratory in the College of Medicine, Babylon University, in Iraq. The study conducted during the period from March 2009 to September 2009. Fasting blood glucose (FBS), heart rate (HR) and vital capacity were measured before and after exercise. The body weight and height were measured for all subjects at rest. The results of the present study revealed that all type 2 diabetic patients had decrease level of fasting blood sugar significantly (P < 0.001) in comparison to control after 15 minutes of moderate exercise, with non significant increase of HR (P > 0.05). The controls group showed non significant (P > 0.05) decrease in level of sugar, but they showed significant increase in vital capacity of lungs (P < 0.001).

شملت هذه الدراسة خمسه وعشرون شخصا من الرجال ( 13 مريضا مصاب بالنوع الثاني بداء السكري و 12 شخصا سليما). تراوحت أعمارهم من 40 – 60 سنه.تم تشخيص المرضى من قبل أطباء اختصاصيين. جميع الأشخاص المشمولين بالبحث تطوعوا للمشاركة بالبحث في مختبر الفيزياء الطبية / كليه الطب / جامعه بابل/ العراق. أنجز البحث الفترة من آذار إلى أيلول 2009. تم قياس مستوى السكر في الدم بدون فطور، معدل نبضات القلب و السعه الرئوية قبل وبعد التمرين. تم قياس الوزن و الطول لجميع الأشخاص قبل إجراء التمرين. أظهرت نتائج البحث الحالي تناقصا معنويا في مستوى السكر في الدم لجميع مرضى السكري مقداره ( (P < 0.001 بعد 15 دقيقه من الجهد الفيزياوي المتوسط الشدة مع تصاعد معدل نبضات القلب بشكل غير معنوي مقداره ((P > 0.05 . الأشخاص الأصحاء ابدوا تناقصا في مستوى السكر ولكن بشكل غير معنوي (P > 0.05) مع ارتفاع معنوي في السعه الرئوية مقداره .(P < 0.001)

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